لسان.نت أكبر وأشمل موسوعة لغوية مختصّة باللغة العربية في العالم، تحتوي على أكبر وأوثق معاجم اللغة العربية من بدايات علم اللغة في القرن الأولى للهجرة إلى العصر الحالي، بالإضافة إلى مصادر لغوية كثيرة أخرى مختصة بالعلوم الدينية والأدبية والطبيعية.
إن كنت تَملِكُ حقوق الطبع لأي معجم من المعاجم العصرية التي في موقعنا ولم تُرد أن تنتفع زوار موقعنا منه، نرجوا الاتصال معنا بالإيميل على هذه الصفحة وسنقوم بإزالة المعجم من موقعنا في أسرع وقت إن شاء الله.
Lisaan.net is the world's largest Arabic lexical resource. Lisaan.net is a hyper-dictionary made up of the largest and greatest classical Arabic dictionaries, from the earliest authorities (such as Kitab al-Ain of al-Khaleel bin Ahmad) to later dictionaries, such as al-Muhkam of the Andalusian scholar Ibn Seedah (died 1066 CE / 458 H) and Lisan al-Arab of Ibn Manzur (died 1311 CE / 711 H), all the way to contemporary dictionaries. Lisaan.net aims to provide a complete dictionary of the Arabic language made up of the knowledge and opinions of the greatest scholars of the Arabic language, from the dawn of Arabic linguistics to the present day.
Lisaan.net currently holds the following dictionaries and references:

7th Century

Ghareeb al-Qur'aan fi Shi`r al-Arab by Abdullah ibn Abbas, also known as Masaa'il Naafi` bin al-Azraq غريب القرآن في شعر العرب لعبد الله بن عباس، يعرف أيضا بمسائل نافع بن الأزرق
This book is a 250-entry dictionary of Quranic words written in a question-and-answer format. The questions are asked by Naafi` bin al-Azraq and answered by Abdullah bin Abbas (d. 687 CE / 68 AH), cousin and companion (sahabi) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

8th Century

Kitab al-Ain by al-Khaleel bin Ahmad al-Farahidi كتاب العين للخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي
Kitab al-Ain is the first dictionary of the Arabic language ever written, written by al-Khaleel bin Ahmad (died 786 CE / 170 AH) and organized by his friend and student the scholar al-Laith bin Muzaffar al-Kinani. Kitab al-Ain is one of the foundation texts of Arabic linguistics, as it is a primary source that does not depend on other texts, but on the vast knowledge of the writer. al-Khaleel acted as a teacher to some of the greatest scholars of the Arabic language, including Sibawayh, al-Asma`ee, al-Kisa`ee, Haroon bin Musa al-Nahwi, Wahb bin Jurair and al-Juhdhumi.

9th Century

Ishtiqaaq al-Asmaa' by al-Asma`ee إشتقاق الأسماء للأصمعي
Abdul Malik al-Asma`ee al-Bahili (died 831 CE / 216 AH) is one of the primary authorities on the Arabic language. His Ishtiqaaq contains rare information, perhaps not found anywhere else, on the origins of certain Arabic words. al-Asma`ee studied under some of the greatest scholars of Islamic history, including Malik ibn Anas, Sufyan al-Thawri, al-Khaleel bin Ahmad al-Farahidi, Ibn Idris al-Shafi`i, Ibn al-`Alaa' and al-Kisaa'i.
Al-Farq by Ibn Abi Thabit al-Lughawi الفرق لإبن أبي ثابت اللغوي
Al-Farq is a book concerned with the differences in terminology in words used to refer to human body parts compared to animal body parts. It was written by the Ibn abi Thabit, about whom little is known other than his being a respected grammarian of the Kufic school in the third century of the Hijrah. There is a report of him being active in the year 220 of the Hijrah, equivalent to circa 835 CE.
Ghareeb al-Hadith by Abu Ubaid al-Qaasim bin Salaam al-Harawi al-Baghdadi غريب الحديث لأبي عبيد القاسم بن سلام
Al-Qaasim bin Salaam, often referred to as Abu Ubaid (died about 839 CE / 224 AH) says that he spend forty years writing this book, which is concerned with difficult and unusual words used in the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be up upon him). Abu Ubaid, who was mixed Arab and Persian, had made the study of hadith the work of his life, considering it a form of worship. His Ghareeb al-Hadith was one of the main references used by the scholars of hadith in their interpretation of the sayings of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Risaalat al-Khatti wal Qalam by Ibn Qutaybah al-Dinawari رسالة الخط والقلم لإبن قتيبة الدينوري
The Risaalah is a short work on terminology used in the book writing and publishing industry of Ibn Qutaybah's time (died 885 CE / 276 AH). Ibn Qutaybah was a Persian scholar and polymath who served as a judge in Dinawar (in Iran) during the Abbasid period.
Al-Mudhakkar wal Mu'annath by Sahl al-Tustari المذكر والمؤنث لسهل التستري
Sahl al-Tustari (died 896 CE / 283 H) was a Persian Islamic scholar from Shushtar in Khuzestan Province in Iran. His Mudhakkar wal Mu'annath is a dictionary of the genders of Arabic words.

10th Century

Al-Asharaat fi Ghareeb al-Lughah by Abi Umar Muhammad bin Abdul Wahid al-Zahid, known as Ghulam Tha`lab al-Baawardi العشرات في غريب اللغة لأبي عمر محمد بن عبد الواحد الزاهد المعروف بغلام ثعلب
Ghulam Tha`lab (died 957 CE / 345 AH), who was a Persian from Khorasan, is a respected scholar of Quran, hadith and Arabic linguistics and wrote books on all of these topics. His book al-Asharaat fi Ghareeb al-Lughah is a useful reference that many other scholars benefited from, such as Yaqoot al-Hamawi in his Boldaan and al-Qairawani in his Asharaat.
Al-Muheet fil Lughah by al-Sahib bin Abbad المحيط في اللغة للصاحب بن عباد
Isma`eel Al-Sahib bin Abbad al-Taalaqani al-Asfahaani (died c. 995 CE / 385 AH) was a Persian Shiite scholar, poet and grand vizier of the Buyid Dyansty, known as one of the greatest scholars of his age. His Muheet (not to be confused with Fairuzabadi's Qamoos al-Muheet) is meant as a complete dictionary of Standard Arabic, comprising 1300 pages. The entries are arranged in the manner of al-Khaleel's Kitab al-Ain.

11th Century

Taj al-Lughah wa Sihaah al-Arabiyyah by Isma`eel bin Hammad al-Jawhari تاج اللغة وصحاح العربية لإسماعيل بن حمّاد الجوهري
This book, more commonly known as as-Sihaah, caused a revolution in Arabic lexicography as it differed from the format preferrred by al-Khaleel bin Ahmad (see Kitab al-Ain above), giving the huroof al-hijaa' (the vowels aa, ee and oo) their own chapters, rather than treating them as second class. al-Jawhari (died 1003 CE / 393 AH) is one of the great linguists and lexicographers of the Arabic language. He came from the city of Farab on the Silk Road, in modern-day Kazakhstan, and traveled throughout the Middle East and Arabia in search of knowledge of the Arabic language. al-Sihaah is one of the most commonly used dictionaries of the Arabic language to this day, and abridged versions of it, such as Mukhtar al-Sihaah by Abu Bakr al-Razi, are still in print and used by both scholars and laymen.
Maqayees al-Lughah by Ibn Faris مقاييس اللغة لإبن فارس
Ibn Faris (died 1004 CE / 395 AH) is one of the great scholars of the Islamic world, having written important books on Arabic linguistics, poetry, the Quran and various Islamic topics. He was Persian and came form the Caspian Sea area of Persia. His Maqayees al-Lughah is based on five books: Kitab al-Ain by al-Khaleel bin Ahmad, Ghareeb al-Hadith and al-Ghareeb al-Musannaf by Abu Ubaid al-Qaasim bin Salaam, Kitab al-Mantiq by Ibn al-Sikkeet (died 858 CE) and Jamharat al-Lughah by Ibn Duraid (died 933 CE / 321 AH).
Al-Muhkam wal Muheet al-A`dham by Ibn Seedah al-Mursi المحكم والمحيط الأعظم لإبن سيده المرسي الأندلسي
Abul Hasan Ali bin Ismaeel, commonly known as Ibn Seedah al-Mursi (died 1066 CE / 458 AH) was a blind Andalusian scholar of the Arabic language. His book al-Muhkam is one of the largest and most extensive dictionaries of the Arabic language, taking up 28 volumes in print.

12th Century

Asaas al-Balaaghah by al-Zamakhshari أساس البلاغة للزمخشري
Al-Zamakhshari (died 1143 CE / 538 AH) was one of the greatest scholars of the Islamic world in his time, in the sciences of hadith, interpretation of the Quran, Arabic linguistics and Arabic literary expression. His Asaas al-Balaaghah is a dictionary and phrasebook concerned with balaaghah, the art of using the Arabic language in a powerful and expressive manner as found in the Quran and in the best Arabic poetry.
Al-Majmoo` al-Mugheeth fi Gharibay al-Qur'aani wal Hadeeth by Abu Musa al-Madeeni المجموع المغيث في غريبي القرآن والحديث لأبو موسى المديني
Abu Musa al-Madeeni (died c. 1185 CE / 581 AH), was one of the foremost scholars of his time and his knowledge and piety attained great renown. Among his students is Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi, the great scholar of hadith. al-Madeeni's al-Majmoo` al-Mugheeth is a dictionary concerned with interpreting difficult and ambiguous words and expressions used in hadith and the Quran.
Al-Mufradaat fi Ghareeb al-Qur'aan by al-Raghib al-Asfahaani المفردات في غريب القرآن للراغب الأصفهاني
The Mufradaat of al-Asfahaani is perhaps the most widely used dictionary of the Quran, in print to this day. It was written by the Persian scholar al-Raaghib al-Asfahaani (died c. 1109 CE / 502 AH), one of the great Islamic scholars of his age. Not much is known about al-Asfahaani, including his real first name. His great fame as a scholar (sometimes compared with al-Ghazali), compounded with the lack of biographical data regarding him, has enabled some Shiite sources to claim him as a Shiite scholar. But his own writing makes this claim unsupportable. For example, in his Risaalah fil I`tiqaad he strongly criticizes the foundations of Shiite belief, and even puts Shiism in the mubtadi`ah category (those who create false innovations in religious matters) in his grouping of Islamic sects.

13th Century

Al-Nihaayah fi Ghareeb al-Hadeeth wal Athar by Majd ad-Deen Abu Sa`aadat Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari النهاية في غريب الحديث والأثر لمجد الدين أبو السعادات ابن الأثير الجزري
Majd al-Deen ibn al-Athir (died 1210 CE / 606 AH) is the eldest of the three Ibn al-Athir brothers. He was a famous judge and scholar of hadith and Arabic linguistics in the city of Mosul. His Nihaayah was meant as a dictionary of rare and unusual words, expressions and usages in hadith, the Quran and Arabic literature, though its massive size gives it a more general scope as a dictionary of the Arabic language. This dictionary is sometimes misattributed to his younger brother Ali ibn al-Athir, who was a famous Islamic historian.
Al-Maghrib fi Tarteeb al-Ma`rib by Burhanuddin al-Mutarrizi al-Khawarizmi المغرب في تريب المعرب لبرهان الدين المُطَرِّزِي الخوارزمي
Al-Mutarrizi (died 1213 CE / 610 AH) was a respected scholar of both the Arabic and the Persian languages. Unlike many other scholars of the Islamic world, al-Mutarrizi did not travel to seek learning. He sought knowledge in his homeland of Khawarizm, which was one of the world's actie centers of knowledge in his time. He was born in the city that al-Zamakhshari died in (al-Jurjaniyyah, modern day Urgench in Uzbekistan), causing him to be called "Zamakhshari's successor". His al-Maghrib fi Tareeb al-Ma`rib is his abbreviation of a larger linguistic work of his own, al-Ma`rib. Unlike other dictionaries, this dictionary also concerns itself with proper knowns, such as the names of places, while also contains many Persian terms that had entered usage in the Arabic of his time.
Al-Shawaarid by al-Saghaani الشوارد للصغاني
Al-Hasan bin Muhammad al-Saghaani (died 1252 CE / 650 AH) was born in Lahore in modern-day Pakistan, growing up in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, spending part of his adult life some years in Hend (India-Pakistan) and others in Baghdad. He was a well-known scholar of hadith, the Quran and Arabic linguistics, besides being one of the best known Arabic-language lexicographers through his Ubaab al-Zaakhir. His al-Shawaarid is concerned with non-standard pronunciations and usages of Arabic words and phrases, especially those found in the various qira'aat (recitation formats) of the Quran.
Al-Ubaab al-Zaakhir wal Lubaab al-Faakhir al-Saghaani العباب الزاخر واللباب الفاخر للصغاني
Al-Ubaab is a respected dictionary of Classical Arabic written by al-Saghaani, author of al-Shawaarid mentioned above. The Ubaab is unique in that the author verifies his quotations and usage examples through the use of primary sources, rather than relying on secondary ones, enabling his dictionary to rival and even excel the ones before it in its accuracy and purity.
Mukhtaar al-Sihaah by Zainaddin al-Razi مختار الصحاح لزين الدين الرازي
Al-Razi is the title of many Persian scholars, since it is a reference to the ancient city of Rey in Persia, today an outlying part of the capital of Iran, Tehran. Zainaddin Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Abu Bakr al-Razi (died c. 1268 CE / 666 AH) is the writer of Mukhtaar al-Sihaah, an abbreviation of Taj al-Lughah (also included on this website) by al-Jawhari, with added improvements by the author. Mukhtaar al-Sihaah has been one of the most successful dictionaries of the Arabic language for the past eight centuries, in print to this day. Unlike other dictionaries of the Arabic language, which aim for completeness, al-Razi's goal in this dictionary was ease, usability and succinctness.
Al-Alfaadh al-Mukhtalifah fil Ma`aani al-Mu'talifah by Ibn Malik الألفاظ المختلفة في المعاني المؤتلفة لإبن مالك
Al-Alfaadh is a small thesaurus written by the Andalusian scholar Muhammad bin Abdullah ibn Malik (died 1274 CE / 672 AH), best known for his Alfiya, a versification of the rules of Arabic grammar.
Al-I`timaad fi Nadhaa'ir al-Dhaa'i wal Daad by Ibn Malik الإعتماد في نظائر الظاء والضاد لإبن مالك
Al-I`timaad is a dictionary dedicated to Arabic words that share all their letters except a difference in whether they contain the letter dhaa' (ظ) or daa' (ض), as in haadir (حاضر, "present") and haadhir (حاظر, "prohibiter"). This is an important area of knowledge for the student of the Arabic language, as the similarities between these two letters often cause confusion and embarrassment for writers of Arabic. This work was written by Ibn Malik, mentioned above, with recent additions of relevant words neglected by Ibn Malik by Dr. Haatim Saalih al-Dhaamin.

14th Century

Lisan al-Arab by Ibn Manzur لسان العرب لإبن منظور
Lisan al-Arab is one of the largest and most detailed dictionaries of the Arabic language, written by the linguist, historian and Islamic scholar Ibn Manzur (died 1311 CE / 711 AH). In print the dictionary is 15 or 18 volumes, depending on the edition. Ibn Manzur based its contents strictly on five of the most trusted references of the Arabic language: Tahdheeb al-Lughah by al-Azhari (died 980 CE / 370 H), al-Muhkam wal Muheet al-A`dham by Ibn Seedah (died 1066 CE / 458 H), Taj al-Lughah wa Sihaah al-Arabiyyah by al-Jawhari (died about 1003 CE / 393 H), Ibn Baray's commentary on Sihaah (died 1178 CE / 582 AH), and al-Nihaayah fi Ghareeb al-Hadeeth by Ibn al-Atheer (died 1233 CE / 630 H). The greatest contribution of this dictionary is perhaps making the knowledge in Tahdheeb al-Lughah accessible in dictionary format, as the Tahdheeb itself is not a dictionary but a sprawling treasure trove of linguistic knowledge.
Tuhfah al-Areeb bima fil Qur'aan minal Ghareeb by Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati تحفة الأريب بما في القرآن من الغريب لإبي حيان الغرناطي الأندلسي
Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati (died 1344 CE / 745 AH) was an Andalusian scholar of the 14th century. He was famous for the depth and breadth of his knowledge of the Islamic and linguistic sciences, described by al-Suyuti as the greatest grammarian, linguist and scholar of hadith and the Quran of his era. His Tuhfah is a concise dictionary of difficult and unusual terms and usages found in the Quran.
Al-Misbaah al-Muneer fi Ghareeb al-Sharh al-Kabeer by al-Fayyumi المصباح المنير في غريب الشرح الكبير للفيومي
Abul Abbas Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ali al-Fayyumi al-Hamawi (died 1368 CE / 770 AH) was a 14th century Egyptian lexicographer who served as a mosque imam in Syria. His Misbaah is concerned with explaining technical terms used in al-Sharh al-Kabeer of the Shaafi`i scholar Abul Qaasim al-Raafi`i al-Qazwini, which itself is a sharh (an explanation and interpretation) of al-Ghazali's al-Wajeez, a book concerned with Shaafi`i jurisprudence. al-Fayyumi's Misbaah goes beyond being only a technical dictionary due to its wide scope, making it a general dictionary of the Arabic language with a focus on explaining technical words used in the science of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).

15th Century

Kitaab al-Ta`rifaat by al-Shareef al-Jorjani كتاب التعريفات للشريف الجُرجاني
Ali bin Muhammad al-Shareef al-Jorjani (died 1413 CE / 816 AH) was a Persian theologian, philosopher, astronomer and lexicographer, best known for his Kitaab al-Ta`rifaat, a dictionary of legal, scientific and technical terms in use during his time. This book is one of the earliest technical dictionaries that appeared in the Arabic language.
Al-Qamoos al-Muheet by Fairuzabadi القاموس المحيط لفيروزآبادي
Al-Qamoos al-Muheet is one of the most successful dictionaries of the Arabic language. So successful, in fact, that people began to use the first word of its title (al-Qamoos) to mean "dictionary", instead of the standard Arabic word mu`jam, a practice that continues to this day. Fairuzabadi (died 1414 CE / 816 or 17 AH), whose full name is Abu Taahir Majeeduddin Muhammad bin Ya`qoob al-Shiraazi al-Fairuzabadi, was a Persian Islamic scholar from Fars Province in modern day Iran. He spent his life in Shiraz, Wasit, Baghdad, Damascus, Delhi and Mecca. His Qamoos al-Muheet is based on two previous dictionaries, al-Muhkam of Ibn Seedah and al-Ubaab al-Dhaakhir of al-Saghaani, which itself was an expansion of al-Jawhari's Taaj al-Lughah. Fairuzabadi added many improvements of his own and abbreviated the dictionary to contain only definitions, rather than containing usage examples from the Quran, hadith and Arabic poetry like Ibn Manzur's Lisan al-Arab, which made his work much more readable and accessible to students. Fairzabadi was one of the top scholars of his time, achieving celebrity status and being honored by the rulers of the states he resided in. Al-Shareef Barsbay, the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, took lectures under Fairuzabadi and married Fairuzabadi's daughter, who was renowned for her beauty. Other writers and scholars of his time give reports of Fairuzabadi's unsurpassed intelligence and vast memory.
Mu`jam Maqaalid al-Uloom fil Hudoodi wal Rusoom by al-Suyuti معجم مقاليد العلوم في الحدود والرسوم للسيوطي
Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (died 1505 CE / 911 AH) is one of the greatest and most prolific scholars of Islamic history. He was Egyptian and came from the town of Suyut, becoming a teacher at the age of 17. He was a scholar, jurist, theologian and university professor. His Maqaalid al-Uloom is a technical dictionary made up of 1862 entries, dealing with terms used in the arts and sciences of his time, including but not limited to poetry, law, theology, astronomy, mathematics and philosophy.
Al-Muhadhdhib fima Waqa`a fil Qur'aani minal Mu`arrab by al-Suyuti المهذب فيما وقع في القرآن من المعرب للسيوطي
This is a short dictionary made up of about 119 entries concerned with the meanings and origins of non-Arabic words used in the Quran.

16th Century

Majma` Bihaar al-Anwaar fi Gharaa'ib al-Tanzeeli wa Lataa'if al-Akhbar by Muhammad al-Fattini مجمع بحار الأنوار في غرائب التنزيل ولطائف الأخبار لمحمد الفَتِّني
Muhammad al-Fattini (died 1578 CE / 986 AH) is one of the greatest Indian scholars of hadith, who traced his lineage back to Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, the close companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). His Bihaar al-Anwaar is a 2800-page dictionary concerned with unusual words, phrases and usages found in the Quran and hadith.

17th Century

Al-Tawqeef `alaa Mahammaat al-Ta`areef by al-Manaawi التوقيف على مهمات التعاريف للمناوي
Al-Tawqeef is a technical dictionary concerned with terms used in various areas of knowledge, including, but not limited to, Islamic theology, jurisprudence, and philosophy, Arabic grammar, logic, astronomy and mysticism, with a focus on terminoloy used in Islamic mystical traditions, especially Sufism. al-Manaawi (died circa 1622 CE / 1031 AH) was prolific Shafi`i jurist, grammarian, scholar of hadith and interpreter of the Quran, considered by some the foremost authority on Shafi`i jurisprudence during his time.

18th Century

Dastoor al-Ulamaa, or Jaami` al-Uloom fi Istilahaat al-Funoon by Ahmednagari دستور العلماء أو جامع العلوم في اصطلاحات الفنون لعبد النبي الأحمدنكري
The Dastoor is an 18th century 1200-page encyclopedic work written in the Arabic language. Unlike other lexicons, the author does not stop at definitions, but goes into the full details of the topics he writes about (spending 12 pages on algebra, for example), whether in matters of Islamic law, Arabic grammar and phraseology, tajweed (the art and science of recitation of the Quran), Islamic mysticism, sociology, physiology, medicine, astronomy, geology, logic, mathematics or physics. This allows the Dastoor to be used as a guide in some classical areas of knowledge, for example in learning the rules of Arabic grammar. The author does not stop at including the opinions of other scholars, he adds his own opinions and judgments on matters of dispute among scholars, whether in matters of law, linguistics or the natural sciences, sometimes spending pages arguing for his own position against other scholars. An unusual feature of this book is that while it is in Arabic, the author makes occasional use of Persian in brackets and often includes examples from Persian poetry, perhaps a reflection of the high status of the Persian language during the Mughal period. The writer is the Sunni Muslim Indian scholar Ahmednagari (died in the 18th century CE / 12th century AH), whose full name is al-Qaadhi ("the judge") Abd al-Nabi bin Abd al-Rasul al-Ahmednagari. His last name of Ahmednagari refers to the city of Ahmednagar in India, 230 miles east of Mumbai. Today Ahmednagari is often given the title of allaamah, which has a meaning similar to "genius", except that it implies great learning, besides great intelligence and creativity.
Kashshaaf Istilahaat al-Funooni wal Uloom by al-Tahanawi كشاف اصطلاحات الفنون والعلوم للتهانوي
The Kashshaaf is another Perso-centric Arabic-language encyclopedia (besides the Dastoor above) written by a Sunni Indian Muslim scholar. The Kashshaaf is more than twice and a half larger than the Dastoor, taking up 3300 pages. It is also more technical, concerning itself only with terms used in the arts and sciences, rather than defining terms like a lexicon. Like the Dastoor, it makes ample use of Persian. The writer is Muhammad Ali al-Farooqi al-Hanafi al-Tahanawi, who died about 1777 CE / 1191 AH, though the encyclopedia itself was finished in about 1745 CE / 1158 AH. His name of al-Tahanawi (also written as Thanwi and Thanvi) refers to the village of Thana Bhawan in the state of Uttar Pradesh, close to Muzaffarnagar and Deoband and 120 km north of Delhi. Muhammad Ali al-Tahanawi should not be confused with other Indian scholars from Thana Bhawan who also share the Tahanawi/Thanwi last name, such as Ashraf Ali Thanwi (d. 1943 CE).

A 1996 CE print of this encyclopedia included English and French translations of the headwords, included on our site as well.
Taaj al-Aroos fi Jawaahir al-Qamoos by Murtada al-Zabidi تاج العروس في جواهر القاموس لمرتضى الزبيدي
Taaj al-Aroos is the largest dictionary of the Arabic language ever written, comprising 11,800 pages. It is a commentary on the 15th-century Qamoos al-Muheet of Fairuzabadi. Murtada al-Zabidi (died 1790 CE / 1205 AH) was a scholar of Islamic jurisprudence and the Arabic language from Belgram in West Bengal, India, from an Iraqi family that came from Wasit.

19th Century

Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (Takmilat al-Ma`aajim al-Arabiyyah) by Reinhart Dozy تكملة المعاجم العربية لرينهارت دوزي
Reinhart Dozy (died 1883 CE) was a Dutch scholar of the Arabic language, history and literature, of French descent. The Supplément took him 40 years to compile. He meant the dictionary as a supplement to more traditional dictionaries of the Arabic langauge, adding precision to such things as the names of plants by giving their (Western) scientific names. It is unique in that he based much of the work on Western orientalist sources, rather than on traditional Arabic dictionaries. Another important distinction is his inclusion of many words from colloquial Arabic, an area of knowledge ignored by traditional scholars of Arabic, and treating such words with the same respect and attention as Standard Arabic words, sometimes without even specificying that the words are non-Standard, a deed akin to heresy in the eyes of many traditionalist scholars of Arabic to this day. His Supplément is an important work for students interested in the Arabic language as it is spoken, which is often vastly different from standard Arabic.

20th Century

Mufradaat al-Qur'aan by Hamiduddin Farahi مفردات القرآن لحميد الدين الفراهي
Hamiduddin Farahi (d. 1930 CE) was a respected Indian scholar of tafseer (exegesis of the Quran). His Mufradaat is a dictionary of 121 terms in the Quran, interpreted in light of modern exegetic theories, with reference to classical and modern Islamic, Jewish and Christian sources.
Min Balaaghat al-Qur'aan by Ahmad Ahmad al-Badawi من بلاغة القرآن لأحمد أحمد البدوي
Ahmad Ahmad al-Badawi (d. c. 1968 CE) was an Egyptian poet and writer born in Damietta. This book is concerned with the balaaghah (the art of literary expression) of the Quran. While not strictly a dictionary, its 50 sections enable it to be used as a dictionary of various terms concerned with this field.
Al-Ta`reefaat al-Fiqhiyyah by al-Barakati التعريفات الفقهيّة للبركتي
Al-Ta`reefat is a dictionary of terminology used in the field of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) written by the Bangladeshi scholar Muhammad al-Mujaddidi al-Barakati (d. 1974 CE / 1395 AH). He was made a teacher at the Nakhoda Masjid in Kolkata, India in the year 1935 CE, eventually becoming the imam of the mosque.
Al-Mustalahaat al-Arba`ah fil Qur'aan by Abul A`la Maududi المصطلحات الأربعة في القرآن لأبو الأعلى المودودي
Abul A`la Maududi (d. 1979 CE / 1399 AH) is one of the best known names in Islamic scholarship in modern history. He was an Indian-Pakistani scholar, philosopher and political activist. His Mustalahaat is a study of four terms that he considers the foundations of all Quranic philosophy, the terms being al-Ilaah ("deity"), al-Rabb ("the Lord"), al-Deen ("creed", "religion") and al-Ibaadah ("worship").
Ma Waqa`a fil Qur'aan bighair Lughat al-Arab by Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali ما وقع في القرآن بغير لغة العرب لمحمد تقيّ الدين الهلالي
Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali (d. 1987 CE / 1407 AH) was a renowned Moroccan Islamic scholar fluent in English and German, best known for his English translation of the Quran (with Muhammad Muhsin Khan) titled The Noble Qur'an. The present item is short a paper by him regarding non-Arabic words used in the Quran, in which he seeks to correct misconceptions by previous scholars regarding the origins of certain words.
Al-I`jaaz al-Bayaani lil Qur'aan by Aisha Abd al-Rahman الإعجاز البياني للقرآن لعائشة عبد الرحمن
Aisha Abd al-Rahman (died 1998 CE / 1419 AH) was an Egyptian author, scholar and professor of literature at Ain Shams University. Her I`jaaz is a commentary and expansion on Ibn Abbas' Ghareeb, with much analysis and comparison. The book is made up of three parts. In the first two she writes about the field of I`jaaz (The Quran's high art of expression), while the third part is in the style of a dictionary. It is this third part that is included on our website.
Mu`jam al-Sawaab al-Lughawi by Ahmad Mukhtar Umar معجم الصواب اللغوي دليل المثقف العربي لأحمد مختار عمر
Mu`jam al-Sawaab al-Lughawi is a 1000-page dictionary dedicated to correcting common errors in the usage of the Arabic language found in books, newspapers and television, written by the Egyptian linguist Ahmad Mukhtar Umar (died 2003 CE) and his team.
Mu`jam al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah al-Mu`aasirah by Ahmad Mukhtar Umar معجم اللغة العربية المعاصرة لأحمد مختار عمر
Mu`jam al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah al-Mu`aasirah is a dictionary of modern Standard Arabic, 2500 pages in print. It was written by the Egyptian linguist Ahmad Mukhtar Umar (died 2003 CE), mentioned above.
Al-Mu`jam al-Waseet by the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo المعجم الوسيط لمجمع اللغة العربية بالقاهرة
This is a 1900-page dictionary of the Arabic language published in 1998 CE. Unlike traditional dictionaries, it defines words, rather than roots, making it accessible to laypeople. The definitions are brief and concise. It was written by a team at the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo, including Ibraahim Mustafa, Ahmad al-Ziyaat, Haamid Abdul Qaadir and Muhammad al-Najjaar.

21st Century

Mukhtasar al-Ibaraat li Mu`jam Mustalahaat al-Qira'aaat by al-Dawsari مختصر العبارات لمعجم مصطلحات القراءات للدوسري
This is a dictionary of terminology used in the field of qira'aat (the study of the various recitation formats of the Quran). It is an abbreviation of Mu`jam al-Mustalahaat fi Ilmay al-Tajweedi wal Qira'aat by the same author. The author is Dr. Ibraahim bin Sa`eed bin Ahmad al-Dawsari (born c. 1966 CE / 1385 AH), a Saudi scholar of the Quran and professor of Quran studies at Imam Muhammad bin Sa`ud University in Riyadh.
Home0. ءبب1 1. ءبخَ1 2. ءبد1 3. ءبر1 4. ءبط1 5. ءبق1 6. ءبل1 7. ءبو1 8. ءبي1 9. ءتم1 10. ءتن1 11. ءتي1 12. ءثث1 13. ءثر1 14. ءثل1 15. ءثم1 16. ءجج1 17. ءجص1 18. ءجل1 19. ءجم1 20. ءجن1 21. ءحد1 22. ءحن1 23. ءخَذ1 24. ءخذ1 25. ءخَر1 26. ءخر1 27. ءخَو1 28. ءخو1 29. ءدب1 30. ءدر1 31. ءدم1 32. ءدي1 33. ءذر1 34. ءذن1 35. ءذي1 36. ءرب2 37. ءرج1 38. ءرخَ1 39. ءرخ1 40. ءرز1 41. ءرش1 42. ءرض1 43. ءرك1 44. ءري1 45. ءزب1 46. ءزج1 47. ءزذ2 48. ءزر1 49. ءزف1 50. ءزم1 51. ءزو1 52. ءسب1 53. ءسد1 54. ءسر1 55. ءسس1 56. ءسف1 57. ءسك1 58. ءسم1 59. ءسن1 60. ءسو1 61. ءشر1 62. ءشف1 63. ءشن1 64. ءصل1 65. ءطر1 66. ءفخ1 67. ءفق1 68. ءفك1 69. ءفل1 70. ءقط1 71. ءكد1 72. ءكر1 73. ءكف1 74. ءكل1 75. ءكم1 76. ءلب1 77. ءلت1 78. ءلف1 79. ءلك1 80. ءلم1 81. ءله1 82. ءلي1 83. ءمد1 84. ءمر1 85. ءمس1 86. ءمل1 87. ءمم1 88. ءمن1 89. ءمو1 90. ءنث1 91. ءنس1 92. ءنف1 93. ءنق1 94. ءنك1 95. ءنم1 96. ءنن1 97. ءني1 98. ءهب1 99. ءهل1