William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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368. بلو9 369. بلور4 370. بلى6 371. بم3 372. بن6 373. بنج10374. بند12 375. بندر6 376. بندق12 377. بنصر5 378. بنفسج4 379. بنق12 380. بنم4 381. بنو4 382. بنى9 383. بهأ10 384. بهت20 385. بهج17 386. بهر20 387. بهرج14 388. بهظ11 389. بهق14 390. بهل18 391. بهم20 392. بهو9 393. بهى3 394. بو2 395. بوأ15 396. بوب16 397. بوح14 398. بوخ11 399. بود7 400. بور19 401. بوز9 402. بوس14 403. بوش11 404. بوع14 405. بوق16 406. بول14 407. بوم9 408. بون14 409. بوه7 410. بى1 411. بيب5 412. بيت15 413. بيد16 414. بيص8 415. بيض17 416. بيع20 417. بيلون1 418. بين19 419. بيه3 420. ت5 421. تأ1 422. تأر6 423. تأم11 424. تا5 425. تب4 426. تبت8 427. تبر19 428. تبع21 429. تبل17 430. تبن18 431. تبه5 432. تبو2 433. تتر4 434. تجر17 435. تحت10 436. تحف14 437. تحين2 438. تخ4 439. تخت6 440. تخذ10 441. تخرص3 442. تر4 443. ترب19 444. ترج11 445. ترجم7 446. ترح15 447. ترس15 448. ترع17 449. ترف18 450. ترق15 451. ترك17 452. ترما2 453. ترمس10 454. ترن6 455. ترنج2 456. ترنجبين1 457. تره12 458. تسع13 459. تشرين3 460. تع1 461. تعب11 462. تعس17 463. تفث15 464. تفح11 465. تفرق3 466. تفل16 467. تفه17 Prev. 100




2 بنّجهُ, inf. n. تَبْنِيجٌ, [He dosed him, or stupified him, with بَنْج, q. v.;] he gave him بَنْج to eat. (K.) [See the act. part. n. below.]

بَنْجٌ [Hyoscyamus, or henbane;] an arabicized word, [said to be] from [the Persian] بَنْكْ; [but see a quotation from Hammer-Purgstall, near the close of this paragraph;] a certain plant, (Mgh, and Har p. 365,) having an intoxicating kind of grain, or, as some say, (Mgh,) of which the leaves and peel and seeds torpify: (Mgh, Har:) it is said, in the Kánoon, (Mgh,) by Aboo-'Alee [Ibn-Seenà, or Avicenna], (Har,) that it is a poison which confuses the intellect, and annuls the memory, and occasions insanity and [the disorder termed]

خُنَاق [or quinsy]; (Mgh, Har;) and it is red, and white: (Har:) a certain plant having a kind of grain that confuses the intellect, and occasions alienation of the mind, or insanity; and sometimes it intoxicates, when a man drinks it after it has been dissolved; and it is said to occasion forgetfulness: (Msb:) a certain torpifying plant, well known; different from حَشِيشُ الحَرَافِيشِ; disordering the intellect (مُخَبِّطٌ لِلْعَقْلِ), rendering insane, allaying the pains of humours and pustules, and the earache, (K, TA,) applied as a liniment or as a poultice; (TA;) the worst kind (K, TA) for use (TA) is the black; then, the red; and the safest kind is the white. (K, TA.) [Kzw says that the leaves of the garden-hemp (قِنَّب بُسْتَانِىّ, or شَهْدَانَجِ, the latter of which properly signifies hemp-seed,) are the بَنْج which, when eaten, disorders the intellect. And ElIdreesee applies the appellation حَشِيشِيَّة to the “ Assassins. ” This establishes the correctness of De Sacy's opinion, that the appellation “ Assassins ” is derived from the vulgar pl. حَشَّاشِين, (hemp-eaters, or persons who intoxicate themselves with hemp,) for حَشَّاشِين is syn. with حَشِيشَّة, and the sect called by us the “ Assassins ” are expressly said by the Arabs to have made frequent use of بَنْج. Baron Hammer-Purgstall, correctly regarding بَنْج as hyoscyamus (or henbane), makes the following important observations, “ ‘ Bendj, ' the pl. of which in Coptic is ‘ nibendj, ' is without doubt the same plant as the ‘ nepenthe, '

which has hitherto so much perplexed the commentators of Homer. Helen evidently brought the nepenthe from Egypt, and bendj is there still reputed to possess all the wonderful qualities which Homer attributes to it. ” (Trébutien, “Contes Inédits des Mille et une Nuits,” tome i. p. 12, note.)] The phrase شَرِبَ البَنْجَ is used by ElKarkhee [as meaning He drank the بنج] because it is mixed with water; or [as meaning he took, or swallowed, the بنج,] according to the conventional language of the physicians. (Mgh.) مُبَنِّجٌ One who employs a stratagem by means of food containing بَنْج [in order to obtain some advantage over another, by stupifying him therewith; as the “ Assassins ” used to do]. (Mgh.)
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