William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
77. استاذ1 78. استبرق4 79. اسد1 80. اسر2 81. اسطرلاب1 82. اسف183. اسفيداج2 84. اسك2 85. اسل1 86. اسم4 87. اسن1 88. اسو1 89. اسى1 90. اشب1 91. اشر2 92. اشف1 93. اشك1 94. اشن1 95. اصد1 96. اصر2 97. اصطبل3 98. اصطرلاب1 99. اصل3 100. اط1 101. اطر2 102. اطم2 103. اف1 104. افخ1 105. افق3 106. افك3 107. افل2 108. افه1 109. افيون1 110. اقحوان1 111. اقط3 112. اكد2 113. اكر3 114. اكف3 115. اكل2 116. اكم2 117. ال2 118. الا2 119. الب2 120. الت2 121. التُّرْكُمَانُ1 122. الد1 123. الف2 124. الق2 125. الك2 126. الم1 127. المس2 128. اله4 129. الو1 130. الى2 131. ام2 132. اما1 133. امت2 134. امد2 135. امر2 136. امس2 137. امل2 138. امن2 139. امه3 140. ان2 141. انا1 142. انب2 143. انت1 144. انث2 145. انح2 146. انس2 147. انف2 148. انق2 149. انك3 150. انم1 151. انما1 152. انو1 153. انى2 154. انيه1 155. اه2 156. اهب2 157. اهل2 158. او2 159. اوب3 160. اود4 161. اوز1 162. اوس2 163. اوف2 164. اوق2 165. اول1 166. اولو1 167. اوم1 168. اون4 169. اوه2 170. اوى2 171. اى1 172. ايا1 173. ايب2 174. ايد3 175. اير4 176. ايس3 Prev. 100
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اسف

1 أَسِفَ, aor. اَسَفَ, inf. n. أَسَفٌ, (M, Msb, K,) He grieved, lamented, or regretted: and he was angry: (Msb:) or he grieved exceedingly: and he was exceedingly angry: (M:) or he grieved most intensely: (K:) some say that أَسَفٌ signifies the grieving for a thing that has escaped; not in an absolute sense: (MF:) or it properly signifies the rising, or swelling, or mantling, of the blood of the heart, from desire of vengeance; and when this is against an inferior, it is anger; but when against a superior, it is grief. (Er-Rághib.) Mo-hammad, being asked respecting sudden death, answered, saying, رَاحَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِ وَأَخْذَةُ أَسَفٍ لِلْكَافِرِ, or accord. to one recital, ↓ أَسِفٍ, i. e. [Rest, or ease, to the believer, and an act of punishment] of anger [to the unbeliever], or of one who is angry. (K.) You say, أَسِفَ عَلَى مَا فَاتَهُ, inf. n. as above; (S;) and ↓ تأسّف; (S, M, * K; *) He grieved, or lamented, for, or at, or regretted, most intensely, what had escaped him: (S, M, * K:) and أَسِفَ عَلَيْهِ, (S, K,) inf. n. as above, (S,) he was angry with him, or at it: (S, K:) or أَسِفَ فُلَانٌ عَلَى كَذَا وَكَذَا and ↓ تأسّف, signify, accord. to some, such a one grieved, or lamented, for, or at, such and such things which had escaped him: or, accord. to others, grieved, or lamented, most intensely. (IAmb.) أَسَفًا in the Kur xviii. 5 means, accord. to Ed-Dahhák, جَزَعًا [i.e. In grief, or in most violent grief, &c.]: or, accord. to Katádeh, in anger. (TA.) And يَا أَسَفَا عَلَى يُوسُفِ, in the Kur [xii. 84], means يَا جَزَعَاهُ [O my grief for Joseph: or O my most violent grief]. (TA.) 4 آسفهُ (in [some of] the copies of the K, erroneously, أَسَفَهُ, TA) He angered him; made him angry: (S, M, * O, L, Msb, K:) and he grieved him; made him to grieve, or lament. (M,* TA.) 5 تَاَسَّفَ see 1, in two places. b2: تَأَسَّفَتْ يَدَهُ (tropical:) i. q. تَشَعَّثَتْ [app. meaning His hand became bruised, or mangled; or became cracked, or chapped]. (M, TA.) أَسَفٌ inf. n. of 1, which see throughout. [Used as a subst., i. q. أَسَافةٌ.]

أَسِفٌ (M, Mgh, Msb) and ↓ اسِفٌ and ↓ أَسْفَانُ and ↓ أَسِيفٌ (M, TA) and ↓ أَسُوفٌ (M) Angry: (Mgh, Msb, TA:) or exceedingly angry. (M.) For an ex. of the first, see 1. See also أَسِيفٌ, in two places.

أَسْفَانُ: see أَسِفٌ: and أَسِيفٌ.

إِسَافٌ (S, M, Sgh, &c.) and أَسَافٌ (IAth, K) A certain idol, (S, M, K,) belonging to Kureysh, (S, M,) as was also نَائِلَةُ; (S;) the former of which was placed, by 'Amr Ibn-Loheí, upon Es-Safà, and the latter upon El-Marweh; and he used to sacrifice to them, in front of the Kaabeh: (S, K:) or, (S, M, K,) as some assert, (S,) these two were two persons of Jurhum, (S, K,) a man and a woman, (M,) اساف the son of 'Amr, and نائلة the daughter of Sahl, (S, K,) who committed fornication in the Kaabeh, and were therefore changed into two stones, (S, M, K,) which Kureysh afterwards worshipped. (S, K.) [Other accounts of them are also given, slightly differing from the latter above.]

أَسُوفٌ: see أَسِيفٌ, in two places: and see أَسِفٌ.

أَسِيفٌ Grieving, lamenting, or regretting, (K, * TA,) most intensely, on account of a thing that has escaped: (M, TA:) and quickly affected with grief, (S, Mgh, K,) and tender-hearted; as also ↓ أَسُوفٌ: (S, K:) or, as also ↓ أَسُوفٌ (M) and ↓ أَسْفَانُ and ↓ آسِفٌ (M, TA) and ↓ أَسِفٌ , (M,) grieving exceedingly: (M:) or grieved: (TA:) and sometimes the first signifies angry, and at the same time grieving, or lamenting: (S:) pl. أُسَفَآءُ. (M.) See also أَسِفٌ. b2: A slave: (ISk, S, M, K:) and a hired man: (ISk, M, K:) because of their state of abasement and subjection: fem. with ة: (M:) and pl. as above. (S, M.) b3: A captive. (TA.) b4: A very old man: (K:) pl. as above: so in a trad., in which the slaying of such is forbidden. (TA.) b5: One who scarcely, or never, becomes fat. (K.) b6: (assumed tropical:) A region, or country, that does not give growth to anything, or produce any vegetation; as also أَسِيفَةٌ and ↓ أُسَافَةٌ and ↓ أَسَافَةٌ: (M:) and ↓ أَسَافَةٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) thin, or shallow, earth: (AHn, M:) and أَرْضٌ أَسِيفَةٌ, (tropical:) thin, or shallow, earth, which scarcely, or never, gives growth to anything, or produces any vegetation: (S:) or which is not commended for its vegetation: (A, TA:) or, as also ↓ أُسَافَةٌ and ↓ أَسَافَةٌ, (assumed tropical:) thin, or shallow, earth: or such as does not produce vegetation: and ↓ (assumed tropical:) أَرْضٌ أَسِفَةٌ land which scarcely, or never, produces vegetation. (K.) أَسَافَةٌ [Grief, lamentation, or regret: and anger: (see 1:) or] excessive grief: and excessive anger: (M:) or most intense grief: (K:) a subst. from أَسِفَ. (M, K.) b2: The state, or condition, of a slave: (M, K:) and, of a hired man. (M.) b3: (tropical:) The state, or condition, of land which scarcely, or never, produces vegetation. (K, TA.) A2: See أَسِيفٌ, in three places.

أَسَافَةٌ: see أَسِيفٌ, in two places.

آسِفٌ: see أَسِيفٌ: and أَسِفٌ.
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