William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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جرى

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جر

ى1 جَرَى, said of water (S, Mgh, Msb) &c., (S,) or of water and the like, (K,) more properly thus, as in the K, aor. جَرِىَ, (TA,) inf. n. جَرْىٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جَرَيَانٌ (S, K) and جِرْيَةٌ, (S, * Msb, K,) [which last see below,] It ran, or passed along quickly; originally said of water: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or it flowed;; syn. سَالَ; contr. of وَقَفَ and سَكَنَ. (Msb.) b2: Said also of farina, in the phrase جَرَى الدَّقِيقُ فِى السُّنْبُلِ [The farina pervaded the ears of wheat]. (L in art. قمح.) b3: And of a horse (Mgh, Msb, K) and the like, (Msb, K,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. جَرْىٌ (Msb, K) and جَرَيَانٌ (Msb) and جِرَآءٌ (Lth, K) and مَجْرًى, (S,) [He ran;] from the same verb said of water. (Mgh) b4: And of a ship: you say, جَرَتِ السَّفِينَةٌ, (S, TA,) inf. n. جَرْىٌ (TA) and مَجْرًى, (S, K,) [The ship ran.] b5: And of the sun, and a star: you say, جَرَتِ الشَّمْسُ, aor. جَرِىَ, inf. n. جَرْىٌ, [The sun pursued its course:] and جَرَتِ النُّجُومُ The stars travelled, or passed along, from east to west. (TA.) b6: جَرَى إِلَى كَذَا, (Msb, and Har p. 152,) inf. n. جَرْىٌ and جِرَآءٌ; (Msb;) and إِلَيْهِ ↓ اجرى, inf. n. إِجْرَآءٌ; (Ham p. 224, and Har p. 152;) He betook, or directed, himself to such a thing; made it his object; aimed at it; intended, or purposed, it: (Msb, and Har ubi suprà:) and he hastened to it: (Msb:) but in the latter phrase, an objective complement is understood; and it is used in relation to something disapproved, or disliked; (Ham and Har;) properly, اجرى فِعْلَهُ إِلَيْه, (Ham,) or اجرى فِعْلَهُ بِالقَصْدِ إِلَيْهِ. (Har.) b7: Hence, perhaps, the saying, جَرَى الخِلَافُ فِى كَذَا (tropical:) [frequently used as meaning A controversy ran, or ran on, respecting such a thing between such and such persons]. (Msb.) b8: جَرَى لَهُ الشَّىْءُ, (Sh, TA,) and جَرَى عَلَيْهِ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) The thing was permanent, or continued, to him. (Sh, TA.) [And, more commonly, (assumed tropical:) The thing happened, or occurred, to him. Whence, ↓ مَاجَرَيَاتٌ, as pl. of مَاجَرَى, used as a single word, by late writers, meaning (assumed tropical:) Events, or occurrences.] b9: هُوَ يَجْرِى مَجْرَاهُ (assumed tropical:) It is like it, or similar to it, in state, condition, case, or predicament. (TA.) [It (a word or phrase) follows the same rule or rules, or occupies the same grammatical place, as it (another word or phrase). And similar to this is the saying,] مُجَارَاةَ المَبِيعِ ↓ الدَّيْنُ وَالرَّهْنُ يَتَجَارَيَانِ والثَّمَنِ (assumed tropical:) [The debt and the pledge are subject to the same laws as the thing sold and the price]. (Mgh.) b10: [Also (assumed tropical:) It acts as, or in a similar manner to, it: and (assumed tropical:) he acts in his stead: see جَرِىٌّ. Hence the phrase, جَرَى مِنْهُ مَجْرَى كَذَا (assumed tropical:) It acted upon him, or affected him, like, or in a similar manner to, such a thing: as in the prov.,] جَرَى مِنْهُ مَجْرَى اللَّدُودِ (assumed tropical:) [It acted upon him, or affected him, like, or similarly to, the medicine, or draught, called لدود: منه here having the meaning of فِيهِ]. (ISk, S in art. لد.) b11: [One says, also, of an inf. n., and of a part. n., that is regularly formed, يَجْرِى عَلَى الفِعْلِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) It is conformable to the verb.]2 جرّى He sent a deputy, or commissioned agent; as also ↓ اجِرى. (K.) And جرّى جَرِيًّا He made, or appointed, a deputy, or commissioned agent; (ISk, S, * TA;) as also ↓ استجراهُ. (S, * TA.) Hence the trad., (TA,) ↓ لَا يَسْتَجْرِيَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطِانُ (S, TA) By no means let the Devil make you his followers and his commissioned agents. (TA.) You say also, فِى حَاجَتِهِ ↓ اجراهُ [He sent him to accomplish his needful affair]. (TA.) 3 جاراهُ, inf. n. مُجَارَاةٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جِرَآءٌ, (S, K,) He ran with him. (S, Mgh, Msb, K.) You say, جَارَيْتُهُ حَتَّى فُتُّهُ I ran with him until I passed beyond him, or outwent him. (TA in art. فوت.) b2: [He vied, contended, or competed, with him in running: and hence, (assumed tropical:) in any affair; like سَايَرَهُ.] You say, جاراهُ فِى كَذَا وَفَعَلَ مِثْلَ فِعْلِهِ (assumed tropical:) [He vied, contended, or competed, with him in such an affair, and did like as he did]. (Mgh in art. فوض.) And جاراهُ فِى الحَدِيثِ (assumed tropical:) [He vied, contended, or competed, with him in discourse]. (S.) And جَارَوْا فِى الحَدِيثِ (TA) and ↓ تَجَارَوْا فِيهِ (S, TA) (assumed tropical:) [They vied, contended, or competed, one with another, in discourse]. And it is said in a trad., مَنْ طَلَبَ العِلْمَ لِيُجَارِىَ بِهِ العُلَمَآءَ (assumed tropical:) He who seeks knowledge in order that he may run [i. e. vie] with the learned in discussion and disputation, to show his knowledge to others, to be seen and heard. (TA.) And in another trad., لَا تُجَارِ أَخَاكَ وَلَا تُشَارِهِ وَلَا تُمَارِهِ (assumed tropical:) [Contend not for superiority with thy brother, (so explained in the TA, voce جَارَّ, in art. جر,) nor dispute with him, nor wrangle with him]: (El-Jámi'-es- Sagheer:) or, as some relate it, لَا تُجَارِّ أَخَاكَ وَلَا تُشَارِّهِ. (TA in art. جر, q. v.) 4 اجراهُ He made it to run; (S, K, * TA;) said of water &c., (S,) or of water and the like. (K, * TA.) [Hence, اجرى دَمْعًا, or دُمُوعًا, He shed tears.] b2: Also He made him to run; namely, a horse (Mgh, Msb, K *) and the like: (Msb, K: *) in which sense مُجْرًى [as well as إِجْرَآءٌ] is used as an inf. n. (S.) b3: اجرى السَّفِينَةَ [He made the ship to run]: (S:) in this sense, also, مُجْرًى [as well as إِجْرَآءٌ] is used as an inf. n. (S, K.) b4: اجرى as syn. with جرّى; and اجراهُ فِى حَاجَتِهِ: see 2. b5: اجرى إِلَيْهِ: see 1. b6: أَجْرَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ [and لَهُ] (assumed tropical:) I made a thing permanent, or continual, to him. (IAar, TA.) [And hence, both of these phrases, in the present day, (assumed tropical:) I made him, or appointed him, a permanent, or regular, allowance of bread &c.; I provided for him, or maintained him.] b7: [اجراهُ مُجْرَى كَذَا (assumed tropical:) He made it to be like, or similar to, such a thing in state, condition, case, or predicament. (assumed tropical:) He made it (a word or phrase) to follow the same rule or rules, or to occupy the same grammatical place, as such another. (assumed tropical:) He made it to act as, or in a similar manner to, such a thing.] b8: [Hence,] اِسْمٌ لَا يَجْرَى i. q. لَا يَنْصَرِفُ (assumed tropical:) [A noun that is imperfectly declinable]. (TA in art. صمت, &c.) A2: أَجْرَتْ said of a herb, or leguminous plant, (بَقْلَةٌ,) mentioned in this art. in the K: see art. جرو.6 تَجَارَوْا فِى الحَدِيثِ: see 3. Hence, in a trad., تَتَجَارَى بِهِمُ الأَهْوَآءُ (assumed tropical:) [Natural desires, or blamable inclinations, or erroneous opinions, contend with them for the mastery: or] they vie, or compete, one with another, in natural desires, &c. (TA.) A2: See also 1.10 استجراهُ He demanded, or desired, that he should run. (TA.) b2: See also 2, in two places.

لَا جَرَ and لَا ذَا جَرَ, for لَا جَرَمَ and لَا ذَا جَرَمَ: see art. جرم.

جُرَةٌ and ↓ جَرَايَةٌ: see 1 in art. جرإ.

جَرًى: see جَرَأءٌ

A2: فَعَلْتُهُ مِنْ جَرَاكَ, and من ↓ جَرَائِكَ, I did it because of thee, or of thine act; on thine account; or for thy sake; i. q. من أَجْلِكَ; like من جَرَّاكَ [which see in art. جر]. (S, K.) جِرْيَةٌ i. q. جَرْىٌ as inf. n. of جَرَى said of water (Msb, K) and the like: (K:) and also A mode, or manner, of running [thereof]. (TA.) Yousay, مَا أَشَدَّ جِرْيَةَ هٰذَا المَآءِ [How vehement is the running, or manner of running, of this water!]. (S.) جَرَآءٌ and ↓ جِرَآءٌ (S, K) and ↓ جَرًى (K) and ↓ جَرَايَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ جَرَائِيَةٌ (IAar, K, TA, [in the CK جِرَايَةٌ]) Girlhood; the state of a جَارِيَة. (S, K.) One says, كَانَ ذٰلِكَ فِى أَيَّامِ جَرَائِهَا That was in the days of her girlhood. (S.) A2: فَعَلْتُهُ مِنْ جَرَائِكَ: see جَرَى.

جِرَآءٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

جَرِىٌّ A commissioned agent; a factor; a deputy: (S, Mgh, K:) because he runs in the affairs of him who appoints him, (Mgh,) or acts in his stead (يَجْرِى مَجْرَاهُ): (S, Mgh:) [in this and other senses following] used alike as sing. and pl., and also as [masc. and] fem.: (K:) but sometimes, though rarely, جَرِيَّةٌ is used for the fem., accord. to AHát; and accord. to J [in the S, and Mtr in the Mgh], it has أَجْرِيَآءُ for its pl. (TA.) And A messenger, or person sent, (S, K,) that runs in an affair. (TA.) But accord. to Er-Rághib, it is weaker [in signification, or in point of chasteness,] than رَسُولٌ and وَكِيلٌ [which are given as its syns. in the S and K]. (TA.) b2: A servant. (TA.) b3: A hired man; a hireling. (Kr, K.) b4: A surety; a guarantee; one who is responsible, accountable, or answerable, for another. (IAar, K.) A2: The word signifying “ bold,” or “ daring,” is جَرِىْءٌ, with ء. (S.) جَرَايَةٌ: see جِرَايَةٌ: A2: and جَرَآءٌ: A3: and جُرَةٌ.

جِرَايَةٌ The office of a جَرِىّ, i. e. a commissioned agent, factor, or deputy; (S, K;) and of a messenger: (S:) as also ↓ جَرَايَةٌ. (TA.) A2: A running [or permanent] daily allowance of food or the like. (S, TA.) [Hence, in the present day, خُبْزُ جِرَايَةٍ Bread made of inferior flour, for servants and other dependants.]

جَرَائِيَةٌ: see جَرَآءٌ جِرِيَّآءُ: see إِجْرِيَّا جِرِّىٌّ [The eel;] a certain fish, well known. (K: mentioned also in art. جر, q. v.) جِرِّيَّةٌ, like قِرِّيَّةٌ, (S,) The stomach, or triple stomach, or the crop, or craw, of a bird; syn. حَوْصَلَةٌ: (S, K: mentioned also in art. جر, q. v.:) so called because the food at the last runs into it, or because it is the channel through which the food runs: (Er-Rághib, TA:) thus pronounced by Fr, and by Th on the authority of Ibn-Nejdeh, without ء: by Ibn-Háni, [جِرِّيْئَةٌ,] with ء, on the authority of AZ. (TA.) جَارٍ applied to water [and the like], [Running, or flowing, or] pressing forward, in a downward and in a level course. (Msb.) b2: Also, [as meaning Running,] applied to a horse and the like. (Msb.) b3: صَدَقَةٌ جَارِيَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A permanent, continuous, charitable donation; such as the unalienable legacies provided for various benevolent purposes. (TA.) جَارِيَةٌ A ship; (S, Msb, K;) because of its running upon the sea: (Msb:) an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates: pl. جَوَارٍ (TA.) b2: The sun; (K;) because of its running from region to region: (TA:) or the sun's disk in the sky. (T, TA.) And الجَوَارِى

الكُنَّسُ The stars. (TA. [But see art. كنس.]) b3: The wind: pl. as above. (TA.) b4: A girl, or young woman; (S, * Mgh, Msb, * K;) a female of which the male is termed غُلَامٌ; so called because of her activity and running; opposed to عَجُوزٌ: (Mgh:) and (tropical:) a female slave; (Mgh voce غُلَامٌ;) [in this sense] applied even to one who is an old woman, unable to work, or to employ herself actively; alluding to what she was: (Msb:) pl. as above. (Msb, K.) b5: (assumed tropical:) The eye of any animal. (TA.) b6: (assumed tropical:) A benefit, favour, boon, or blessing, bestowed by God (K, TA) upon his servants. (TA.) إِجْرِىٌّ A kind of running: pl. أَجَارِىُّ. (TA.) You say فَرَسٌ ذُوأَجَارِىَّ A horse that has several kinds of running. (TA.) b2: See also إِجْرِيَّا.

إِجْرِيَّةٌ: see what next follows.

إِجْرِيَاهُ: see what next follows.

إِجْرِيَّا The act of running: (S, and so in some copies of the K: [in this sense, erroneously said in the TA to be بتخفيف:]) or ↓ إِجْرِىٌّ. (So in this sense in some copies of the K.) b2: Also, (S, K,) and ↓ إِجْرِيَّآءُ, (K,) (assumed tropical:) A custom, or habit, (S,) or manner, (K,) that one adopts (S, K) and follows; (K;) [like هِجْرِيَّا &c.;] and so ↓ إِجْرِيَآءُ without teshdeed: (TA:) and (assumed tropical:) nature, constitution, or natural disposition; [in the CK, الخَلْقُ is erroneously put for الخُلُقُ;] as also ↓ جِرِيَّآءُ and ↓ إِجْرِيَّةٌ. (K.) One says, الكَرَمُ مِنْ إِجرِيَّاهُ and ↓ من إِجْرِيَّائِهِ (assumed tropical:) Generosity is [a quality] of his nature, &c. (Lh, TA.) إِجْرِيَّآءُ: see what next precedes, in two places.

مَجْرًى [A place, and a time, of running, &c.]. The channel of a river [and of a torrent &c.: a conduit; a duct; any passage through which a fluid runs: pl. مَجَارٍ]. (TA.) b2: Also an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (S, K, &c.) مُجْرٍ [Making to run]. It is said in a prov., كُلُّ مُجْرٍ فِى الخَلَآءِ يُسَرُّ [Every one who makes his horse to run in the solitary place rejoices, because no one can contradict his account of his horse's fleetness]. (Mgh.) [See Freytag's Arab. Prov., ii. 315 and 316, where two other readings are added: كلّ مجر بِخَلَآءٍ مُجِيدٌ, i. e., is possessor of a fleet horse; and كلّ مجر بِخَلَآءٍ سَابِقٌ, i. e., is one who outstrips.]

مَاجَرَيَاتٌ: see 1.
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