William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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101. اطر2 102. اطم2 103. اف1 104. افخ1 105. افق3 106. افك3107. افل2 108. افه1 109. افيون1 110. اقحوان1 111. اقط3 112. اكد2 113. اكر3 114. اكف3 115. اكل2 116. اكم2 117. ال2 118. الا2 119. الب2 120. الت2 121. التُّرْكُمَانُ1 122. الد1 123. الف2 124. الق2 125. الك2 126. الم1 127. المس2 128. اله4 129. الو1 130. الى2 131. ام2 132. اما1 133. امت2 134. امد2 135. امر2 136. امس2 137. امل2 138. امن2 139. امه3 140. ان2 141. انا1 142. انب2 143. انت1 144. انث2 145. انح2 146. انس2 147. انف2 148. انق2 149. انك3 150. انم1 151. انما1 152. انو1 153. انى2 154. انيه1 155. اه2 156. اهب2 157. اهل2 158. او2 159. اوب3 160. اود4 161. اوز1 162. اوس2 163. اوف2 164. اوق2 165. اول1 166. اولو1 167. اوم1 168. اون4 169. اوه2 170. اوى2 171. اى1 172. ايا1 173. ايب2 174. ايد3 175. اير4 176. ايس3 177. ايش1 178. ايض3 179. ايك2 180. ايل2 181. ايم2 182. اين2 183. ايه3 184. ب12 185. بأب3 186. بأر12 187. بأز4 188. بأس12 189. بأه5 190. با5 191. بابل3 192. بابونج3 193. باج5 194. باذنجان5 195. ببر8 196. ببغ3 197. بت5 198. بتر19 199. بتع12 200. بتك13 Prev. 100




1 أَفَكَهُ, aor. اَفِكَ, inf. n. أَفْكٌ, (with fet-h, S, TA, its only form, TA, [in the CK اِفْك,]) He changed his, or its, manner of being, or state; (S, K;) and he turned him, or it, (i. e., anything, Msb,) away, or back; (S, Msb, K;) عَنِ الشَّىْءِ [from the thing]; (S;) or عَنْ وَجْهِهِ [from his, or its, mode, or manner, of being, &c.]: (Msb:) so in the Kur xlvi. 21, أَجِئْتَنَا لِتَأْفِكَنَا عَنْ آلِهَتِنَا Hast thou come to us to turn us away, or back, from our gods? (Bd:) or he turned him away, or back, by lying: (TA:) or he changed, or perverted, his judgment, or opinion: (K:) or he deceived him, or beguiled him, and so turned him away, or back: and simply he deceived him, or beguiled him: and أُفِكَ signifies he was turned from his judgment, or opinion, by deceit, or guile. (TA.) It is said in the Kur [li. 9], يُؤْفَكُ عَنْهُ مَنْ

أُفِكَ, i. e., He will be turned away from it (namely, the truth,) who is turned away in the foreknowledge of God: (TA:) or, accord. to Mujáhid, يُؤْفَنُ عَنْهُ مَنْ أُفِنَ [he will be weak in intellect and judgment so as to be thereby turned away from it who is weak in intellect and judgment]. (S, TA.) You say also, أُفِكَ الرَّجُلُ عَنِ الخَيْرِ The man was turned away, or back, from good, or prosperity. (Sh.) And أَفَكَهُ, (K, TA,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He forbade him what he wished, (K, TA,) and turned him away, or back, from it. (TA.) b2: أَفَكَ, aor. اَفِكَ; (Msb, K;) and أَفِكَ, aor. اَفَكَ; (IAar, K;) inf. n. إِفْكٌ (Msb, K) and أَفْكٌ and أَفَكٌ and أُفُوكٌ; (K;) He lied; uttered a falsehood; said what was untrue; (Msb, K;) as also ↓ أفّك, (K,) inf. n. تَأْفِيكٌ: (TA:) because a lie is a saying that is turned from its proper way, or mode. (Bd in xxiv. 11.) b3: أَفَكَ النَّاسَ, aor. اَفِكَ, inf. n. أَفْكٌ, He told the people what was false; أَفَكَ and أَفَكْتُهُ being like كَذَبَ and كَذَبْتُهُ. (Az, TA.) b4: أَفَكَ فُلَانًا, (K,) inf. n. أَفْكٌ; (TA;) or the verb is ↓ آفَكَ; (so in the printed edition of Bd, xlvi. 27;) He, or it, made such a one to lie, or say what was untrue. (K.) b5: أُفِكَ He was weak [as though perverted] in his intellect and judgment or opinion. (K,* TA.) But أَفَكَهُ اللّٰهُ as meaning God rendered weak his intellect is not used. (L, TA.) b6: (tropical:) It (a place) was not rained upon, and had no vegetation, or herbage. (K, TA.) 2 اَفَّكَ see 1.4 آفَكَ see 1.8 ائْتَفَكَتِ البَلْدَةُ [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَفَكَت], (S, K,) بِأَهْلِهَا, (S,) The land, or district, or the town, or the like, was, or became, overturned, or subverted, (S, K,) with its inhabitants: (S:) as were the towns of the people of Lot. (TA.) b2: Hence it is said of El-Basrah, قَدِ ائْتَفَكَتْ بِأَهْلِهَا مَرَّتَيْنِ, meaning (tropical:) It has been submerged with its inhabitants twice; as though subverted. (Sh.) b3: You say also, اِيتَفَكَتْ تِلْكَ الأَرْضُ (tropical:) That land has been burnt up by drought. (IAar.) إِفْكٌ [an inf. n. used as a subst.;] A lie; a falsehood; (S, TA;) as also ↓ أَفِيكَةٌ: pl. (of the latter, K) أَفَائِكُ. (S, K.) You say, ↓ يَا لَلْأَفِيكَةِ, and ↓ يَا لِلْأَفِيكَةِ; [and ↓ لَلْأَفَيِّكَةِ, using the dim. form for the purpose of enhancement; i. e. O the lie! and O the great lie!] the ل with fet-h denoting calling to aid; and with kesr denoting wonder, as though the meaning were, O man, wonder thou at this great lie. (TA.) افكة [so in the TA, without any syll. signs; app. either أَفْكَةٌ, an inf. n. of un., or ↓ آفِكَةٌ, like دَاهِيَةٌ;] A punishment sent by God, whereby the dwellings of a people are overturned: occurring in a trad. relating to the story of the people of Lot. (TA.) سَنَةٌ أَفِكَةٌ (tropical:) A year of drought or sterility: (K, TA:) pl. أَوَافِكُ [contr. to rule, as though the sing. were ↓ آفِكَةٌ]. (Z, TA.) أَفُوكٌ: see أَفَّاكٌ.

أَفِيكٌ One who is turned from his judgment, or opinion, by deceit, or guile; as also ↓ مَأْفُوكٌ. (K.) b2: Lacking strength or power or ability, and having little prudence and artifice. (Lth, K.) A2: See also أَفَّاكٌ.

أُفَيِّكَةٌ: see إِفْكٌ, in three places. b2: Also A severe, or distressing, calamity. (Ibn-Abbád.) أُفَيِّكَةٌ: see إِفْكٌ.

أَفَّاكٌ A great, or habitual, liar; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ أَفُوكُ, (Msb, K,) and ↓ أَفِيكٌ: (K:) fem. of the first [and last] with ة: but the second is both masc. and fem.: (Msb:) the pl. of the second is افك with damm [i. e. أُفْكٌ, accord. to the rule of the K, but the TA seems to indicate that it is أُفُكٌ, by likening it to the pl. of صَبُورٌ]. (K.) آفِكَةٌ: see افكة: b2: and see سَنَةٌ أَفِكةٌ.

أَفِيكٌ [Changed in his, or its, manner of being, or state: turned away, or back, from a thing: &c.]: see مَأْفُونٌ. b2: Weak [as though perverted] in his intellect (AZ, S, K) and judgment or opinion; as also ة: (AZ, S:) accord. to A'Obeyd, (or AA, as in one copy of the S,) a man who does not attain, or obtain, good, or prosperity. (S.) b3: Also, (K,) fem. with مَأْفُونٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) A place, (K,) or land, (أَرْضٌ, S, Z,) not rained upon, and having no vegetation, or herbage. (S, Z, K.) المُؤْتَفِكَاتُ (S, K) and المُوْتَفِكَةٌ, (TA,) both occurring in the Kur, [the former in ix. 71 and lxix. 9, and the latter in liii. 54,] The cities overthrown, or subverted, by God, upon the people of Lot. (S, K.) b2: The former also signifies The winds that turn over [the surface of] the earth, or ground: (K:) or the winds that blow from different quarters: it is said (by the Arabs, S) that when these winds blow much, the earth (i. e. its seed-produce, TA) thrives, or yields increase. (S, K, TA.)
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