William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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283. بست7 284. بسذ4 285. بسر20 286. بسط19 287. بسق16 288. بسل18289. بسم14 290. بسمل9 291. بسن10 292. بش4 293. بشر18 294. بشع13 295. بشق10 296. بشم13 297. بشنين1 298. بص4 299. بصر23 300. بصط5 301. بصع9 302. بصق12 303. بصل13 304. بصم8 305. بصن5 306. بض3 307. بضع20 308. بط4 309. بطأ11 310. بطح17 311. بطخ12 312. بطر14 313. بطرق11 314. بطرك5 315. بطش16 316. بطق9 317. بطل15 318. بطم10 319. بطن17 320. بطو2 321. بظر16 322. بعث16 323. بعثر14 324. بعج13 325. بعد20 326. بعر15 327. بعض16 328. بعق12 329. بعل20 330. بغت15 331. بغث16 332. بغش9 333. بغض14 334. بغل15 335. بغم9 336. بغو4 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر18 340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع16 343. بقل15 344. بقم9 345. بقو3 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت12 349. بكر17 350. بكم15 351. بكى6 352. بل9 353. بلج13 354. بلح14 355. بلد17 356. بلز6 357. بلس16 358. بلسان2 359. بلط17 360. بلع14 361. بلعم11 362. بلغ17 363. بلغم10 364. بلق13 365. بلقع10 366. بلن6 367. بله17 368. بلو8 369. بلور4 370. بلى6 371. بم3 372. بن6 373. بنج9 374. بند12 375. بندر6 376. بندق11 377. بنصر5 378. بنفسج4 379. بنق11 380. بنم4 381. بنو4 382. بنى9 Prev. 100




1 بَسْلٌ (inf. n. of بَسَلَ, M) is The act of preventing, hindering, withholding, debarring, forbidding, or prohibiting; syn. مَنْعٌ; the primary meaning; (Bd in vi. 69;) and إِعْجَالٌ (M, K) and حَبْسٌ; (AA, K;) [both syn. with مَنْعٌ;] and ↓ إِبْسَالٌ [inf. n. of 4, q. v. infrà,] signifies the same. (Bd ubi suprà.) You say, بَسَلَنِي عَنْ حَاجَتِى, inf. n. as above, He prevented me from accomplishing my want; syn. أَعْجَلَنِى. (M.) A2: بَسَلَ, (M, K,) aor. بَسُلَ, (M,) inf. n. بُسُولٌ, He (a man, TA) frowned, contracted his face, or looked sternly or austerely or morosely; or, doing so, grinned, or displayed his teeth; or contracted the part between his eyes; (عَبَسَ;) by reason of courage, or of anger; as also ↓ تبسّل: (M, K:) and [so in the M, but in the K “or” ] ↓ تبسّل وَجْهُهُ, (M, and so in some copies of the K,) or ↓ تبسّل [alone], (so in other copies of the K, and in the TA,) His face, or he, was, or became, odious, and excessively foul or unseemly or hideous, in aspect: (M, K:) and لِى ↓ تبسّل He (a man) was displeasing, or odious, in aspect to me. (TA.) b2: And [hence], (M, K,) inf. n. بُسُولٌ, (TA,) said of milk, and of نَبِيذ [or must &c.], (tropical:) It was, or became, strong: (K: [in the CK, بَسَّلَ is here erroneously put for بَسَلَ; and وَبَسَّلَهُ, which should next follow, is omitted:]) or, said of the former, it was, or became, displeasing, or odious, in taste, and sour; and, said of the latter, it was, or became, strong, and sour. (M, TA.) Also, said of vinegar, (assumed tropical:) It, having been left long, became altered, or corrupted, in flavour. (Az in art. حذق, TA.) And, said of flesh-meat, (assumed tropical:) It stank, or became stinking. (AHn, M, TA.) A3: بِسُلَ, [aor. بَسُلَ,] inf. n. بَسَالَةٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and بَسَالٌ, [respecting which latter see what follows in the next sentence,] (M, K,) He was, or became, courageous, or strong-hearted, on the occasion of war, or fight: (S, M, Msb, K:) from بَسْلٌ meaning “forbidden,” or “prohibited;” because he who has this quality defends himself from his antagonist, as though it were forbidden to him [the latter] to do him a displeasing, or an evil, deed. (Ham p. 13.) El-Hoteíah says, وَأَحْلَى مِنَ التَّمْرِ الجَنِىِّ وَ فِيهِمُ بَسَالَةُ نَفْسٍ إِنْ أُرِيدَ بَسَالُهَا [And sweeter than fresh-gathered dates, and in them is courageousness of soul, if courageousness thereof be desired]: but بسالها may be here altered by curtailment from بَسَالَنُهَا. (M.) You say, مَا

أَبْيَنَ بَسَالَتَهُ [How manifest is] his courage! (TA.) b2: See also 4.2 بسّلهُ, (M, K,) inf. n. تَبْسِيلٌ, (K,) He made it (a thing) to be an object of dislike, disapprobation, or hatred; syn. كَرَّهَهُ: (M:) or he disliked it, disapproved of it, or hated it; syn. كَرِهَهُ. (K.) 3 مُبَاسَلَةٌ [inf. n. of باسل] The act of assaulting, or assailing, in war. (S, PS.) 4 إِبْسَالٌ [inf. n. of ابسل] i. q. بَسْلٌ as explained in the first sentence of this art. ; i. e., The act of preventing, hindering, withholding, debarring, (Bd in vi. 69,] forbidding, or prohibiting. (S, K, and Bd ubi suprà.) A2: ابسلهُ (inf. n. as above, TA) He pledged, or gave in pledge, him, or it, (M, Msb, K,) لِكَذَا [and بِكَذَا, as will be shown below, both meaning for such a thing]: and he gave in exchange, or as an equivalent, him, or it, لِكَذَا [and app. بِكَذَا also, as above, for such a thing]; syn. عَرَّضَهُ: (M, K:) and he gave him up, delivered him, delivered him over, or consigned him, to destruction, (S, K,) or to punishment. (Az, TA.) 'Owf Ibn-El-Ahwas says, وَإِبْسَالِي بَنِىَّ بِغَيْرِجُرْمٍ بَعَوْنَاهُ وَ لَا بِدَمٍ مُرَاقِ [And my giving in pledge, or as an equivalent, or giving up to destruction, my sons, not for a crime that we have committed, nor for blood that has been shed by us]: (S, M, TA:) for he had given his sons in pledge for others, seeking peace, or reconciliation. (S, TA.) أَنْ تُبْسَلَ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ, in the Kur [vi. 69], means Lest a soul should be given up, or delivered, &c., (AO, S, Bd, Jel, TA.) to destruction, (Bd, Jel, TA,) or to punishment, (Az, TA,) for that which it hath done, (Az, Bd, Jel, TA,) of evil: (Bd:) or be given in pledge. (Bd, TA.) And أُولٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أُبْسِلُوا بِمَا كَسَبُوا, in the same [ubi suprà], means, in like manner, Those who are given up, or delivered, &c., (to punishment, Bd) for their sins: (El-Hasan, Bd, * TA:) or who are given in pledge: (Msb, TA:) or are destroyed: or, as Mujáhid says, are disgraced, or put to shame, by the exposure of their sins: or, as Katádeh says, are imprisoned. (TA.) b2: ابسلهُ لِعَمَلِهِ and بِعَمَلِهِ He left him to his work, not interfering with him therein. (M, K.) b3: ابسل نَفْسَهُ لِلْمَوْتِ, (M, K,) as also ↓ استبسل [alone], (M, K, and Ham p. 291), and ↓ تبسّل, and ↓ بسل, [which last may be either بَسَلَ or بَسُلَ, or perhaps it is a mistranscription for أَبْسَلَ,] (Ham ibid.,) He disposed and subjected his mind, or himself, to death, (M, K, Ham,) and felt certain, or sure, of it: (Ham, TA:) and in like manner, لِلضَّرْبِ [to beating, i. e., to being beaten]: (TA:) and لِلْمَوْتِ ↓ ابتسل He submitted himself to death: (TA:) and ↓ استبسل He threw himself into war, or battle, or fight, desiring to slay or be slain, (S K,) inevitably. (S.) A3: مَا أَبْسَلَهُ How courageous, or stronghearted, is he, on the occasion of war, or fight! (TA.) 5 تبسّل He affected courage, or strength of heart, on the occasion of war, or fight; emboldened himself; or became like a lion in boldness. (TA.) b2: See 4.

A2: See also 1, in four places.8 ابتسل لِلْمَوْتِ: see 4.10 إِسْتَبْسَلَ see 4, in two places.

بَسْلٌ [an inf. n. (see 1) used as an epithet;] Forbidden; prohibited; unlawful: (S, M, K:) and allowed; permitted; lawful: (AA, IAar, M, K:) thus having two contr. significations: (AA, K:) used alike as sing. and pl. and masc. and fem. [because originally an inf. n.]. (M, K.) You say, هٰذَا بَسْلٌ عَلَيْكَ This is forbidden, prohibited, or unlawful, to thee. (Bd in vi. 69.) and دَمِى لَكُمْ بَسْلٌ My blood is, or shall be, allowed, permitted, or lawful, to you. (M.) A2: See also بَاسِلٌ, in two places.

بَسِلٌ: see بَاسِلٌ.

بِسِلَّى [more commonly written in the present day بِسِلَّة] A certain kind of grain like the lupine (تُرْمُس), or less than this; [the pea termed by Linnæus pisum arvense:] a word of the dial. of Egypt. (TA.) بَسُولٌ: see بَاسِلٌ, in two places.

بَسِيلٌ: see بَاسِلٌ, in three places.

بَسَالَةٌ inf. n. of بَسُلَ, q. v. (S, M, &c.) b2: Also [i. q. بُسُولٌ, inf. n. of بَسَلَ, q. v.; meaning] A frowning, contracting the face, or looking sternly or austerely or morosely; or doing so with grinning, or displaying the teeth; or contracting the part between the eyes; by reason of courage, or of anger. (Ham p. 14.) b3: And dislike, disapprobation, displeasure, or hatred. (Ham ibid.) بَاسِلٌ Courageous, or strong-hearted, on the occasion of war, or fight; (S, M, Msb, K;) because he who is so defends himself from his antagonist; (Ham p. 13, and Bd in vi. 69;) as also ↓ بَسِيلٌ (Msb) and ↓ بَسُولٌ: (Ham ubi suprà:) pl. of the first بُسْلٌ (S, M, K) and بُسَلَآءُ. (M, K.) b2: Frowning, contracting the face, or looking sternly or austerely or morosely; or doing so with grinning, or displaying the teeth; or contracting the part between the eyes; by reason of courage, or of anger; (M, K;) as also ↓ بَسْلٌ, (M, TA,) in the K ↓ بَسِلٌ, but this is incorrect, (TA,) and ↓ بَسِيلٌ: (M, K:) and بَاسِرٌ بَاسِلٌ frowning, &c., much, or vehemently; applied to the face: (TA:) and ↓ بَسْلٌ (IAar, K) and ↓ بَسِيلٌ (IAar, S, K) displeasing, or odious, (IAar, S, K,) in face, (IAar, S,) or aspect. (K.) b3: The lion; (M, K;) because of his displeasing, or odious, aspect; (M;) or because his prey does not escape from him; (Bd in vi. 69;) as also ↓ بَسُولٌ (TA) and ↓ مُتَبَسِّلٌ. (K.) b4: Applied to a saying, Hard, or severe, and displeasing, or odious. (M, K.) b5: Applied to milk, and to نَبِيذ [or must &c.] (tropical:) Strong: (K:) or, applied to the former, displeasing, or odious, in taste, and sour; and applied to the latter, strong and sour. (M, TA.) And, applied to vinegar, (assumed tropical:) Altered, or corrupted, in flavour, from having been left long; as also ↓ مُبَسَّلٌ (Az in art. حذق, TA.) b6: Applied to a day, (assumed tropical:) Distressing, afflictive, or calamitous. (M, TA.) مُبَسَّلٌ: see بَاسِلٌ.

مُتَبِسِّلٌ: see بَاسِلٌ.

مُسْتَبْسِلٌ Disposing and subjecting one's mind, or oneself, to death, or to being beaten: (S: [see also its verb:]) or, as some say, falling into a displeasing, an odious, or an evil, case, from which there is no escape. (TA.)
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