William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
597. جاثليق1 598. جام3 599. جاموس2 600. جاه2 601. جاورس2 602. جب7603. جبأ11 604. جبت12 605. جبذ14 606. جبر20 607. جبرئيل1 608. جبس12 609. جبل20 610. جبن14 611. جبه19 612. جث6 613. جثل10 614. جثم19 615. جح3 616. جحر13 617. جحش15 618. جحظ11 619. جحف16 620. جحفل9 621. جد7 622. جدب13 623. جدث14 624. جدح12 625. جدر19 626. جدع14 627. جدف18 628. جدل19 629. جدو5 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب15 633. جذر17 634. جذع17 635. جذف9 636. جذل14 637. جذم17 638. جذمر4 639. جذو10 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب16 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح18 646. جرد16 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ15 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز19 655. جرس19 656. جرش13 657. جرض9 658. جرع15 659. جرف18 660. جرل9 661. جرم23 662. جرموق1 663. جرن19 664. جرو8 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر16 669. جزع17 670. جزف15 671. جزل14 672. جزم13 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد14 677. جسر15 678. جسم15 679. جسو5 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب10 683. جشر14 684. جشع13 685. جشم14 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب13 690. جعد14 691. جعر16 692. جعس10 693. جعف9 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 Prev. 100
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جب

1 جَبَّهُ, aor. جَبُّ, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. جَبٌّ (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K) and جِبَابٌ, (A, K, MF,) He cut it; or cut it off; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ↓ اجتبَهُ. (K, * TA.) b2: جَبَّ خُصَاهُ, inf. n. جَبٌّ and جِبَابٌ, He cut off entirely, or extirpated, his testicles; (TA;) [as also ↓ اِجْتَبَّهَا; for] جَبٌّ (A, K) and جِبَابٌ and اِجْتِبَابٌ (TA) signify the cutting off entirely, or extirpating, (A, K, TA,) of the testicle, (K, TA,) or of the genitals: (A:) [or] جِبَابٌ signifies [or signifies also, as inf. n. of جُبَّ,] the having the testicles, (S, TA,) or genitals, (Msb,) entirely cut off. (S, * Msb, TA.) You say also, جَبَبْتُهُ, meaning I cut off entirely, or extirpated, his genitals; (Msb;) [or his testicles; or his penis; as is implied in the TA:] and جُبَّ, inf. n. جَبٌّ, (Mgh, TA,) [or جِبَابٌ,] he had his penis and his testicles [or either of these] cut off entirely, or extirpated. (Mgh, TA. *) b3: جَبَّ السَّنَامَ, aor. جَبُّ, inf. n. جَبٌّ; and ↓ اجتبّهُ; He cut off the hump of the camel: accord. to Lth, جَبٌّ signifies the cutting off entirely, or extirpating, of the hump. (TA.) A2: جَبَّ النَّخْلَ, (As, S, Msb, TA,) [aor. جَبُّ,] inf. n. جَبٌّ, (A, K,) or جِبَابٌ, (S, TA,) or جَبَابٌ, (A,) or both the second and last, (Msb, [the first is disallowed by MF,]) He fecundated the palmtrees [with the pollen of the male tree]. (As, S, A, Msb, TA.) You say, جَآءَ زَمَنُ الجِبَابِ, (S,) or الجَبَابِ, with fet-h, (A,) or both, (Msb,) [The time of the fecundating of the palm-trees came].

A3: جَبَّ القَوْمَ, (S,) aor. جَبُّ, (TA,) inf. n. جَبٌّ, (K,) He surpassed, or overcome, the people, or company of men; (S, K, * TA;) accord. to some, in grounds of pretension to respect or honour, or in beauty, and in any or every manner. (TA.) And جَبَّتِ النِّسَآءَ She surpassed the [other] women in her beauty. (TA.) The saying جَبَّتْ نِسَآءَ العَالَمِينَ بِالسَّبَبْ [She overcame the women of the whole world by means of the string] relates to a woman who measured round her hinder parts with a string, and then threw it to the women of the tribe, that they might do with it the like; but they found it to be much exceeding their measures. (TA.) See 3, in three places.

A4: See also 2.2 تَجْبِيبٌ The reaching of the [whiteness termed] تَحْجِيل, in a horse, to the knee and the hock: (S:) or the rising of the whiteness to [the extent of] what is termed الجَبَبُ. (K.) Yousay of a horse, فِيهِ تَجْبِيبٌ [In him is a rising of the تحجيل to the knee and the hock]: and in this case, the horse is said to be مُجَبَّبٌ: and the subst. is ↓ جَبَبٌ [meaning a whiteness of the legs rising to the knee and the hock]. (S.) [See مُجَبَّبٌ.]

A2: The act of shrinking [from a thing]; or the being averse [from it]; or the act of withdrawing; (S, K, TA;) outwardly or inwardly. (TA.) You say of a man, جَبَّبَ فَذَهَبَ [He shrank, or was averse, or withdrew, and went away]. (S.) And جَيَّبَ النَّاسُ عَنْ طَاعَةِ اللّٰهِ The people forsook, or relinquished, the obeying of God. (TA from a trad.) b2: The act of fleeing. (K.) You say of a man, جبَب He fled. (TA.) El-Hotei-ah says, وَنَحْنُ إِذَا جَبَّبْتُمُ عَنْ نِسَائِكُمْ كَمَا جَبَّبَتْ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَوْلَادِهَا الحُمُرْ [And we, when ye flee from your women, like as the wild asses have fled from the presence of their young ones]. (TA.) And ↓ جَبَّ, said of a man, [if not a mistranscription for جَبَّبَ,] signifies He went quickly, fleeing from a thing. (TA.) A3: The act of satisfying with water (K, TA) the earth, (الجَبُوب, TA,) or cattle. (K, TA.) 3 جِبَاب The act of vying, or contending for superiority, in goodliness, or beauty, &c., (K,) as, for instance, in grounds of pretension to respect or honour, and in lineage: (TA:) and مُجَابَّةٌ the vying, or contending for superiority, in goodliness, or beauty, (K,) &c., (TA,) and in food: (K:) but [SM says,] I know not whence this addition, respecting food, is derived. (TA. [See, however, what follows, from the A.]) You say, ↓ جَابَّنِى فَجَبَبْتُهُ He vied with me, or contended with me for superiority, and I overcame him. (TA.) And جَابَّتِ المَرْأَةُ صَاحِبَتَهَا حُسْنًا ↓ فَجَبَّتْهَا The woman vied, or contended for superiority, with her fellow, and surpassed her in beauty. (TA.) And ↓ جَابَّهُ فِى القِرَى فَجَبَّهُ He vied with him, or contended with him for superiority, in the entertainment of guests, and he overcame him therein. (A.) 4 اجبّ It (camels' milk) had, or produced, what is termed جُبَاب [q. v.]. (K.) 5 تجبّب He clad himself with a جُبَّة [q. v.]. (MA.) [And so, app., ↓ اجتبّ, explained by Golius, on the authority of Ibn-Maaroof, as signifying He put on a vest, or tunic.]8 إِجْتَبَ3َ see 1, in three places: A2: and see also 5.

R. Q. 1 جَبْجَبَ He dealt, or trafficked, in جَبَاجِب [pl. of جُبْجُبَةٌ, q. v.]. (TA.) R. Q. 2 تَجَبْجَبَ i. q. اِتَّشَقَ; (S, TA;) i. e. He prepared what is called جُبْجُبَة: (TA:) or he put what is called خَلْع into a جُبْجُبَة [q. v.]. (AZ, TA.) جُبٌّ A well: (A, K:) or a well not cased with stone or the like: (S, A, Msb, K:) or a well containing much water: or a deep well: (A, K:) or of some other description: (A:) or a well in a good situation with respect to pasture: or one that people have found; not one that they have dug: (K:) or a well that is not deep: (Lth, TA:) or a well that is wide, or ample: (ElKilábeeyeh, TA:) or a well that is cut through rock, or smooth rock, or stones, or smooth stones, or hard and smooth and large stones: (Aboo-Habeeb, TA:) of the masc. gender; (Msb, TA;) [not fem. like بِئْرٌ;] or masc. and fem.: (Fr, Msb:) pl. [of pauc.] أَجْبَابٌ (Msb, K.) and [of mult.] جِبَابٌ and جِبَبَةٌ. (S, Msb, K.) b2: A well that is dug wherein a grape — vine is planted; like as one is dug for the shoot of a palm — tree: pl. جِبَابٌ. (ISh, TA.) b3: The inside of a well, from its bottom to its top, whether cased with stone or the like or not. (Sh, TA.) b4: The جُرْن of a well [app. meaning A hollowed stone, or stone basin, for water, placed at the mouth of a well: or, perhaps, a hollowed stone placed over the mouth; for many a well has such a stone, forming a kind of parapet]. (Zeyd Ibn-Kuthweh, TA.) A2: [A kind of leathern bag;] a مَزَادَة of which one part is sewed to another, (K, TA,) wherein they used to prepare the beverage termed نَبِيذ, until, by use, it acquired strength for that purpose; mentioned in a trad., forbidding the use of it; and also called ↓ مَجْبُوبَةٌ. (TA.) A3: The spathe, or envelope, of the spadix, or flowers, of the palmtree; also called جُفٌّ: the former word was unknown to A'Obeyd: both occur, accord. to different readings, in a trad., where it is said that a charm contrived to bewitch Mohammad was put into the جُبّ, or جُفّ, of a طَلْعَة: accord. to Sh, (TA,) it means the inside of a طَلْعَة [which latter here app. signifies, as it does in some other instances, the spathe, not the spadix, of a palmtree]; (K, TA;) in like manner as the inside of a well, from its bottom to its top, is called جُبّ: the pl. is جِبَابٌ. (TA.) Hence the well-known prov., جِبَابٌ فَلَا تَعَنَّ أَبْرًا [They are merely envelopes of the flowers of palm-trees; therefore weary not thyself to effect fecundation]; applied to a man in whom is little or no good; meaning he is like the spathes of the palm-tree in which are no flowers; therefore weary not thyself by attempting to make him good; لَا تَعَنَّ being for لَا تَتَعَنَّ. (MF.) جُبَّةٌ A well-known garment [or coat], (Msb, K, TA,) of the kind of those called مُقَطَّعَات: (TA:) accord. to ' Iyád, a garment cut out and sewed: accord. to Ibn-Hajar and others, a double garment quilted with cotton; or, sometimes, if of wool, a single garment, not quilted with anything: (MF:) [most probably not so much resembling the modern garment more generally known by the same name (for a description and representation of which see my “ Modern Egyptians,” ch. i.,) as a kind of جُبَّة still worn in Northern Africa, described in this Lexicon voce مِدْرَعَةٌ: accord. to Golius, “tunica ex panno gossipino, cui pallium seu toga imponitur, cum subductitio panno et intercedente gossipio punctim consuta: Italis consona voce giuppa: si ita cum gossipio consuta non sit, دُرَّاعَةٌ tunica illa gossipina dicitur: ”] pl. جُبَبٌ (Msb, K) and جِبَابٌ. (S, K.) b2: I. q. دِرْعٌ [A coat of mail; or any coat of defence]: (K:) pl. جُبَبٌ. (TA.) Er-Rá'ee says, لَنَا جُبَبٌ وَأَرْمَاحٌ طِوَالٌ بِهِنَّ نُمَارِسُ الحَرْبَ الشَّطُونَا

[We have coats of mail, or of defence, and long spears: with them we ply distant war]. (TA.) A2: The part of a spear-head into which the shaft enters: (S, K:) and the ثَعْلَب is the part of the spear-shaft that enters into the head. (TA.) b2: [In the TA, جُبَّةُ الرُّمْحِ is also explained as meaning ما دخل من السنان فيه The part of the spearhead that enters into the shaft: but it seems that من has been inserted here by a mistake of the copyist; and that the true meaning intended is the part of the spear-shaft into which the head enters; though in general the shaft enters into the head.] b3: The part in which is the مُشَاشَة [q. v.] of a horn. (Zeyd Ibn-Kuthweh, TA.) b4: The حِجَاج [or bone that surrounds the cavity (see art. حج)] of the eye. (K.) b5: The contents (حَشْو) of the solid hoof: or the horny box (قَرْن) of the solid hoof: or the joint between the ساق [which seems to mean here, as it does in many other instances, the hind shank,] and the thigh: (K:) or the shank-joint of a horse or the like (مَوْصِلُ الوَظِيفِ [commonly applied, as in the S and K voce رُسْغ, to the upper extremity of the pastern, i. e. the fetlock-joint, which seems to be the meaning intended in this instance,]) in the ذِرَاع [which here app. means the fore leg, not the arm]: or, accord. to As, the part where the وظيف [or shank] is set into the hoof: (S:) or the part of the رسغ [or pastern], of a horse, where the وظيف [or shank] joins upon the حَوْشَب [which seems here to mean the upper pasternbone]: or, as AO says, the part where a horse's وظيف joins to the upper part of the حوشب: or, as he says in another place, the place where each tibia and hind shank, of a horse, meet; [the hockjoint;] expl. by ملتقى ساقيه ووظيفى رجليه: and the place of junction of any two bones, except in the back-bone. (TA.) b6: Accord. to Lth, Whiteness of the بطانية [a word which I have not found anywhere but in this instance] of a horse or similar beast, extending to the hairs that surround the hoof. (TA.) جَبَبٌ A cutting off of the hump of a camel: (K:) or a cutting in the hump of a camel: (TA:) [or the state of having the hump cut off; as seems to be indicated in the S:] or an erosion of the hump of a camel, by the saddle, so that it does not grow large. (K, TA.) A2: See also 2.

جُبَبٌ Butter, or what is produced by churning, of camels' milk; like as زُبْد is what is produced by churning of cows' or sheep's or goats' milk: (Msb in art. زبد:) what rises upon the surface, (T, S,) or what has collected together [or coagulated], (K,) of the milk of camels, resembling زُبْد, (T, S, K,) which camels' milk has not: (S, K:) when a camel shakes about a skin of camels' milk, suspended to him, what is termed جباب collects at the mouth of the skin. (T.) جَبُوبٌ The earth, (Lh, K,) in general; (Lh;) sometimes written جَبُوبُ, as a proper name, without the article, and imperfectly decl., like شَعُوبُ: (TA:) so called because it is cut, i. e. dug; or because it cuts, i. e. dissunders, the bodies of those buried in it: (Suh, TA:) and hence ↓ جَبَّانٌ and ↓ جَبَّانَةٌ, signifying a burial-ground; from الجَبُّ and الجَبُوبُ; accord. to Kh; but others derive these two words from جبن: (TA:) or rugged land: (As, S, K:) or hard or rugged land, composed of rock, not of soil: (IAar, TA:) or earth, or dust: (Lh, K:) or the surface of the earth; (ISh, S, K;) whether plain or rugged or mountainous: (ISh:) a word without a pl.: (S:) also coarse, or big, lumps or clods of clay or mud; or of dry, or tough, or cohesive, clay or mud; plucked from the surface of the ground: (TA:) or crumbled clods of clay or mud; or of dry, or tough, or cohesive, clay or mud: (IAar, TA:) and with ة, a lump, or clod, of clay or mud; or of dry, or tough, or cohesive, clay or mud. (K.) جِبَابِىٌّ: see what next follows.

جُبِّىٌّ [app. a contraction of جُبَبِىٌّ], or ↓ جِبَابِىٌّ A seller of جِبَاب [pl. of جُبَّةٌ, q. v.]. (K.) جَبَّانٌ: see جَبُوبٌ; and see art. جبن.

جَبَّانَةٌ: see جَبُوبٌ; and see art. جبن.

جَبْجَبَةٌ: see what next follows, in two places.

جُبْجُبَةٌ, (S,) or ↓ جَبْجَبَةٌ, (A,) or both, (K,) and جَبَاجِبُ [which is the pl.], (L, TA,) The stomach of a ruminant animal * (S, A, K, TA) in which خَلْع [q. v.] is put, (S, TA,) i. e., (TA,) in which is put flesh-meat cut in pieces; (K, TA;) or in which is put flesh-meat to be used as provision in travelling; (TA;) or in which melted grease (S, K) is collected (S) or put: (K:) or the skin of the side of a camel, cut out in a round form, in which is prepared flesh-meat, (K, TA,) such as is called وَشِيقَة, (TA,) which is flesh-meat that is boiled once, and then cut into strips, and dried, or salted and sun-dried; the most lasting of all provision [of the kind]: (S, TA:) or the first and second both signify tripe; in Persian, شكنبه or إِشْكَنْبَه. (MA.) A coward is likened to a جبجبة in which خلع is put; because of his turgidness and his little profitableness. (TA.) b2: Also, the first, A vessel, or receptacle, made of skin, in which water is given to camels, and in which one macerates هَبِيد [i. e. colocynths, or the pulp thereof, or the seeds thereof]. (TA.) b3: And A basket, (S, K, TA,) of small size, (TA,) made of skins, (S, K, TA,) in which dust, or earth, is removed: (S, TA:) or, accord. to Kt, it is [↓ جَبْجَبَةٌ,] with fet-h: (TA:) pl. جَبَاجِبُ. (S.) b4: And A drum: pl. جَبَاجِبُ [which is explained in the K as meaning “ a drum ” instead of “ drums ”]: as in the saying, ضُرِبَتْ عَلَى بَابِهِ الجَبَاجِبُ [The drums were beaten at his door]. (A.) جُبْجُبِىٌّ A tripe-seller. (Golius from Meyd. [See جُبْجُبَةٌ.]) جُبْجُبِيَّةٌ Food made with tripe; in Persian, شِكَنْبَهْ وَا; (Golius from Meyd;) in Turkish, سُخْتُو شورباسى. (MA.) أَجَبُّ A camel having his hump cut off: (S, K:) or having his hump cut off: (S, K:) or having his hump eroded by the saddle, so that it does not grow large: (K:) or having no hump: (A, TA:) fem. جَبَّآءُ. (A, K.) b2: and [hence,] the fem., (tropical:) A woman not having [prominent] buttocks: (K:) or i. q. رَسْحَآءُ [i. e. having small buttocks sticking together; or having little flesh in her posteriors and things]: (ISh, TA:) or whose bosom and breasts have not become large: (K:) or whose breast has not become large: (Sh, TA:) or small in the breast; from the same epithet applied to a she-camel; (A;) for a woman having small breasts is like the camel that has no hump: (TA:) or having no thighs; (K;) i. e. having lean thighs; as though having no thighs. (TA.) Also, the masc., (assumed tropical:) A pubes having little flesh. (TA.) b3: [Hence, also,] الأَجَبُّ i. q. الفَرْجُ [as meaning The pudendum muliebre]; (K;) from the same word as applied to a camel [having no hump]. (TA.) مَجَبَّةُ The middle, or main part, (جَادّة,) of a road. (S.) مُجَبَّبٌ A horse in which the [whiteness termed]

تَحْجِيل reaches to the knee and the hock; (S;) [i. e.] in which the whiteness [of the lower part of the leg] reaches to the knee and the hock or the knees and the hocks: (TA:) or in which the تحجيل reaches to his knees: (Lth, TA:) or in which the whiteness rises to [the extent of] what is termed الجَبَبُ; (K, TA;) or more than this, [perhaps a mistake of a copyist for less than this,] so as not to reach to the knees: or in which the whiteness reaches to the hairs that surround his hoof. (TA.) b2: بِئْرٌ مُجَبَّبَةٌ الجَوْفِ A well having in the middle a part wider than the rest, hollowed out like a cupola. (Fr, TA.) مَجْبُوبٌ Having the genitals, (Msb,) or the testicles (S, * Mgh, TA) and the penis, (Mgh,) cut off entirely, or extirpated: (S, * Mgh, Msb, TA:) or having the penis cut off. (TA.) مَجْبُوبَةٌ: see جُبُّ.
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