William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن





1 أَتَا, aor. يَأْتُو; (Msb;) and أَتَوْتُهُ, (T, S, M, K,) aor. آتُوهُ; (S;) inf. n. أَتْوٌ, (M, Msb,) or أَتْوَةٌ, (S,) or the latter is an inf. n. of un.; (T, TA;) He came; (Msb;) and I came to him, or it; (S;) the former a dial. var. of أَتَى, aor. يَأْتِى; (Msb;) and the latter, of أَتَيْتُهُ. (T, S, M, K.) [See art. اتى, to which, as well as to the present art., belong several words mentioned in this.]

A2: أَتَا, aor. as above, (TK,) inf. n. أَتْوٌ, (M, K, TK,) also signifies He pursued a right, direct, straight, or even, course, in going, or pace. (M, K, TK.) b2: And He (a man, TK) hastened, made haste, or sped; or he was quick, hasty, speedy, rapid, swift, or fleet. (M, K, TK.) b3: And أَتَتِ النَاقَةُ, inf. n. as above, The she-camel returned her fore legs, [drawing the feet back towards the body, and lifting them high,] in her going. (M.) You say, مَا أَحْسَنَ أَتْوَ يَدَىْ هذِهِ النَّاقَةِ, and أَتْىَ يَدَيْهَا, How good, or beautiful, is this she-camel's returning of her fore legs in her going! i. e. رَجْعَ يَدَيْهَا فِى سَيْرِهَا. (T, * S, M.) b4: And أَتْوٌ signifies also The act of impelling, or propelling; particularly, of an arrow from a bow. (TA.) See also this word below.

A3: أَتَوْتُهُ, (S, M, Msb, K,) aor. آتُوهُ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. إِتَاوَةٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) so accord. to A'Obeyd, (M,) and mentioned by Sgh on the authority of AZ, (TA,) and أَتْوٌ, (S, TA,) [I gave him what is termed إِتَاوَة, as meaning the tax called خَرَاج: this is the signification which seems to be indicated in the S: or] I bribed him; gave him a bribe. (M, Msb, K.) [See also إِتَاوَةٌ below.]

A4: أَتَتِ النَّخْلَةُ, (T, S, M, K,) and الشَّجَرَةُ, (M, K,) aor. تَأْتُو, (S,) inf. n. إِتَآءٌ, with kesr, (Kr, M, K,) [in a copy of the T, and in two copies of the S, أَتَآءٌ, but this is said in the M to be a subst.,] and أَتْوٌ; (M, K;) and النخلة ↓ آتَتِ, inf. n. إِيتَآءٌ; (T;) The palm-tree [and the tree] bore: (S:) or put forth its fruit: or showed its being in a good state: (M, K:) or bore much: (T, M, K:) and اتآء signifies also the increasing, or thriving, of seed-produce. (T.) b2: And أَتَتِ المَاشِيَةٌ, inf. n. إِتَآءٌ, [in a copy of the M أَتَآءٌ,] The cattle, or camels &c., increased, or yielded increase. (M, K. [In the CK, immediately before this phrase, والثِّمارِ is erroneously put for وَالنَّمَآءُ.]) A5: تَأْتَى for تأْتَوِى: see 1 in art. اوى.4 آتَوَ see 1, near the end of the paragraph.

أَتْوٌ an inf. n. of 1, q. v.

A2: A way, course, mode, or manner. (M, K.) You say, of speech, or language, (M,) and of a speaker, or reciter of a خُطْبَة, (IAar, M,) مَا زَالَ عَلَى أَتْو وَاحد It, and he, ceased not to follow one [uniform] way, &c. (M.) A3: An impulsion; a propulsion; particularly an act of shooting an arrow from a bow: so in a trad., where it is said, كُنَّا نَرْمِى الأَتْوَيْنِ We used to shoot one shooting and two shootings; meaning, of arrows from bows, after the prayer of sunset. (TA.) A4: Death: or [so in the T, but in the K “and,”] a trial; or an affliction. (T, K.) You say, أَتَى عَلَى فُلَانٍ أَتْوٌ Death came upon such a one: or a trial; or an affliction. (ISh, T.) And إِنْ أَتَى عَلَّى أَتْوٌ فَغُلامِى حُرٌّ If I die, [or if death befall me,] my slave shall be free. (T.) b2: A vehement sickness or disease: (T, K:) or the fracture of an arm, or of a leg. (T.) A5: A gift. (S, K.) b2: Butter; (S;) as also ↓ أَتَآءٌ, (A,) or ↓ إِتَآءٌ. (TA: [in which it is said to be like كِتَابٌ; but this I think a mistake: see أَتَآءٌ below.]) You say, when a skin of milk is agitated, and its butter comes, قَدْ جَآءَ أَتْوُهُ [Its butter has come]. (S, TA.) And you say, ↓ لَبَنٌ ذُو اتآءٍ Milk having butter. (A, TA.) A6: A great body or corporeal form or person (شَخْصٌ عَظِيمٌ). (AZ, Sgh, K.) أَتْوَةٌ A single coming; as also أَتْيَةٌ. (T.) أَتْوَانُ a corroborative [or imitative sequent] of أَسْوَانُ, which signifies grieving mourning, or sorrowful: (TA:) or i. q. حَرِيصٌ [vehemently desirous; eager; &c.]. (Mirkát el-Loghah, cited by Golius.) أَتَآءٌ, (T, S, M,) or إِتَآءٌ, like كِتَابٌ, (K, [but it is said in the M that the former is a subst. and the latter an inf. n.,] Increase; syn. نَمَآءٌ, (S, M, K, [in the CK والثِّمَارِ is erroneously put for وَالنَّمَآءُ,]) and بَرَكَةٌ: (S:) increase, and produce, or net produce, of land; as though from الإِتَاوَةٌ signifying الخَرَاجُ: (TA:) gain, or revenue, arising from the increase of land, or from the rent thereof, or the like: (TA, and so in a copy of the S:) the produce of land, and fruits, &c.: (As, T:) what is produced of the fruits (آكَال [in the CK اُكال]) of trees: (M, K:) the fruit of palm-trees. (S.) b2: See also أَتْوٌ, in three places.

أَتِىٌّ (S, M, Sgh, K) and أُتِىٌّ [respecting which see what follows] and إِتِىٌّ, (Sgh, K,) of all which, the first is said by A'Obeyd to be the form used by the Arabs, (TA,) [and all belong to art. اتى, as well as to the present art.,] and ↓ أَتَاوِىٌّ (M, Sgh, K) and أُتَاوِىٌّ and إِتَاوِىٌّ, (Sgh, K,) all these, and the three preceding them, mentioned by Sgh on the authority of AA, but the last of all said by him to be strange, (TA,) A rivulet for which a man makes a way or channel, or an easy course or passage, to his land: (S, M, K:) or a torrent, or flow of water, from another region or quarter: (M, K: [both these meanings mentioned in the M in art. اتو, and the former in art. اتي also, of that work:]) or أَتِىٌّ signifies a conduit of water; and any channel in which water is made to have an easy course; as also أُتِىٌّ, mentioned by Sb; or, as some say, this is a pl.: (M:) or any rivulet: (As, T:) or a rivulet less than the [trench called] نُؤْى: (IB:) and سَيْلٌ أَتىٌّ (Lh, T, S, M) and أَتَاوِىٌّ, (Lh, S, M,) a torrent, or flow of water, that comes one knows not whence: (M:) or that comes when the rain that has produced it has not fallen upon the people to whom it comes: (Lh, S, M:) or that comes from a land upon which rain has fallen to a land upon which rain has not fallen. (T, Msb.) b2: Hence, (T, M,) or the reverse is the case, (T, M, Msb,) all the words above, (AA, T, K,) or أَتِىَ and أَتَاوِىُّ, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, [the last said in the T to be the most approved,]) A stranger; or a man not of one's own people, or not of one's own kindred: (AA, T, S, M, Mgh:) or a man who asserts his relation to a people of whom he is not: (Msb:) or أَتِىٌّ signifies one who is among a people of whom he is not: (As, T:) and أَتَاوِىٌّ, a stranger, who is not in his own country; or, accord. to Ks, a stranger, who is not in his own home: (T:) the pl. of this last is أَتَاوِيُّونَ: (S:) [the fem. sing. is أَتَاويَّةٌ:] and the pl. fem. أَتَاويَّاتٌ. (T, S, M.) إِتَاوَةٌ i. q. خَرَاجٌ [i. e. A tax, a tribute, or an impost], (T, S, M, K,) such, for instance, as is levied on land, (TA in the present art.,) and such as is imposed on a slave; (TA in art. ضرب;) and any tax or other exaction that is taken by compulsion, or against the will, or that is apportioned to a people: (M: [in the TA “to a place” instead of “to a people:”]) and also, a bribe: or, (accord. to some, M,) particularly, a bribe for water: (M, K:) the pl. is أَتَاوَى, (T, M, K, TA, [but in some copies of the K أَتَاوِىُّ, and accord. to copies of the S it is أَتَاوٍ, being written, with the article, الأَتَاوِى; both of which appear to be wrong; for it is said to be] like عَلَاوَى and هَرَاوَى, pls. of عِلَاوَةٌ and هِرَاوَةٌ, (M, TA,) and like سَكَارَى; (TA;) changed, [in the accus. case, with the article prefixed,] at the end of a verse, into الأَتَاوِيَا, for the sake of the rhyme: (M, TA:) this occurs in a verse of El-Jaadee: (S:) it has also for a pl. إِتَاوَاتٌ, (T,) and أُتَّي, [in the CK, erroneously, اَتِىٌّ,] which is extr., (M, K,) as though its sing. were أُتْوَةٌ, being like رُشَّى, pl. of رُشْوَةٌ, (M,) and like عُرَّى, pl. of عُرْوَةٌ. (TA.) You say, أَدَّى إِتَاوَةَ أَرْضِهِ [He payed the tax of his land]; i. e. خَرَاجَهَا: and ضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الإِتَاوَةُ [The tax, or tribute, or impost, was imposed upon them]; i. e. الجِبَايَةُ: and some assert it to be tropical. (TA.) You say also, شَكَمَ فَاهُ بِالْإِتَاوَةِ [He stopped (lit. bitted) his mouth with the bribe]; i. e. بَالّرِشْوَةِ. (TA.) أَتَاوِىٌّ and its vars.: see أَتىٌّ, above.
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