William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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694. جعفد2 695. جعفر6 696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12700. جفر15 701. جفل13 702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 709. جلسد4 710. جلف15 711. جلق8 712. جلم14 713. جلمح2 714. جلمد8 715. جلنار1 716. جله9 717. جلهق5 718. جلو10 719. جلى3 720. جم7 721. جمح16 722. جمد14 723. جمر18 724. جمز16 725. جمس17 726. جمش11 727. جمع20 728. جمل19 729. جمن12 730. جمهر14 731. جن6 732. جنأ10 733. جنب20 734. جنث6 735. جنح16 736. جند16 737. جندب4 738. جندر4 739. جندل7 740. جنز13 741. جنس15 742. جنف20 743. جنق4 744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17 749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب19 759. جوح16 760. جود16 761. جوذاب1 762. جور16 763. جوز16 764. جوس13 765. جوسق2 766. جوش9 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16 769. جوف16 770. جول16 771. جوم5 772. جون13 773. جوه9 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب11 779. جيح7 780. جيد11 781. جير11 782. جيش11 783. جيع1 784. جيف16 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح9 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر18 793. حبس17 Prev. 100





جَفَأَ, (S, K,) aor. جَفَاَ, (K,) inf. n. جَفْءٌ, (S,) It (a valley [flowing with water]) cast forth froth, or foam, (S, K,) and particles of rubbish or refuse; (S;) as also ↓ اجفأ; (K;) but this latter is said in the O to be of weak authority. (TA.) And جَفَأَتِ القِدْرُ, and ↓ اجفأت, The cooking-pot cast forth its froth, or foam, (S, K,) in boiling: (S:) or جفأت بِزَبَدِهَا it cast forth its froth, or foam: (Ham p. 132:) originally جَفَت and اجفت, without ء. (Er-Rághib, TA in art. جفو.) A2: جَفَأَ الوَادِى, (K,) or جَفَأَ الغُثَآءَ عَنِ الوَادِى, (IAar, O,) He (a man, IAar, O) swept off the scum and rubbish of the valley [after it had flowed, or while it was flowing, with water]. (IAar, O, K.) And جَفَأَ القِدْرَ He cleared off the froth, or foam, of the cooking-pot. (K, TA.) b2: Also جَفَأَ القِدْرَ, (S, Z in the Fáïk, TA,) inf. n. as above; (S, TA;) and ↓ أَجْفَأَهَاس; (Z ubi suprà, TA;) but the former is that which is commonly known; (ISd, TA;) the latter is rare; (IAth, TA:) or the latter should not be said, though it occurs in a trad., (S, TA, *) accord. to one relation; (TA;) He turned the cooking-pot upsidedown, or inclined it, (S, Z ubi suprà, TA,) and poured out what was in it: (S:) or he emptied the cooking-pot, and turned it upside-down: (TA:) and جَفَأَ البُرْمَةَ فِى القَصْعَةِ He turned the cookingpot upside-down upon the bowl. (K.) b3: جَفَأَهُ, (S, K,) [like حَفَأَهُ,] and جَفَأَ بِهِ الأَرْضَ, (TA,) He threw him down, or prostrated him, on the ground: (S, K, TA;) namely, a man: (S:) and بِهِ ↓ اجفأ [signifies the same; or] he threw him, or it, (K, TA,) on the ground. (TA.) b4: See also 8.4 أَجْفَاَ see 1, in four places.8 اجتفأ He pulled, or plucked, up, or out, or he uprooted, (S, K,) and threw down, or away, a thing, (S,) or plants, or herbs, such as are termed بَقْل, (K,) and trees; (TA;) [but see احتفى;] as also ↓ جَفَأَ, (K,) aor. and inf. n. as above: (TA:) [or] both signify he cut a plant, or herb. (IAar, Nh.) جُفَآءٌ What is cast forth [of froth, or foam, and particles of rubbish or refuse, (see 1,)] by a torrent: (ISk, S:) the froth, or foam, cast forth by a valley [flowing with water]; and by a cooking-pot, (K, TA,) in boiling. (TA.) b2: Hence, as being likened to the froth, or foam, of the cooking-pot, of which no use is made, (Fr, TA,) i. q. بَاطِلٌ [meaning A thing that is worthless, useless, or unprofitable]. (Fr, K, TA.) It is said in the Kur [xiii. 18], فَأَمَّا الزَّبَدُ فَيَذْهَبُ جُفَآءً, meaning بَاطِلًا [i. e. Now as to the froth, or scum, it passeth away as a thing that is worthless, or useless, or unprofitable], (Fr, S, Jel, TA,) and thrown away. (Jel.) You say also, ذَهَبَ الزَّبَدُ جُفَآءً, meaning [The froth, or scum, passed away] driven from its water. (TA.) b3: جُفَآءٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ, occurring in a trad., is explained by IAth as meaning The first, or foremost, of the men or people (سَرَعَانُهُمْ): but Bkh and Muslim read (instead of جفاء) أَخِفَّآءُ, pl. of خَفِيفٌ. (TA.) A2: Also, [like جُفَايَةٌ,] An empty ship. (O, K.)
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