William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
267. برنس13 268. برنك3 269. بره15 270. برهن10 271. برو6 272. برى5273. بز4 274. بزخ9 275. بزر15 276. بزغ17 277. بزق13 278. بزل14 279. بزم13 280. بزو11 281. بس7 282. بسأ9 283. بست7 284. بسذ4 285. بسر20 286. بسط19 287. بسق16 288. بسل18 289. بسم14 290. بسمل9 291. بسن10 292. بش4 293. بشر18 294. بشع13 295. بشق10 296. بشم13 297. بشنين1 298. بص4 299. بصر23 300. بصط5 301. بصع9 302. بصق12 303. بصل13 304. بصم8 305. بصن5 306. بض3 307. بضع20 308. بط4 309. بطأ11 310. بطح17 311. بطخ12 312. بطر14 313. بطرق11 314. بطرك5 315. بطش16 316. بطق9 317. بطل15 318. بطم10 319. بطن17 320. بطو2 321. بظر16 322. بعث16 323. بعثر14 324. بعج13 325. بعد20 326. بعر15 327. بعض16 328. بعق12 329. بعل20 330. بغت15 331. بغث16 332. بغش9 333. بغض14 334. بغل15 335. بغم9 336. بغو4 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر18 340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع16 343. بقل15 344. بقم9 345. بقو3 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت12 349. بكر17 350. بكم15 351. بكى6 352. بل9 353. بلج13 354. بلح14 355. بلد17 356. بلز6 357. بلس16 358. بلسان2 359. بلط17 360. بلع14 361. بلعم11 362. بلغ17 363. بلغم10 364. بلق13 365. بلقع10 366. بلن6 Prev. 100
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ى1 بَرَى, (T, M, K,) first pers. بَرَيْتُ, (T, S, Msb,) aor. بَرِىَ, (T, K,) inf. n. بَرْىٌ, (T, S, M, Msb, K,) He formed, or fashioned, by cutting; shaped out; or pared; (As, T, M, K;) a reed for writing, (Lth, As, ISk, T, S, M, Msb,) and a stick, or piece of wood, (Lth, T, M,) and an arrow, (M, K,) &c.; (M;) as also ↓ ابترى: (M, K:) and بَرَوْتُ, (Msb,) aor. بَرُىَ. (Lth, T,) is a dial. var., (Msb,) used by some, who say, هُمَ يَقْلُو البُرَّ [instead of يَقْلِى]. (Lth, T.) b2: And hence, (As, T,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (As, T, M, K,) (assumed tropical:) He (a man) fatigued, or jaded, and made to lose flesh, (As, * T, * S,) a she-camel, (As, T,) or a camel: (S:) or it (journeying) rendered him lean, or emaciated: (M, K:) and in like manner one says of a year of dearth or drought. (TA.) And بَرَيْتُ سَنَامَهَا بِسَيْرِى عَلَيْهَا (assumed tropical:) [I wasted her hump by my journeying upon her]: occurring in a poem of El-Aashà. (M.) A2: See also 3: b2: and see 5, in two places.3 باراهُ, (T, S, M, &c.,) inf. n. مُبَارَاةٌ, (T, TA,) He vied, competed, or contended for superiority, with him; emulated, or rivalled, him; or imitated him; i. q. عَارَضَهُ; (S, M, Msb, K;) i. e., (TA,) he did the like of what he (the latter) did, (ISk, T, S, Msb, TA, and EM p. 64,) striving to overcome him or surpass him; (EM ubi suprà;) as also لَهُ ↓ بَرَى, aor. بَرِىَ, inf. n. بَرْىٌ; and له ↓ انبرى: (As, T:) and he vied, or competed, with him, or contended with him for superiority, in glory, or excellence, or in beauty, or goodliness; he emulated, or rivalled, him therein; syn. بَاهَاهُ: (TA in art. بهج:) and he vied, competed, or contended, with him in running; and strove with him to outstrip him, to be before him, to get before him, or to precede him. (TA.) You say, فُلَانٌ يُبَارِى الرِّيحَ سَخَآءً [Such a one vies with the wind in bounty]: (T, S:) [for] the bountiful man whose gifts are common is likened by the Arabs to the wind because it blows upon all in common, not only upon particular persons. (Ham p. 445.) A2: بارى امْرَأَتَهُ He compounded, or made a compromise, with his wife for their mutual separation; (K;) as also بَارَأَهَا [which is the original]. (TA.) 4 ابرى: see art. برو

A2: Also He found, or met with, sugar-canes. (K.) A3: See also أَبْرَأَ, in art. برأ, last signification.5 التَّبَرِّى signifies The coming before or forward, presenting oneself, advancing, confronting, encountering, meeting, or opposing; (KL;) and so ↓ الاِنْبِرَآءُ. (KL, PS.) You say, تبرّى لَهُ He presented, addressed, applied, or betook, himself to him, i. e., one man to another man; advanced, came forward, or went forward, to him; or opposed himself to him; syn. تَعَرَّضَ; as also تبرّاهُ; and لَهُ ↓ بَرَى, aor. بَرِىَ: (T:) and له ↓ انبرى signifies اِعْتَرَضَ لَهُ, (S, K, and Har p. 558,) meaning [as above; or] he betook himself, and advanced, or went forward, to it, namely, an action; (Har ubi suprà;) and it presented itself to it, as a thought to the heart, or mind, syn. تعرّض: (Ham p. 541:) لَهُ ↓ بَرَى, inf. n. بَرْىٌ, is syn. with عَرَضَ لَهُ [meaning as above, for it is syn. with تَعَرَّضَ and اِعْتَرَضَ; or it happened to him, befell him, or occurred to him]: (M:) and ↓ انبرى is also syn. with عَرَضَ [meaning it happened, befell, or occurred]. (Har p. 56.) You say also, تبرّى لِمَعْرُوفِهِ, i. e. تَعَرَّضَ لَهُ (ISk, S, K) or اِعْتَرَضَ لَهُ (M) [both of which explanations mean He presented, addressed, applied, or betook, himself, or he advanced, came forward, went forward, or attempted, to obtain his favour, or bounty; or he sought it, or demanded it]; as also تبرّى مَعْرُوفَهُ. (M, TA.) and تَبَرَّيْتُ وُدَّهُمْ [I addressed, applied, or betook, myself to obtain their love, or affection]. (S, M.) And لِطَىِّ بِسَاطِهِ ↓ انبرى, i. q. اِعْتَرَضَ, meaning, in this instance, He hastened to cut short his speech. (Har p. 280.) And يُنْشِدُ شِعْرًا ↓ انبرى, i. e. تَعَرَّضَ لِإِنْشَآئِهِ [or لِإِنْشَادِهِ, meaning He addressed himself to reciting poetry, or verses]. (Har p. 34.) And مِنَ الجَمَاعَةِ ↓ انبرى, i. q. اِعْتَرَضَ [He presented himself, or advanced, or came forward, from the company]. (Har p. 647.) 6 تَبَارَيَا They vied, competed, or contended for superiority, each with the other; emulated, or rivalled, each other; imitated each other; (S, K, TA;) they did each like as the other did. (T, S, TA.) [See the part. n., below.]7 انبرى, (K, TA,) or ↓ ابترى, (so in a copy of the M,) It was, or became, formed, or fashioned, by cutting; shaped out; or pared: (M, K:) said of a reed for writing, and of a stick, or piece of wood, (M,) and of an arrow, (M, K,) &c. (M.) A2: See also 3: b2: and see 5, in six places.8 إِبْتَرَىَ see 1: A2: and see also 7.

بَرًى, or بَرًا: see art. برو.

بَرَاةٌ: see مِبْرَاةٌ.

A2: See also بَرَآءَةٌ, in art. برأ.

بَرَآءٌ: see مِبْرَاةٌ.

بُرَآءٌ: see بُرَايَةٌ.

بَرِىٌّ, applied to an arrow, i. q. ↓ مَبْرِىٌّ [i. e. Formed, or fashioned, by cutting; shaped out; or pared]; (T, M, K;) or (M, K) completely; (T, M, K;) but not feathered, nor headed: for an arrow when first cut is termed قِطْعٌ; then it is formed, or fashioned, by cutting, or shaped out, or pared, and is termed بَرِىٌّ; and when straightened, and fit to be feathered and headed, it is a قِدْح; and when feathered and headed, it becomes a سَهْم. (T.) A2: It is also sometimes used for بَرِىْءٌ. (Kz, TA in art. برأ.) البَرِيَّةٌ: see art. برو.

بُرَايَةٌ (T, S, M, K) and ↓ بُرَآءٌ, (S, M, K,) in which latter the ء is originally ى, (IJ, M,) Cuttings, chips, parings, or the like; (S, M, K;) what falls from a thing that is formed, or fashioned, by cutting. (T, S. *) b2: [Hence,] مَطَرٌ ذُو بُرَايَةٍ (assumed tropical:) Rain that pares and peels the ground. (TA.) b3: And هُوَ مِنْ بُرَايَتِهِمْ (assumed tropical:) He is of the refuse, or lowest or meanest sort, of them. (M, TA.) b4: But ذُو بُرَايَةٍ, applied to a camel, means (assumed tropical:) En-during travel: (T, S, M:) or having fat and flesh: (S:) and ذَاتُ بُرَايَةٍ, applied to a she-camel, has the latter meaning: or the former: (M, K:) or strong when fatigued and emaciated by travel: (TA:) or, as some say, براية in both cases means the remains of fatness and compactness, or of fat, and of strength. (M, TA.) حَتُّ البُرَايَةِ is said to mean (assumed tropical:) Fleet, or swift, when emaciated by travel; for the subst. براية is said to be here put for the inf. n. بَرْى. (L in art. حت, q. v.) بِرَايَةٌ a quasi-inf. n. of 1 in the first of the senses assigned to it above: as when it is said that a reed for writing is not called a قَلَم except after the براية [i. e. the shaping, or paring]. (Msb.) بَرَّآءٌ A maker of arrows, who forms, or fashions, them by cutting; who shapes them out, or pares them: or who does so completely: (K:) and a maker of spindles, who forms, or fashions, them by cutting: and a cutter, or parer, of aloes-wood, that is used for fumigation: (TA:) [and in like manner, قِسِىٍ ↓ بَارِى a fashioner, or shaper, of bows: whence the saying,] أَعْطِ القَوْسَ بَارِيَهَا [Give thou the bow to its fashioner]; meaning (assumed tropical:) commit thou thine affair to him who will execute it well: a prov. (Har p. 68. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. ii. 98.]) بَرَّآءَةٌ: see مِبْرَاةٌ.

بَارِى قِسِىّ: see بَرَّآءٌ.

بَارِىٌّ and بَارِيَّةٌ and بَارِيَآءُ: see in art. بور.

مَبْرَى القَلَمِ [The place where the paring is commenced of the reed for writing]. (K in art. جلف.) مِبْرَاةٌ The iron implement, (S,) or knife, (AHn, M, K,) with which one forms, fashions, shapes out, or pares, (AHn, S, M, K,) a bow; (AHn, M, K;) as also ↓ بَرَّآءَةٌ, (K, TA,) with teshdeed and medd, (TA,) or ↓ بَرَآءٌ, (so in a copy of the M,) or ↓ بَرَاةٌ. (CK, and so in a MS. copy of the K.) مَبْرِىٌّ: see بَرِىٌّ.

مُتَبَارِ part. n. of 6. It is said in a trad., المُتَبَارِيَانِ لَا يُجَابَانِ وَ لَا يُؤْكَلُ طَعَامُهُمَا [The two persons who vie with each other in the expensiveness of their entertainments shall not have their invitations accepted, nor shall their food be eaten]. (El-Jámi' es-Sagheer of Es-Suyootee.) The متباريان whose food is forbidden, in a trad., to be eaten, are They who vie with each other in order that each may render the other unable to equal him in respect of the repast prepared by him for his guests: and the doing of this is disliked because of the rivalry and ostentation that are involved in it. (TA.) b2: المُتَبَارِيَانِ is also an appellation of The night and the day. (Har p. 377.)
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