William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
249. بردع4 250. برذع9 251. برذن12 252. برز18 253. برزخ14 254. برسم11255. برش14 256. برص18 257. برطل12 258. برع14 259. برعم9 260. برغث8 261. برق22 262. برقش11 263. برقع11 264. برك20 265. برم21 266. برن12 267. برنس13 268. برنك3 269. بره15 270. برهن11 271. برو7 272. برى5 273. بز4 274. بزخ9 275. بزر16 276. بزغ18 277. بزق14 278. بزل15 279. بزم14 280. بزو12 281. بس7 282. بسأ9 283. بست7 284. بسذ4 285. بسر21 286. بسط20 287. بسق17 288. بسل19 289. بسم15 290. بسمل10 291. بسن11 292. بش4 293. بشر19 294. بشع14 295. بشق11 296. بشم14 297. بشنين1 298. بص4 299. بصر24 300. بصط5 301. بصع10 302. بصق12 303. بصل14 304. بصم9 305. بصن5 306. بض3 307. بضع21 308. بط4 309. بطأ11 310. بطح18 311. بطخ13 312. بطر15 313. بطرق11 314. بطرك5 315. بطش17 316. بطق9 317. بطل16 318. بطم10 319. بطن18 320. بطو2 321. بظر17 322. بعث17 323. بعثر15 324. بعج14 325. بعد21 326. بعر16 327. بعض17 328. بعق13 329. بعل21 330. بغت16 331. بغث17 332. بغش10 333. بغض15 334. بغل16 335. بغم10 336. بغو5 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر19 340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع17 343. بقل16 344. بقم9 345. بقو4 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت13 Prev. 100




Q. 1 بُرْسِمَ He (a man) was affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also بُلْسِمَ. (TA.) بِرْسَامٌ, (in the T with fet-h, [بَرْسَامٌ,] Mgh,) A certain malady, or disease, (S, Msb, K,) well known, (S, Msb,) attended by delirium: (K:) [in the present day, this term is applied to the pleurisy, as also ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ; and so it is explained by Golius and Freytag; or, as the latter adds, accord. to Avicenna, pleurodyne: but] in some of the books of medicine, it is said to be a tumour, (Msb,) or a hot tumour, (TA,) that is incident to the septum which is between the liver and the bowels, [app. meaning the upper parts of the greater and lesser omentum,] and then reaches to the brain: (Msb, TA:) also pronounced بِلْسَامٌ: (ISk, Msb:) i. q. مُومٌ: (M, TA:) it is an arabicized word; (IDrd, Mgh, Msb;) or seems to be so; composed of بَرْ and سَامْ; the former of these, in Persian, signifying the “breast,” or “chest;” and the latter, “death”

[and “fire” and “a swelling;” of which three meanings, the second and third are agreeable with the two explanations of برسام given above]: so says Az. (TA.) بِرْسِيمٌ, with kesr, (K,) vulgarly pronounced with fet-h to the ب, [بَرْسِيم,] (TA,) [Alexandrian trefoil or clover; trifolium Alexandrinum; described by Forskål in his Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. 139; the most common and the best kind of succulent food for cattle grown in Egypt: it is sown when the waters of the inundation are leaving the fields; and yields three crops; the second of which is termed رِبَّةٌ; and so is the third; but this is generally left for seed: when dry, it is termed دَرِيسٌ: if his words have not been perverted by copyists, F explains it as] the grain of the قُرْط, (حَبُّ القُرْط [but I think it probable that this is a mistranscription, for خَيْرُ القُرْطِ, i. e., the best of the (species of trefoil, or clover, called) قُرْط,] resembling the رُطْبَة [or رَطْبَة], or superior to this latter in size, or quality (أَجَلُّ مِنْهَا): (K:) the قُرْط resembles the رُطْبَة, [written in the TA without the vowel signs,] but is superior to this latter in size, or quality (اجلّ منها), and larger in the leaves, and is what is called in Persian شَبْذَر [or شَبْدَر]: (AHn, TA:) it is one of the best kinds of herbage for horses and the like, which fatten upon it. (TA.) إِبْرِيسَمٌ, (M, [and thus written in copies of the K,]) with kesr to the ر [as well as the ء], accord. to IAar, (M,) [and] with fet-h to the س; (K;) or إِبْرَيْسَمٌ; (M;) and [app. إِبْرِيسُمٌ,] with damm to the س; (K;) or it has three dial. forms; accord. to ISk, it is ابريسِم [app. إِبْرِيسِمٌ]; others say that it is ابريسَم [app. أَبْرَيْسَمٌ], with fet-h; IAar says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and with fet-h to the س, and he says that there is not in the language an instance of إِفْعِيلِلٌ, with kesr, but there are instances of إِفْعِيلَلٌ, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ [q. v.] and إِبْرِيسَمٌ; (S; [but I find that in two copies of that work, and in the L, this passage is mutilated; for it runs thus; “ISk says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and ر, and with fet-h to the س,” &c.;]) or one of its dial. forms is إِبْرِيسِمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and the س; but ISk disallows this, [or, probably, as appears from what has been said above, we should read here, “accord. to ISk, but others disallow this,”] saying that there is not in the language an instance of افعليل with kesr to the [former] ل, but with fet-h, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ and إطْرِيفَلٌ; and the second form is أَبْرَيْسَمٌ, with fet-h to those three letters; and the third is إِبْرَيْسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء, and fet-h to the ر and the س; (Msb;) and IB [appears to indicate the second and third of these forms, for he] says that some pronounce ابريسم with fet-h to the ء and the ر, and some pronounce it with kesr to the ء, and with fet-h to the س; (TA;) Silk; syn. حَرِيرٌ: (M, K:) or, accord. to some, specially, raw silk: (TA:) [it is said that] حرير is the same as ابريسم: (Msb in art. حر:) or dressed silk; syn. ابريسم مَطْبُوخ: (Mgh and Msb in that art.:) or stuff wholly composed of silk: or of which the woof is silk: (Mgh in that art., from the Jema et-Tefáreek:) [and it is also said that] قَزَّ is the same as ابريسم: (K in art. قز:) or a kind thereof: (S in that art.:) or that whereof ابريسم is made: (Lth, Az, Msb, TA, all in that art.:) [medicinal properties are ascribed to it: it is said that] it is exhilarating, warming to the body, moderate in temperament, and strengthening to the sight when used as a collyrium: (K:) the word is arabicized, (S, Msb, K, [but in the last it is said, after the explanation of the meaning, “or it is arabicized,”]) from [the Persian] ابريشم [i. e. أَبْرِيشَمْ]: (TA:) and is perfectly decl., even if used as a proper name, in the manner of a surname, because it was arabicized in its indeterminate state, not like إِسْحَاقُ &c., which were arabicized in their determinate state, and are not used by the Arabs indeterminately. (S.) إِبْرِسَمِىٌّ or إِبْرَيْسَمِىٌّ [&c.] A manufacturer [or seller] of ابريسم. (TA.) مُبَرْسَمٌ A man affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (Mgh, Msb, K;) as also مُبَلْسَمٌ. (Msb, TA.)
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