William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
743. جنق4 744. جنك3 745. جنو3 746. جنى6 747. جهد16 748. جهر17749. جهز16 750. جهش13 751. جهض12 752. جهل14 753. جهم14 754. جهنم10 755. جو4 756. جوأ5 757. جوالق2 758. جوب19 759. جوح16 760. جود16 761. جوذاب1 762. جور16 763. جوز16 764. جوس13 765. جوسق2 766. جوش9 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16 769. جوف16 770. جول16 771. جوم5 772. جون13 773. جوه9 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب11 779. جيح7 780. جيد11 781. جير11 782. جيش11 783. جيع1 784. جيف16 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح9 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر18 793. حبس17 794. حبش16 795. حبط14 796. حبق17 797. حبك18 798. حبل18 799. حبن15 800. حبو12 801. حبى1 802. حت8 803. حتد9 804. حتر11 805. حتف15 806. حتك10 807. حتم16 808. حتى4 809. حث7 810. حثرم5 811. حثف4 812. حثل12 813. حثم9 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب18 817. حجر21 818. حجز18 819. حجف14 820. حجل18 821. حجم18 822. حجن17 823. حجو9 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث21 828. حدج11 829. حدر17 830. حدس15 831. حدق20 832. حدلق3 833. حدم12 834. حدو10 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر18 838. حذف20 839. حذفر7 840. حذق14 841. حذلق5 842. حذم14 Prev. 100
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جهر

1 جَهَرَ, (A, Msb, K,) aor. جَهَرَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. جَهْرٌ and جِهَارٌ, (Er-Rághib, TA,) It (a thing, A, Msb) was, or became, plain, apparent, conspicuous, open, or public; syn. ظَهَرَ, (A, Msb,) and بَدَا, (TA,) and عَلَنَ: (K:) or the radical signification is, it (a thing) was, or became, exceedingly plain to be perceived, either by the sense of sight or by that of hearing. (Er-Rághib, TA.) [Accord. to some, when relating to what is visible, it is tropical; and when relating to what is audible, proper: but if so, it seems to be so much used in the former sense as to be, in that sense, conventionally regarded as proper. See also جَهْرَةٌ.]

A2: جَهُرَ, aor. جَهُرَ, [inf. n., app., جَهَارَةٌ and جُهُورَةٌ,] He (a man, TA) was, or became, great, or bulky, (K, TA,) [and therefore a conspicuous object,] before the eyes of the beholder. (TA.) [And He was, or became, pleasing, or goodly, in aspect: see جَهَارَةٌ, below.] b2: Also, (A, Msb, K,) inf. n. جَهَارَةٌ, (A, Msb,) It (the voice) rose [so as to be plainly heard]; was, or became, high, or loud. (A, Msb, * K.) b3: Also, (S,) inf. n. جَهَارَةٌ, (TA,) He, (a man) was, or became, high, or loud, of voice. (S, TA.) A3: جِبِر aor. جَهَرَ, (Msb,) inf. n. جَهَرٌ, (S, Msb,) He (a man) was unable to see in the sun. (S, Msb, TA.) And in like manner said of the eye. (K.) A4: جَهَرَهُ, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. جَهْرٌ; (TA;) and جَهَرَ بِهِ; (A, Msb;) and ↓ اجهرهُ, (A, Msb, TA,) [and بِهِ ↓ اجهر;] and ↓ جَهْوَرَهُ; (TA;) He made it plain, apparent, conspicuous, open, or public. (A, Msb, TA.) b2: جَهَرَ الكَلَامَ, and جَهَرَبِهِ; (K;) and ↓ اجهرهُ, inf. n. إِجْهَارٌ; (S;) and بِهِ ↓ اجهر; (K;) and ↓ جَهْوَرَ; (TA;) and جَهَرَ بِالقَوْلِ, and بِدُعَائِهِ, and بِصَلَاتِهِ, (TA,) and بِقِرَآءَتِهِ, (Sgh, Msb, TA,) aor. جَهَرَ, inf. n. جَهْرٌ and جِهَارٌ; (TA;) and بقرءآته ↓ اجهر; (Sgh, Msb, TA;) He uttered the speech, and the saying, and his supplication, and his prayer, and his recitation, with a plain, or an open, voice; openly; publicly: (S, Msb, K, TA:) or جَهَرَ بِكَلَامِهِ, (A,) and بِالقَوْلِ, and ↓ جَهْوَرَ; (S;) and بِقِرَآءَتِهِ; (A;) he uttered his speech, and the saying, and his recitation, with a raised, or loud, voice; aloud: (S, A:) and جَهَرَ الصَّوْتَ he raised the voice [so as to make it plainly heard]. (K.) b3: جَهَرَ بِالمَعَاصِى, and ↓ اجهر, and ↓ جاهر, he made known the acts of disobedience that he had committed, by talking of them: he who does so is termed بِالمُعَاصِى ↓ مُجَاهِرٌ, and simply مُجَاهِرٌ. (TA.) And مَا فِى صَدْرِهِ ↓ اجهر He revealed what was in his bosom. (A.) and الحَدِيثَ بَعْدَ مَا هَيْنَمَهُ ↓ جَهْوَرَ He revealed the story after he had concealed it. (A.) And ↓ اجهر الأَمْرَ He made the case, or affair, notorious. (TA.) b4: Also جَهَرَهُ He discovered it (K, TA) ocularly. (TA.) b5: He saw him (a man) without any veil (K, TA) intervening; (TA;) as also ↓ اجتهرهُ: (K:) or he looked towards him, or regarded him. (K.) You say, مَا فِى الحَىِّ أَحَدٌ تَجْهَرَهُ عَيْنِى There is not in the tribe any one whom my eye regards as worthy of notice or respect by reason of his greatness therein; syn. تَأْخُذُهُ. (TA.) And القَوْمُ فُلَانًا ↓ اجتهر The people looked towards such a one without any veil intervening between them and him. (TA.) b6: He treated him, or regarded him, with reverence, veneration, respect, or honour: (K:) or (TA) he regarded him as great in his eyes: (K, TA:) he saw him to be great in aspect, or appearance; (S;) as also ↓ اجتهرهُ (S, K) and ↓ استجرهُ: (A:) he was pleased with his beauty, and his form, or appearance, or state of apparel or the like; as also ↓ اجتهرهُ: (Lh, * K:) or he pleased him by his beauty and form or appearance &c.: (A:) or it pleased him by its beauty; as also ↓ اجتهرهُ. (TA.) b7: He saw it (an army, S, A, K, and a people, TA) to be numerous in his eyes; as also ↓ اجتهرهُ. (S A, K.) A5: جَهَرَ البِئْرَ, (S, K,) aor. جَهَرَ, inf. n. جَهْرٌ, (TA,) He cleared out the well, (S, K,) and took forth from it the black fetid mud that it contained; as also ↓ اجترها: (S:) or both signify he entirely, or nearly, exhausted the well of its water: (K:) or the former, he reached the water of the well, (K, TA,) in digging: or so جَهَرَ alone: (TA:) and accord. to Akh, جَهَرْتُ الرَّكِيَّةَ signifies I cleared out the mud that the water covered in the well, so that the water appeared and became clear. (S.) 'Áïsheh said, describing her father, دُفُنَ الرَّوَآءِ ↓ اجتهر, lit., He cleared out the filled-up wells of abundant water so as to make the water well forth; alluding to his rectifying affairs that had become disordered. (TA from a trad.) A6: جَهَرْنَاهُمْ We came to them in the morning, at the time called الصَّبَاح, (S, A, K, TA,) when they were inadvertent. (S, K, TA.) b2: جَهَرَ الأَرْضَ He traversed the land (S, K) without knowledge. (S.) A7: جَهَرَ السِّقَآءَ He shook the milk-skin to make butter, (Fr, S, K,) and took forth its butter. (Fr, TA.) A8: جَهَرَتِ الشَّمْسُ المُسَافِرَ The sun dazzled the eye, and confused the sight, of the traveller; syn. أَسْدَرَتْ عَيْنَهُ. (K.) 3 جاهر: see 1. b2: [Its inf. n.] مُجَاهَرَةٌ signifies The fighting [with any one] face to face: and the showing open enmity, or hostility, with any one: and the reading, or reciting, a thing aloud: and the speaking loudly. (KL.) You say, جاهر بِالعَدَاوَةِ, (Msb,) inf. n. مُجَاهَرَةٌ (S, Msb) and جِهَارٌ, (Msb,) He showed open enmity or hostility, with another. (S, * Msb.) And جَاهَرْتُهُمْ بِالأَمْرِ I acted openly with them in the affair, or case; syn. عَالَنْتُهُمْ بِهِ. (JK.) [And جاهرهُ He treated him openly with enmity &c.] b3: جَاهَرَهُمْ بِالأَمْرِ, (TA,) inf. n. مُجَاهَرَةٌ and جِهَارٌ, (K,) [is explained as signifying] He vied with them, or strove to overcome or surpass them, in the affair, or case. (K, * TA.) [But غالبهم, in the TA, and المُغَالَبَةُ, in the K, are here evidently mistranscriptions for عَالَنَهُمْ and المُعَالَنَةُ.]4 أَجْهَرَ see 1, in eight places. b2: اجهر also signifies He begat sons goodly in stature (IAar, K) and in aspect, (IAar, TA,) or in cheeks: (K:) or, a squint-eyed son. (IAar, K.) 6 تَجَاْهَرَ [تَجَاهُرٌ signifies The showing oneself openly: and acting openly, or being open in one's conduct or converse, with others. You say,] تَجَاهَرُوا بِالعَدَاوَةِ They showed open enmity, or hostility, one with another; syn. تَبَادَوْابِهَا. (S in art. بدو.) A2: [and تجاهر He feigned himself unable to see in the sun: see the part. n., below.]8 إِجْتَهَرَ see 1, in eight places.10 استجهرهُ: see 1. b2: Also He took it forth. (TA from a trad.) Q. Q. 1 جَهْوَرَ: see 1, in four places.

جَهْرًا: see جَهْرَةٌ, in two places.

جُهْرٌ: see جَهَارَةٌ, in six places.

جَهِرٌ: see جَهِيرٌ, in two places.

جَهْرَةٌ A thing that is plain, apparent, conspicuous, open, or public. (K.) You say, رَآهُ جَهْرَةً (S, A, &c.) He saw him, or it, [plainly,] without the intervention of any veil: (TA:) and ↓ رآه جِهَارًا [signifies the same: or] he saw him, or it, with exceeding plainness: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or the former signifies he saw him, or it, with his eyes, ocularly, or before his eyes, (S, A, Bd in ii. 52, Msb,) without anything intervening: (S:) so in the Kur. [ii. 52], حَتَّى نَرَى اللّٰهَ جَهْرَةً: (S, Bd:) and [some say that] جَهْرَةً is here originally an inf. n. of جَهَرْتُ in جَهَرْتُ بِالقِرَآءَةِ, [like ↓ جَهْرًا,] and metaphorically used in the sense of مُعَايَنَةً: it is in the accus. case as an inf. n.: or it is thus used as a denotative of state relating to the agent or the object: and some read ↓ جَهَرَةً, as an inf. n. like غَلَبَة, or as pl. of جَاهِرٌ, and as such it is a denotative of state: (Bd:) or جَهْرَةً is here from جَهَرْتُ الرَّكِيَّةَ: (Akh, S:) accord. to Ibn-' Arafeh, it here signifies unconcealed from us: (TA:) and in the Kur. iv. 152, ocularly; not concealed from us by anything. (K, * TA.) b2: You say also, كَلَّمَهُ جَهْرَةً

[and ↓ جَهْرًا He spoke to him plainly, with an open voice, aloud, or publicly]. (S, TA.) b3: and ↓ لَقِيَهُ نَهَارًا جِهَارًا and ↓ جَهَارًا [He met him in the daytime, openly, or publicly]. (K.) جُهْرَةٌ [A blaze covering the face of a horse: or the quality of having such a blaze:] a subst. from

أَجْهَرُ applied to a horse. (TA.) b2: A cast in the eye. (AA, TA. [See also أَجْهَرُ.]) جَهَرَةً: see جَهْرَةٌ.

جَهَارًا and جِهَارًا: see جَهْرَةٌ, in three places.

جَهْوَرٌ: see جَهِيرٌ. b2: Also, and ↓ مُجْتَهَرٌ, An army seen to be numerous. (A.) b3: And the former, Bold; daring: in the K, erroneously, ↓ جَوْهَرٌ. (TA.) جَهِيرٌ (in the TA, here, ↓ جَهِرٌ, but in another place, جَهِيرٌ,) High, loud, or vehement, speech; (Msb, K, TA;) as also ↓ مُجْهَرٌ and ↓ جَهْوَرِىٌّ: (K:) and so applied to the voice; (Msb, TA;) as also ↓ جَهْوَرِىٌّ. (A, TA.) Also, and ↓ مُجْهَرٌ (TA) and ↓ جَهْوَرِىٌّ (A, TA) and ↓ جَهْوَرٌ (A) and جَهِيرُ الصَّوْتِ (S, A) and الصَّوْتِ ↓ جَهْوَرِىُّ, (S,) A man having a high, loud, or strong voice. (S, A, TA.) b2: A man (S, A) of pleasing, or goodly, aspect; (S, A, K;) as also ↓ جَهِرٌ: (K:) fem. of the former with ة: (S:) beautiful: (K:) of goodly aspect, who pleases the beholder by his beauty: and a face of goodly, or beautiful, fairness: (TA:) and ↓ أَجْهَرُ a man (TA) of goodly aspect, (K, TA,) and of goodly and perfect body. (AA, K, TA.) b3: Also, (K,) or جَهِيرٌ لِلْخَيْرِ and لِلْمَعْرُوفِ, (A,) Adapted to, or constituted for, goodness: (A, K:) because he who beholds him desires his beneficence: (TA:) pl. جُهَرَآءُ. (A, K.) A2: Also Milk not mixed with water: (Fr, S, K:) or from which the butter has been taken forth. (TA.) جُهَارَةٌ [an inf. n. (see جَهُرَ)] Pleasingness, or goodliness, of aspect; (S, A, K;) as also ↓ جُهُورَةٌ (K) and ↓ جُهْرٌ: (TA:) [and a quality pleasing to behold: for] Abu-n-Nejm says, وَأَرَى البَيَاضَ عَلَى النِّسَآءِ جَهَارَةً

[And I regard fairness in women as a quality pleasing to behold]: (S:) and ↓ جُهْرٌ signifies the form, or appearance, or the like, and goodliness of aspect, of a man: (K:) or what pleases by its beauty, of the form or appearance or the like, of a man, and and goodliness of aspect: (S:) [and simply aspect, or outward appearance.] You say, بَنُونَ ذَوُو جَهَارةٍ

Sons goodly in stature and in aspect: (IAar, TA:) or in stature and in cheeks: (K:) but the former is the more agreeable with authority. (TA.) And فُلَانٍ ↓ مَا أَحْسَنَ جُهْرَ How goodly is the form, or appearance, or the like, and the beauty of aspect, of such a one! (S, A: *) [or simply, the aspect; for] you say also, ↓ مَا أَسْوَأَ جُهْرَهُ [How evil is his aspect!]. (A.) And رَجُلٌ حَسَنُ الجَهَارَةِ and ↓ الجُهْرِ A man goodly in aspect. (TA.) and فَعَرَفْتُ سِرَّهُ ↓ رَأَيْتُ جُهْرَهُ [I saw his aspect, and so knew his mind]. (A.) جُهُورَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

فُلَانٌ عَفِيفُ السَّرِيرَةِ وَ الجَهِيرَةِ [Such a one is chaste in secret conduct and in public behaviour]. (A.) جَهْوَرِىٌّ: see جَهِيرٌ, in four places.

جَوْهَرٌ a word of well-known meaning, (Msb,) [a coll. gen. n., Jewels; precious stones; gems; pearls: any kind of jewel, precious stone, or gem: and also applied (as in the T, M, Mgh, Msb, and K, voce تِبْرٌ, q. v.,) to native ore:] any stone from which is extracted, or elicited, anything by which one may profit: (K:) n. un. with ة: (S:) [pl. جَوَاهِرُ:] it is of the measure فَوْعَلُ, (Msb,) and is from الجَهْرُ signifying a thing's “ becoming exceedingly plain to be perceived by the sense of sight: ” (Er-Rághib, TA:) or it is of Persian origin, (TA,) arabicized, (S, TA,) [from گَوْهَرْ,] accord. to most persons. (TA.) b2: جَوْهَرُ سَيْفٍ

The diversified wavy marks, streaks, or grain, of a sword; syn. فِرِنْدٌ. (T and K voce فِرِنْدٌ.] b3: جَوْهَرُ شَىْءٍ [The essence of a thing; or that whereby a thing is what it is; the substance of a thing: the constituent of a thing; the material part thereof;] that upon which the natural con-stitution of a thing is as it were based; or of which its natural constitution is made to be; [or, as IbrD thinks to be meant in the K, the collective parts and materials of a thing, of which its natural constitution is moulded;] expl. by مَاوُضِعَتْ عَلَيْهِ جِبِلَّتُهُ, (K,) or, as in some Lexicons, [as the JK and the Msb,] مَا خُلِقَتْ عَلَيْهِ جِبِلَّتُهُ [which is virtually the same]: (TA:) الجَوْهَرُ and الذَّاتُ and المَاهِيَّةُ and الحَقِيقَةُ are all syn. terms; and the first has other significations; but in the classical language it signifies الأَصْلُ, i. e., أَصْلُ المُرَكَّبَاتِ [the original of compound things]; and not what subsists by itself. (Kull.) b4: [Hence, الجَوْهَرُ الفَرْدُ (assumed tropical:) The indivisible atom.] b5: In the conventional language of scholastic theology, جَوْهَرٌ signifies (tropical:) Substance, as opposed to accident; in which sense, some assert the word to be so much used as to be, in this sense, conventionally regarded as proper. (TA.) A2: See also جَهْوَرٌ.

جَوْهَرِىٌّ A jeweller; a seller of جَوْهَر [or جَوَاهِر]. (TA.) b2: [In scholastic theology, (assumed tropical:) Of, or relating to, substance, as opposed to accident.]

أَجْهَرُ: see جَهِيرٌ. b2: Also A man having the eyeball, or globe of the eye, prominent and apparent, or large and prominent; syn. جَاحِظٌ: or resembling such as is termed جاحظ: fem. جَهْرَآءُ. (TA.) And this latter, An eye having the ball, or globe, prominent and apparent, or large and prominent; syn. جَاحِظَةٌ: (K:) or resembling what is thus termed. (TA.) b3: Having a pretty cast in the eye: (AA, K:) fem. as above. (K.) b4: That cannot see in the sun; (S, A, Msb, K;) applied to a man, (A, Msb,) and to a ram: (S:) fem. as above: (S, A, Msb, K:) or weak-sighted in the sun: (Lh, TA:) or that cannot see in the daytime; أَعْشَى signifying “ that cannot see in the night: ” (TA:) and the fem., a woman who closes her eyes in the sun. (A.) b5: A horse having a blaze that covers his face: fem. as above. (K.) b6: Also the fem., Open, bare, land, not concealed by anything: (A:) or plain land, in which are no trees nor hills (K, TA) nor sands: (TA:) pl. جَهْرَاوَاتٌ. (A, TA.) b7: And A company (S, K) consisting of the distinguished part (TA) of a people: (S:) the more, or most, excellent persons of a tribe. (K.) You say, [with reference to distinguished persons,] كَيْفَ جَهْرَاؤُكُمْ How is your company? (S.) مُجْهَرٌ. see مَجْهُورٌ: and see also جَهِيرٌ, in two places.

مِجْهَرٌ (S, K) and ↓ مِجْهَارٌ (K) A man accustomed to speak with a plain, or an open, voice; openly; or publicly. (S, K.) مِجْهَارٌ: see what next precedes.

مَجْهُورٌ بِهِ Notorious; applied to a thing: (TA:) and so ↓ مُجْتَهَرٌ applied to a man: (A, TA:) and ↓ مُجْهَرٌ plain, apparent, or conspicuous; applied to a thing. (TA.) b2: الحُرُوفُ المَجْهُورَةُ [The letters that are pronounced with the voice, and not with the breath only; the vocal letters;] the letters (nineteen in number, S) that are comprised in the saying ظِلُّ قَوٍّ رَبَضٌ إِذْ غَزَا جُنْدُ مُطِيعٌ: (S, K:) opposed to المَهْمُوسَةُ: (TA:) so called [accord. to some] because there is a full stress in the place where any one of them occurs, and the breath is prevented from passing with it until the stress is ended with the passage of the voice. (Sb, S.) A2: مَآءٌ مَجْهُورٌ Water which, having been buried in the earth, has been drawn until it has become sweet. (TA.) b2: مَجْهُورَةٌ A well (بِئْرٌ) cleared out, and cleansed from the black fetid mud which it had contained. (S.) b3: And Wells frequented [and in use], (K,) whether their water be sweet or salt. (TA.) مُجَاهِرٌ: see, above, جَهَرَ بِالمَعَاصِى.

مُجْتَهَرٌ: see مَجْهُورٌ: and see also جَهْوَرٌ.

مُتَجَاهِرٌ Feigning himself أَجْهَر; as in the saying, cited by Th, كَالنَّاظِرِ المُتَجَاهِرِ [Like the looker that feigns himself unable to see in the sun]. (TA.)
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