William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
737. جندب4 738. جندر4 739. جندل8 740. جنز14 741. جنس16 742. جنف21743. جنق5 744. جنك4 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد17 748. جهر18 749. جهز17 750. جهش14 751. جهض13 752. جهل15 753. جهم15 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب20 759. جوح17 760. جود17 761. جوذاب1 762. جور17 763. جوز17 764. جوس14 765. جوسق2 766. جوش10 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16 769. جوف17 770. جول17 771. جوم5 772. جون14 773. جوه10 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب12 779. جيح7 780. جيد12 781. جير11 782. جيش12 783. جيع1 784. جيف17 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح10 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر19 793. حبس18 794. حبش17 795. حبط15 796. حبق18 797. حبك19 798. حبل19 799. حبن16 800. حبو13 801. حبى1 802. حت8 803. حتد10 804. حتر12 805. حتف16 806. حتك11 807. حتم17 808. حتى4 809. حث7 810. حثرم5 811. حثف4 812. حثل13 813. حثم10 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب19 817. حجر22 818. حجز19 819. حجف14 820. حجل19 821. حجم19 822. حجن18 823. حجو10 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث22 828. حدج12 829. حدر18 830. حدس16 831. حدق21 832. حدلق3 833. حدم13 834. حدو11 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 Prev. 100
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جنف

1 جَنَفٌ (T, S, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.) and جُنُوفٌ, (K,) the former being inf. n. of جَنِفَ and the latter of جَنَفَ, (TA,) The act of inclining, or declining (T, S, Mgh, K, TA) in speech and in all affairs: (TA:) and declining, or deviating, from the right course; acting wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically; (T, Msb, * K, TA;) like حَيْفٌ, which some erroneously assert to be the act of a judge only. (T, TA.) You say, جَنِفَ, (T, S, Mgh, Msb,) aor. جَنَفَ, inf. n. جَنَفٌ; (S, Msb;) [and app. جَنَفَ, aor. جَنِفَ, inf. n. جُنُوفٌ;] and ↓ اجنف; (T, Msb, TA;) He inclined or declined [in speech and in any affair]: (T, S, TA:) and he declined, or deviated, from the right course; acted wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically; (T, Mgh, Msb, TA;) عَلَيْهِ against him. (Mgh.) Hence, in the Kur [ii. 178], فَمَنْ خَافَ مِنْ مُوصٍ جَنَفًا (S, TA,) i. e. [And he who feareth, (or, as is said in the K in art. خوف, knoweth,) from, or on the part of, the testator,] an inclining [to a wrong course], or a declining [from the right course]: (TA:) or a manifest inclining or declining. (Er-Rághib, TA.) You say, جَنِفَ فِى وَصِيَّتِهِ, aor. جَنَفَ; [He inclined, &c., in his testament;] and so ↓ اجنف. (K.) And ↓ اجنف signifies He deviated from that which was right. (K.) And فِى حُكْمِهِ ↓ اجنف [He declined from the right course, or acted wrongfully or unjustly, in his judgment]. (TA.) Or ↓ اجنف relates peculiarly to the case of a testament: and جَنِفَ signifies absolutely He declined, or deviated, from that which was right. (K.) And you say, جَنِفَ عَنْ طَرِيقِهِ, aor. جَنَفَ; and جَنَفَ, aor. جَنِفَ; inf. n. جَنَفٌ, (K, TA,) which is of the former verb, (TA,) and جُنُوفٌ, (K, TA,) which is of the latter verb; He turned away from his course, or way; deviated therefrom. (TA.) b2: Or [app. a mistake for “and ”] جَنَفٌ signifies Depression (دُخُولٌ and اِنْهِضَامٌ) in one of the two sides of the breast, or chest, (الزَّوْرِ,) with evenness of the other side: (K:) the verb is جَنِفَ: and the part. n. is ↓ جَنِفٌ and ↓ أَجْنَفُ, fem. [of the latter] جَنْفَآءُ. (TA.) 3 جنَافٌ [an inf. n. of which the verb (جانف) is not mentioned]. You say, لَجَّ فِى جِنَافٍ قَبِيحٍ He persisted in removing himself to a distance, or estranging himself, from his family; (Aboo-Sa'eed, K;) like جِنَابٍ قَبِيحٍ. (Aboo-Sa'eed, TA.) 4 اجنف He committed an act of inclining [to a wrong course], or declining [from the right course, or acting wrongfully or unjustly or injuriously or tyrannically]; like as you say, أَلَامَ, meaning “he did a thing for which he should be blamed.” (S.) See also 1, in five places.

A2: اجنفهُ He found him to be one who deviated from the right way in his judgment; who acted wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically, therein. (K.) تجانف فِى مِشْيَتِهِ ?? He carried himself in a proud and self-conceited manner, [affecting an inclining of the body from side to side,] in his gait. (TA.) [And He inclined on one side in his gait: said of one who is lame of one leg: see مَحْرُوقٌ.] b2: تجانف عَنْ طَرِيقِهِ He affected a declining, or deviating, from his course, or way; he purposely declined, or deviated, therefrom; (K, * TA;) syn. تَمَايَلَ. (K.) And in like manner, تجانف إِلَى الشَّىْءِ [He affected an inclining to the thing; intentionally inclined to it]. (TA.) You say, تجانف لِإِثْمٍ He inclined to a sin, (S, Mgh,) [or affected an inclining to it, (see the part. n., below,)] intending, or purposing, the commission of an act of disobedience. (Mgh.) جَنَفَ is [an epithet] like دَنَفَ, applying to a sing. and a pl., [being] also an inf. n. [of جَنِفَ, q. v.]: Abu-l-'Iyál El-Hudhalee says, أَلَّا دَرَأْتَ الخَصْمَ حِينَ رَأَيْتُهُمْ جَنَفًا عَلَىَّ بِأَلْسُنٍ وَعُيُونِ [Wherefore didst not thou repel the adversaries, when thou sawest them inclining, or acting wrongfully, against me with tongues and eyes?]: or, accord. to one reading, جُنُفًا [which is a pl. of ↓ جَانِفٌ]: (Skr p. 128:) [or, as some say,] جَنَفًا is a pl. [or rather quasi-pl. n.] of ↓ جَانِفٌ, like as رَوَحَ is of رَائِحٌ: or it may be for ذَوِي جَنَفٍ. (TA.) جَنِفٌ: see أَجْنَفُ, in two places: b2: and see also 1, last sentence.

جُنَافِىٌّ One who carries himself in a proud and self-conceited manner, (مُخْتَال, [for which Golius, here copied by Freytag, appears to have read مُحْتَال, with the unpointed ح,]) with an inclining [of the body from side to side]: (Sh, K:) or one who affects an inclining [of the body from side to side] (يَتَجَانَفُ) in his gait, and carries himself in a proud and self-conceited manner therein. (TA.) جَانِفٌ: see أَجْنَفُ; and see also جَنَفٌ, in two places.

أَجْنَفُ [fem. جَنْفَآءُ] Inclining [to a wrong course], or declining [from the right course], or acting wrongfully or unjustly, [absolutely, as also ↓ جَنِفٌ and ↓ جَانِفٌ and ↓ مِجْنَفٌ, or peculiarly] in his testament. (K.) You say, صَادَفَهُ فِى حُكْمِهِ ↓ جَنِفًا [He found him to be one who deviated from the right way in his judgment; who acted wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically, therein]. (K.) And ↓ خَصْمٌ مِجْنَفٌ An adversary who inclines [to a wrong course], or declines [from the right course]; (K;) who acts wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically. (TA.) b2: Inclining; [or pendulous;] applied to a penis. (TA.) b3: Having a bending back; (S, K;) applied to a man. (S.) b4: See also 1, last sentence. b5: Big, or large; applied to a bowl (قَدَح). (TA.) مِجْنَفٌ: see أَجْنَفُ, in two places.

غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِإِثْمٍ, in the Kur [v. 5], means Not affecting an inclining to sin; intending, or purposing, it. (Msb, TA.)
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