William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
763. جوز17 764. جوس14 765. جوسق2 766. جوش10 767. جوشن2 768. جوع16769. جوف17 770. جول17 771. جوم5 772. جون14 773. جوه10 774. جوهر4 775. جوى6 776. جى1 777. جيأ11 778. جيب12 779. جيح7 780. جيد12 781. جير11 782. جيش12 783. جيع1 784. جيف17 785. جيل11 786. جيم5 787. جيه1 788. ح10 789. حا6 790. حاج2 791. حب7 792. حبر19 793. حبس18 794. حبش17 795. حبط15 796. حبق18 797. حبك19 798. حبل19 799. حبن16 800. حبو13 801. حبى1 802. حت8 803. حتد10 804. حتر12 805. حتف16 806. حتك11 807. حتم17 808. حتى4 809. حث7 810. حثرم5 811. حثف4 812. حثل13 813. حثم10 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب19 817. حجر22 818. حجز19 819. حجف14 820. حجل19 821. حجم19 822. حجن18 823. حجو10 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث22 828. حدج12 829. حدر18 830. حدس16 831. حدق21 832. حدلق3 833. حدم13 834. حدو11 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر19 838. حذف21 839. حذفر7 840. حذق15 841. حذلق5 842. حذم15 843. حذو9 844. حذى2 845. حر7 846. حرب16 847. حرث20 848. حرج18 849. حرح5 850. حرد21 851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز18 854. حرس19 855. حرش16 856. حرص19 857. حرض19 858. حرف24 859. حرق19 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص9 862. حرقف6 Prev. 100
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جوع

1 جَاعَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. يَجُوعُ, (S,) inf. n. جَوْعٌ, (Msb, K,) or جُوعٌ, (S, so in two copies,) or this is a simple subst., (Msb, TA,) and مَجَاعَةٌ, (S, K,) He was, or became, hungry; or empty in the belly; (TA;) contr. of شَبِعَ. (S, K, TA.) [See also جُوعٌ below.] b2: [Hence,] جَاعَ إِلَيْهِ, (K,) or جَاعَ إِلَى لِقَائِهِ, (M, TA,) (tropical:) He desired, (M, K, *) and longed, (K,) [as though hungering,] to meet with him; like عَطِشَ. (M, K. *) and جَاعَ إِلَى مَالِهِ (tropical:) He longed for his property. (AZ.) 2 جَوَّعَ see 4, in two places.4 اجاعهُ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِجَاعَةٌ; (Msb;) and ↓ جوّعهُ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. تَجْوِيعٌ; (Msb;) He constrained him to be hungry, or empty in the belly: (S, * K, TA:) or he debarred him from food and drink. (Msb.) It is said in a prov., أَجِعْ كَلْبَكَ يَتْبَعْكَ [Make thy dog to be hungry and he will follow thee]; (S, K;) meaning (assumed tropical:) constrain thou the ignoble to have recourse to thee, by want, in order that he may continue by thee; (K, * TA;) for if he be in no need of thee, he will leave thee: and for أَجِعْ, some say ↓ جَوِّعْ. (TA.) 5 تجوّع He made himself hungry, or empty in the belly, intentionally, or purposely. (S, K.) You say, تَوَحَّشْ لِلدَّوَآءِ and تَجَوَّعْ لِلدَّوَآءِ, [Make thyself hungry, or make thy stomach empty of food and beverage, (see art. وحش,) or] abstain thou from eating the full quantity of food, for the purpose of taking medicine. (TA.) 10 استجاع He showed hunger. (KL, PS.) b2: [Hence,] اِسْتِجَاعَةُ العِلْمِ (assumed tropical:) The being insatiable of knowledge. (TA.) جُوعٌ, a subst., (Msb, TA,) signifying Hunger; or emptiness of the belly; (TA;) contr. of شِبَعٌ; (S, K, TA;) as also ↓ مَجَاعَةٌ, [properly an inf. n.,] and ↓ مَجْوَعَةٌ, (K, TA,) and ↓ مَجُوعَةٌ. (TA.) Yousay, جُوعًا لَهُ وَنُوعًا [May God decree hunger to him]: accord. to Sb, an instance of inf. ns. in the accus. case by reason of a verb understood: it is a form of imprecation: and the latter noun may not be put before the former, because it is a corroborative to it: (TA:) or, accord. to some, نُوعٌ means“ thirst. ” (S, &c., in art. نوع.) And ↓ عَامُ مَجَاعَةٍ and ↓ مَجْوَعَةٍ (S, K) and ↓ مَجُوعَةٍ (TA) A year in which is hunger, or emptiness of the belly: (K, TA:) and ↓ عَامُ المَجَاعَةِ and ↓ المَجُوعَةِ [the year of hunger, &c.]: (Msb:) pl. مَجَائِعُ (K) and مَجَاوِهُ: as in the phrases أَصَابَتْهُمُ المَجَاوِعُ [Cases of hunger, &c., befell them] and وَقَعُوافِى

المَجَاوِعِ [They fell into cases of hunger, &c.]. (TA.) And ↓ الرَّضَاعَةُ مِنَ المَجَاعَةِ, meaning The sucking which occasions interdiction [of marriage with the woman whose milk is sucked and certain of her relations] is that consequent upon hunger which is stopped by the milk in the time of infancy of the child; not when the child's hunger is only to be stopped by solid food. (Mgh.) [See also 1 in art. رضع.] And it is said in a prov., سَمَنُ كَلْبٍ بِجُوعِ أَهْلِهِ, i. e. [The dog's becoming fat is] by reason of [the hunger of his owners occasioned by] murrain befalling the camels; (K, * TA;) his owners falling into hunger and distress and leanness: (TA:) or كلب was the name of a certain man, who was an object of fear, wherefore he was asked for a pledge, and he pledged his family: then obtaining possession of the camels, or cattle, of the people to whom he had pledged his family, he drove them away, and left his family: (K, TA:) some relate this prov. differently, saying [سَمِنَ كَلْبٌ “ a dog,” or “ Kelb,”

“ became fat,” and] بِبُؤْسِ أَهْلِهِ [“ by reason of the distress of his owners,” or “ his family ”]. (TA.) [See Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 615.]

جَوْعَةٌ A single temporary affection of hunger. (S, TA.) A state of destitution and hunger of a tribe. (TA.) جَوْعَانُ: see the next paragraph.

جَائِعٌ and ↓ جَوْعَانُ, (Msb, K, TA,) but not جَيْعَانُ, [as the vulgar say,] for this a mistake, (TA,) Hungry; or empty in the belly: (K, * TA:) or debarred from food and drink: (Msb:) the fem. [of the former] is جَائِعَةٌ and [of the latter] جَوْعَى: (Msb, K:) and the pl. [of the former] is جُوَّعٌ (S, Msb, K) and جُيَّعٌ, with the و changed into ى, (L,) and [of the latter, or perhaps of both,] جِيَاعٌ (S, K) and جَاعَةٌ (K * in art. سوع) and جَيَاعَى [with the و changed into ى contr. to rule, if this be not a mistake for جِيَاعٌ, in which the و is changed into ى by rule]. (Msb.) You say جَائِعٌ نَائِعٌ; the latter word being an imitative sequent; (TA;) or, accord. to some, signifying “ thirsty. ” (S, &c., in art. نوع.) b2: رَجُلٌ جَائِعُ القِدْرِ (tropical:) A man whose cookingpot is not full. (TA.) b3: اِمْرَأَةٌ جَائِعَةُ الوِشَاحِ (tropical:) A woman slender in the [waist, or] belly. (K, * TA.) [See art. وشح.]

مَجَاعٌ [The space in which one becomes hungry]. You say, هُوَ مِنِّى عَلَى قَدْرِ مَجَاعِ الشَّبْعَانِ, i. e., عَلَى قَدْرِ مَا يَجُوعُ الشَّبْعَانُ [He, or it, is distant from me as far as the space in which he who is satiated with food becomes hungry]: (O, K: *) and in like manner, عَلَى قَدْرِ مَعْطَشِ الرَّيَّانِ [as far as the space in which he who is satisfied with drink becomes thirsty]. (Z, TA.) مَجَاعَةٌ: see جُوعٌ, in four places.

مَجْوَعَةٌ and مَجُوعَةٌ: see جُوعٌ, in five places.

مُسْتَجِيعٌ A man (S) who always shows himself, or is seen, to be hungry: (S, A, O, K:) or, accord. to Aboo-Sa'eed, who is always eating one thing after another. (Sgh, L.)
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