William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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317. بطل15 318. بطم10 319. بطن17 320. بطو2 321. بظر16 322. بعث16323. بعثر14 324. بعج13 325. بعد20 326. بعر15 327. بعض16 328. بعق12 329. بعل20 330. بغت15 331. بغث16 332. بغش9 333. بغض14 334. بغل15 335. بغم9 336. بغو4 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر18 340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع16 343. بقل15 344. بقم9 345. بقو3 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت12 349. بكر17 350. بكم15 351. بكى6 352. بل9 353. بلج13 354. بلح14 355. بلد17 356. بلز6 357. بلس16 358. بلسان2 359. بلط17 360. بلع14 361. بلعم11 362. بلغ17 363. بلغم10 364. بلق13 365. بلقع10 366. بلن6 367. بله17 368. بلو8 369. بلور4 370. بلى6 371. بم3 372. بن6 373. بنج9 374. بند12 375. بندر6 376. بندق11 377. بنصر5 378. بنفسج4 379. بنق11 380. بنم4 381. بنو4 382. بنى9 383. بهأ10 384. بهت19 385. بهج16 386. بهر19 387. بهرج13 388. بهظ10 389. بهق13 390. بهل17 391. بهم19 392. بهو8 393. بهى3 394. بو2 395. بوأ15 396. بوب15 397. بوح13 398. بوخ10 399. بود7 400. بور18 401. بوز9 402. بوس13 403. بوش10 404. بوع13 405. بوق15 406. بول13 407. بوم9 408. بون13 409. بوه6 410. بى1 411. بيب5 412. بيت14 413. بيد15 414. بيص8 415. بيض16 416. بيع19 Prev. 100




1 بَعْثٌ signifies The removing of that which restrains one from free action. (TA.) [and hence,] b2: بَعَثَهُ, (S, A, &c.,) aor. بَعَثَ, (A, K,) inf. n. بَعَثٌ (Mgh, L, Msb, TA) and بَعَثٌ, (L, TA,) He sent him; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) namely, a messenger; (Msb;) and, when said of God, an apostle; (A;) [and when said of a man, a letter, &c.;] as also ↓ ابتعثه: (S, A, Msb, K:) [or] the former is said of anything that goes, or is sent, by itself; and of anything that will not go, or be sent, by itself, as a letter, and a present, one says, بَعَثَ بِهِ: (Msb:) [thus,] بَعَثَهُ signifies he sent him, or it, alone, by himself, or by itself; and بَعَثَ بِهِ, he sent him, or it, by, or with, another, or others: (L:) but El-Fárábee says that the former of these two has another signification, which will be found below; and that the latter signifies he sent him, or it. (Msb.) Hence, ضُرِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ البَعْثُ The being sent to the war was appointed them and imposed upon them as an obligation. (Msb.) You say, بَعَثَهُ لِكَذَا [He sent him for such a thing or purpose]. (A, TA.) [And بَعَثَ إِلَيْهِ بِكَذَا He sent to him such a thing; lit., he sent to him a messenger with such a thing.] And بَعَثَ الجُنْدَ إِلَى الغَزْوِ [He sent the army to the war]. (TA.) And بَعَثَ عَلَيْهِمُ البَلَآءَ [He sent upon them trial, or affliction;] he caused trial, or affliction, to befall them. (TA.) b3: Also, (A, L, TA,) inf. بَعْثٌ (Mgh, L, TA) and بَعَثٌ (L) and تَبْعَاثٌ [an intensive form], (TA,) He roused him, excited him, or put him in motion or action; (A, L, Mgh, TA;) namely, anything; (TA;) [i. e. any person or animal; and particularly,] an animal lying down, or a person sitting. (L, TA.) You say, بَعَثَ النَّاقَةَ He roused, or put in motion or action, the she-camel; (S, Mgh, K, TA;) i. e., loosed the cord that bound her shank to her arm, and dismissed her; or he roused her, or made her to rise, she being lying down. (TA.) It is said in a trad. respecting 'Áïsheh, فَبَعَثْنَا البَعِيرَ فإِذَا العِقْدُ تَحْتَهُ [And we made the camel to rise, and to, the necklace was beneath him]. (TA.) You say also, بَعَثَهُ عَلَى الأَمْرِ, (A,) or الشَّىْءِ, (L,) He roused him, excited him, or put him in motion or action, to do the affair, or thing: (A:) or he incited him, urged him, or instigated him, to do the thing. (L.) b4: Also, accord. to El-Fárábee, (Msb,) or بَعَثَهُ مِنْ مَنَامِهِ, (S, A, K,) inf. n. بَعَثٌ and بَعَثٌ, (TA,) He roused him, or awoke him, from his sleep; (S, A, Msb, K;) as also ↓ ابتعثهُ. (TA, from a trad.) b5: بَعْثٌ (S, K, TA) and بَعَثٌ (TA) also signify The quickening, vivifying, or revivifying, of the dead; the raising of the dead to life; (S, K, * TA;) by God, (TA,) on the day called يَوْمُ البَعْثِ (S, TA) the day [of resurrection,] when those who are in the graves shall be raised. (A, Mgh.) You say, بَعَثَ اللّٰهُ الخَلْقَ, and المَوْتَى, God quickened, vivified, revivified, or raised to life, mankind, and the dead. (TA.) A2: بَعِثَ, aor. بَعَثَ, (inf. n. بَعَثٌ, TK,) He (a man, TA) was sleepless, or wakeful. (K, * TA.) [See بَعِثٌ.]5 تَبَعَّثَ see 7, in two places.6 تَبَاعَثُوا [They roused, excited, incited, urged, or instigated, one another; or put one another in motion or action; to do a thing]. One says, تَوَاصَوْا بِالخَيْرِ وَ تَبَاعَثُوا عَلَيْهِ [Enjoin ye, or charge ye, one another to do good, and rouse ye, or excite ye, &c., one another to do it]. (A.) 7 انبعث He became sent; [i. e. he went, being sent;] quasi-pass. of بَعَثَهُ, as signifying “he sent him:” (S, Msb, K:) he rose, and went away: (TA:) he rose to go forth. (Bd in ix. 46.) You say, انبعث لِكَذَا [He went, being sent, or he rose, and went away. or he rose to go forth, for such a thing or purpose]. (A, TA.) and انبعث فُلَانٌ لِشَأْنِهِ Such a one rose, and went away, to perform his affair. (TA.) And انبعث فِى

السَّيْرِ He hastened, made haste, sped, or was quick or swift, in going, journeying, or pace. (S.) And انبعث الشَّيْءُ, i. e. اِنْدَفَعَ [The thing became impelled, or propelled; or went quickly, or swiftly, as though impelled or propelled; &c.]; as also ↓ تبعّث. (TA.) [Thus] you say, انبعث المَآءُ [The water poured out, or forth, as though impelled or propelled]. (TA in art. فجر; &c.) and [hence,] مِنِّىَ الشِّعْرُ ↓ تبعّث, i. e. انبعث [The poetry issued quickly from me], as though it flowed (كَأَنَّهُ سَالَ): so in the S and K: but in some of the copies of the S, in the place of سَالَ, we find سَارَ. (TA.) And انبعث بِشَرٍّ [He broke forth with evil, or mischief]. (JK in art. بوق.) b2: [He became roused, excited, incited, urged, instigated, or put in motion or action.] You say, انبعثت النَّاقَةُ The she-camel became roused, or put in motion or action, and rose: (L, Mgh, TA: *) quasi-pass. of بَعَثَ النَّاقَةَ [q. v.]. (Mgh, TA.) And فُلَانٌ كَسْلَانٌ لَا بَنْبَعِثُ [Such a one is sluggish, lazy, or indolent: he will not become roused, &c.]. (A.) b3: He became roused, or awakened, from his sleep; or he awoke from his sleep. (TA.) 8 إِبْتَعَثَ see 1, in two places.

بَعْثٌ an inf. n. used as a pass. part. n.; Sent; as also ↓ بَعِيثٌ and ↓ مَبْعوثٌ: pl. of the first بُعُوثٌ; and of the second بُعُثٌ. (L, TA.) b2: And [used as a subst., signifying] A person sent; a messenger: pl. بَعْثَانٌ. (L.) You say also, مُحَمَّدٌ خَيْرُ

↓ مَبْعُوثٍ and ↓ مُبْتَعَثٍ [Mohammad is the best person that has been sent]. (A.) And ↓ بَعَيثُكَ نِعْمَةً, i. e. ↓ مَبْعُوثُكَ [He whom Thou (O God) hast sent (namely Mohammad) as a boon, or benefit, or favour]. (L, from a trad. [The latter word (نعمة) is written in the L without any syll. signs; but the context shows that it is in the accus. case as a specificative.]) b3: A people sent from one place to another; as also ↓ بَعَثٌ: (L, TA:) a people sent in any direction; a word similar to سَفْرٌ and رَكْبٌ. (TA.) بَعْثُ النَّارِ, occurring in a trad., means The people sent to the fire [of Hell]. (L.) b4: An army; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) because sent; (Mgh;) as also ↓ بَعَثٌ (K) and ↓ بَعِيثٌ: (TA:) pl. of the first بُعُوثٌ; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) and of the last بُعُثٌ: (TA:) the first, [as also the second,] an inf. n. used as a subst. (Msb.) You say, كُنْتُ فِى بَعْثِ فُلَانٍ

I was in the army of such a one, that was sent with him. (S.) And خَرَجَ فِى البُعُوثِ He went forth among the forces that were sent to the frontiers. (A.) b5: See also بَعِثٌ.

بُعْثٌ: see بَعْثٌ.

بَعَثٌ: see بَعْثٌ, in two places: b2: and see what next follows.

بَعِثٌ (A, L, K) and ↓ بَعْثٌ (L, TA) and ↓ بُعْثٌ, (L,) or ↓ بَعَثٌ, (TA,) Sleepless, or wakeful: (K:) a man incessantly, (A,) or often, (TA,) awaking from his sleep: (A, TA:) a man whose anxieties, or griefs, incessantly render him sleepless, or wakeful, and awake him from his sleep: pl. أَبْعاثٌ. (TA.) بَعْثَةٌ [inf. n. of un. of 1; and particularly signifying] An occasion, or occurrence, of raising, rousing, exciting, stirring up, or provoking, of sedition, or the like: pl. بَعَثَاتٌ. (TA, from a trad.) بَعِيثٌ: see بَعْثٌ, in three places.

بَاعِثٌ [act. part. n. of 1; Sending: &c. b2: and hence, Occasioning, or causing: an occasion, or a cause; and a motive]. b3: البَاعِثُ one of the names [or epithets] of God; The Quickener of mankind after death, on the day of resurrection. (TA.) البَاعُوثُ, (L, K,) or, accord. to some, البَاغُوتُ, q. v., with the pointed غ and the double-pointed ت, (TA,) [The Christian festival of Easter;] the اِسْتِسْقَآء of the Christians; (K;) or [rather] what is to the Christians as the استسقآء is to the Muslims: a Syriac word. (L.) مَبْعَثٌ [a noun of place and of time from 1; A place, and a time, of sending: &c. Hence, المَبْعَثُ is particularly applied to The time of the mission of Mohammad: and it is also applied to the mission itself]. (A, TA.) مَبْعُوثٌ: see بَعْثٌ, in three places.

مُبْتَعَثٌ: see بَعْثٌ.
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