William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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66. ازب2 67. ازج1 68. ازر2 69. ازف1 70. ازق2 71. ازل172. ازم1 73. ازى1 74. اس1 75. اسب1 76. است3 77. استاذ1 78. استبرق4 79. اسد1 80. اسر2 81. اسطرلاب1 82. اسف1 83. اسفيداج2 84. اسك2 85. اسل1 86. اسم4 87. اسن1 88. اسو1 89. اسى1 90. اشب1 91. اشر2 92. اشف1 93. اشك1 94. اشن1 95. اصد1 96. اصر2 97. اصطبل3 98. اصطرلاب1 99. اصل3 100. اط1 101. اطر2 102. اطم2 103. اف1 104. افخ1 105. افق3 106. افك3 107. افل2 108. افه1 109. افيون1 110. اقحوان1 111. اقط3 112. اكد2 113. اكر3 114. اكف3 115. اكل2 116. اكم2 117. ال2 118. الا2 119. الب2 120. الت2 121. التُّرْكُمَانُ1 122. الد1 123. الف2 124. الق2 125. الك2 126. الم1 127. المس2 128. اله4 129. الو1 130. الى2 131. ام2 132. اما1 133. امت2 134. امد2 135. امر2 136. امس2 137. امل2 138. امن2 139. امه3 140. ان2 141. انا1 142. انب2 143. انت1 144. انث2 145. انح2 146. انس2 147. انف2 148. انق2 149. انك3 150. انم1 151. انما1 152. انو1 153. انى2 154. انيه1 155. اه2 156. اهب2 157. اهل2 158. او2 159. اوب3 160. اود4 161. اوز1 162. اوس2 163. اوف2 164. اوق2 165. اول1 Prev. 100




1 أَزَلَ, (S, K,) aor. اَزِلَ, inf. n. أَزْلٌ, (S,) He (a man) became in a state of straitness, or narrowness, and suffering from dearth or drought or sterility. (S, K.) [See also the pass. form of the verb here following; and see 5.]

A2: أَزَلَهُ, aor. as above, (K,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) He confined, restricted, restrained, withheld, debarred, hindered, or prevented, him; (K,* TA;) and straitened him; in consequence of distress, or adversity, and fear. (TA.) b2: He shortened his (a horse's) rope, [or tether,] and then left him to pasture at pleasure (Lth, K, [in the CK, شَيَّبَهُ is put for سَيَّبَهُ,]) in the place of pasturage. (Lth.) b3: أَزَلُوا مَالَهُمْ, (S,) or أَمْوَالَهُمْ, (K,) aor. as above, (S,) They confined, restricted, or debarred, their cattle from the place of pasturage, (S,) or did not take, or send, them forth thereto, (K,) in consequence of fear, (S, K,) or dearth or drought or sterility. (K.) b4: It is said in a trad. respecting Ed-Dejjál, and his besieging the Muslims in Beytel-Makdis, [or Jerusalem,] فَيُؤْزَلُونَ أَزْلًا شَدِيدًا And they will be straitened with a vehement straitening. (TA.) And أُزِلَ النَّاسُ signifies The people suffered, or were afflicted with, drought, or want of rain. (TA.) 4 آزَلَتِ السَّنَةُ The year became severe, distressful, calamitous, or adverse. (TA.) A2: آزَلَهُمُ اللّٰهُ God afflicted them with drought, or want of rain. (TA.) 5 تأزّل It (a man's bosom or mind) became strait, or straitened; (Fr, S, K;) as also تأزّق. (Fr, S.) أَزْلٌ Straitness; distress; difficulty; (S,* K;) and drought, or want of rain. (TA.) b2: Vehemence of might, or of strength, in war, or fight; of courage, valour, or prowess: or of war, or fight: or of fear: or of punishment: syn. شِدَّةُ بَأْسٍ. (TA.) A2: It is also used as an epithet, meaning Strait; narrow; confined. (Ham p. 339.) إِزْلٌ A calamity; (K;) because of its distressing character. (TA.) b2: Lying, or falsehood. (Yaa-koob, S, K.) أَزَلٌ i. q. قِدَمٌ [i. e. Eternity, with respect to past time, or considered retrospectively; existence from eternity; or ancientness] (S, K, TA) that is without beginning; (TA;) or the continuance of existence in decreed times interminable in respect of the past; like as أَبَدٌ is the continuance of existence in decreed times interminable in respect of the future; (KT;) or that [existence, or time,] which has no extremity in its beginning; like قِدَمٌ; and أَبَدٌ is that which has no extremity in its latter part; like بَقَآءٌ: the former is existence without any beginning: (Kull p. 31:) said to be from the phrase لَمْ يَزَلْ [“he, or it, has not ceased” to be &c.; i. e. “has ever” been &c. (see أَزَلِىٌّ)]: or, accord. to some, from أَزْلٌ signifying “narrowness;” because the intellect is prevented by its narrowness from perceiving its beginning: (MF:) ازل is a name for that of which the mind is prevented by its narrowness from determining the limit of the beginning; from أَزْلٌ meaning “narrowness;”; and ابد is a name for that of which the mind shrinks from, or shuns, the determining the limit of the end; from أُبُودٌ meaning the act of “shrinking” from a thing, or “shunning” it. (Kull pp. 30 and 31.) Hence the saying, كَانَ فِى الأَزَلِ قَادِرًا عَالِمًا [He was, or has been, ever, powerful, knowing]. (A, TA.) The phrase أَزَلَ الآزَالِ [During the space, without beginning, of all past times; or ever, in all past times;] is like the phrase أَبَدَ الآبَادِ; said to be no evidence of the use of آزَالٌ as a pl. of أَزَلٌ in a general way by the Arabs of the classical ages, as it is here added merely as a corroborative. (MF in art. ابد.) [See also أَزَلِىٌّ.]

أَزِلٌ: see آزِلٌ.

أَزَلِىٌّ [Eternal, with respect to past time; existing from eternity; or ancient without beginning; as is implied in the S and K &c.;] a thing, or being, which has not been preceded by non-existence: it is applied to God: and to [his] knowledge: that which exists must be one of three kinds only: أَزَلِىٌّ أَبَدِىٌّ [existing from eternity, and consequently existing to eternity]; and this is God [who is also called القَدِيمُ الأَزَلِىُّ the Ancient without beginning]: and لَا أَزَلِىٌّ وَ لَا أَبَدِىٌّ [not existing from eternity nor existing to eternity]; and such is the present world: and أَبَدِىٌّ غَيْرُ أَزَلِىّ [existing to eternity without existing from eternity]; and such is the world to come; the reverse of which [last] is impossible: (TA:) it is a rel. n. from أَزَلٌ: or, accord. to some, it is not [genuine] Arabic: (TA:) or it is originally يَزَلِىٌّ, a rel. n. from لَمْ يَزَلْ, (S, K,) a phrase applied to that which is قَدِيم; and is formed by contraction; (S;) then, the ى is changed into ا, as being easier of pronunciation; as in أَزَنِىٌّ, applied to a spear, in relation to ذُو يَزَن; (S, K,* Sgh, TA;) and as in أَثْرَبِىٌّ, applied to a blade, (S, Sgh, TA,) in relation to يَثْرِب: (TA:) so say some of the learned. (S.) أَزَلِيَّةٌ The quality, or attribute, of أَزَلٌ [eternity, with respect to past time, &c.]: but it is a forged term, not of the [genuine] language of the Arabs. (A, TA.) سَنَةٌ أَزُولٌ A severe, distressful, calamitous, or adverse, year: pl. أُزْلٌ. (K.) آزِلٌ A man in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty. (TA.) b2: A man in a state of straitness in consequence of fever: or who is unable to go forth in consequence of pain: or confined, restricted, withheld, or prevented [from going forth]. (TA.) b3: لَبُونٌ آزِلَةٌ [A milch camel] confined, or restricted, not pasturing at pleasure, having her shank tied up to her arm, on account of her owner's fear of a hostile incursion: occurring in a poem of El-Aashà. (TA.) b4: أَزْلٌ آزِلٌ, in the K, erroneously, ↓ أَزِلٌ, Severe, or vehement, straitness, distress, or difficulty. (K, * TA.) مَأْزِلٌ A place of straitness, or a strait place; (S, K;) like مَأْزِقٌ: (S:) or a place of war or fight, when strait. (Lh.) And مَأْزِلُ العَيْشِ The place where the means of subsistence are strait, or narrow. (Lh.) سُنَيَّةٌ حَمْرَآءُ مُؤْزِلَةٌ [A severe year of dearth, or sterility,] afflicting with drought. (TA, from a trad.) مَأْزُولٌ A horse having his rope [or tether] shortened, and then left to feed at pleasure in the place of pasturage. (Lth.)
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