William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
667. جزأ12 668. جزر16 669. جزع17 670. جزف15 671. جزل14 672. جزم13673. جزى8 674. جس4 675. جسأ8 676. جسد14 677. جسر15 678. جسم15 679. جسو5 680. جش5 681. جشأ13 682. جشب10 683. جشر14 684. جشع13 685. جشم14 686. جشن8 687. جص4 688. جظ3 689. جعب13 690. جعد14 691. جعر16 692. جعس10 693. جعف9 694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر15 701. جفل13 702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 709. جلسد4 710. جلف15 711. جلق8 712. جلم14 713. جلمح2 714. جلمد8 715. جلنار1 716. جله9 717. جلهق5 718. جلو10 719. جلى3 720. جم7 721. جمح16 722. جمد14 723. جمر18 724. جمز16 725. جمس17 726. جمش11 727. جمع20 728. جمل19 729. جمن12 730. جمهر14 731. جن6 732. جنأ10 733. جنب20 734. جنث6 735. جنح16 736. جند16 737. جندب4 738. جندر4 739. جندل7 740. جنز13 741. جنس15 742. جنف20 743. جنق4 744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17 749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب19 759. جوح16 760. جود16 761. جوذاب1 762. جور16 763. جوز16 764. جوس13 765. جوسق2 766. جوش9 Prev. 100
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جزم

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جزم

1 جَزَمَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَزِمَ (Msb, K,) inf. n. جَزْمٌ, (Msb,) He cut it, or cut it off; (S, Msb, K) namely, a thing: (Msb:) [like جَرَمَهُ &c.]

b2: جَزَمَ النَّخْلَ He cut off the fruit of the palmtrees: (Msb:) [like جَرَمَ النخل: but see another explanation, below.] And جَزَمَ مِنَ النَّخْلَةِ جِزْمًا [He cut off a portion of the fruit from the palmtree]. (TA.) b3: جَزَمَ الحَرْفَ, (S, ISd, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (TA,) and so the inf. n., (S,) He made the letter quiescent; (S, ISd, Msb, K;) i.e., the final letter of a declinable word; (S, ISd, Msb;) he cut it off from motion: (Msb:) or as though he cut off from it declinability: (Mbr, TA:) from جَزَمَ in the first of the senses explained above: جَزْمٌ in a declinable word being like سُكُونٌ in an indeclinable word. (S.) It is said in a trad. of En-Nakha'ee, التَّكْبِيرُ جَزْمٌ والتَّسْلِيمُ جَزْمٌ, meaning that neither should be prolonged in utterance, and that the last letter in each should be without a case-ending, i.e., be quiescent; so that one should not say [in prayer] اَللّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ [nor السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ, but أَكْبَرْ in the former instance, and اللّٰهْ in the latter]: or, accord. to Z, that one should not exceed the due bounds in the pronunciation of the hemzeh and the medd: (TA:) or that one should abstain from giving fulness and depth to the sound of the vowel, and should elide it entirely in the places of pausing, and avoid excess in the pronunciation of the hemzeh and the medd. (Mgh.) b4: جَزَمَ عَلَى فُلَانٍ كَذَا وَكَذَا, He made such and such things to be binding, or obligatory, on such a one. (K.) and جَزَمَ اليَمِينَ, (K,) inf.n. as above, (TA,) i. q. أَمْضَاهَا; (K) i. e., He made the oath to be unconditional, without exception, absolutely or decidedly or irreversibly binding; (TK;) أَمْضَاهَا البَتَّةَ. (TA.) One says also, حَلَفَ يَمِينًا حَتْمًا جَزْمًا [He swore an oath in an absolute, a decided, or an irreversible, manner]. (TA.) And جَزَمَ الأَمْرَ, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He decided the affair irreversibly. (K.) And جَزَمْتُ مَا بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَهُ I decided the matter between me and him. (TA.) And أَفْعَلُ ذٰلِكَ جَزْمًا I will do that decidedly; without any indulgence therein. (Msb.) and جَزَمَ بِهِ [He asserted it decisively]. (TA passim.) And جَزَمَ عَلَى الأَمْرِ He decided, or determined, upon, or upon doing, the thing, or affair. (TA.) b5: Also, this last phrase, He was silent respecting the affair; and so ↓جزّم. (K,* TA.) b6: and جَزَمَ عَنْهُ He held back, or refrained, from it through cowardice; and was unable to do it; and so ↓جزّم: (K:) or القَوْمُ ↓جزّم the people lacked power or ability. (S) b7: جَزَمَ البَعِيرُ فَمَا يَبْرَحُ [app., The camel stopped, and would not quit his place]. (TA: but the verb جزم is there without any syll. sign.) A2: جَزَمَ النَّخْلَ, (A'Obeyd, S, K,) inf. n. as above; (TA;) and ↓اجتزمهُ; (K; and the act. part. n. of the latter is also mentioned in the S;) like جَرَمَهُ (S) [and اجترمهُ]; He computed by conjecture the quantity of fruit upon the palm-trees. (A'Obeyd, S, K.) b2: And جَزْمٌ also signifies The selling, or buying, fruit [by conjecture, while yet in a rudimental state,] in its calyxes, for money. (IAar, TA.) A3: Also جَزَمَ (S, K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He filled a skin; (S, K;) and so ↓جزّم, (S, *K,) inf. n. تَجْزِيمٌ (S.) b2: جَزَمَتِ الإِبِلُ, (Fr, K,) inf. n. as above, (Fr, TA,) The camels satisfied their thirst [as though they filled themselves] with water. (Fr, K.)b3: And جَزَمَ, (IAar, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (IAar, TA,) He ate one meal and was filled thereby: (IAar, K) or he ate one meal in every day and night. (Th, K.) A4: جَزَمَ القِرَآءَةَ, (Lth, K,) inf. n. as above, (Lth, TA,) He performed the reading, or recitation, so as to put the letters in their proper places, in a distinct, or perspicuous, and leisurely, manner. (Lth, K.) b2: And جَزْمٌ in writing means The making the letters even. (K.) A5: جَزَمَ بِسَلْحِهِ He voided part of his excrement, part thereof remaining: or he cast forth his excrement. (K.) 2 جَزَّمَ see 1, in four places.4 اجزم نَخْلَهُ He sold his palm-trees. (TA.) 5 تجزّمتِ العَصَا The staff became split or cracked. (K.) 7 انجزم [It became cut, or cut off. b2: and hence,] It (the final letter of a declinable word) became, or was made, quiescent. (S, TA.) b3: It (a bone) broke, or became broken. (K.) 8 إِجْتَزَمَ see 1. b2: اجتزم جِزْمَةً مِنَ المَالِ He took a portion of the cattle, or property, and left a portion. (K.) b3: اجتزم حَظِيرَتَهُ He bought his حظيرة [or enclosure for camels &c.]: (AHn, K:) of the dial. of El-Yemámeh. (AHn, TA.) b4: اجتزم النَّخْلَةَ He bought the fruit, only, of the palm-tree: and اجتزم نَخْلَ فُلَانٍ he bought the palm-trees of such a one. (TA.) جَزْمٌ [an inf.n. (see 1) used as an epithet]. Yousay حُكْمٌ جَزْمٌ An indissoluble and irreversible decree or ordinance, or sentence; like قَضَآءٌ حَتْمٌ. (Msb.) b2: A reed-pen (قَلَمٌ) having the nib evenly, not obliquely, cut. (S,* K, TA.) b3: The modern Arabic character, (S, K,) composed of the letters of the alphabet: (K:) accord. to AHát, (TA,) so called because it was cut off from the character of Himyer, (K, TA,) i.e., the مُسْنَد, which they have still in El-Yemen. (TA.) A2: A thing that is stuffed into a she-camel's vulva, (El-Umawee, S, K,) that she may think it to be her young one, [when it is taken forth,] and incline to it, [and therefore yield her milk;] like the دُرْجَة [q. v.]. (El-Umawee, S.) A3: A thing, or an event, that comes before its time, or season: (K:) that which comes in its time, or season, is termed وَزْمٌ. (TA.) جِزْمٌ A portion, share, or lot, (K,) of palmtrees (TA) [and app. of the fruit of a palm-tree, &c.: see 1, third sentence].

جَزْمَةٌ [The sign that is written over the final letter of a declinable word when it is quiescent].

A2: A single act of eating. (S.) جِزْمَةٌ A hundred [head] of cattle, and upwards: or from ten to forty: (K:) or it is peculiarly of camels; like صِرْمَةٌ: (TA:) or such a portion as is termed صِرْمَة of camels; and such as is termed فِرْقَة of sheep. (S, K.) [See also 8.]

جَازِمٌ A full water-skin or milk-skin; as also ↓مِجْزَمٌ: (K,* TA:) and [the pl.] جَوَازِمُ filled milk-skins. (K.) b2: Also, applied to a camel, and جَوَازِمُ applied to camels, Satisfied with water. (K.) مِجْزَمٌ: see جَازِمٌ مَجْزُومٌ [Cut, or cut off. b2: And hence,] applied to the final letter of a declinable word, Made quiescent. (TA.)
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