William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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اتم

1 أَتْمٌ, (M, K,) in, or in relation to, a سِقَآء [or skin for water or milk], (TA,) signifies The having two punctures of a seam (خُزْرَتَانِ) rent so as to become one. (M, K.) You say, أَتَمَتِ القِرْبَةٌ, aor. اَتِمَ, inf. n. أَتْمٌ, The water-skin had its two punctures (خزرتاها [or rather two of its punctures, agreeably with the explanation of the inf. n. in the M and K, as given above,]) rent so that they became one. (TK.) b2: [And hence,] The meeting together of the مَسْلَكَانِ [or vagina and rectum]: whence أَتُومٌ [q. v.] as an epithet applied to a woman. (Ham p. 373.) b3: [It seems to be indicated in the T, that one says, أَتِمَ النِسَآءُ, aor. اَتَمَ, and أَتَمَ, aor. اَتِمَ; as meaning, or perhaps the former only, The women assembled, or came together: for I there find, immediately after مَأْتَمٌ as signifying “a place in which women assemble,” “one says, أَتِمَ, aor. اَتَمَ, and أَتَمَ, aor. اَتِمَ:” but it is then added that, accord. to Khálid Ibn-Yezeed, مأتم is from أَتِمَ, aor. اَتَمَ.]

A2: I. q. فَتْقٌ [The act of rending, rending asunder, ripping, or the like; or undoing the sewing of a thing]. (TA.) b2: The act of cutting. (Sgh, K.) You say, أَتَمَهُ He cut it. (TK.) A3: أَتَمَ, aor. اَتِمَ, also signifies He brought together, or united, two things. (T.) [See أَتُومٌ, and مَأْتَمٌ.]

A4: أَتَمَ بِالمَكَانِ, (Sgh, Msb,) with two forms of aor. , [app. اَتِمَ and اَتُمَ,] (Msb,) inf. n. أَتْمٌ, (Sgh, K,) or أُتُومٌ; (Msb;) and أَتِمَ, aor. اَتَمَ; (Msb;) He stayed, remained, dwelt, or abode, in the place. (Sgh, Msb, K.) 2 اَتَّمَ see 4.4 آتَمَهَا, inf. n. إِيتَآمٌ; and ↓ أَتَّمَهَا, inf. n. تَأْتِيمٌ; He rendered her such as is termed أَتُوم, q. v. (O, K.) أَتُومٌ is primarily used in relation to the سِقآء

[or skin for water or milk; as meaning] Having two punctures of a seam (خُرْزَتَانِ) rent so that they become one. (S.) b2: And hence, (S,) or from أَتَمَ as meaning “he brought together, or united,”

two things, (T,) A woman whose مَسْلَكَانِ [or vagina and rectum] meet together in one, [by the rupture of the part between them,] (T, M,) becoming conjoined, so that the فَرْج is enlarged thereby, (TA,) on the occasion of devirgination; (M;) i. q. مُفْضَاةٌ, (T, S, M,) as some say; (T;) or مُفَاضَةٌ; (K; [said in the TA to be a mistake: but مُفْضَاةٌ and مُفَاضَةٌ are said in the M, in art. فيض, to have the same signification;]) a woman whose مَسْلَكَانِ have become one: (Ham p. 271:) or, as some say, small in the فَرْجَ [or vagina]: (M:) or it has these two contr. significations. (K.) مَأْتَمٌ is a quasi-inf. n. of أَتَمَ in the last of the senses explained above. (Msb.) [Thus it signifies A staying, remaining, dwelling, or abiding, in a place. But it more commonly signifies] The assembling of women [and of men also] in a case of rejoicing and of mourning. (Har p. 234.) b2: It is also a noun of time from the same. (Msb.) [Thus it signifies A time of staying or remaining, &c.] b3: And it is also a noun of place from the same. (Msb.) [And thus it signifies A place of staying or remaining, &c. But it more commonly signifies] A place of assembling of women [and of men also] in a case of rejoicing and of mourning: from أَتِمَ, aor. اَتَمَ, accord. to Khálid Ibn-Yezeed. (T.) b4: And hence, tropically, (Msb,) (tropical:) Women assembling together (T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) in a case of rejoicing and of mourning, (T, M, Mgh, K,) or in a case of good and of evil: (S, Msb:) or any assembly, (M, K,) of men and of women, (M,) in a case of mourning or of rejoicing: (M, K:) or particularly of young women; (M, K,) accord. to some; but it is not so: and some assert that the word is derived from أَتْمٌ, in the first of the senses explained in this art.; and from أَتُومٌ, as an epithet applied to a woman; because it signifies women coming together, and meeting face to face, in a case of good and of evil: (M:) the pl. is مَآتِمُ. (S, Mgh.) Abu-l-'Atà

Es-Sindee says, عَشِيَّةَ قَامَ النَّائِحَاتُ وَ شُقِّقَتْ جُيُوبٌ بِأَيْدِى مَأْتَمٍ وَ خُدُودُ [In the evening when arose the wailing women to wail, and openings at the necks and bosoms of garments were rent with the hands of assembled mourning women, and cheeks also were lacerated]: (S, M, Mgh:) i. e., بِأَيْدِى نِسَآءٍ. (S.) and another says, حَتَّى تَرَاهُنَّ لَدَيْهِ قُيَّمَا كَمَا تَرَى حَوْلَ الأَمِيرِ المأْتَمَا [So that thou seest them (referring to women) standing in his presence, or at, or by, it, like as thou seest the assembly of men around the prince, or commander]: المأتم here necessarily denoting men. (M.) b5: IKt says, (Msb,) it is used by the vulgar to denote An affliction, or evil accident; (S, Mgh, Msb;) [and Mtr adds,] and a wailing: (Mgh:) they say, كُنَّا فِى مَإْتَمِ فَلَانٍ [meaning We were present at the affliction of such a one]: (S, Msb:) or كُنَّا فِى مَأْتَمِ بَنِي فُلَلنٍ [meaning, We were present at the affliction, and wailing, of the sons of such a one]: (Mgh:) but the correct word in this case, (S, Mgh,) or the better, (Msb,) is مَنَاحَة: (S, Mgh, Msb:) so says IAmb. (Mgh.) But accord. to IB, nothing forbids that it may occur in the sense of A place of wailing; and in the sense of mourning, and wailing, and weeping; for therefore do women assemble: and thus it may be in the saying of Et-Teymee, respecting Mansoor Ibn-Ziyád, وَ النَّاسُ مَأْتَمُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَاحِدٌ فِى كلِّ دَارٍ رَنَّةٌ وَ زَفِيرُ [The people's mourning, &c., for him was one: in every house was a moaning, and a sighting]: and in the saying of another, أَضْحَى بَنَاتُ السُّبِىِّ إِذْ قُتِلُوا فِى مَأْتَمٍ وَالسِّبَاعُ فِى عُرُسِ i. e. [The daughters of the captives, when they were slain, became, in the early part of the day,] in a state mourning; and the beasts of prey, in a state of rejoicing. (TA.)
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