William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
621. جد7 622. جدب13 623. جدث14 624. جدح12 625. جدر19 626. جدع14627. جدف18 628. جدل19 629. جدو5 630. جدى3 631. جذ5 632. جذب15 633. جذر17 634. جذع17 635. جذف9 636. جذل14 637. جذم17 638. جذمر4 639. جذو10 640. جر7 641. جرأ11 642. جرب16 643. جرث7 644. جرثم11 645. جرح18 646. جرد16 647. جردب7 648. جردبيل1 649. جردق3 650. جردم7 651. جرذ15 652. جرذق3 653. جرذم4 654. جرز19 655. جرس19 656. جرش13 657. جرض9 658. جرع15 659. جرف18 660. جرل9 661. جرم23 662. جرموق1 663. جرن19 664. جرو8 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر16 669. جزع17 670. جزف15 671. جزل14 672. جزم13 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد14 677. جسر15 678. جسم15 679. جسو5 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب10 683. جشر14 684. جشع13 685. جشم14 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب13 690. جعد14 691. جعر16 692. جعس10 693. جعف9 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر15 701. جفل13 702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 709. جلسد4 710. جلف15 711. جلق8 712. جلم14 713. جلمح2 714. جلمد8 715. جلنار1 716. جله9 717. جلهق5 718. جلو10 719. جلى3 720. جم7 Prev. 100
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جدع

1 جَدَعَ الأَنْفَ, (S, * Msb, K, *) aor. جَدَعَ, (Msb,) inf. n. جَدْعٌ, (S, Msb, K,) He cut off the nose; and in like manner, the ear; and the hand, or arm; and the lip; (S, Msb, K;) and a similar part: (TA:) and أَنْفَهُ ↓ أَجْدَعْتُ signifies the same as جَدَعْتُ [I cut off his nose]: or جَدْعٌ signifies [absolutely] the cutting off; or cutting so as to separate. (TA.) In the following saying of a poet, the verb is used metaphorically, وَأَصْبَحَ الدَّهْرُ ذُو العِرْنِينِ قَدْ جُدِعَا [lit. And nosed fortune became mutilated in the nose; meaning, (assumed tropical:) became marred]. (TA.) And in the following phrase, occurring in a verse, كَأَنَّ اللّٰهَ يَجْدَعُ أَنْفَهُ وَعَيْنَيْهِ, the poet means, [As though God cut off his nose] and put out his eyes: see a similar saying in art. قلد, voce تَقَلَّدَ. (TA.) b2: جَدَعَهُ, (S, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He mutilated him, or maimed him, by cutting off his nose, or his ear, or his hand or arm, or his lip, (S, K, TA,) or the like; (TA;) as also ↓ جدّعهُ (S, TA.) [Hence the phrase,] لَهُ ↓ جَدْعًا (S, K) [(May God decree) to him mutilation, or maining, by the cutting off of his nose, or the like; or cause it to befall him: or] meaning أَلْزَمَهُ اللّٰهُ الجَدْعَ [(assumed tropical:) may God make injury, or diminution of what is good, to cleave to him]: (K:) said in imprecating a curse upon a man: similar to عَقْرًا لَهُ, q. v.: the first word being governed in the accus. case by a verb understood. (TA.) One says also, اِجْدَعْهُمْ بِالأَمْرِ حَتَّى يَذِلُّوا, a phrase mentioned by IAar, but not explained by him; thought by ISd to mean, (tropical:) Act thou, in commanding, as though thou mutilatedst them by cutting off their noses [until they become submissive]. (TA.) In the phrase ↓ صَوْتُ الحِمَارِ اليُجَدَّعُ [The voice of the ass that has his ear, or ears, cut off, (see مُجَدَّعٌ, below,)], occurring in a verse of Dhu-l-Khirak Et-Tuhawee, (S,) accord. to J, but not found by Sgh in the verses of that poet, and said to be in the Book [of Sb], though IB denies this, asserting it to be in the Nawádir of AZ, (TA,) Akh says, the poet means الَّذِى يُجَدَّعُ, like as you say, هُوَالْيَضْرِبُكَ, meaning الَّذِى يَضْرِبُكَ: Aboo-Bekr Ibn-es-Sarráj says, the poet, requiring refa for the rhyme, has changed the noun into a verb; and this is one of the worst of poetic licences. (S.) b3: [Hence,] السَّنَةُ تَجْدَعُ النَّبَاتَ (tropical:) [The year of drought cuts off, or destroys, the herbage]: (A, TA:) and تَجْدَعُ بِالمَالِ destroys the camels or the like. (S, O, K.) And القَحْطُ النَبَّاتِ ↓ جَدَّعَ (tropical:) The drought prevented the growth, or increase, of the herbage. (K, TA.) b4: [Hence also,] جَدَعَ عِيَالَهُ, inf. n. جَدَّعٌ, (assumed tropical:) He withheld good things from his family, or household. (TA.) And جَدَعَتْهُ أُمُّهُ, aor. جَدَعَ, inf. n. as above, (tropical:) His mother fed him with bad food; (Zj, K;) as also ↓ أَجْدَعَتْهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. إِجْدَاعٌ; (TA;) and ↓ جَدَّعَتْهُ, (K,) inf. n. تَجْدِيعٌ: (TA:) and ↓ جدّعهُ and ↓ اجدعهُ (tropical:) He (a pastor) confined him [a beast] to bad pasture. (TA.) جَدَعْتُهُ, (S,) inf. n. as above, (K,) also signifies (assumed tropical:) I confined him, restricted him, or the like; syn. حَبَسْتُهُ: and (assumed tropical:) I imprisoned him: (S, K: *) and so with ذ: (S:) or جَدْعٌ and جَذْعٌ both signify (assumed tropical:) the confining, or restricting, a person with evil management, and with contemptuous treatment, and want of good care. (A Heyth.) A2: جَدِعَ, aor. جَدَعَ, (Msb,) inf. n. جَدَعٌ, (S, Msb, K,) He (a man) was, or became, mutilated, or maimed, by the cutting off of his nose, or his ear, (S, * Msb, K, *) or his hand or arm, or his lip, (S, K,) or the like: (TA:) or, accord. to some, you do not say جَدِعَ, but جُدِعَ: (TA:) and جَدِعَتِ الشَّاةُ The sheep, or goat, was, or became, mutilated by having its ears entirely cut off. (Msb.) b2: [Hence,] also, (S, K,) aor. as above, (K,) and so the inf. n., (S,) [as though meaning (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, injured;] (tropical:) he (a child) had bad food: (S, K, TA:) and he (a young weaned camel) had bad food: or was ridden while [too] young, and in consequence became weak. (TA.) 2 جدّعهُ, inf. n. تَجْدِيعٌ: see 1, in five places. b2: جَدَّعَهُ وَشَرَّاهُ (tropical:) He made him to experience evil treatment, and derided him; as when one cuts off the ear of his slave, and sells him. (TA.) A2: Also He said to him جَدْعًا لَكَ [explained above; see 1]. (S, K. *) [See also عَقَّرَهُ.]3 جادع, inf. n. مُجَادَعَةٌ (S, K) and جِدَاعٌ (K,) (tropical:) He reviled, being reviled by another, (K, * TA,) saying جَدْعًا لَكَ; as though each of them cut off the nose of the other: (TA:) and, (K,) or accord. to some, (TA,) (tropical:) he contended in an altercation; as also ↓ تجادع; (S, K, TA;) [but the latter is said of a number of persons &c.] Yousay, أَفَاعِيهَا ↓ تَرَكْتُ البِلَادَ تَجَادَعُ, (Th, S,) and ↓ تَجَدَّعُ also, (Th,) (tropical:) I left the countries with their vipers eating one another; (Th, S;) not meaning eating in reality, but rending in pieces, or mangling, one another: (Th:) and أَفَاعِيهَا ↓ عَامٌ تَجَدَّعُ, and ↓ تَجَادَعُ, (tropical:) A year in which the vipers eat one another, by reason of its severity. (Th.) 4 أَجْدَعَ see 1, in three places.5 تَجَدَّعَ see 3, in two places.6 تَجَاْدَعَ see 3, in three places.

جَدْعٌ What is cut off of the anterior parts of the nose, to its furthest, or uttermost, part: (As, TA:) an inf. n. used as a [proper] subst. (TA.) b2: جَدْعًا لَهُ : see 1.

A2: (tropical:) Unwholesomeness in herbage. (K.) جَدِعٌ (tropical:) A child having bad food; or fed on bad food: (S, K, TA:) pronounced by El-Mufaddal with ذ; but As repudiated to him this pronunciation; (S, TA:) and his objection was confirmed by a young man of the Benoo-Asad called in as an umpire. (TA.) جَدَعَةٌ What remains, of the nose, ear, hand or arm, or lip, after the cutting off [of the rest]: (S, K:) the place of the cutting off thereof; like عَرَجَةٌ from الأَعْرَجُ, and قَطَعَةٌ from الأَقْطَعُ. (TA.) جَدَاعِ (S, A, K, &c.) and جَدَاعٌ (K, TA) (tropical:) A year of drought; because it cuts off, or destroys, (تَجْدَعُ,) the herbage, and abases men: (A, TA:) or a severe, or calamitous, year, that destroys the camels or the like; (S, O, K;) or that destroys everything; as though it cut off its nose or the like. (L.) b2: See also جُدَاعٌ.

جُدَاعٌ (tropical:) Withered herbage: (S:) or herbage that is unwholesome to the feeder upon it: (K:) or tall, unwholesome, and withered. (TA.) b2: And hence, الجُدَاعُ signifies (tropical:) Death: (K, TA:) written by some ↓ الجَدَاعُ. (TA.) أَجْدَعُ Mutilated, or maimed, by having his nose cut off, or his ear, (S, Msb, K,) or his hand or arm, or his lip, (S, K,) or the like: (TA:) fem. جَدْعَآءُ: (S, Msb:) and the latter, applied to a she-camel, having the sixth part of her ear, or the fourth part of it, or more than that, to the half, cut off; and to a she-goat, having a third part, or more, of her ear cut off; or, accord. to IAmb, any ewe or she-goat having the ear lopped; (TA;) or a ewe or she-goat having her ear entirely cut off: (Mgh, Msb:) and ↓ مُجَدَّعٌ an ass having the ear cut off, (S,) or having the ears cut off. (K.) It is said in a prov., أَنْفُكَ مِنْكَ وَ إِنْ كَانَ

أَجْدَعَ [Thy nose is a part of thee though it be cut off]: applied with reference to him whose good and evil attaches to thee though he be not firmly connected with thee by relationship. (TA.) b2: الأَجْدَعُ one of the appellations applied to The devil. (Fr, K. *) مُجَدَّعٌ: see أَجْدَعٌ. b2: Also (assumed tropical:) A plant, or herbage, of which the upper part has been eaten: (S:) or of which the upper part and the sides have been partly cut off or eaten. (AHn.)
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