William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
604. جبت12 605. جبذ15 606. جبر21 607. جبرئيل1 608. جبس13 609. جبل21610. جبن15 611. جبه20 612. جث6 613. جثل11 614. جثم20 615. جح3 616. جحر14 617. جحش16 618. جحظ12 619. جحف17 620. جحفل10 621. جد7 622. جدب14 623. جدث15 624. جدح13 625. جدر20 626. جدع15 627. جدف18 628. جدل20 629. جدو6 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب16 633. جذر18 634. جذع18 635. جذف10 636. جذل15 637. جذم18 638. جذمر4 639. جذو11 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب17 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح19 646. جرد17 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ16 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز20 655. جرس20 656. جرش14 657. جرض10 658. جرع16 659. جرف19 660. جرل10 661. جرم24 662. جرموق1 663. جرن20 664. جرو9 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر17 669. جزع18 670. جزف16 671. جزل15 672. جزم14 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد15 677. جسر16 678. جسم16 679. جسو6 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب11 683. جشر15 684. جشع14 685. جشم15 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب14 690. جعد15 691. جعر17 692. جعس10 693. جعف10 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل17 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر16 701. جفل14 702. جفن16 703. جفو11 Prev. 100
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جبل

1 جَبَلَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَبُلَ (Msb, K) and جَبِلَ, (K,) inf. n. جَبْلٌ, (KL.) He (God) created him. (S, Msb, K, KL.) So in the phrase, جَبَلَهُ عَلَى كَذَا, (Msb,) or على الشَّىْءِ, (K,) He (God) created him with an adaptation, or a disposition, to such a thing, or to the thing; adapted him, or disposed him, by nature thereto. (Msb.) It is said in a trad., جُبِلَتِ القُلُوبُ عَلَى حُبِّ مَنْ أَحْسَنَ إِلَيْهَا وَبُغْضِ مَنْ أَسَآءَ إِلَيْهَا [Hearts are created with a disposition to the love of him who does good to them, and the hatred of him who does evil to them]. (TA.) b2: Also, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) i. q. جَبَرَهُ [evidently as meaning He compelled him, against his will, عَلَى الأَمْرِ to do the thing; for he who is created with a disposition to do a thing is as though he were compelled to do it]; and so ↓ اجبلهُ, (K, TA,) inf. n. إِجْبَالٌ. (TA.) A2: جَبِلَ (assumed tropical:) He (a man) became like a mountain (جَبَل) in bigness, thickness, coarseness, or roughness. (TA.) b2: جَبِلَ حَدِيدُهُمْ (K, TA; in the CK, جَبَلَ; and in a MS. copy of the K, without any vowels;) (assumed tropical:) Their iron was, or became, blunt, such as would not penetrate. (K, * TA.) 3 جابل He (a man) alighted, or descended and abode, or sojourned, or settled, in a mountain. (AA, TA.) 4 اجبل He came, or went, or betook himself, to the mountain. (ISk, S, K.) b2: (tropical:) He (a digger) reached a hard place, (S, K,) or stone, (Mgh,) in his digging. (TA. [الحَافِر, meaning “ the digger,” Golius seems to have misunderstood as meaning “ the hoof ” of a horse.]) b3: [Hence,] (tropical:) He (a poet) experienced difficulty in diction, (K, TA,) so that he said nothing original, nor anything in the way of repetition. (TA.) b4: And طَلَبَ حَاجَةً فَأَجْبَلَ (assumed tropical:) He sought a thing that he wanted, and failed of attaining it. (TA.) b5: And سَأَلْنَاهُمْ فَأَجْبَلُوا (tropical:) We asked them, and they refused, and did not give. (Ibn-'Abbád, Z, TA.) b6: And أَجْبَلُوا (tropical:) Their iron became blunt, so that it would not penetrate. (K, * TA.) A2: اجبلهُ (tropical:) He found him to be a جَبَل, i. e. a niggard: (K, TA:) it is considered as implying fixedness. (TA.) b2: See also 1.5 تجبّلوا They entered a mountain: (K:) or, accord. to the O, you say, تجبّل القَوْمُ الجِبَالَ, meaning, the people, or company of men, entered the mountains. (TA.) جَبْلٌ (assumed tropical:) Big, thick, coarse, or rough; (TA;) as also ↓ جَبِلٌ , applied to a thing (S, O, K) of any kind: (K:) or this latter is applied to an arrow, signifying (assumed tropical:) coarsely, roughly, or rudely, pared. (K.) You say رَجُلٌ جَبْلُ الرَّأْسِ , (K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, جَبَلُ الرأس ,]) and الوَجْهِ, (TA,) (tropical:) A man having a big, thick, coarse, or rough, head, and face; (TA;) having little sweetness. (K, TA.) [See also جَبِيلٌ.] and ↓ رَجُلٌ مِجْبَالٌ (assumed tropical:) A big, thick, coarse, or rough, and heavy, man. (Ham p. 818.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ جَبْلَةٌ (K [in one place in the CK جَبَلَةٌ and جِبْلَةٌ, but only جَبْلَةٌ accord. to the TA,]) and ↓ مِجْبَالٌ (S, K) (tropical:) A woman big, thick, coarse, or rough, (S, K, TA,) in make; (S;) large in make. (TA.) And خِلْقَةٌ جَبْلَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A big, thick, coarse, or rough, make. (Ham p. 821.) And نَاقَةٌ جَبْلَةُ السَّنَامِ (tropical:) A she-camel having an increasing hump. (TA.) And سَيْفٌ جَبْلٌ and ↓ مِجْبَالٌ (assumed tropical:) A sword not made thin. (TA.) A2: Also (K, TA, [in the CK, جَبَل,]) A court [of a house]; syn. سَاحَةٌ. (K.) جُبْلٌ: see جِبْلٌ: b2: and جِبِلٌّ.

A2: Also Dry trees. (K.) جِبْلٌ Much; or numerous; (S, K;) as also ↓ جُبْلٌ (K.) So in the phrases مَالٌ جِبْلٌ [Much property; or numerous cattle]; and حَىٌّ جِبْلٌ A numerous tribe. (S.) b2: See also جِبِلٌّ, in two places.

جَبَلٌ [A mountain: or] any of the mountains (أَوْتَاد [lit. “pegs,” or “stakes,” a term applied to the mountains because they are supposed to make the earth firm, or fast,]) of the earth, that is great and long; (Mgh, K;) or, as some say, only such as is long; (Msb;) such as is isolated being called أَكَمَةٌ, or قُنَّةٌ: (K:) [and also applied to a rocky tract; any rocky elevation, however little elevated:] and sometimes it means stone; [or rock;] such, for instance, as is reached by the digger: and hence it is applied to Es-Safà and El-Marweh: (Mgh:) pl. [of mult.] جِبَالٌ (S, Msb, K) and (of pauc., Msb) أَجْبُلٌ (Msb, K) and أَجْبَالٌ. (K.) b2: [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) A man who does not remove from his place: you say of such a one, هُوَ جَبَلٌ. (TA.) b3: (tropical:) A niggard. (K, TA.) [See 4.] b4: (tropical:) The lord, or chief, of a people, or company of men: and their learned man. (Fr, K, TA.) b5: ابْنَةُ الجَبَل (assumed tropical:) The serpent: (K:) because it keeps to the جَبَل. (TA.) b6: (assumed tropical:) Calamity, or misfortune. (K.) b7: (assumed tropical:) The bow that is made from the tree called نَبْع; (K, TA;) because this is one of the trees of the جَبَل. (TA.) b8: (assumed tropical:) The echo. (Har p. 472.) جَبُلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.

جَبِلٌ: see جَبْلٌ. b2: Also, applied to the iron head, or blade, of an arrow, or of a spear, or of a sword, &c., (tropical:) Blunt; that will not penetrate into a thing: (Ibn-' Abbád, K, * TA:) and so, with ة, applied to a فَأْس. (TA.) جُبُلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.

جَبْلَةٌ (K, TA, [in the CK جَبَلَةٌ,]) and ↓ جِبْلَةٌ The face: or the بَشَرَة [or external skin] thereof: or the part thereof that is turned towards one. (K.) A2: Also, (K,) or the former, (TA,) A vice, fault, defect, or blemish. (K.) A3: And Strength. (K.) b2: And Hardness of the earth, or ground. (Lth, K.) A4: See also جُبْلَةٌ: A5: and see جِبْلَپٌ.

جُبْلَةٌ A camel's hump; (S, K;) as also ↓ جَبْلَةٌ. (K.) A2: See also جِبِلٌّ: A3: and see جِبِلَّةٌ, in two places.

جِبْلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ. b2: Also The origin, or stock, (K, TA,) of any created thing; (TA;) and so ↓ جُبُلَّةٌ. (K, TA.) b3: The fundamental nature, or composition, of a mountain. (TA.) b4: ثَوْبٌ جَيِّدُ الجِبْلَةِ (tropical:) A garment, or piece of cloth, good in respect of the thread (K, TA) and the weaving. (TA.) b5: رَجُلٌ ذُو جِبْلَةٍ (assumed tropical:) A big, thick, coarse, or rough, man. (S, K.) A2: See also جِبِلٌّ, in two places: A3: and see جَبْلَةٌ.

جَبَلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ.

جُبُلٌّ: see what next follows.

جِبِلٌّ and ↓ جُبُلٌّ and ↓ جِبْلٌ [accord. to the CK like عَدْلٌ, but correctly like عِدْلٌ,] and ↓ جُبْلٌ and ↓ جُبُلٌ, (S, K,) accord. to different readings of the instance occurring in the Kur xxxvi. 62, the first being the reading of the people of ElMedeeneh, (S,) [and the most common,] A great company of men; as also ↓ جِبِلَّةٌ and ↓ جَبِيلٌ: (K:) or [simply] a company of men; (S;) as also ↓ جَبُلٌ, accord. to Kh; (Sgh, TA;) and so ↓ جَبْلَةٌ and ↓ جُبْلَةٌ and ↓ جِبِلَّةٌ: which last three signify also the same as أُمَّةٌ [a nation, or people, &c.]: (K:) it is said [by some] that جِبِلٌّ is pl. [or coll. gen. n.] of ↓ جِبِلَّةٌ meaning a numerous company: (TA:) جِبَلَةٌ is pl. of ↓ جِبْلٌ: one says, قَبَحَ اللّٰهُ جِبَلَتَكُمْ [May God remove far from prosperity, or success,] your companies: (Fr, TA:) and جِبَلٌ is pl. of ↓ جِبْلَةٌ. (Bd in xxxvi. 62.) جُبُلَّةٌ Much, or an abundance, or a large quantity or number, or anything; as also ↓ جِبِلَّةٌ. (K.) A2: See also جِبْلَةٌ: A3: and see what next follows, in two places.

جِبِلَّةٌ (S, Msb, K) and ↓ جُبُلَّةٌ and ↓ جَبِيلَةٌ (Sgh, MF) and ↓ جِبْلَةٌ (AA, S, K) and ↓ جُبْلَةٌ and ↓ جَبْلَةٌ and ↓ جَبَلَةٌ, (K,) but this last, accord. to MF, is unknown, (TA,) Nature; or natural, native, innate, or original, constitution, disposition, temper, or other quality or property; idiosyncrasy; syn. خِلْقَةٌ (AA, S, Sgh, Msb, K) and طَبِيعَةٌ (Msb, K) and غَرِيزَةٌ; all these signifying the same: (Msb:) pl. of the first جِبِلَّاتٌ. (S.) Hence, in the Kur [xxvi. 184], وَالجِبِلَّةَ الأَوَّلِينَ, (S,) meaning الخَلِيقَةَ, (Jel,) or ذَوِي الجِبِلَّةِ, i. e. And the preceding created beings: (Bd:) El-Hasan read with damm [i. e. ↓ الجُبُلَّةَ or ↓ الجثبْلَةَ]. (S.) A2: See also جِبِلٌّ, in three places: b2: and see جُبُلَّةٌ.

جَبَلِىٌّ Of, or relating to, a mountain or mountains; contr. of سُهْلِىٌّ. (The Lexicons &c. passim.) جِبِلّىٌّ Natural; i. e. of, or relating to, the natural, native, innate, or original, constitution, disposition, temper, or other quality or property; like طَبِيعِىٌّ; i. e. essential; resulting from the Creator's ordering of the natural disposition in the body. (Msb.) جِبَالٌ (tropical:) The body, with, or without, the members; syn. جَسَدٌ and بَدَنٌ; (K, TA;) as being likened to a mountain in bigness [?]. (TA.) One says, أَحْسَنَ اللّٰهُ جِبَالَهُ, meaning, (tropical:) [May God render beautiful] his body (جَسَدَهُ): and [render good] his created خُلُق [or mind, with its qualities and attributes: but I rather think that خُلُق is here a mistranscription for خَلْق, meaning make]. (Ibn-' Abbád, TA.) جَبِيلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.

A2: جَبِيلُ الوَجْهِ (tropical:) A man having a bad, or an ugly, face. (K, TA.) [See also جَبْلٌ.]

جَبِيلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ.

مِجْبَالٌ: see جَبْلٌ, in three places.

مَجْبُولٌ, applied to a man, (assumed tropical:) Great, large, or big, (K, TA,) in make; as though he were a mountain. (TA.)
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