William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
556. ثفو3 557. ثفى5 558. ثقب18 559. ثقف18 560. ثقل17 561. ثكل14562. ثل4 563. ثلب13 564. ثلث17 565. ثلج14 566. ثلط13 567. ثلم14 568. ثم3 569. ثمت3 570. ثمد15 571. ثمر16 572. ثمل16 573. ثمن17 574. ثن2 575. ثنتان1 576. ثنى11 577. ثو1 578. ثوأ3 579. ثوب19 580. ثوخ7 581. ثور17 582. ثول16 583. ثوم11 584. ثوى8 585. ثى1 586. ثيب6 587. ثيتل3 588. ثيخ2 589. ثيل8 590. ج18 591. جأ1 592. جأب7 593. جأر13 594. جأش9 595. جأل7 596. جأن4 597. جاثليق1 598. جام3 599. جاموس2 600. جاه2 601. جاورس2 602. جب7 603. جبأ11 604. جبت12 605. جبذ14 606. جبر20 607. جبرئيل1 608. جبس12 609. جبل20 610. جبن14 611. جبه19 612. جث6 613. جثل10 614. جثم19 615. جح3 616. جحر13 617. جحش15 618. جحظ11 619. جحف16 620. جحفل9 621. جد7 622. جدب13 623. جدث14 624. جدح12 625. جدر19 626. جدع14 627. جدف18 628. جدل19 629. جدو5 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب15 633. جذر17 634. جذع17 635. جذف9 636. جذل14 637. جذم17 638. جذمر4 639. جذو10 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب16 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح18 646. جرد16 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ15 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز19 655. جرس19 Prev. 100
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ثكل

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ثكل

1 ثَكِلَتْهُ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) aor. ثَكَلَ, (Msb,) inf. n. ثَكَلٌ, (S, Msb,) or ثُكْلٌ, (Mgh,) or this is a simple subst., (Msb,) and ثَكْلٌ, (Mgh,) [or this last is also a simple subst.,] She (a mother) lost him, or became bereft of him; namely, her child, (S, Mgh, Msb,) by death: (Mgh:) and ثَكِلَهُ, aor. ثَكَلَ, (K,) inf. n. ثَكَلٌ, (TA,) he lost him; namely, a friend, or person beloved, or a child. (K.) ثَكِلَتْكَ

أُمُّكَ [lit. meaning May thy mother be bereft of thee] is an imprecation against him to whom it is addressed, not said with the desire of its having effect, but on an occasion of vehement love, like لَا أَبَا لَكَ, [and قَاتَلَكَ اللّٰهُ,] &c. (Har p. 165.) 4 أَثْكَلَتْ A state of bereavement clave to her; (K;) namely, a woman: or she became in a state of bereavement. (TA.) A2: أَثْكَلَهَا اللّٰهُ وَلَدَهَا God made her to be bereft of her child [by death]. (Msb, K.) And اثكلهُ اللّٰهُ أُمَّهُ God made him to be bereft of his mother [by death]. (S.) ثَكْلٌ: see what next follows.

ثُكْلٌ The loss, or the state of being bereft, of a child [by death], (S, Msb, K,) or of a friend, or person beloved; (K;) i. e., a woman's loss of her child; (S, Msb;) as also ↓ ثَكَلٌ [which is the inf. n. by general consent], (S, K,) and ↓ ثَكْلٌ. (TA.) It is said in a prov., العُقُوقُ ثُكْلُ مَنْ لَمْ يَثْكَلٌ [Undutiful treatment of a parent is (like) the bereavement of him who is not (really) bereft of his child]. (TA.) b2: Also Death: and a state of perdition or destruction. (K.) ثَكَلٌ: see ثُكْلٌ.

ثَكْلَان; fem. ثَكْلَى and ثَكْلَانَةٌ: see ثَاكِلٌ.

ثَكُولٌ: see ثَاكِلٌ. b2: فَلَاةٌ ثَكُولٌ (tropical:) A desert in which the traveller becomes lost. (K, TA.) ثَاكِلٌ, applied to a man, Bereft of a child, or of a friend, or person beloved; as also ↓ ثَكْلَانُ or ثَكْلَانٌ [with or without tenween, as is shown by the two forms of the fem. mentioned in what follows, but generally without]: (K:) and applied to a woman; (S, Msb, K;) and sometimes ثَاكِلَةٌ; (Msb;) as also ثَكْلَى (S, Msb, K) and ثَكْلَانَةٌ, (IAar, K,) which is rare, (K,) and ↓ ثَكُولٌ; (S, K;) meaning bereft of her child [by death]; (S, Msb;) pl. (of ثَاكِلٌ, TA, [and of ثَاكِلَةٌ,]) ثَوَاكِلُ, [and of ثاكل also ثَكْلَى, as is implied in the TA voce عُبْرٌ,] and (of ثَكْلَى, TA) ثَكَالَى. (Msb, TA.) إِثْكَالٌ and ↓ أُثْكُولٌ i. q. عِثْكَالٌ (S, K) and عُثْكُولٌ, i. e., The fruit-stalk (شِمْرَاخ) upon which are the ripening dates: pl. أَثَاكِلُ, [app. a contraction of أَثَاكِيلُ, like عَثَاكِيلُ,] occurring in poetry. (S.) These two words are mentioned here by J and Sgh, and F has followed them; but they should be mentioned among words whose first radical letter is hemzeh, for the أ is a radical, substituted for ع. (TA.) أُثْكُولٌ: see what next precedes.

مُثْكِلٌ A woman whose state of bereavement is constant: (K:) or who is in a state of bereavement: (TA:) pl. مَثَاكِيلُ (K) [or this is pl. of مِثْكَالٌ]. Hence, نِسَآءُ الغُزَاةِ مَثَاكِيلُ [The wives of the warriors are constantly bereft, or often bereft, of their husbands]. (TA.) b2: قَصِيدَةٌ مُثْكِلَةٌ (tropical:) An ode in which bereavement is mentioned. (Ibn-'Abbád, Z, K.) رُمْحُهُ لِلْوَالِدَاتِ مَثْكَلَةٌ [His spear is a cause of bereavement to mothers] (S, K) is a saying similar to الوَلَدُ مَبْخَلَةٌ وَمَجْبَنَةٌ [explained in art. بخل]. (S.) مِثْكَالٌ A woman much, or often, bereft of her children: (Msb, TA:) pl. مَثَاكِلُ (TA) [or مَثَاكِيلُ: see مُثْكِلٌ]. b2: And A she-camel that is accustomed to lose her young by death or by slaughter or by gift: pl. مَثَاكِيلُ. (Ham p. 746.)
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