William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
249. بردع4 250. برذع9 251. برذن11 252. برز18 253. برزخ14 254. برسم10255. برش13 256. برص17 257. برطل11 258. برع13 259. برعم8 260. برغث8 261. برق21 262. برقش10 263. برقع10 264. برك19 265. برم19 266. برن12 267. برنس13 268. برنك3 269. بره15 270. برهن10 271. برو6 272. برى5 273. بز4 274. بزخ9 275. بزر15 276. بزغ17 277. بزق13 278. بزل14 279. بزم13 280. بزو11 281. بس7 282. بسأ9 283. بست7 284. بسذ4 285. بسر20 286. بسط19 287. بسق16 288. بسل18 289. بسم14 290. بسمل9 291. بسن10 292. بش4 293. بشر18 294. بشع13 295. بشق10 296. بشم13 297. بشنين1 298. بص4 299. بصر23 300. بصط5 301. بصع9 302. بصق12 303. بصل13 304. بصم8 305. بصن5 306. بض3 307. بضع20 308. بط4 309. بطأ11 310. بطح17 311. بطخ12 312. بطر14 313. بطرق11 314. بطرك5 315. بطش16 316. بطق9 317. بطل15 318. بطم10 319. بطن17 320. بطو2 321. بظر16 322. بعث16 323. بعثر14 324. بعج13 325. بعد20 326. بعر15 327. بعض16 328. بعق12 329. بعل20 330. بغت15 331. بغث16 332. بغش9 333. بغض14 334. بغل15 335. بغم9 336. بغو4 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر18 340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع16 343. بقل15 344. بقم9 345. بقو3 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت12 Prev. 100
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برسم

Q. 1 بُرْسِمَ He (a man) was affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also بُلْسِمَ. (TA.) بِرْسَامٌ, (in the T with fet-h, [بَرْسَامٌ,] Mgh,) A certain malady, or disease, (S, Msb, K,) well known, (S, Msb,) attended by delirium: (K:) [in the present day, this term is applied to the pleurisy, as also ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ; and so it is explained by Golius and Freytag; or, as the latter adds, accord. to Avicenna, pleurodyne: but] in some of the books of medicine, it is said to be a tumour, (Msb,) or a hot tumour, (TA,) that is incident to the septum which is between the liver and the bowels, [app. meaning the upper parts of the greater and lesser omentum,] and then reaches to the brain: (Msb, TA:) also pronounced بِلْسَامٌ: (ISk, Msb:) i. q. مُومٌ: (M, TA:) it is an arabicized word; (IDrd, Mgh, Msb;) or seems to be so; composed of بَرْ and سَامْ; the former of these, in Persian, signifying the “breast,” or “chest;” and the latter, “death”

[and “fire” and “a swelling;” of which three meanings, the second and third are agreeable with the two explanations of برسام given above]: so says Az. (TA.) بِرْسِيمٌ, with kesr, (K,) vulgarly pronounced with fet-h to the ب, [بَرْسِيم,] (TA,) [Alexandrian trefoil or clover; trifolium Alexandrinum; described by Forskål in his Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. 139; the most common and the best kind of succulent food for cattle grown in Egypt: it is sown when the waters of the inundation are leaving the fields; and yields three crops; the second of which is termed رِبَّةٌ; and so is the third; but this is generally left for seed: when dry, it is termed دَرِيسٌ: if his words have not been perverted by copyists, F explains it as] the grain of the قُرْط, (حَبُّ القُرْط [but I think it probable that this is a mistranscription, for خَيْرُ القُرْطِ, i. e., the best of the (species of trefoil, or clover, called) قُرْط,] resembling the رُطْبَة [or رَطْبَة], or superior to this latter in size, or quality (أَجَلُّ مِنْهَا): (K:) the قُرْط resembles the رُطْبَة, [written in the TA without the vowel signs,] but is superior to this latter in size, or quality (اجلّ منها), and larger in the leaves, and is what is called in Persian شَبْذَر [or شَبْدَر]: (AHn, TA:) it is one of the best kinds of herbage for horses and the like, which fatten upon it. (TA.) إِبْرِيسَمٌ, (M, [and thus written in copies of the K,]) with kesr to the ر [as well as the ء], accord. to IAar, (M,) [and] with fet-h to the س; (K;) or إِبْرَيْسَمٌ; (M;) and [app. إِبْرِيسُمٌ,] with damm to the س; (K;) or it has three dial. forms; accord. to ISk, it is ابريسِم [app. إِبْرِيسِمٌ]; others say that it is ابريسَم [app. أَبْرَيْسَمٌ], with fet-h; IAar says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and with fet-h to the س, and he says that there is not in the language an instance of إِفْعِيلِلٌ, with kesr, but there are instances of إِفْعِيلَلٌ, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ [q. v.] and إِبْرِيسَمٌ; (S; [but I find that in two copies of that work, and in the L, this passage is mutilated; for it runs thus; “ISk says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and ر, and with fet-h to the س,” &c.;]) or one of its dial. forms is إِبْرِيسِمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and the س; but ISk disallows this, [or, probably, as appears from what has been said above, we should read here, “accord. to ISk, but others disallow this,”] saying that there is not in the language an instance of افعليل with kesr to the [former] ل, but with fet-h, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ and إطْرِيفَلٌ; and the second form is أَبْرَيْسَمٌ, with fet-h to those three letters; and the third is إِبْرَيْسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء, and fet-h to the ر and the س; (Msb;) and IB [appears to indicate the second and third of these forms, for he] says that some pronounce ابريسم with fet-h to the ء and the ر, and some pronounce it with kesr to the ء, and with fet-h to the س; (TA;) Silk; syn. حَرِيرٌ: (M, K:) or, accord. to some, specially, raw silk: (TA:) [it is said that] حرير is the same as ابريسم: (Msb in art. حر:) or dressed silk; syn. ابريسم مَطْبُوخ: (Mgh and Msb in that art.:) or stuff wholly composed of silk: or of which the woof is silk: (Mgh in that art., from the Jema et-Tefáreek:) [and it is also said that] قَزَّ is the same as ابريسم: (K in art. قز:) or a kind thereof: (S in that art.:) or that whereof ابريسم is made: (Lth, Az, Msb, TA, all in that art.:) [medicinal properties are ascribed to it: it is said that] it is exhilarating, warming to the body, moderate in temperament, and strengthening to the sight when used as a collyrium: (K:) the word is arabicized, (S, Msb, K, [but in the last it is said, after the explanation of the meaning, “or it is arabicized,”]) from [the Persian] ابريشم [i. e. أَبْرِيشَمْ]: (TA:) and is perfectly decl., even if used as a proper name, in the manner of a surname, because it was arabicized in its indeterminate state, not like إِسْحَاقُ &c., which were arabicized in their determinate state, and are not used by the Arabs indeterminately. (S.) إِبْرِسَمِىٌّ or إِبْرَيْسَمِىٌّ [&c.] A manufacturer [or seller] of ابريسم. (TA.) مُبَرْسَمٌ A man affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (Mgh, Msb, K;) as also مُبَلْسَمٌ. (Msb, TA.)
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