William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
738. جندر4 739. جندل7 740. جنز13 741. جنس15 742. جنف20 743. جنق4744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17 749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب19 759. جوح16 760. جود16 761. جوذاب1 762. جور16 763. جوز16 764. جوس13 765. جوسق2 766. جوش9 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16 769. جوف16 770. جول16 771. جوم5 772. جون13 773. جوه9 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب11 779. جيح7 780. جيد11 781. جير11 782. جيش11 783. جيع1 784. جيف16 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح9 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر18 793. حبس17 794. حبش16 795. حبط14 796. حبق17 797. حبك18 798. حبل18 799. حبن15 800. حبو12 801. حبى1 802. حت8 803. حتد9 804. حتر11 805. حتف15 806. حتك10 807. حتم16 808. حتى4 809. حث7 810. حثرم5 811. حثف4 812. حثل12 813. حثم9 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب18 817. حجر21 818. حجز18 819. حجف14 820. حجل18 821. حجم18 822. حجن17 823. حجو9 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث21 828. حدج11 829. حدر17 830. حدس15 831. حدق20 832. حدلق3 833. حدم12 834. حدو10 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر18 Prev. 100
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جنق

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جنق

1 جَنَقُوا, aor. جَنِقَ, (IAar, K,) inf. n. جَنْقٌ; (IAar, TA;) and ↓ جنّقوا, inf. n. تَجْنِيقٌ; (AZ, K;) They cast stones of [or with] the مَنْجَنِيق: (K, * TA:) and ↓ مَجْنَقُوا, (K,) or مَجْنَقُوا مَنْجَنِيقًا [app. meaning they constructed a منجنيق], (Lth, TA,) is said by such as hold the م to be radical; (K;) or it may be that the م is augmentative, and that the verb is [denominative,] similar to تَمَسْكَنَ from مِسْكِينٌ. (TA.) b2: جَنَقُونَا بِالمَنْجَنِيقِ They cast at us with the منجنيق: mentioned by El-Fárisee on the authority of AZ. (M.) An Arab of the desert, in describing the wars of his people, said, تَارَةً نُجْنَقْ وَأُخْرَى نُرْشَقْ [One time we are cast at with the منجنيق, and another we are shot at with arrows]: (S, * M:) also mentioned by El-Fárisee. (M.) 2 جنّقوا المَجَانِيقَ and ↓ مَجْنَقُوهَا [app. They constructed the engines of the kind called منجنيق]. (JK.) See also 1.

Q. Q. 1 مَجْنَقُوا: see 1 and 2.

جُنُقٌ The stones of the منجنيق. (M, TA.) [But] IAar says that جنق [app. جُنُقٌ] means The people who manage the منجنيق. (TA.) مُجَينِيقٌ dim. of مَنْجَنِيقٌ, q. v. (Sb, S.) مَنْجَنُوقٌ: see what next follows.

مَنْجَنِيقٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and مِنْجَنِيقٌ (Msb, K) and ↓ مَنْجَنُوقٌ (Lth, IAar, Msb, K) [A kind of balista;] an instrument [or engine of war] with which stones are cast (S, M, K, TA) at the enemy; made by binding [in some manner] very tall wooden poles, whereon is placed what is to be cast, which is then struck with a long pole, and so cast to a very distant place: [this imperfect description (the only one that I have found of this engine) seems to show that it was of a very simple and rude construction:] it is an ancient instrument, anterior to the invention [or use] of gunpowder and cannons by the Christians; and was used by Mohammad in the siege of Et-Táïf; but the first [of the Arabs] who used it in the time of paganism is said to have been Jedheemeh El-Abrash, of the Mulook et-Tawáïf: (TA:) pl. مَنْجَنِيقَاتٌ (S, Msb, K) and مَنْجَنُوقَاتٌ (Lth, TA) and مَجَانِيقُ (Sb, S, Msb, K) and مَجَانِقُ: (K:) dim. ↓ مُجَيْنِيقٌ: (Sb, S:) it is fem., (Lth, S, Msb, K, *) preferably, (Lth, TA,) and in most instances; (Msb;) and hence it is also called الأُنْثَى; (M in art. انث;) but sometimes it is masc.: (Msb, K:) and is arabicized, (S, Msb, K,) from the Persian (S, K) مَنْ چِى نِيكْ, i. e. “ How excellent am I! ” (S,) or مَنْ چِهْ نِيكْ, i. e. “ I, how excellent am I! ” (K;) [Golius asserts it to be from the Greek μάγγανον but this is the original of مَنْجَنُونٌ, which has a different meaning: its derivation, however, seems to have been unknown to the Arabs in general; for] some say that مَنْجَنِيقٌ is of the measure مَفْعَلِيلٌ, [so in copies of the S, but correctly مَنْفَعِيلٌ, as in the Msb and TA,] because of the phrase نُجْنَقُ مَرَّةً [see 1]: (S, Msb: *) or, (Msb,) accord. to Sb, (S,) it is of the measure فَنْعَلِيلٌ; (S, Msb;) because مَجَانِيقُ is its pl. and the dim. is مُجَينِيقٌ; and because, if the م were augmentative as well as the ن, there would be two augmentative letters at the beginning of the noun, and this may not be in substs. nor in epithets that are not conformable to augmented verbs; and if the ن were made an essential part of the word, the noun would be a quadriliteral-radical, and augmentative letters are not prefixed to words of this class except nouns conformable to their verbs, like مُدَحْرَجٌ: (S, TA:) but MF says that these disquisitions are unprofitable; for in his opinion, all the letters of the word are radical, since it is a foreign word. (TA.) مَنْجَنِيِقىٌّ [app. A maker of the kind of engine called منجنيق; being mentioned as a surname:] a rel. n. from منجنيق. (K.)
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