William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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52. ارب1 53. ارث1 54. ارج2 55. ارخ2 56. ارز2 57. ارش158. ارض1 59. ارط1 60. ارف1 61. ارق2 62. ارك1 63. ارم1 64. ارى1 65. از1 66. ازب2 67. ازج1 68. ازر2 69. ازف1 70. ازق2 71. ازل1 72. ازم1 73. ازى1 74. اس1 75. اسب1 76. است3 77. استاذ1 78. استبرق4 79. اسد1 80. اسر2 81. اسطرلاب1 82. اسف1 83. اسفيداج2 84. اسك2 85. اسل1 86. اسم4 87. اسن1 88. اسو1 89. اسى1 90. اشب1 91. اشر2 92. اشف1 93. اشك1 94. اشن1 95. اصد1 96. اصر2 97. اصطبل3 98. اصطرلاب1 99. اصل3 100. اط1 101. اطر2 102. اطم2 103. اف1 104. افخ1 105. افق3 106. افك3 107. افل2 108. افه1 109. افيون1 110. اقحوان1 111. اقط3 112. اكد2 113. اكر3 114. اكف3 115. اكل2 116. اكم2 117. ال2 118. الا2 119. الب2 120. الت2 121. التُّرْكُمَانُ1 122. الد1 123. الف2 124. الق2 125. الك2 126. الم1 127. المس2 128. اله4 129. الو1 130. الى2 131. ام2 132. اما1 133. امت2 134. امد2 135. امر2 136. امس2 137. امل2 138. امن2 139. امه3 140. ان2 141. انا1 142. انب2 143. انت1 144. انث2 145. انح2 146. انس2 147. انف2 148. انق2 149. انك3 150. انم1 151. انما1 Prev. 100
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ارش

1 أَرَشَهُ, (TA,) aor. اَرُشَ, (TK,) inf. n. أَرْشٌ, (K, TA,) He scratched with the nails, or lacerated, him, [a man,] or it, [the skin, or (as in the TK) the face,] little or much, so as to bring blood or not; syn. خَدَشَهُ. (K, * TA.) [This signification is probably derived from أَرْشٌ as syn. with تَأْرِيشٌ, in which sense it seems to be the inf. n. of an obsolete verb.]

A2: أَرَشَهُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (K, TA,) He gave him (K, * TA) the fine, or mulct, for a wound. (TA.) b2: أَرَشُوهُ, inf. n. as above, They sold the milk of their camels for the water of his well. (Sgh.) A3: أُرِشَ, like عُنِىَ, (Sgh,) inf. n. as above, (Sgh, K,) He sought to obtain, or demanded, the fine, or mulct, for a wound. Sgh, K. *) 2 أرّش بَيْنَ القَوْمِ, (S, L, Msb,) and بَيْنَ الرَّجُلَيْنِ, (TA,) inf. n. تَأْرِيشٌ, (S, Msb,) He made mischief; or excited disorder, disturbance, disagreement, discord, dissension, strife, or quarrelling; (S, L, Msb, TA;) between, or among, the people, or company of men, (S, L, Msb,) and between the two men: (TA:) accord. to some, its original is حَرَّشَ. (Msb.) b2: And ارّش النَّارَ, inf. n. as above, He kindled the fire; or made it to burn: (S, K:) and in like manner, الحَرْبَ (assumed tropical:) war, or the war. (S.) 8 آئْتَرِشْ [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَرِشْ] Take thou from him the fine, or mulct, for thy خُمَاشَة, q. v. (K.) b2: آئْتَرَشَ لِلْخُمَاشَةِ [He surrendered himself to pay the fine, or mulct, for the injury termed خُمَاشَة,] is like اِسْتَسْلَمَ لِلْقِصَاصِ. (K.) أَرْضٌ The making mischief; or exciting disorder, disturbance, disagreement, discord, dissension, strife, or quarrelling; [like تَأْرِيشٌ; see 2, and see also 1;] syn. فَسَادٌ [in the sense of إِفْسَادٌ]; (Msb;) and إِغْرَآءٌ. (K.) b2: Disagreement, discord, or dissension; and contention, or altercation: you say, بَيْنَهُمَا أَرْشٌ Between them two is disagreement, &c. (K.) A2: A fine, or mulct, for a wound: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) from the first of the significations in this paragraph; (Msb;) or from its being one of the causes of contention, or altercation; or, accord. to AM, from the same word as inf. n. of أَرُوشٌ in the first of the senses explained in this art.; accord. to IF, originally هَرْشٌ: (TA:) pl. أُرُوشٌ. (Mgh, Msb.) Hence the saying mentioned by IAar, اِنْتَظِرْنِى حَتَّى

تَعْقِلَ فَلَيْسَ لَكَ عِنْدَنَا أَرْشٌ إِلَّا الأَسِنَّةُ [Wait thou for me until thou accept a fine for a wound in lieu of retaliation; for thou hast no compensation for a wound to receive from us except the spearheads]: meaning, thou shalt not slay a man for whom we will ever give bloodwit. (L, TA.) b2: What is diminished [of the price] by reason of a defect in a garment or piece of cloth: as being a cause of contention, or altercation. (K, * TA.) b3: What is payed [by way of adjustment of the difference] between freedom from defect and defect in an article of merchandise: (Kt, K:) for when the purchaser of a garment or piece of cloth as being free from defect discovers in it a hole or other defect, contention ensues between him and the seller. (TA.) b4: A bribe. (Aboo-Nahshal, Sh, K.) مَأْرُوشٌ Scratched with the nails, or lacerated, little or much, so as to bleed or not. Ru-beh says,
فَقُلْ لِذَاكَ المُزْعَجِ المَحْنُوشِ
أَصْبِحٌ فَمَا مِنْ بَشَرٍ مَأْرُوشِ Then say thou to that man who is disquieted by envy, and as though he were stung, Act thou gently, for [there is no scarf-skin scratched; meaning,] my honour is uninjured, having in it no defect nor scratch. (L, * TA.)
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