William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
473. تلأب4 474. تلان3 475. تلب9 476. تلد14 477. تلع15 478. تلف15479. تلك5 480. تلمذ8 481. تلو14 482. تلى2 483. تم4 484. تمر17 485. تمك10 486. تموز3 487. تن3 488. تنأ11 489. تنر14 490. تنف12 491. تنم9 492. ته3 493. تهر8 494. تهم15 495. تو2 496. توأ1 497. توب16 498. توت10 499. توتيا1 500. توث6 501. توج13 502. توح3 503. تور16 504. توق16 505. تولب1 506. توم14 507. توه8 508. توى6 509. تى1 510. تيا3 511. تيتل1 512. تيح10 513. تير14 514. تيس13 515. تيك7 516. تيل5 517. تيم14 518. تين16 519. ث5 520. ثأ1 521. ثأب11 522. ثأر12 523. ثأل12 524. ثا1 525. ثبت14 526. ثبج16 527. ثبر18 528. ثبط18 529. ثبن9 530. ثبو4 531. ثتل8 532. ثج5 533. ثجر15 534. ثخن17 535. ثدأ7 536. ثدو4 537. ثدى3 538. ثرب19 539. ثرد18 540. ثرم14 541. ثرو9 542. ثرى8 543. ثط3 544. ثعب17 545. ثعد9 546. ثعل10 547. ثعلب13 548. ثغر15 549. ثغم13 550. ثغو9 551. ثفاً1 552. ثفر14 553. ثفرق8 554. ثفل19 555. ثفن12 556. ثفو4 557. ثفى5 558. ثقب19 559. ثقف19 560. ثقل17 561. ثكل15 562. ثل4 563. ثلب14 564. ثلث18 565. ثلج15 566. ثلط13 567. ثلم15 568. ثم3 569. ثمت3 570. ثمد16 571. ثمر17 572. ثمل17 Prev. 100
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تلف

1 تَلِفَ, (S, M, Msb, K,) aor. تَلَفَ, (K,) inf. n. تَلَفٌ, (Lth, T, S, M, &c.,) He, or it, (a thing, Lth, T, S, Msb, of any kind, Lth, T,) perished, passed away, was not, was no more, became nonexistent or annihilated; or went away, no one knew whither; or became in a bad, or corrupt, state; became corrupted, vitiated, marred, or spoiled; [in this sense the verb is often used in the present day;] or he died: syn. هَلَكَ; (M, K;) and of the inf. n., عَطَبٌ (Lth, T,) and هَلَاكٌ. (Lth, T, S.) [See also تَلَفٌ, below.]4 اتلفهُ He caused him, or it, (a thing, S, Msb, or property, M,) to perish, pass away, or be no ore; or to go away, no one knew whither; or to become corrupted, vitiated, marred, or spoiled: (S, M:) or he made it (his property, T) to pass away, come to an end, come to nought, or be exhausted; destroyed, wasted, consumed, or exhausted, it; (T, K;) by prodigality. (T.) [See an ex. in a verse of Ibn-Mukbil cited voce أَخْلَفَ.]

b2: El-Farezdak says, وَقَوْمٍ كِرَامٍ قَدْ نَقَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ قِرَاهُمْ فَأَتْلَفْنَا المَنَايَا وَأَتْلَفُوا (so in the T and L,) or وَأَضْيَافِ لَيْلٍ قَدْ نَقَلْنَا قِرَاهُمُ

إِلَيْهِمْ وَأَتْلَفْنَا المَنَايَا وَأَتْلَفُوا (so in some copies of the K,) or قَدْ بَلَغْنَا قِرَاهُمُ, (so in other copies of the K and in the TA,) or قد فَعَلْنَا قراهم, (so in the O,) i. e., [accord. to the different readings, How many a generous company of men has there been, or how many guests of the night have there been, to whom we have brought their entertainment, and] we have found the fates to be destructive, (T, K, *) and they have found them to be so: (T:) it is like the phrase أَتَيْنَا فُلَانًا فَأَبْخَلْنَاهُ and أَجْبَنَّاهُ: (TA:) or we found the fates to destroy us, and they found them to destroy them: or we made the fates to be destruction to them, and they made them to be destruction to us: (ISk, K:) he means, we engaged with them in vehement fight, and slew them. (TA.) تَلَفٌ A perishing, passing away, &c. [See 1.] (Lth, T, S, &c.) It is said in a trad., (TA,) إِنَّ مِنَ القَرَفِ التَّلَفُ (T, TA) Verily, from the being near to pestilence, or epidemic disease, there results death, or perdition. (T.) And in a prov., السَّلَفُ تَلَفٌ [The paying for a thing beforehand is a cause of perishing to one's property]. (TA.) And one says, ذَهَبَتْ نَفْسُهُ تَلَفًا and طَلَفًا, (S, K,) both meaning the same, (S,) His blood went for nothing, or as a thing of no account, unretaliated, and uncompensated by a mulct. (S, K.) تَلِفٌ, (M,) or ↓ تَالِفٌ, (Msb, TA,) part. n. of 1, Perishing, &c.; (M, Msb, * TA;) as also ↓ تَلْفَانٌ, which is post-classical. (TA.) تَلْفَةٌ A [hill, mountain, or mass of rock, such as is termed] هَضْبَة, difficult of access, so that he who attempts it fears perdition, or death. (ElHejeree, M.) تَلْفَانٌ: see تَلِفٌ.

تَالفٌ: see تَلِفٌ.

مَتْلَفٌ A place of perishing or perdition: (K:) a [desert such as is termed] مَفَازَة; (S, K;) because most of those who traverse it perish; and so ↓ مَتْلَفَةٌ; (TA;) or the latter signifies a [desert such as is termed] قَفْر: (M:) the pl. of the former [or of both] is مَتَالِفُ. (TA.) رَجُلٌ مُتْلِفٌ لِمَالِهِ, (Msb,) or ↓ رَجُلٌ مِتْلَفٌ, and ↓ مِتْلَافٌ, (M,) A man who destroys, or wastes, his property: (M:) or the last has an intensive signification, (Msb,) meaning who destroys, or wastes, his property much. (S.) You say also, رَجُلٌ مُخْلِفٌ مُتْلِفٌ, (K, and Har p. 312,) or ↓ مِخْلَفٌ مِتْلَفٌ, (TA in art. خلف,) and مِخْلَافٌ, ↓ مِتْلَافٌ, (K, and Har ubi suprà,) meaning A man of courage and liberality, who makes what he takes as spoil, of the property of his enemies, to supply the place of that which he consumes by expenditure to satisfy the claims of his friends. (Har ubi suprà.) مِتْلَفٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

مَتْلَفَةٌ: see مَتْلَفٌ. b2: Also A deep hollow, cavity, or pit, where one looks down upon destruction. (M.) مِتْلَافٌ: see مُتْلِفٌ, in two places.

مَتْلُوفٌ [i. q. مُنْكَرٌ, q. v.; i. e.] contr. of مَعْرُوفٌ: but this is post-classical. (TA.)
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