William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
609. جبل20 610. جبن14 611. جبه19 612. جث6 613. جثل10 614. جثم19615. جح3 616. جحر13 617. جحش15 618. جحظ11 619. جحف16 620. جحفل9 621. جد7 622. جدب13 623. جدث14 624. جدح12 625. جدر19 626. جدع14 627. جدف18 628. جدل19 629. جدو5 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب15 633. جذر17 634. جذع17 635. جذف9 636. جذل14 637. جذم17 638. جذمر4 639. جذو10 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب16 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح18 646. جرد16 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ15 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز19 655. جرس19 656. جرش13 657. جرض9 658. جرع15 659. جرف18 660. جرل9 661. جرم23 662. جرموق1 663. جرن19 664. جرو8 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر16 669. جزع17 670. جزف15 671. جزل14 672. جزم13 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد14 677. جسر15 678. جسم15 679. جسو5 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب10 683. جشر14 684. جشع13 685. جشم14 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب13 690. جعد14 691. جعر16 692. جعس10 693. جعف9 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر15 701. جفل13 702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 Prev. 100
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جثم

1 جَثَمَ, aor. جَثِمَ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جَثُمَ, (S, K,) inf. جُثُومٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جَثْمٌ, (K,) said of a bird, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) and of a hare, and sometimes of a gazelle, (Msb,) or of a [young gazelle such as is termed] خَشْف, (K,) and of a camel, (Msb, K,) and a jerboa, (K,) and a man, (S, K,) He clave to the ground: (S, K:) or kept to his place, not quitting it: (K:) or fell upon his breast: (Msb, * K:) جُثُومٌ in the case of a bird and a hare is like بُرُوكٌ in the case of a camel: (Msb:) or in the case of a bird it is like جُلُوسٌ in the case of a man [so that the verb means he sat]. (Mgh.) b2: Also, (K,) aor. جَثِمَ, (TA,) said of seed-produce, It rose a little from the ground. (K, * TA.) b3: Also, (AHn, K,) aor. جَثُمَ, (AHn, TA,) inf. n. جُثُومٌ, said of a raceme of a palm-tree, Its unripe, or ripening, dates became somewhat large: (AHn, K: *) or it became large, and kept its place. (T, TA.) b4: Also, inf. n. جُثُومٌ, said of the night, (assumed tropical:) It became half spent. (Th, K, TA.) A2: جَثَمَ also signifies He collected clay, or mould, and earth, or dust, and ashes. (K.) 2 جثّم, (S, Mgh,) inf. n. تَجْثِيمٌ, (KL,) [He made a bird, and a hare, and the like, to cleave to the ground, then to be shot at, or cast at, and so killed: see مُجَثَّةٌ:] he kept, or held, a bird confined, that it might [be shot at, or cast at, and] die: (KL:) he turned an animal on his side to be slaughtered. (Golius, as from the KL, but not in my copy of that work.) 5 تجثّم He (a bird) mounted his female for the purpose of copulation. (TA.) جَثْمٌ Seed-produce rising a little from the ground; as also ↓ جَثَمٌ. (K, * TA.) b2: A raceme of a palm-tree having its unripe, or ripening, dates becoming somewhat large. (K, * TA.) جَثَمٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

جُثَمٌ: see جَثَّامَةٌ: b2: and جُثَامٌ.

جَثْمَةٌ: see جُثُومٌ.

جُثْمَةٌ Clay, or mould, and earth, or dust, and ashes, collected. (K.) جَثَمَةٌ: see جُثُومٌ.

جُثَمَةٌ: see جَثَّامَةٌ: b2: and جُثَامٌ.

جُثْمَانٌ The body, with the limbs or members; syn. جِسْمٌ: and i. q. شَخْصٌ [app. as meaning a person; not, as J seems to have held, a corporeal, or material, form or thing or substance, such as is seen from a distance; see جِسْمٌ]: (K:) or, accord. to As, it has the latter meaning, i. q. شَخْصٌ; and جُسْمَانٌ has the former meaning, that of جِسْمٌ (S, Msb) and جَسَدٌ: (Msb:) or, accord. to AZ, جُثْمَانٌ is syn. with جُسْمَانٌ, (S, Msb,) i. e. جَسَدٌ. (S.) One says, مَا أَحْسَنَ جُثْمَانَ الرَّجُلِ and جُسْمَانَهُ, meaning [How goodly, or beautiful, is] the body, or person, of the man ! (AZ, S.) J cites, as an ex. of this word in the sense of شخص, from a verse of Bishr, سَنَامٌ كَجُثْمَانِ البَنِيِّةِ أَتْلَعَا observing that by البنيّة is meant the Kaabeh: but IB says that the right reading, as found in his poetry, is البَلِيَّةِ, and أَتْلَعُ; and that the meaning is, A [long] hump like the جثمان [or body] of the she-camel that is placed [and confined without food or water until she dies] at the grave of a dead man. (TA.) One says also, جَآءَنَا بِثَرِيدٍ

كَجُثْمَانِ المَآءِ [He brought us crumbled bread moistened with broth and piled up, like the body of the bird of the kind called قَطًا]. (S.) جُثْمَانِيَّةُ المَآءِ, as used in the saying of ElFarajeeyeh, (K,) so in the copies of the K, [or El-Faraheeyeh, accord. to the CK,] but correctly of El-Farezdak, (TA,) وَبَاتَتْ بِجُثْمَانِيَّةِ المَآءِ نِيبُهَا

إِلَى ذَاتِ رَحْلٍ كَالْمَآتِمِ حُسَّرَا means The water itself: or the middle thereof: or the place where it collected. (K TA.) [The poet says, And her aged she-camels passed the night in the water, &c., . . . . like the companies of mourning women having the head, or the face, &c., uncovered: but what is meant by الي ذات رحل, unless it be with one having a saddle upon her, إِلَى being sometimes used in the sense of مَعَ I am unable to conjecture. In the CK, نَيْبَها and كالمٰاثِمِ are erroneously put for نِيبُهَا and كَالمَآتِمِ.]

جُثَامٌ Incubus, or nightmare; (T, K;) what comes upon a man when he is sleeping; (T, TA;) what comes upon a man in the night, preventing him from speaking; i. q. نَيْدُلَانٌ; (IAar, TA;) as also ↓ جَاثُومٌ (T, K) and ↓ جَثَّامَةٌ and ↓ جُثَمٌ and ↓ جُثَمَةٌ. (T, TA.) جَثُومٌ: see جَاثِمٌ. b2: Hence, (assumed tropical:) A hare. (TA.) جُثُومٌ pl. of جاثِمٌ [q. v.]. (TA.) A2: Also A hill such as is called أَكَمَةٌ; and so ↓ جَثَمَةٌ (K) and ↓ جَثْمَةٌ (TA.) جَثَّامٌ: see جَاثِمٌ.

جَثَّامَةٌ: see جَاثِمٌ. b2: Hence, (tropical:) A man who keeps to the region of cities, towns, villages, or cultivated land, and does not travel: (Msb:) a man who sleeps much, and does not travel; as also ↓ جُثَمَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ جُثَمٌ and ↓ جَاثُومٌ: (K:) [see also جَاثِمَةٌ:] stupid, dull, wanting in intelligence; or not penetrating, sharp, vigorous, or effective, in the performing of affairs: and a forbearing, or clement, personage, chief, or man of rank or quality. (K.) b3: See also جُثَامٌ.

جَاثِمٌ A bird, (Msb, K,) and a hare, and sometimes a gazelle, (Msb,) or a [young gazelle such as is termed] خِشْف, (K,) and a camel, (Msb, K,) and a jerboa, and a man, (K,) cleaving to the ground: or keeping to his place, not quitting it: (K:) or falling upon his breast: (Msb, * K:) as also ↓ جَثُومٌ: (K:) [or the latter] and ↓ جَثَّامٌ doing so much, or often: and ↓ جَثَّامَةٌ doing so very much, or very often: (Msb:) and the first, also, sitting upon his legs like a bird: pl. جُثُومٌ (TA) [and جُثَّمٌ, accord. to Freytag].

فَأَصْبَحُوا فِى دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ, in the Kur [vii. 76, &c.], means [And they became, in their abode,] bodies cast upon the ground: (TA:) or extinct, or motionless; and dead. (Bd.) b2: الجُثثومُ (tropical:) The stars composing the constellation of the Scorpion; also called البُرُكُ: see بَرْكْ. (L and TA in art. برك.) جَاثِمَةٌ One who does not quit his house, or tent. (Lth, TA.) [See also جَثَّامَةٌ.]

جَاثُوُمٌ: see جَثَّامَةٌ: b2: and جُثَامٌ.

مَجْثَمٌ [and مَجْثِمٌ A place where a bird, &c., cleaves to the ground: or to which it keeps: or where it falls upon its breast. And particularly,] The seat, or form, of a hare: (TA:) [pl. مَجَاثِمُ.]

مُجَثَّمَةٌ A bird, and a hare, and the like, that is confined or set up, to be killed; (A'Obeyd, S, Mgh;) that is made to cleave to the ground (تُجَثَّمُ), and then shot at, or cast at, until it is killed; (S, Mgh;) which manner of killing is forbidden: (S:) or any animal that is set up and shot at, or cast at, and [so] killed: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or a sheep, or goat, that is shot at with arrows: ('Ikrimeh, Mgh:) or a sheep, or goat, that is stoned (Sh, Mgh, TA) until it dies, and is then eaten. (TA.) جثو and جثى 1 جَثَا and جَثَى (S, Msb, K) عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ, (S, Msb,) aor. 1َ2ُ3َ and 1َ2ِ3َ, inf. n. جُثُوُّ and جُثِىُّ, (S, Msb, K,) He sat upon his knees; (K, TA;) for the purpose of contention or disputation, or the like: (TA:) or جثا [and جثى] he kneeled; put himself in a kneeling posture; which is the mode of sitting of him who is contending or disputing: (AZ, Har p. 512:) [or he put down his knees upon the ground and raised his buttocks; i. e. he kneeled with his body and thighs erect, or nearly so : see جَاثٍ:] and جَثَا لِرُكْبَتِهِ he fell [upon his knee]; and جَثَوْا لِلرُّكَبِ [they fell upon the knees, and sank backwards so as to rest the body upon the keels or upon the left foot bent sideways beneath; for] جُثُوٌّ is the manner of sitting of the مُتَشَهِّد [in prayer]: (Ham p. 287:) or جَثَا, (K, TA,) inf. n. جَثْوٌ and جُثُوٌ, (TA,) he stood upon the extremities of his toes; (K;) like جَذَا; from which AO reckons it to be formed by substitution [of ث for ذ]; but IJ says that they are two dial. vars. (TA.) Aboo-Thumámeh says, أُخَاصِمُهُمْ مَرَّپً قَائِمًا وَأَجْثُو إِذَا مَا جَثَوْا لِلرُّكَبْ [I contending, or disputing, with them one time standing, and falling upon my knees when they fell upon their knees]. (Ham p. 287.) A2: جَثَوْتُ, (Sgh, K,) inf. n. جَثْوٌ; (TA;) and جَثَيْتُ, (Sgh, K,) inf. n. جَثْىٌ; (TA;) I collected camels, and sheep or goats. (Sgh, K.) 3 جَاَُيْتُ رُكْبَتِى إِلَى رُكْبَتِهِ, (K, and so in some copies of the S,) or جَاثَيْتُهُ رُكْبَتِى إِلَى رُكْبَتِهِ, (so in other copies of the S,) [I sat, or sat with him, with my knee to his knee, each of us sitting upon his knees, in contending or disputing: see 1]: and جَاثَيْتُهُ alone, (S voce حَاضَرْتُهُ,) [signifies the same,] inf. n. مُجَاثَاةٌ (K and TA voce مُحَاَضرَةٌ) [and جِثَآءٌ: see also 6].4 اجثاهُ (S, K) He made him to sit upon his knees: [see 1:] or he made him to stand upon the extremities of his toes. (K.) 6 تَجَاثَوْا عَلَى الرُّكَب [They sat together upon their knees], (S, K,) in contending or disputing; inf. n. مُجَاثَاةٌ and جِثَآءٌ, which are [properly inf. ns. of 3, but are] thus used as inf. ns. of a verb to which they do not conform. (TA.) b2: التَّجَاثِى فِى إِشَالَةِ الحَجَرِ is like التَّجَاذِ ى [The vying, one with another, in lifting the stone, for trial of strength]. (TA.) جُثًا, or جُثًى, [pl. of جُثْوَةٌ, q. v.

A2: Also] A company, or congregated body, of men; (TA;) or so ↓ جَثْوَةٌ (Bd in xlv. 27) [or ↓ جُثْوَةٌ]: and companies, or congregated bodies, thereof. (TA.) It has the former meaning in a trad., where it is said, يَصِيرُونَ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ جُثًا كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ تَتْبَعُ نَبِيَّهَا [They shall become, on the day of resurrection, a company, or congregated body, each people following its prophet: or here the pl. meaning is more reasonable]: and the latter in the trad., فُلَانٌ مِنْ جُثَى جَهَنَّمَ [Such a one is of the companies, or congregated bodies, of Hell, or Hellfire], accord. to one recital: otherwise, ↓ مِنْ جُثِىِّ جَهَنَّمَ of those that sit upon the knees therein. (TA.) A3: الجُثَا is also said to have been A certain idol, to which sacrifices were performed. (TA.) جَثْوَةٌ: see what next follows, in two places: b2: and see جُثًا.

جُثْوَةٌ and ↓ جِثْوَةٌ and ↓ جَثْوَةٌ Stones collected together: (S, K:) or the stones of earth collected together like the [mound over a] grave: and the first, a hillock: or a heap of earth: (TA:) or collected earth: (Ham p. 399:) or a quantity collected of earth &c.: (Ham p. 381:) and (hence, Ham p. 381) a grave: (TA, Ham pp. 381 and 399:) pl. جُثًا, (TA, Ham p. 399,) or جُثْى. (Ham ib.) It is said in a trad., رَأَيْتُ قُبُورَ الشُّهَدَآءِ جُثًا I saw the tombs of the martyrs [to be] collections of earth. (TA.) And جُثَى الحَرَمِ (pl. of جُثْوَةٌ, TA) and جِثَى الحَرَمِ (pl. of ↓ جِثْوَةٌ, TA) signify What are collected, in the sacred territory, of the stones of the جِمَار [or pebbles cast at Minè]: (S:) or this is a mistake; (K;) pointed out by Sgh in the TS: (TA:) the meaning is, what are collected together of the stones that are set [in heaps] at the limits of the sacred territory: or the أَنْصَاب [or stones set up around the Kaabeh] upon which victims were slain in sacrifice. (K, TA.) A2: Also i. q. جَذْوَةٌ [A live coal; or piece of fire; &c.]: (K:) or so ↓ جَثْوَةٌ and ↓ جَثْوَةٌ: (TA:) or جثوةٌ مِنْ نَارٍ: (Fr, TA:) asserted by Yaakoob to be formed by substitution [of ث for ذ]. (TA.) A3: And The middle [of a thing]. (IAar, K, TA: but omitted in the CK and in a MS. copy of the K.) A4: And The body, with the limbs or members; syn. جَسَدٌ: (K:) or so جُثْوَةٌ: pl. جُثًى. (Sh, TA.) b2: And جُثْوَةٌ, A great, or large, man. (ISh, TA.) A5: See also جُثًا.

جِثْوَةٌ: see جُثْوَةٌ, in three places.

جَثَآءٌ i. q. شَخْصٌ [app. as meaning A person; or the body of a man, like جُثْوَةٌ and جُثَّةٌ]; as also ↓ جُثَآءٌ. (Sgh, K.) b2: [And hence, perhaps,] Incubus, or nightmare. (TA. [But in this sense it is written in the TA جثا, without ء, and without any syll. sign.]) A2: Also i. q. جَزَآءٌ [Requital, or compensation]. (K.) b2: And Quantity, measure, size, bulk, or extent; and amount, sum, or number, (K, TA,) as, for instance, of a people, or company of men. (TA.) جُثَآءٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

جَاثٍ Sitting upon his knees: or standing upon the extremities of his toes: (K:) and [simply] sitting: or [kneeling with his body and thighs erect, or nearly so; i. e.] putting down his knees [upon the ground] and raising his buttocks: (TA:) [see also 1, of which it is the part. n.:] pl. جُثِىٌ and جِثِىٌّ; (K;) or these may be pls., like بُكىٌّ and بكىٌ, pls. of بَاك; or inf. ns. used as epithets [as is indicated in the S]. (Er-Rághib, TA.) You say قَوْمٌ جُثِىٌّ [A company of men sitting upon their knees]; (S, Msb;) like as you say جَلَسَ جُلُوسًا and قَوْمٌ جُلُوسٌ. (S.) and hence, in the Kur [xix. 73], وَنَذَرُ الظَّالِمِينَ فِيهَا جُثِيًّا, and جِثِيًّا also, with kesr to the ج because of the kesr of the letter following it, [And we will leave the wrongdoers therein, sitting upon their knees.] (S.) And فُلَانٌ مِنْ جُثِىِّ جَهَنَّمَ: see جُثًا. (TA.) And, in the Kur [xlv. 27], وَتَرَي كُلَّ أُمَّةٍ جَاثِيَةً (TA) And thou shalt see every people sitting upon the knees, (Bd, Jel,) in an upright posture, not at ease: (Bd:) or congregated; (Bd, Jel;) from جَثْوَةٌ signifying “ a company,” or “ congregated body. ” (Bd.) Whence, (TA,) سُورَةُ الجَاثِيَةِ The [forty-fifth] chapter, of the Kur-án, next after that called الدُّخَان. (S, TA.) b2: [الجَاثِى, or الجَاثِى عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ, (assumed tropical:) The constellation Hercules.]

مَجْثًى A place of sitting upon the knees.]
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