William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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17. اتن1 18. اتو1 19. اتى1 20. اث1 21. اثر1 22. اثف123. اثكل2 24. اثل1 25. اثم1 26. اثن1 27. اج1 28. اجر1 29. اجص2 30. اجل1 31. اجم1 32. اجن2 33. احد1 34. احن1 35. اخ1 36. اخت2 37. اخذ1 38. اخر2 39. اخو1 40. اد1 41. ادب1 42. ادر1 43. ادم1 44. ادو2 45. ادى1 46. اذ1 47. اذا1 48. اذر1 49. اذن1 50. اذى1 51. ار1 52. ارب1 53. ارث1 54. ارج2 55. ارخ2 56. ارز2 57. ارش1 58. ارض1 59. ارط1 60. ارف1 61. ارق2 62. ارك1 63. ارم1 64. ارى1 65. از1 66. ازب2 67. ازج1 68. ازر2 69. ازف1 70. ازق2 71. ازل1 72. ازم1 73. ازى1 74. اس1 75. اسب1 76. است3 77. استاذ1 78. استبرق4 79. اسد1 80. اسر2 81. اسطرلاب1 82. اسف1 83. اسفيداج2 84. اسك2 85. اسل1 86. اسم4 87. اسن1 88. اسو1 89. اسى1 90. اشب1 91. اشر2 92. اشف1 93. اشك1 94. اشن1 95. اصد1 96. اصر2 97. اصطبل3 98. اصطرلاب1 99. اصل3 100. اط1 101. اطر2 102. اطم2 103. اف1 104. افخ1 105. افق3 106. افك3 107. افل2 108. افه1 109. افيون1 110. اقحوان1 111. اقط3 112. اكد2 113. اكر3 114. اكف3 115. اكل2 116. اكم2 Prev. 100




1 أَثَفَ القِدْرَ: see 2.

A2: أَثَفَهُ, aor. اَثِفَ, (T, S, M, K,) inf. n. أَثْفٌ, (T, M,) He followed him. (Ks, T, S, M, K.) b2: He drove away, or drove away and pursued closely, or hunted, him; syn. طَرَدَهُ. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) b3: He sought, or sought after, or pursued after, him, or it: in which sense the aor. is اثّف القِدٌرَ, (AA, K) and تَأْثِيفٌalso. (So in some copies of the K.) 2 اثّف القِدْرَ, (T, S, M, K,) inf. n. تَأْثِيفٌ, (S, K,) He put the cooking-pot upon the أَثَافِى[pl. of أُثْفِيَّةٌ, q. v.]; (T,* S, M,* K;) as also ↓ أَثَفَهَا, (M, TA,) inf. n. أَثْفٌ; (TA;) or ↓ آثَفَهَا, (so in some copies of the K in art. ثفى,) inf. n. إِيثَافٌ; (TA in that art.;) the first of which is a dial. var. of ثَفَّاهَا, inf. n. تَثْفِيَةٌ; (S;) and ↓ أَثْفَاهَا, whence قِدْرٌ مُؤَثْفَاةٌ. (M.) 4 آثَفَ see 2.5 تَأَثًّفَتِ القِدْرُ The cooking-pot was put upon the أَثَافِى. (TA.) A2: تَأَثَّفُوهُ They surrounded him, or it: (S, K: *) they became around him, or it, like the أُثْفِيَّة[or rather like the أَثَافِى]: (M:) they collected themselves together around him, or it. (A, TA.) b2: تأثّف المَكَانَ, (T, S, K,) or بِالمَكَانِ, (M,) He (a man, S) kept to the place; (T, K;) remained in it; (M;) did not quit it. (AZ, T, S, M.) b3: تأثّفهُ also signifies He followed after him, and pressed or importuned him, and ceased not to incite him. (T, K.) In my opinion, [says Az,] this is not in any way derived from الأُثْفِيَّةُ; but from أَثَفْتُ الرَّجُلَ, meaning “ I followed the man.” (T.) b4: And تأثّفوا عَلَى الأَمْرِ They aided, or assisted, one another to do, or accomplish, the thing, or affair. (M, L.) Q. Q. 1 أَثْفَى القِدْرَ: see 2. [But accord. to Az, in the T, يُؤَثْفِى, as aor. of أَثْفَى, is يُثْفِى reduced to its original form; and the like is said in the S and M in art. ثفى. If this be the case, مُؤَثْفَاةٌ, q. v., may be مُثْفَاةٌreduced in the same manner, i. e., to its original form.]

أَثِفٌ [probably a mistake for ↓آثِفٌ] Continuing, permanent, constant, firm, or established: (K, TA:) so in the Moheet. (TA.) b2: Also, (K, and so in a copy of the S,) or ↓ آثِفٌ, [agreeably with analogy, and therefore more probably the correct form,] (so in other copies of the S and in the T,) Following. (Ks, T, S, K.) أُثْفِيَّةٌ and إِثْفِيَّةٌ [the former of which is the more common, and this only I find in copies of the T,] The stone [which is one of the three] whereon the cooking-pot is placed: (A'Obeyd, M, K:) it is, with the Arabs, a stone like the head of a man: (T:) the pl. is أَثَافِيُّ and أَثَافٍ; (T, S, [in which latter it is written differently in different copies, with the article prefixed, الأَثَافِيُّ and الأَثَافِي, but in both manners in art. ثفى,] M, K;) the latter being allowable; (T,) or, accord. to Akh, the latter only is used by the Arabs; (M;) applied to the three stones mentioned above: (TA in art. سفع; &c.:) upon these the cooking-pot is set up; but what is of iron, having three legs, is not called اثفيّة, but مِنْصَبٌ; (T;) [and this is what is meant by أَثْفِيَّةٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ in art. سفعin the K;] i. e. an iron trivet upon which a cooking-pot is set up. (TA in art. نصب.) أُثْفيَّةٌ may be of the measure فُعْلُويَةٌ [from اثف], and it may be of the measure أُفْعُولَةٌ [from ثفى; in either case originally أُثْفُويَةٌ]. (A, L.) ثَالِثَةُ الأَثَافِى signifies The part, not detached, of a mountain; by the side of which, two pieces are put [for the cookingpot to be set thereon]. (A'Obeyd, T, K.) and hence the saying, (A'Obeyd, T,) رَمَاهُ اللّٰهُ بثَالِثَةِ, الأَثَافِي(A'Obeyd, T, K) May God smite him with the mountain; meaning, with a calamity; (Th, TA, K in art. ثفى;) with a calamity like the mountain [in greatness]; (Th, M;) for when they do not find the third of the اثافى, they rest the cooking-pot [partly] upon the mountain: (M, K, in art. ثفى:) or, with difficulties, or troubles, or calamities: (As, T:) or, with all evil; evils being likened to one اثفيّةafter another, and the third being the last: (T, K:) so says Aboo-Sa'eed: (T:) or, with the last of evil; and the last of everything hateful: (AO in Har p. 84:) or, with a great calamity. (Har ib.) One says also, الأَثَافِى فُلَانٌ ثَالِثَةُ, meaning (tropical:) Such a one is the heaviest, most burdensome, or most troublesome, of the people. (Har ubi suprà.) b2: [Hence also,] الأَثَافِىis a name applied to (assumed tropical:) certain stars [accord. to Ideler, as mentioned by Freytag in his Lex., the stars σand τand υDraconis] over against the head of the قِدْر; which is the name of certain stars disposed in a round form. (AHát, K.) [Also] a name given by the vulgar to (assumed tropical:) [The three chief stars in the constellation called] الشَّلْيَاقُ[i. e. Lyra]. (Kzw.) b3: The sing., (K,) i. e. each of the two forms thereof, but written in the copies of the S with damm [only], (TA in art. ثفى,) or [only] the latter, with kesr, (M, and so in the K in art. ثفى,) also signifies (assumed tropical:) A number, (M,) or a great number, (K, and so in the S in art. ثفى,) and a company, or congregated body, of men: (M, K:) pl. as above. (M.) You say, هُمْ عَلَيْهِ أُثْفِيَّةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ (assumed tropical:) [They are against him one band]. (TA.) And بَقِيَتْ مِنْ بَنِى فُلَانٍ أُثْفِيَّةٌ خَشْنَآءُ There remained of the sons of such a one a great number. (S in art. ثفى.) آثفٌ: see أَثفٌ, in two places.

مُؤَثَّفٌ(assumed tropical:) Short, broad, plump, and fleshy. (K.) b2: And, with ة, (tropical:) A woman whose husband has two wives beside her; she being the third of them: they being likened to the أَثَافِىof the cookingpot. (M.) [See also مُثَفَّاةٌ, in art. ثفى.) قِدْرٌ مُؤَثْفَاةٌA cooking-pot put upon the أَثَافِى [pl. of أُثْفِيَّةٌ, q. v.]. (M, and K in art. ثفى: in some copies of the latter, مؤْثَفَاةٌ.) [See Q. Q. 1.]
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