William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
549. ثغم12 550. ثغو8 551. ثفاً1 552. ثفر13 553. ثفرق8 554. ثفل19555. ثفن11 556. ثفو3 557. ثفى5 558. ثقب18 559. ثقف18 560. ثقل17 561. ثكل14 562. ثل4 563. ثلب13 564. ثلث17 565. ثلج14 566. ثلط13 567. ثلم14 568. ثم3 569. ثمت3 570. ثمد15 571. ثمر16 572. ثمل16 573. ثمن17 574. ثن2 575. ثنتان1 576. ثنى11 577. ثو1 578. ثوأ3 579. ثوب19 580. ثوخ7 581. ثور17 582. ثول16 583. ثوم11 584. ثوى8 585. ثى1 586. ثيب6 587. ثيتل3 588. ثيخ2 589. ثيل8 590. ج18 591. جأ1 592. جأب7 593. جأر13 594. جأش9 595. جأل7 596. جأن4 597. جاثليق1 598. جام3 599. جاموس2 600. جاه2 601. جاورس2 602. جب7 603. جبأ11 604. جبت12 605. جبذ14 606. جبر20 607. جبرئيل1 608. جبس12 609. جبل20 610. جبن14 611. جبه19 612. جث6 613. جثل10 614. جثم19 615. جح3 616. جحر13 617. جحش15 618. جحظ11 619. جحف16 620. جحفل9 621. جد7 622. جدب13 623. جدث14 624. جدح12 625. جدر19 626. جدع14 627. جدف18 628. جدل19 629. جدو5 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب15 633. جذر17 634. جذع17 635. جذف9 636. جذل14 637. جذم17 638. جذمر4 639. جذو10 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب16 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح18 646. جرد16 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 Prev. 100
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ثفل

1 ثَفڤلَ [ثَفَلَ, accord. to Golius, as on the authority of J, quasi سَفْلَ, i. q. رَسَبَ, i. e. It subsided; said of any sediment: but I do not find this in the S, nor in any other lexicon.]

A2: ثَفَلَ الرَّحَى, (K,) aor. ثَفُلَ, inf. n. ثَفْلٌ; (TA;) or ↓ ثَفَّلَهَا; (so in a copy of the M;) He placed a ثِفَال [q. v.] beneath the hand-mill. (M, K.) A3: ثَفَلَهُ, (Lth, T, K,) aor. ثَفُلَ, (TA,) inf. n. ثَفْلٌ, (T, M,) He left it, or cast it away as a thing of no account, or neglected it, (تَرَكَهُ, Lth, T, M,) or he scattered it, strewed it, or dispersed it, (نَثَرَهُ, K,) all of it, (Lth, T, TA,) at once. (Lth, T, M, K.) 2 ثفّل عَنِ اللَّبَنِ بِالطَّعَامِ, inf. n. تَثْفِيلٌ, He ate wheat, or other food, with the milk. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) A2: See also 1.3 ثَاْفَلَ [ثافل probably signifies (assumed tropical:) He ate ثُفْل, i. e. grain, &c.; as Golius has assumed from the explanation, in the S and K, of the act. part. n., which see below: or ثافلهُ he ate ثُفْل with him.]

b2: Accord. to Ibn-'Abbád, (TA,) ثافلهُ is syn. with ثَافَنَهُ, q. v. (K, TA.) 4 اثفل It (wine, or beverage,) had in it ثُفْل [meaning a sediment, or dregs]. (Zj, K.) 5 تثفَلهُ (tropical:) It (a radical, or hereditary, evil quality) withheld him from generous actions. (Ibn-'Abbád, K, TA.) A2: (tropical:) He overcame him, or subdued him, [as though] putting him beneath him like the ثِفَال. (TA.) ثُفْلٌ The sediment, or settlings, of anything; (S;) the dregs; lees; or thick, or turbid, portion that sinks to the bottom of a thing, (T, M, Msb, K,) beneath the clear portion; (T, Msb;) as, for instance, of water, and of broth, (TA,) and of medicine, (T, TA,) and the like, and of a cookingpot, [i. e. of its contents,] (T,) &c.; (TA;) as also ↓ ثَافِلٌ. (IDrd, M, K.) b2: (tropical:) Grain, (T, S, M, K, TA,) and whatever is eaten of flesh-meat or bread or dates; and particularly when people are in want of milk: (T:) or flour; and what is not drunk, as bread, and the like: (TA:) or the refuse, or worse sort, of طَعَام [i. e. wheat, or other food]. (Ham p. 768.) You say, شَرِبَ المَآءَ عَلَى غَيْرِ ثُفْلٍ (tropical:) [He drank water, or the water, not upon, i. e. not having eaten, grain, or flesh-meat, &c.]. (A in art. بحت.) b3: See also ثِفَالٌ.

ثَفَلٌ: see ثَفَالٌ.

ثَفِلٌ (tropical:) One who eats ثُفْل. (K. [It seems to be there indicated that the latter word is to be understood in this case in the former of the senses assigned to it above; but it is not so.]) One says, لَيْسَ الثَّفِلُ كَالْمَحِضِ, i. e. (tropical:) He who eats ثُفْل [or grain, &c.,] is not like him who drinks pure milk. (TA.) And ↓ هُمْ مُثَافِلُونَ (tropical:) They are eating ثُفْل, i. e. grain, (T, S, M, K, TA,) or flesh-meat, or bread, or dates, (T,) [&c.,] being in want of milk; (T, S;) the hardest of the means of subsistence (T, S, M) to the Bedawee. (T, S.) ثُفْلَةٌ, (T,) or ثَفَلَةٌ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) Somewhat remaining (T) of dates, in a sack: on the authority of a person of the tribe of Suleym. (T, TA.) ثَفَالٌ Slow; (S, M, Mgh, K;) applied to a camel (T, S, M, Mgh, K) &c.; as also ↓ ثَفَلٌ; (K;) and ثَقَالٌ: (K in art. ثقل:) one that will not rise and go save with reluctance: (T:) the first thus written with fet-h [to the ث] in the generality of books; but in the Tekmileh [of the 'Eyn] ↓ ثِفَالٌ, and there said to be applied to a beast and to a man. (Mgh.) ثُفَالٌ: see the paragraph next following.

ثفَالٌ The thing by which the mill is preserved from the ground; as also ↓ ثُفْلٌ: (M, K:) it is a skin that is spread beneath the hand-mill to preserve the flour from the dust; (T;) a skin, (S, Msb,) or the like, that is put beneath the mill, (Msb,) [i. e.,] which is spread, and whereon is placed the mill, which is turned with the hand, (S,) in order that the flour may fall upon it. (S, Msb.) When the ثفال has another thing to preserve it from the ground, this latter is called the وِفَاض. (M.) Zuheyr says, (T, S, K,) describing war, (T,) فَتَعْرُكُكُمْ عَرْكَ الرَّحَىبِثِفَالِهَا (T, S, K, *) meaning [And it frets you as frets the mill] when it is with its ثفال: for they do not place a ثفال beneath the mill except when grinding. (K.) b2: Also, (sometimes, S,) The nether, or lower, mill-stone; (S, K;) and so ↓ ثُفَالٌ. (K.) b3: And A ewer; syn. إِبْرِيقٌ: (IAar, T, M, K:) occurring in a trad. in which mention is made of washing the hand therewith. (T, M.) A2: See also ثَفَالٌ.

ثَافِلٌ: see ثُفْلٌ. b2: Hence, as some say, metonymically, (M,) Dung; ordure; syn. رَجِيعٌ. (M, K.) مُثَافِلٌ: see ثَفِلُ.
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