William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
654. جرز19 655. جرس19 656. جرش13 657. جرض9 658. جرع15 659. جرف18660. جرل9 661. جرم23 662. جرموق1 663. جرن19 664. جرو8 665. جرى7 666. جز5 667. جزأ12 668. جزر16 669. جزع17 670. جزف15 671. جزل14 672. جزم13 673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد14 677. جسر15 678. جسم15 679. جسو5 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب10 683. جشر14 684. جشع13 685. جشم14 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب13 690. جعد14 691. جعر16 692. جعس10 693. جعف9 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر15 701. جفل13 702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 709. جلسد4 710. جلف15 711. جلق8 712. جلم14 713. جلمح2 714. جلمد8 715. جلنار1 716. جله9 717. جلهق5 718. جلو10 719. جلى3 720. جم7 721. جمح16 722. جمد14 723. جمر18 724. جمز16 725. جمس17 726. جمش11 727. جمع20 728. جمل19 729. جمن12 730. جمهر14 731. جن6 732. جنأ10 733. جنب20 734. جنث6 735. جنح16 736. جند16 737. جندب4 738. جندر4 739. جندل7 740. جنز13 741. جنس15 742. جنف20 743. جنق4 744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17 749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 Prev. 100
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جرف

1 جَرَفَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَرُفَ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. جَرْفٌ (S, Msb, K) and جَرْفَةٌ, (Lh, K,) He took away, carried away, or removed, the whole of it, (S, Msb, K,) or the greater part of it, (S,) or much of it: (S, K:) and [in like manner ↓ جرّفهُ; for its inf. n.] تَجْرِيفٌ signifies the act of carrying away wholly: (KL:) and ↓ اجترفهُ he took the whole of it. (TA in art. جفت.) b2: Also, (inf. n. جَرْفٌ, TA,) He swept it away, namely, mud, (S, K,) from the surface of the earth; (TA;) and so ↓ جرّفهُ, (K,) inf. n. تَجْرِيفٌ; (TA;) and ↓ تجرّفهُ: (K:) or ↓ تَجْرِيفٌ signifies the act of clearing away mud or the like well; in Persian, نيك رنديدن: (KL: [Golius, app. misled by a mistranscription, has explained the verb, جرّف, as on the authority of the KL, by “ bene effudit: ”]) and الشَّىْءَ ↓ اجترف he swept away the thing (جَرَفَهُ) from the surface of the earth. (TA.) Yousay also, جَرَفَتْهُ السُّيُولُ, (Msb,) or ↓ جرّفتهُ, inf. n. تَجْرِيفٌ; (S;) and ↓ تجرّفتهُ; (S, K;) The torrents swept it away; (TA;) [or swept it partially away; or wore it away;] namely, a portion of land. (S, Msb, K. See جُرُفٌ.) And, of a death commonly prevailing, جَرَفَ النَّاسَ كَجَرْفِ السَّيْلِ (tropical:) [It swept away, or destroyed, men, like the sweeping away of the torrent]: (TA:) and ↓ يَجْتَرِفُ مَالَ القَوْمِ [It sweeps away, or destroys, the cattle of the people]. (S, TA.) b3: [He shovelled it, or scooped it, away, or up, or out.] You say, جَرَفَهُ بِكِلْتَا يَدَيْهِ [He scooped it up, or out, with both his hands]; i. e. something dry, as flour, and sand, and the like. (S in art. حفن.) b4: جُرِفَ It (herbage) was eaten up utterly. (TA.) 2 جرّفهُ, inf. n. تَجْرِيفٌ: see 1, in four places. b2: جرّفهُ الدَّهْرُ (assumed tropical:) Time, or fortune, or misfortune, destroyed, or exterminated, his property, or cattle, and reduced him to poverty. (TA.) A poet (of the Benoo-Teiyi, TA) says, فَإِنْ تَكُنِ الحَوَادِثُ جَرَّفَتْنِى

فَلَمْ أَرَ هَالِكًا كَابْنَىْ زِيَادِ (assumed tropical:) [And if misfortunes have destroyed my property, or cattle, and reduced me to poverty, I have not seen any one in a state of perdition like the two sons of Ziyád]. (S, TA.) 4 اجرف It (a place) was invaded by a torrent such as is termed جُرَاف. (K.) 5 تَجَرَّفَ see 1, in two places; and see جُرُفٌ.8 إِجْتَرَفَ see 1, in three places.

جُرْفٌ: see جُرُفٌ. b2: Also A smooth side of a mountain. (A boo-Kheyreh, K.) جِرْفٌ: see the next paragraph.

جُرُفٌ and ↓ جُرْفٌ, (S, Msb, K, &c.,) the latter a contraction of the former, (Msb,) [An abrupt, water-worn, bank or ridge;] a bank (جَانِبٌ Ksh and Jel in ix. 110) of a valley, the lower part of which is excavated by the water, and hollowed out by the torrents, so that it remains uncompact, unsound, or weak; (Ksh ib.;) a bank, or an acclivity, of a water-course of a valley and the like, when the water has carried away from its lower part, and undermined it, so that it has become like what is termed a دَحْل, with its upper part overhanging; (L;) a portion of land (or sand, S in art. تهر) which the torrents have partially swept away, or worn away, (↓ تَجَرَّفَتْهُ, S, K, or ↓ جَرَفَتْهُ, Msb,) and eaten; (S, Msb, K;) a portion of the lower part of the side of a valley, and of a river, eaten by the torrent; (M, TA;) the side of the bank of a river, that has been eaten by the water, so that some part of it every little while falls: (Har p. 47:) and the latter, [or each,] a place which the torrent does not take away; as also ↓ جِرْفٌ; (K;) [i. e. a bank, or ridge, that remains rising abruptly by the bed of a torrent or stream:] pl. [of pauc.] (of جُرُفٌ, TA) أَجْرَافٌ, (K,) like أَطْنَابٌ pl. of طُنُبٌ, (TA,) and [of mult.] (of جُرْفٌ, though it is implied in the K that it is of جُرُفٌ, TA) جِرَفَةٌ, like جِحَرَةٌ (S, K) pl. of جُحْرٌ, (S,) and جُرُوفٌ. (ISd, TA.) جُرَافٌ A torrent that carries away everything; (S, Msb;) i. q. جُحَافٌ applied to a torrent; as also ↓ جَوْرَفٌ; (K;) and ↓ جَارُوفٌ a torrent that sweeps away that by which it passes, by reason of its copiousness, carrying away everything, and so ↓ جَارِفٌ applied to rain. (TA.) b2: (tropical:) A very voracious man: (K, TA:) a man who devours all the food: (S:) one who eats vehemently, leaving nothing remaining. (M, TA.) b3: (tropical:) A man who marries much, or often, and is brisk, lively, sprightly, or active; as also ↓ جَارُوفٌ. (K, TA.) b4: (tropical:) A sword that sweeps away everything. (TA.) b5: (assumed tropical:) A sort of measure of capacity; as also ↓ جِرَافٌ: (S, K:) a certain large measure of capacity. (ISk, TA.) جِرَافٌ: see what next precedes.

نَيْطَلٌ جَرُوفٌ [A capacious bucket: see 3 in art. نهز]. (S in art. نهز.) جُرَّافَةٌ: see مِجْرَفَةٌ.

جَارِفٌ: see جُرَافٌ. b2: Also (tropical:) A death commonly, or generally, prevailing, (S, K, TA,) that sweeps away, or destroys, (يَجْتَرِفُ,) the cattle of the people. (S, TA.) And (assumed tropical:) Plague, or pestilence. (K.) الجَارِفُ means (assumed tropical:) A plague, or pestilence, that happened in the time of Ibn-Ez-Zubeyr; (S;) or, as Lth says, الطَّاعُونُ الجَارِفُ means the plague, or pestilence, that befel the people of El-'Irák [in the year of the Flight 69], spreading wide, and sweeping away the people like the sweeping away of the torrent. (TA.) And (tropical:) Evil fortune, or an affliction, that sweeps away, or destroys, (Lth, K, TA,) a people, (K,) or the cattle of a people. (Lth, TA.) جَوْرَفٌ: see جُرَافٌ. b2: Hence, as being likened to the torrent thus termed, (TA,) (tropical:) A quick, or swift, بِرْذَون [or hack, &c.]. (K.) And (tropical:) An ass; [app. meaning a wild ass, because of his swiftness.] (Sgh, K.) And, accord. to some, A male ostrich: (as in the K:) but this is a mistranscription for جَوْرَقٌ, with ق. (Abu-l-' Abbás, T, Sgh, L, TA.) جَارُوفٌ: see جُرَافٌ, in two places. b2: Also (tropical:) Greedy; having an inordinate desire, or appetite, for food. (K, TA.) b3: And An (tropical:) unfortunate man. (K, * TA.) مِجْرَفٌ: see مِجْرَفَةٌ. b2: [Hence,] بَنَانٌ مِجْرَفٌ [Fingers, or fingers' ends,] that take much food. (IAar, TA.) مِجْرَفَةٌ A broom, or besom; (K;) a thing with which mud is swept away from the surface of the ground: (S, * TA:) [applied in the present day to a shovel: and a hoe: and a rake:] as also ↓ مِجْرَفٌ: vulgarly, ↓ جُرَّافَةٌ; [now applied by many to a drag for dragging rivers &c.;] of which the pl. is جَرَارِيفُ. (TA.) مُجَرَّفٌ (tropical:) A man who has had his property, or or cattle, destroyed, or exterminated, and who has been reduced to poverty, by time, or fortune, or misfortune. (TA.) مُجَرِّفٌ (tropical:) Lean, or emaciated. (M, TA.) [See what next follows.]

مُتَجَرِّفٌ (tropical:) A ram whose general fatness has gone; (Ibn-'Abbád, K;) and so a camel. (TA.) b2: Lean, or emaciated; as also مُتَجَلِّفٌ. (TA in art. جلف.) You say, جَآءَ مُتَجَرِّفًا (tropical:) He (a man, Ibn-'Abbád, TA) came in a lean and lax state (هَزِيلًا مُضْطَرِبًا). (Ibn-'Abbád, K.)
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