William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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120. الت2 121. التُّرْكُمَانُ1 122. الد1 123. الف2 124. الق2 125. الك2126. الم1 127. المس2 128. اله4 129. الو1 130. الى2 131. ام2 132. اما1 133. امت2 134. امد2 135. امر2 136. امس2 137. امل2 138. امن2 139. امه3 140. ان2 141. انا1 142. انب2 143. انت1 144. انث2 145. انح2 146. انس2 147. انف2 148. انق2 149. انك3 150. انم1 151. انما1 152. انو1 153. انى2 154. انيه1 155. اه2 156. اهب2 157. اهل2 158. او2 159. اوب3 160. اود4 161. اوز1 162. اوس2 163. اوف2 164. اوق2 165. اول1 166. اولو1 167. اوم1 168. اون4 169. اوه2 170. اوى2 171. اى1 172. ايا1 173. ايب2 174. ايد3 175. اير4 176. ايس3 177. ايش1 178. ايض3 179. ايك2 180. ايل2 181. ايم2 182. اين2 183. ايه3 184. ب12 185. بأب3 186. بأر12 187. بأز4 188. بأس12 189. بأه5 190. با5 191. بابل3 192. بابونج3 193. باج5 194. باذنجان5 195. ببر8 196. ببغ3 197. بت5 198. بتر19 199. بتع12 200. بتك13 201. بتل18 202. بث4 203. بَثِرَ1 204. بثق15 205. بجح14 206. بجد10 207. بجر13 208. بجس17 209. بجل17 210. بح3 211. بحت15 212. بحث15 213. بحثر8 214. بحر16 215. بخ7 216. بخت13 217. بختر12 218. بخر15 219. بخس17 Prev. 100




1 أَلَكَ الِلّجَامَ, (ISd, K,) [aor. اَلُكَ or اَلِكَ,] inf. n. أَلْكٌ, (ISd, TA,) He (a horse) chewed, or champed, the bit; syn. عَلَكَهُ. (ISd, K.) One says, of a horse, يألكُ اللُّجُمَ He chews, or champs, the bits: but the verb commonly known is يَلُوكَ, or يَعْلُكُ. (Lth.) b2: [Hence, accord. to some, (see أَلُوكٌ,)]

أَلَكَ بَيْنَ القَوْمِ, (Msb, TA,) aor. اَلِكَ, inf. n. أَلْكٌ and أُلُوكٌ, (Msb,) He acted as a messenger (تَرَسَّلَ) between the people. (Msb, TA.) b3: And أَلَكَهُ, aor. اَلِكَ, inf. n. أَلْكٌ, He conveyed, or communicated, to him a message. (Kr.) b4: And أَلَكَ He sent. (IB in art. لوك.) 4 أَلِكْنِى is from أَلَكَ signifying “he sent;” and is originally أَأْلِكْنِى; the [second] hemzeh being transposed and placed after the ل, it becomes أَلْئِكْنِى; then the hemzeh has its vowel transferred to the ل and is thrown out; as is done in the case of مَلَكٌ, which is originally مَأْلَكٌ, then مَلْأَكٌ, and then مَلَكٌ: (IB in art. لوك:) it means Be thou my messenger; and bear thou my message; and is often used by the poets. (S in art. لوك.) Accord. to IAmb, one says, أَلِكْنِى إِلَى فُلَانٍ, meaning send thou me to such a one: [but I do not know any instance in which this meaning is applicable:] and the original form is أَلْئِكْنِى; or, if from الأَلُوكُ, the original form is أَأْلِكْنِى: and he also says that it means be thou my messenger to such a one. (TA.) One says also, أَلِكْنِى إِلَيْهَا بِرِسَالَةٍ, which should properly mean Send thou me to her with a message: but it is an inverted phrase; since the meaning is, be thou my messenger to her with this message [or rather with a message]: and أَلِكْنِى إِلَيْهَا بِالسَّلَامِ i. e. convey thou, or communicate thou, to her my salutation; or be thou my messenger to her [with salutation]: and sometimes this [prep.] ب is suppressed, so that one says, أَلِكْنِى إِلَيْهَا السَّلَامَ: sometimes, also, the person sent is he to whom the message is sent; as in the saying, أَلِكْنِى إِلَيْكَ السَّلَامَ [virtually meaning receive thou my salutation; but literally] be thou my messenger to thyself with salutation. (TA.) Lh mentions the phrase أَلَكْتُهُ إِلَيْهِ, with respect to a message, aor. أُلِيكُهُ, inf. n. إِلَاكَهٌ; in which case, the hemzeh [in the aor. and inf. n.] is converted into a letter of prolongation. (TA in art. لأك.) 5 تَاَلَّكَ see أَلُوكٌ.10 استألك مَأْلُكَتَهُ He bore, or conveyed, his message; (K;) as also استلأك. (TA.) أَلُوكٌ A thing that is eaten [or rather chewed, as will be seen below]: so in the phrases, هذَا أَلُوكُ صِدْقٍ like عَلُوجُ صِدْقٍ and عَلُوكُ صِدْقٍ

[This is an excellent thing that is chewed], and مَا تَلَوَّكْتُ بِأَلُوكٍ [or بِأَلُوكٍ ↓ مَا تَأَلَّكْتُ (K in art. علج)] like مَا تَعَلَّجْتُ بِعَلُوجٍ [app. meaning I have not occupied myself in chewing with anything that is chewed]. (TA.) b2: [And hence, accord. to some,] A message, or communication sent from one person or party to another; (Lth, S, M, K, &c.; [in the CK, after الرِّسالَةُ, by which الأَلُوكُ is explained in the K &c., we find قِبَلَ المَلِكِ مُشْتَقٌّ منهُ, in which the first two words should be قِيلَ المَلَكُ, as in other copies of the K and in the TA; and الاُلُوكُ is erroneously put, in the CK, for الأَلُوكُ;]) said by Lth and ISd to be so called because it is [as it were] chewed in the mouth; (TA;) as also ↓ أَلُوكَهٌ (ISd, Sgh, K) and ↓ مَأْلُكَةٌ (Lth, S, Msb, K, &c.) and ↓ مَأْلَكَةٌ (Msb, K) and ↓ مَأْلُكٌ: (S, M, Msb. K, &c.:) accord. to Kr, (TA,) this last is the only word of the measure مَفْعُلٌ: (K, TA:) but accord. to Sb and Akh, there is no word of this measure: (TA:) [i. e. there is none originally of this measure:] other instances have been mentioned; namely, مَكْرُمٌ and مَعُونٌ [originally مَعْوُنٌ] and مَقْبُرٌ and مَهْلُكٌ and مَيْسُرٌ, which last occurs in the Kur [ii. 280], accord. to one reading, in the words فَنَظِرَةٌ إِلَى مَيْسُرِهِ; but it is said that each of these, and مَأْلُكٌ also, may be regarded as originally with ة; or, accord. to AHei, each is [virtually, though not in the language of the grammarians,] a pl. of the same with ة; (MF, TA;) and Akh says the same with respect to مَكْرُمٌ and مَعُونٌ: (TA:) Seer says that each is curtailed of ة by poetic licence; but this assertion will not apply to مَيْسُرٌ, as it occurs in the Kur. (MF, TA.) b3: أَلُوكٌ also signifies A messenger. (Ibn-'Abbád, K. [In the CK here follows, والمأْلُوْكُ والمَأْلُقُ: but the right reading is وَالمَأْلُوكُ المَأْلُوقُ, as in other copies and in the TA.]) أَلُوكَهٌ: see أَلُوكٌ.

مَأْلَكٌ is said to be the original form of مَلَكٌ [An angel; so called because he conveys, or communicates, the message from God; (K, * TA, in art. لأك;)] derived from أَلُوكٌ; (Msb, K, TA; [but in the CK is a mistake here, pointed out above, voce أَلُوكٌ;]) so that the measure of مَلَكٌ is مَعَلٌ: (Msb:) مَلَكٌ is both sing. and pl.: Ks says that it is originally مَأْلَكٌ, from أَلُوكٌ signifying “a message;” then, by transposition, مَلْأَكٌ, a form also in use; and then, in consequence of frequency of usage, the hemzeh is suppressed, so that it becomes مَلَكٌ; but in forming the pl., they restore it to مَلْأَكٌ, saying مَلَائِكَةٌ, and مَلَائِكُ also: (S in art. ملك:) or, accord. to some, it is from لَأَكَ “he sent;” so that the measure of مَلَكٌ is مَفَلٌ: and there are other opinions respecting it: (Msb:) some say that its م is a radical: see art. ملك. (TA in art. لأك.) مَأْلُكٌ: see أَلُوكٌ.

مَأْلَكَةٌ: see أَلُوكٌ.

مَأْلَكَةٌ: see أَلُوكٌ.
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