William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
696. جعل16 697. جعمس4 698. جف5 699. جفأ12 700. جفر15 701. جفل13702. جفن15 703. جفو10 704. جل5 705. جلب20 706. جلح16 707. جلد16 708. جلس14 709. جلسد4 710. جلف15 711. جلق8 712. جلم14 713. جلمح2 714. جلمد8 715. جلنار1 716. جله9 717. جلهق5 718. جلو10 719. جلى3 720. جم7 721. جمح16 722. جمد14 723. جمر18 724. جمز16 725. جمس17 726. جمش11 727. جمع20 728. جمل19 729. جمن12 730. جمهر14 731. جن6 732. جنأ10 733. جنب20 734. جنث6 735. جنح16 736. جند16 737. جندب4 738. جندر4 739. جندل7 740. جنز13 741. جنس15 742. جنف20 743. جنق4 744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17 749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب19 759. جوح16 760. جود16 761. جوذاب1 762. جور16 763. جوز16 764. جوس13 765. جوسق2 766. جوش9 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16 769. جوف16 770. جول16 771. جوم5 772. جون13 773. جوه9 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب11 779. جيح7 780. جيد11 781. جير11 782. جيش11 783. جيع1 784. جيف16 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح9 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر18 793. حبس17 794. حبش16 795. حبط14 Prev. 100




1 جَفَلَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَفِلَ and جَفُلَ, inf. n. جَفْلٌ (Msb) and جُفُولٌ, (Msb, K,) He (a camel) took fright, or shied, and fled, or ran away at random; or became refractory, and went away at random; or ran away, or broke loose, and went hither and thither by reason of his sprightliness: and ↓ اجفل he (a bird) took fright, and flew away; or became scared away: (Msb:) or the former, he (an ostrich, K) hastened, or sped, (S, K,) in his pace, (TA,) and went away in the land, or country; as also ↓ اجفل; (IDrd, K;) both, said of an ostrich, mean he spread his wings, running; (Ham p. 555;) or spread his wings, and ran quickly, or went away at random and swiftly: (TA:) or جَفَلَتِ النَّعَامَةُ means the ostrich fled: (Msb:) and عَنْهُ ↓ اجفل, said of anything, he fled from it: (TA, Ham p. 555:) and جَفَلُوا, aor. جَفُلَ, inf. n. جَفْلٌ; (Msb;) and ↓ اجفلوا (S, Msb) and ↓ انجفلوا and ↓ تجفّلوا; (Msb;) they (a company of men) fled quickly; (S, Msb;) or the second (K) and third (S, K) signify they became displaced, (S, K, TA,) and quickly defeated, (TA,) and went away; (S, K, TA;) or these two and the fourth, (TA,) or all the four, (Har p. 373,) they hastened in defeat and flight: (TA, and Har ubi suprà:) and جَفَلَتِ الرِّيحُ, (K,) and ↓ اجفلت, (S, K,) the wind was swift (S, K, TA) in blowing. (TA.) b2: جَفَلَ, inf. n. جُفُولٌ, (tropical:) It (hair) became shaggy, or dishevelled, and frouzy, or altered in smell, in consequence of its being seldom dressed; or dusty and matted, by reason of its being seldom anointed; (K, TA;) and became raised and spread. (TA.) A2: جَفَلَ is also trans., signifying He made a bird to take fright, and fly away; or he scared it away: its quasi-pass. is ↓ اجفل [explained above]; the reverse of the rule commonly obtaining: (Msb:) or the former verb, as in the O; not the latter, as in the K; he made a male ostrich to hasten, or speed, in his pace, and to go away in the land, or country; or made him to spread his wings, and run quickly, or go away at random and swiftly: (TA:) and ↓ جفّل he, or it, made an animal, or animals, to take fright, and flee, or run away at random; or scared away it, or them: (TA:) [and, app., he frightened; تَجْفِيلٌ being also said in the TA to be syn. with تَفْرِيعٌ, which, I think, is evidently a mistranscription for تَفْزِيعٌ.] You say, القَنَّاصُ الوَحْشَ ↓ جفّل [The sportsman scared away the wild animals]. (TA.) And عَنْ مَرَاكِزِهِمْ ↓ أَتَوْهُمْ فَجَفَّلُوهُمْ [They came to them, and scared them, or frightened them, or made them to flee, away from their stations]. (TA.) And جَفَلَتِ الرِّيحُ الظَّلِيمَ The wind put in motion the male ostrich, and drove him away, or along: (K:) and [in like manner] السَّفِينَةَ [(assumed tropical:) the ship]. (TA.) And جَفَلَتِ الرِّيحُ السَّحَابَ (tropical:) The wind smote the clouds, and put them into a state of commotion, (K, TA,) and made them to speed along. (TA.) And الرِّيحُ تَجْفِلُ الجَهَامَ (assumed tropical:) The wind carries away the rainless clouds. (Mgh. [See also 4.]) Whence, app., (Mgh,) جَفَلَ البَحْرُ سَمَكًا (assumed tropical:) The sea cast fish upon the shore; (Lth, Mgh, K;) a verb like ضَرَبَ; occurring in a trad., in which it is erroneously said to be أَجْفَلَ. (Mgh.) b2: Also, (K,) aor. جَفِلَ, inf. n. جَفْلٌ, (TA,) He prostrated a man; threw him down upon the ground. (K.) You say, طَعَنَهُ فَجَفَلَهُ, meaning He thrust him, or pierced him, [with a spear or the like,] and displaced and prostrated him. (Mgh.) b3: He threw goods one upon another. (IDrd, Msb, TA.) b4: He, or it, overturned, or turned upside-down. (TA.) b5: Also, aor. جَفِلَ, (K,) inf. n. جَفْلٌ, (TA,) He peeled, pared, stripped, or scraped off, a thing; (AZ, K, TA;) as, for instance, flesh from the bone, and fat from the skin; (AZ, TA;) and so ↓ جفّل, (K,) inf. n. تَجْفِيلٌ: (TA:) he removed flesh from the bone: (K:) app. formed by transposition from جَلَفَ. (TA.) b6: Also, (Msb, K,) aor. جَفُلَ, (Msb,) or جَفِلَ, (K,) He swept away mud (Msb, K, TA) from the ground; (TA;) and so ↓ جفّل. (K.) [It seems that Golius found, in a copy of the K, التِّبْنَ erroneously put for الطِّينَ; and حَرَقَهُ for جَرَفَهُ; for he has explained the former verb as meaning “ combussit stramen. ”]2 جَفَّلَ see 1, in five places.4 أَجْفَلَ see 1, in six places. b2: You say also, أَجْفَلَتِ الرِّيحُ بِالتُّرَابِ (assumed tropical:) The wind carried away the dust; made it to fly away. (S.) And اجفل الغَيْمُ The clouds, or mist, became removed, or cleared off. (TA.) 5 تَجَفَّلَ see 1. b2: You say of a cock, تجفّل, meaning نَفَشَ بُرَائِلَهُ [i. e., (assumed tropical:) He ruffled the feathers around his neck]. (Ibn-' Abbád, K, TA.) 7 إِنْجَفَلَ see 1. b2: انجفل also signifies (tropical:) It went away, or departed; said of the shade, (K, TA,) and of the night. (TA.) b3: He, or it, became overturned, or turned upside-down. (TA.) b4: انجفلتِ الشَّجَرَةُ The tree, blown upon by a violent wind, became uprooted. (TA.) جَفْلٌ: see اجْفِيلٌ. It is an inf. n. used as an epithet; and means A people, or party, fleeing quickly; as also ↓ جَفَالَةٌ. (Msb.) b2: Also A cloud that has poured forth its mater and gone away (S, K) quickly; (S;) because it is then lighter and quicker. (Har p. 373.) b3: A ship; (K;) because the wind drives it along (تَجْفِلُهَا): (TA:) pl. جُفُولٌ. (K.) A2: Ants: black ants: (K:) large black ants: (TA:) a dial. var. of جَثْلٌ. (K.) وَقَعَتْ فِى النَّاسِ جَفْلَةٌ [Fear fell upon the people;] the people feared. (TA.) A2: جَفْلَةٌ شَجَرَةٌ A leafy tree; a tree having many leaves. (K.) A3: See also what next follows.

جُفْلَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ جَفْلَةٌ (TA [there said in one place to be بالفتح, but this is most probably a mistranscription for بالضمّ,]) A fleece of wool: (S, K) [a word used in the sense of ] a pass. part. n., like غُرْفَة in the phrase اِغْتَرَفَ غُرْفَةً. (S.) دَعَوْتُهُمُ الجَفَلَى, (AZ, S, Msb, * K, *) and ↓ الأَجْفَلَى, (AZ, S, K, *) which latter was unknown to As, (S,) I invited them to my feast, or food, (AZ, S, Msb, K, *) in common, (AZ, S, Msb,) without distinction, (Msb,) or with their company and commonalty. (K.) And دُعِىَ فُلَانٌ فِى النَّقَرَى لَا فِى الجَفَلَى, (Akh, S, Msb, *) and ↓ الأَجْفَلَى, Such a one was invited among the distinguished persons, not among the commonalty. (Akh, S.) And دَعْوَةٌ جَفَلَى A general invitation; contr. of دَعْوَةٌ نَقَرَى. (Msb.) And جَآءَ القَوْمُ, ↓ أَجْفَلَةً, and أَزْفَلَةً, (Fr, S, K, *) The people came in a company; (Fr, S;) and ↓ بِأَجْفَلَتِهِمْ, and أَزْفَلَتِهِمْ, with their company. (Fr, S, K.) Accord. to some, (S,) ↓ أَجْفَلَى signifies A collection, or an assemblage, of any things; (S, K;) as also أَزْفَلَى: (S:) and ↓ جُفَّالَةٌ, (S, Sgh, TA,) or ↓ جُفَالَةٌ, (K,) a company, or an assembly, (S, Sgh, K,) of men, (S, TA,) going along quickly. (TA.) جَفْلَانُ, or جَفْلَانٌ, [whether with or without tenween is not shown,] Fearful; wont, or apt, to take fright and flee, or run away at random. (TA.) [See also جَفَّالٌ.]

جَفَالٌ: see what next follows.

جُفَالٌ What is cast forth by a torrent, (S, K, TA,) of rubbish and scum, or of rotten leaves mixed with scum; (TA;) as also ↓ جَفَالٌ, like سَحَابٌ; (TA;) and ↓ جُفَالَةٌ. (K, * TA.) b2: The froth of milk. (K.) A2: Much (K) of anything: (TA:) or of wool; as also ↓ جَفِيلٌ: (K:) or much wool. (S.) The ewe is represented as saying, أُوَلَّدُ رُخَالًا وَأُجَزُّ جُفَالًا وَأُحْلَبُ كُثَبًا ثِقَالًا وَلَمْ تَرَ مِثْلِى مَالًا [I am delivered of lambs, and I am shorn of much wool, and I am milked of heavy bowlfuls, and thou hast not seen cattle the like of me]: by أُجَزُّ جُفَالًا is meant I am shorn [of much wool] at once; for nought of her wool falls to the ground until all of it is shorn. (S.) جفال is applied, by Dhu-r-Rummeh, as an epithet to hair; [meaning Much, or abundant;] and it is not applied as an epithet to anything save what is much, or abundant. (S.) Ed-Dejjál [or Antichrist] is described, in a trad., as جُفَالُ الشَّعَرِ Having much hair: (TA:) and الرَّأْسِ ↓ جَافِلُ [also] has this meaning. (Ham p. 469.) جَفُولٌ A wind (رِيح) that smites the clouds, and puts them into a state of commotion; (K;) or that makes them to speed along: (TA:) a swift wind; (TA;) as also ↓ جَافِلَةٌ and ↓ مُجْفِلٌ: (S, K:) pl. of the first, (i. e., of جفول,) جُفْلٌ. (K.) b2: Great, or large: so in the phrase جُمَّةٌ جَفُولٌ [A great, or large, quantity of hair extending beyond the ears]. (K.) b3: An aged woman; (K, * TA;) as also ↓ إِجْفِيلٌ: (K:) pl. of the former as above. (K.) جَفِيلٌ: see جُفَالٌ.

جَفَالَةٌ: see جَفْلٌ.

جُفَالَةٌ: see الجَفَلَى: b2: and جُفَالٌ. b3: Also الجُفَالَةُ, (K,) or جُفَالَةُ القِدْرِ, (S,) What one takes from the head [of the contents] of the cookingpot with the ladle. (S, K.) جَفَّالٌ an intensive epithet from جَفَلَ in the first of the senses explained above; i.e., A camel that takes fright, or shies, and flees, &c., much, or often. (Msb.) [See also جَفْلَانُ.]

جُفَّالَةٌ: see الجَفَلَى.

جَافِلٌ part. n. of جَفَلَ in the first of the senses explained above: (Msb:) [and in other senses.]

b2: Hastening, or speeding. (TA.) See جَفُولٌ. b3: Disquieted, disturbed, agitated, or flurried. (S, K, TA.) b4: See also جُفَالٌ.

جَيْفَلٌ a name of [The month] ذُو القَعْدَةِ, (K, TA,) in the time of paganism. (TA.) أَجْفَلَةٌ: see الجَفَلَى, in two places.

أَجْفَلَى: see الجَفَلَى, in three places.

إِجْفِيلٌ Cowardly, or a coward, (S, K, TA,) that is frightened at everything. (TA.) A heostrich (S, K) that takes fright, (K,) and flees from everything (S, K, TA) that he sees; (TA;) as also ↓ جَفْلٌ. (K.) b2: A bow of which the arrow goes far. (K.) b3: See also جَفُولٌ.

مُجْفِلٌ Turning away, or going back, or retreating; going away. (TA.) b2: See also جَفُولٌ.

مِجْفَلٌ applied to a camel's hump, Heavy: [properly, an instrument of overturning:] applied as an epithet to a camel's hump that is so heavy as to overturn the animal when, after rolling on the ground, he desires to rise. (TA.)
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