William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
346. بقى7 347. بكأ11 348. بكت12 349. بكر17 350. بكم15 351. بكى6352. بل9 353. بلج13 354. بلح14 355. بلد17 356. بلز6 357. بلس16 358. بلسان2 359. بلط17 360. بلع14 361. بلعم11 362. بلغ17 363. بلغم10 364. بلق13 365. بلقع10 366. بلن6 367. بله17 368. بلو8 369. بلور4 370. بلى6 371. بم3 372. بن6 373. بنج9 374. بند12 375. بندر6 376. بندق11 377. بنصر5 378. بنفسج4 379. بنق11 380. بنم4 381. بنو4 382. بنى9 383. بهأ10 384. بهت19 385. بهج16 386. بهر19 387. بهرج13 388. بهظ10 389. بهق13 390. بهل17 391. بهم19 392. بهو8 393. بهى3 394. بو2 395. بوأ15 396. بوب15 397. بوح13 398. بوخ10 399. بود7 400. بور18 401. بوز9 402. بوس13 403. بوش10 404. بوع13 405. بوق15 406. بول13 407. بوم9 408. بون13 409. بوه6 410. بى1 411. بيب5 412. بيت14 413. بيد15 414. بيص8 415. بيض16 416. بيع19 417. بيلون1 418. بين18 419. بيه3 420. ت4 421. تأ1 422. تأر6 423. تأم11 424. تا5 425. تب4 426. تبت7 427. تبر18 428. تبع20 429. تبل16 430. تبن17 431. تبه5 432. تبو2 433. تتر4 434. تجر16 435. تحت9 436. تحف13 437. تحين2 438. تخ4 439. تخت6 440. تخذ10 441. تخرص3 442. تر4 443. ترب18 444. ترج10 445. ترجم6 Prev. 100




ى1 بَكَى, aor. بَكِىَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. بُكَآءٌ and بُكًا (S, Msb, K) and مَبْكًى, (Har p. 11,) He wept; i. e. he lamented, or grieved, shedding tears at the same time; and he lamented, or grieved, alone; and he shed tears alone: (Er-Rághib, TA:) accord. to some, the preferable opinion is, that there is no difference between بُكَآءُ and بُكًا: (TA:) or the former means the crying, or uttering of the voice [of lamentation], (S, IKtt, Msb, TA, &c.,) that accompanies البُكَآء [so in copies of the S and in the TA, but correctly البُكَا]; (S, IKtt, TA;) and the latter (بُكًا), the shedding of tears: (S, IKtt, Msb, TA, &c.:) or the former, i. e. with medd, means the shedding of tears by reason of lamentation, or grief, and raising of the voice, or crying, [at the same time,] when the voice is predominant, being like رُغَآءٌ, and ثُغَآءٌ and other words of the same form applied to denote the uttering of a cry or of the voice; and the latter, [the shedding of tears &c.] when lamentation, or grief, is predominant: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or by the former is meant the crying, or uttering of the voice [of lamentation]; and by the latter, the lamenting, or grieving. (Kh, TA.) تَبْكَآءٌ and تِبْكَآءٌ [may be inf. ns. of بَكَى or of ↓ بَكَّى, and] signify the same as بُكَآءٌ: or much بُكَاء [or weeping, &c.]: (K:) MF asserts that تِبْكَآءٌ (with kesr) and the former of these explanations are unknown; but both the word and the explanation are mentioned by Lh, as used in a form of words uttered by Arab women of the desert to fascinate men: ISd, however, says that it should be تَبْكَآء, because it is an inf. n. of a class formed to denote muchness [of the attribute signified by the verb], like تَهْذَارٌ and تَلْعَابٌ &c.; and IAar says that تَبْكَاءٌ, with fet-h, has the latter of the two significations assigned to it above. (TA.) [See what is said of the measure تِفْعَالٌ voce بَيَّنَ.] You say, بَكَى لَهُ (MF, TA) and بَكَى عَلَيْهِ, (S, Msb, K, MF,) meaning [He wept] for, or over, him, or it: and only بَكَى بِهِ [or thus and also بَكَىمِنْهُ as appears from what follows] when meaning [He wept] because, or in consequence, of it: ('Ináyeh, MF, TA:) and بَكَاهُ and ↓ بَكَّاهُ, (As, AZ, S, Msb, K,) inf. n. of the former بُكَآءٌ (K) [and بُكًا], and of the latter تَبْكِيَةٌ, (TA,) signify the same as بَكَى

عَلَيْهِ; (As, AZ, S, Msb, * K;) the object being a man: (As, S:) and (or as some say, TA) he wept for, or over, him, i. e., one dead; or did so, and enumerated his good qualities or actions; syn. رَثَاهُ: (K:) or, as some say, بَكَاهُ means [he wept because, or in consequence, of it, i. e.,] on account of being pained: and بَكَى عَلَيْهِ, [he wept for, or over, him,] by reason of tenderness of heart, or compassion: and [hence] it is said that بَكَيْتُهُ is originally بَكَيْتُ مِنْهُ: (TA:) [and ↓ بَكَّاهُ may have an intensive, or a frequentative, meaning; for it is said that] بَكِّى, addressed to the eye, signifies weep thou much, and repeatedly. (Ham p. 461.) b2: [Hence,] بَكَت السَّحَابَةُ (assumed tropical:) The cloud rained. (Msb.) b3: بَكَى also means He sang: [in the CK, وبَكَى عَنِّى is erroneously put for وبَكَى غَنَّى:] thus it has two contr. significations: (K, TA:) accord. to MF, it has this meaning only in relation to the pigeon and the like; but it is also used in this sense when said of a man, as in a verse cited voce جَنَازَةٌ, q. v. : and he observes that the assertion of its having two contr significations requires consideration, seeing that it is also said to signify رَثَى; [for in the performance of رِثَآء, it is a common practice to sing;] but رِثَآء is generally accompanied by lamentation, and غِنَآء by rejoicing. (TA.) b4: بَاكَيْتُهُ فَبَكَيْتُهُ: see 3.2 بَكَّىَ see 1, in three places: A2: and see also 4.3 بَاكَيْتُهُ فَبَكَيْتُهُ, (S, TA,) aor. of the latter أَبْكُوهُ, (TA,) or أَبْكِيهِ, retaining its original form, accord. to a rule observed in the case of a verb having an infirm letter [for its second or third radical] lest a verb with a radical ى should be confounded with one having a radical و, (Ham p. 670,) i. e. [I vied with him, or strove to exceed him, in weeping, and I exceeded him therein, or] I was a greater weeper (أَبْكَى) than he. (S, TA.) 4 ابكاهُ [He made him, or caused him, to weep; or] he did to him what made him to weep; (S, K;) as also ↓ استبكاهُ. (S.) And عَلَيْهِ ↓ بكّاهُ, inf. n. تَبْكِيَةٌ, He excited him to weep for him, or it; (K, TA;) namely, a person dead, (K,) or a thing lost. (TA.) 6 تباكى signifies تَكَلَّفَ البُكَآءَ [i. e. He affected weeping; or endeavoured, or constrained himself, to weep]. (S, K.) Hence, in a trad., فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدُوا بُكَآءً فَتَبَاكَوْا [And if ye experience not weeping, endeavour to weep]: (TA:) [or the words of the trad. are] اُتْلُوا القُرْآنَ وَابْكُوا فَإِنْ لَمْ تَبْكُوا فَتَبَاكَوْا [Peruse ye the Kur-án, and weep; or, if ye weep not, endeavour to do so]. (Bd in xix. 59.) b2: And He feigned, or made a show of, weeping. (Har p. 602.) 10 استبكاهُ: see 4. b2: Also He desired, or required, of him weeping. (TA.) بَكِىٌّ One who weeps much; (S, K;) as also ↓ بَكَّآءٌ. (K, but omitted in some copies and in the TA.) A2: رَجُلٌ عَيِيٌّ بَكِىٌّ, A man unable to speak. (Mbr, TA.) [But perhaps this should be بَكِىْءٌ: see art. بكأ.]

بَكَّآءٌ: see بَكِىٌّ.

بَاكٍ part. n. of بَكَى [i. e. Weeping, &c.]: (K:) pl. بُكِىٌّ, (S, K,) of the measure فُعُولٌ, with the و changed into ى [and the second dammeh consequently into a kesreh, wherefore it is also, sometimes, pronounced بِكِىٌّ], (S,) and بُكَاةٌ, (K,) which is agreeable with analogy and usage, though said by Es-Semeen to have not been heard. (TA.) [The pl. of the fem., i. e. of بَاكِيَةٌ, is بَاكِيَاتٌ and بَوَاكٍ.]

أَبْكَى [A greater weeper, or one who weeps more, than another: see 3]. (S, TA.)
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