William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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334. بغل16 335. بغم10 336. بغو5 337. بغى6 338. بق3 339. بقر19340. بقس3 341. بقش3 342. بقع17 343. بقل16 344. بقم9 345. بقو4 346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت13 349. بكر18 350. بكم16 351. بكى6 352. بل9 353. بلج14 354. بلح15 355. بلد18 356. بلز6 357. بلس17 358. بلسان2 359. بلط18 360. بلع15 361. بلعم12 362. بلغ18 363. بلغم10 364. بلق13 365. بلقع11 366. بلن6 367. بله18 368. بلو9 369. بلور4 370. بلى6 371. بم3 372. بن6 373. بنج10 374. بند12 375. بندر6 376. بندق12 377. بنصر5 378. بنفسج4 379. بنق12 380. بنم4 381. بنو4 382. بنى9 383. بهأ10 384. بهت20 385. بهج17 386. بهر20 387. بهرج14 388. بهظ11 389. بهق14 390. بهل18 391. بهم20 392. بهو9 393. بهى3 394. بو2 395. بوأ15 396. بوب16 397. بوح14 398. بوخ11 399. بود7 400. بور19 401. بوز9 402. بوس14 403. بوش11 404. بوع14 405. بوق16 406. بول14 407. بوم9 408. بون14 409. بوه7 410. بى1 411. بيب5 412. بيت15 413. بيد16 414. بيص8 415. بيض17 416. بيع20 417. بيلون1 418. بين19 419. بيه3 420. ت5 421. تأ1 422. تأر6 423. تأم11 424. تا5 425. تب4 426. تبت8 427. تبر19 428. تبع21 429. تبل17 430. تبن18 431. تبه5 432. تبو2 433. تتر4 Prev. 100
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بقر

1 بَقَرَ, (S, K, &c.,) aor. بَقُرَ, (JK, S, A, Mgh, Msb,) or بَقَرَ, (K,) [but this seems to be a mistake,] inf. n. بَقْرٌ, (S, Msb,) He slit; ripped; split; cut, or divided, lengthwise. (S, Msb, K, &c.) He slit, or ripped open, an animal's belly. (A, Mgh.) One says, اُبْقُرْهَا عَنْ جَنِينِهَا Rip thou open her [a camel's] belly so as to disclose her fœtus. (S.) [See بَقِيرٌ.] b2: He opened, or laid open. (S, A, Msb.) b3: He widened; made wide, or ample. (S, K.) b4: He opened, and widened, or made wide, a house, or tent. (TA, from a trad.) b5: He opened and revealed to a person a story. (TA, from a trad.) b6: بَقَرَ الأَرْضَ said of a هُدْهُد [or hoopoe], It looked for the place of water and saw it: (K:) [or it clave the ground and discovered water:] occurring in a trad. respecting the هدهد of Solomon [mentioned in the Kur ch. xxvii.] (T.) b7: بَقَرَ فِى بَنِى فُلَانٍ He knew the state, condition, case, or affair, of the sons of such a one, and examined, or inspected, them. (K.) b8: بَقَرَ عَنِ العُلُومِ He inquired, and searched to the utmost, after sciences. (A.) b9: بَقَرَ العِلْمَ: see 5.

A2: بَقِرَ, aor. بَقَرَ, He (a dog) became confounded, (S, K,) and stupified, (TA,) with joy, (K,) at seeing بَقَر, (S, K,) i. e., بَقَر الوَحْش [wild oxen, or wild bulls or cows]; (TA;) like as one says غَزِلَ meaning “ he sported,” or “ played,”

“ at seeing a gazelle,” or “ a young gazelle; ” as also ↓ بَيْقَرَ: or the former, he feared, so that he was astonished, amazed, or stupified, at seeing many بَقَر: (TA voce بَحِزَ:) and ↓ the latter signifies also [simply] he became confounded, or perplexed: (IAar, TA:) and he doubted respecting a thing. (K.) b2: Also, aor. as above, inf. n. بَقَرٌ (S, K) and بَقْرٌ; (K;) but Az says, El-Mundhiree has informed me that A Heyth disallowed بَقْرٌ, saying that it is accord. to analogy بَقَرٌ, as the verb is intrans.; (TA;) He (a man) became tired, or fatigued, (S, K,) so that he could hardly see; (K;) and he became weary, or jaded; (S, K;) as also ↓ بَيْقَرَ. (S, K. *) 2 بقّر القَوْمُ مَا حَوْلَهُمْ The people dug the tract around them, and made wells. (As.) 5 تبقّر It (a she-camel's belly) became ripped open; as also ↓ ابتقر and ↓ انبقر. (TA.) b2: It became open. (As.) b3: And i. q. توسّع; (As, K;) as also ↓ تَبَيْقَرَ. (K.) So in the phrase تبقّر فِى

العِلْمِ [He enlarged himself, or took a wide range, in science, or knowledge]; (S, A, Msb;) and العِلْمَ ↓ بَقَرَ, inf. n. بَقْرٌ, signifies the same. (TA.) And so in the phrase تبقّر فِى المَالِ, (S, A, Msb,) and فى الأَهْلِ, (TA,) i. e., He enlarged himself, or he became, or made himself, large, or abundant, in wealth, or camels or the like, and in family; as explained by As. (A'Obeyd.) Yousay also, تبقّر الكَلَامَ, [meaning فِى الكَلَامِ,] i. e., He was diffuse, or profuse, in speech; syn. تَفَتَّقَ بِهِ. (A.) 7 إِنْبَقَرَ see 5.8 إِبْتَقَرَ see 5.

Q. Q. 1 see 1, in three places. Q. Q. 2 see 5.

بَقَرٌ a gen. n., (S, Msb,) a word of well-known meaning, (S, Msb, K,) [The bovine genus; the ox, or bull, and cow; and oxen, or bulls, and cows; neat; black cattle;] applied to the domestic and the wild: (TA:) [but the wild have also distinctive appellations, as will be seen below:] n. un. بَقَرَةٌ, (S, Msb, K, [but in the K it is said that بَقَرٌ is pl. of بَقَرَةٌ,]) which is applied to the male and the female; (S, Msb, K;) the ة being added only to restrict it to unity: (S, Msb:) the pl. of بَقَرٌ is أَبْقُرٌ [a pl. of pauc.]; (M,) and أَبْقَارٌ, meaning herds of oxen, or bulls, or cows: (Msb and TA in art. ابل:) and the pl. of بَقَرَةٌ is بَقَرَاتٌ (S, Msb, K) and بُقُرٌ and بُقَّارٌ (K) and بَوَاقِرُ (As, T, K) and ↓ أُبْقُورٌ; (K;) [or rather this last is a quasi-pl. n.;] and the following [also] are quasi-pl. ns., namely, ↓ بَيْقُورٌ, (K,) which is syn. with بَقَرٌ, (S,) and ↓ بَقِيرٌ, (K,) or this signifies a collection, or herd, of بَقَر, (S,) and ↓ بَاقِرٌ, (K,) or this signifies a collection, or herd, of بَقَر with their pastors, (Lth, S,) and ↓ بَاقُورٌ, and ↓ بَاقُورَةٌ, (K,) or this last is syn. with بَقَرَةٌ in the dial. of the people of El-Yemen: (S:) or ↓ بَاقُورٌ and ↓ يَبْقُورٌ and ↓ أُبْقُورٌ are all syn. with بَقَرٌ; and so, accord. to Ktr, is ↓ بَاقُورَةٌ. (Mgh.) b2: بَقَرُ الوَحْشِ [and البَقَرُ الوَحْشِىُّ signify The wild ox, or bull, and cow; and wild oxen, or bulls, and cows, collectively: n. un. بَقَرَةُ الوَحْشِ and البَقَرَةُ الوَحْشِيَّةُ; masc. and fem.: in Egypt, these appellations are applied to the antilope defassa of modern zoologists: so says Sir Gardner Wilkinson; and to this, I believe, they generally apply in the poems &c. of the early Arabs: it is a species of bovine antelope: in Barbary, it seems that the animal thus called is another species of bovine antelope, or perhaps a variety of the former; it is said to be what is termed by Pallas antilope bubalis; by others, alcephalus bubalis, or acronotus bubalis; and this is said to come occasionally to the Nile: but the Arabic appellations given above are employed with much laxity: thus we find بَقَرُ الوَحْشِ explained as meaning] a kind of animal of which there are four different species: the first called مِهِا [i. e. مَهًا, a coll. gen. n. of which the n. un. is مَهَاةٌ]; the second, ايل [i. e.

إِيَّلٌ]; the third يحمور [i. e. يَحْمُورٌ], or يامور [i. e. يَأْمُورٌ]; the fourth, ثيثل [or ثَيْتَلٌ], and also وعل [i. e. وَعْلٌ]: (Ed-Demeeree, cited by De Sacy, erroneously written by him “ Domaïri,”

in his Chrest. Ar. sec. ed. ii. 435 et seq.:) or what is called in Persian كوزن [or گَوَزْنْ (see also إِيَّلٌ in art. اول)]; it has a great horn, with branches; an additional branch growing upon its horn every year; and its horn is solid, thus differing from the horns of other animals, for their horns are hollow: when it hears singing, and the sounds of musical instruments, it listens thereto, and then it takes no care to guard itself from the arrows, by reason of its intense delight therein: when it raises its ear, it hears sounds; and when it relaxes it, it hears not anything. (Kzw: also cited by De Sacy, ubi suprà.) The Arabs regard بَقَر [meaning بقر الوحش] as ominous of evil, because of the sharpness of their horns. (Ham p. 285.) b3: مِلْءُ مَسْكِ البَقَرَةِ [The quantity that fills the hide of the bull, or cow,] means (tropical:) a large quantity. (A.) b4: الظِّبَآءَ عَلَى البَقَرِ [or الظِّبَآءُ] and الكِرَابَ عَلَى البَقَرِ [or الكِرَابُ, and الكِلَابَ or الكِلَابُ,] are provs. of the Arabs. (TA.) [See arts. ظبي and كرب and كلب.] b5: عَيْنُ البَقَرِ (assumed tropical:) [The buphthalmum, or ox-eye;] i. q. بَهَارٌ, q. v. (S in art. بهر.) b6: عُيُونُ البَقَرِ (tropical:) A species of grape, black, large, round, and not very sweet. (K, TA.) In Palestine, applied to (tropical:) A species of إِجَّاص [or plum]. (K, TA.) b7: بَقَرٌ is also applied to (tropical:) A family, or household; those who dwell with a man, and whose maintenance is incumbent on him. (TA.) You say, جَاءَ فُلَانٌ يَجُرُّ بَقَرَهُ (tropical:) Such a one came dragging along his family, or household. (A, * TA.) And عَلَى فُلَانٍ بَقَرَةٌ مِنْ عِيَالٍ

وَمَالٍ (tropical:) Upon such a one is dependent a troop, or large number, of his family, and of camels or the like; (A, * TA;) and in like manner you say, كَرِشٌ مِنْ عِيَالٍ. (A.) And فُلَانٌ فِى بَقَرٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ (tropical:) Such a one is among a large company of men. (A.) بَقِيرٌ Slit; ripped; split; cut, or divided, lengthwise; as also ↓ مَبْقُورٌ. (K.) b2: A she-camel having her belly ripped open so as to disclose her fœtus. (S.) b3: A mare's colt or foal that is born in a [membrane such as is called] مَاسِكَةٌ or سَلًى: (K:) so termed because this is ripped open over it. (TA.) b4: Also, and ↓ بَقِيرَةٌ, A garment of the kind called بُرْد, which is slit [in the middle], and worn (As, K) by a woman, who throws it upon her neck, [putting her head through the slit,] (As,) without sleeves, (As, K,) and without a جَيْبٍ [or an opening at the bosom]; (As;) i. q. إِتْبٌ [q. v.], which is a kind of shirt without sleeves, worn by women. (S.) A2: See also بَقَرٌ.

بَقِيرَةٌ: see بَقِيرٌ.

بَقَّارٌ A grave-digger; syn. حَفَّارٌ. (TA.) b2: A worker in iron; a blacksmith. (K.) A2: An owner, or a possessor, [or an attendant,] of بَقَر [or oxen, or bulls, or cows]. (K.) عَصًا بَقَّارِيَّةٌ A strong staff or stick [such, app., as is used for driving oxen or bulls or cows]. (K.) البَاقِرُ The lion: (K:) because, when he catches his prey, he rips open his belly. (TA.) b2: بَاقِرٌ and ↓ بَاقرَةٌ, [the latter an intensive epithet,] A man who inquires, and searches to the utmost, after sciences. (A.) And بَاقِرُ عِلْمٍ One who enlarges himself, or takes a wide range, in science, or knowledge. (Msb.) b3: فِتْنَةٌ بَاقِرَةٌ, (S, K,) occurring in a trad., (TA,) (assumed tropical:) A sedition, discord, dissension, or the like, that severs society; (K;) that corrupts religion, and separates men: or that is wide-spreading and great: (TA:) it is likened to the disease of the belly; meaning the yellow water or fluid: (S:) or to pain of the belly; because its exciting cause and its cure are unknown. (TA.) A2: See also بَقَرٌ.

بَاقِرَةٌ: see بَاقِرٌ.

بَيْقَرَةٌ Abundance of wealth, or of camels or the like, and of commodities, or household goods or utensils and furniture. (K.) بَاقُورٌ: see بَقَرٌ; each in two places.

بَيْقُورٌ: see بَقَرٌ; each in two places.

بَاقُورَةٌ: see بَقَرٌ; each in two places.

أُبْقُورٌ: see بَقَرٌ; each in two places.

مَبْقُورٌ: see بَقِيرٌ.
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