William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
802. حت8 803. حتد9 804. حتر11 805. حتف15 806. حتك10 807. حتم16808. حتى4 809. حث7 810. حثرم5 811. حثف4 812. حثل12 813. حثم9 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب18 817. حجر21 818. حجز18 819. حجف14 820. حجل18 821. حجم18 822. حجن17 823. حجو9 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث21 828. حدج11 829. حدر17 830. حدس15 831. حدق20 832. حدلق3 833. حدم12 834. حدو10 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر18 838. حذف20 839. حذفر7 840. حذق14 841. حذلق5 842. حذم14 843. حذو8 844. حذى2 845. حر7 846. حرب15 847. حرث19 848. حرج17 849. حرح5 850. حرد20 851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18 857. حرض18 858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 Prev. 100
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حتم

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حتم

1 حَتَمَهُ, aor. حَتِمَ, (K,) inf. n. حَتْمٌ, (S, TA,) He made it, or rendered it, firm; or established it, or settled it, firmly; namely, a thing, or an affair. (S, K, TA.) b2: He decreed it; ordained it; pronounced it; or decided it judicially: (TA:) and so حَتَمَ بِهِ. (TK.) [See حَاتِمٌ.] b3: He necessitated it; or made it, or rendered it, necessary, requisite, or unavoidable; syn. أَوْجَبَهُ: (S, K, * TA:) and so حَتَمَ بِهِ. (Msb.) See حَاتِمٌ. You say, حَتَمْتُ عَلَيْهِ الشَّىْءَ I made it, or rendered it, necessary, &c., for him to do, or to suffer, the thing. (S. [Golius, reading أَوْحَيْتُ for أَوْجَبْتُ, the explanation in the S, has rendered حَتَمَ as signifying “ inspiravit: ” and the next explanation given by him, i. e. “ indicavit,” is a misprint for “ judicavit. ”]) Or حَتَمَ عَلَيْهِ الأَمْرَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, signifies He made the thing, or affair, or event, to be absolutely, or decisively, or irreversibly, necessary, requisite, or unavoidable, for him to do, or to suffer. (Msb.) حُتُومٌ, which is pl. of حَتْمٌ, may also be an inf. n. of حَتَمَ, and is likewise pl. of حَاتِمٌ. (TA.) 5 تحتّم He made a thing to be necessary, or unavoidable. (K, * TA.) b2: [Hence, perhaps,] تحتّم لِفُلَانٍ بِخَيْرٍ He wished such a one good: or he augured good for him. (K.) b3: See also 7.

A2: [It (a thing that was eaten) was soft, yielding, crummy, or easily broken.] It is said in the S that التَّحَتُّمُ signifies الهَشَاشَةُ: but in a marginal note it is stated that there is an omission in this explanation, the right rendering being هشاشة الشَّىْءِ المأْكُولِ. (TA.) One says, هُوَ ذُو تَحَتُّمٍ [It is soft, yielding, crummy, or easily broken: explained in the K by هَشَاشٌ, which is evidently a mistranscription for هَشَاشٌ, syn. with هَشٌّ]. (S, K.) And هُوَ غَضُّ المُتَحَتَّمِ [It is fresh, juicy, sappy, or moist, in its soft, yielding, crummy, or crumbling, nature; مُتَحَتَّمٌ being a regular inf. n.] (S, K.) b2: It (a ثُؤْلُول [or wart] when it had become dry) crumbled, or broke into small bits. (TA.) And It (a glass vessel) broke in pieces, one part upon another. (TA.) b3: He ate a thing that was soft, yielding, crummy, or easily broken, in his mouth. (Lth, K.) b4: He ate the حُتَامَة, i. e., the food that remained upon the table, or what fell from it during eating, (K, TA,) of the crumbs of bread &c. (TA.) It is said in a trad. that he who eats and does this will enter Paradise. (TA.) A3: تحتّم لِكَذَا He was, or became, cheerful, brisk, lively, or sprightly, by reason of such a thing. (K.) 7 انحتم It (a thing, or an affair, or event,) was, or became, absolutely, or decisively, or irreversibly, necessary, requisite, or unavoidable; as also ↓ تحتّم. (Msb.) Q. Q. 4 اِحْتَأَمَّ He cut or cut off [a thing]. (K.) حَتْمٌ [inf. n. of 1: when used as a simple subst.,] A decree, an ordinance, a sentence, or a judicial decision; (S, K;) accord. to some, adapted to a particular case: (TA:) pl. حُتُومٌ. (S, K.) It is said in the Kur [xix. 72], كَانَ عَلَى رَبِّكَ حَتْمًا مَقْضِيًّا [It is imposed by Himself upon thy Lord as a decree judicially decided]. (TA.) and Umeiyeh Ibn-Abi-s-Salt says, عِبَادُكَ يُخْطِئُونَ وَأَنْتَ رَبٌّ بِكَفَّيْكَ المَنَايَا والحُتُومُ

[Thy servants sin: and Thou art a Lord: in thy hands are the decrees and the judicial decisions]. (S.) b2: [As a term of the law, it is sometimes used instead of قَضَآءٌ as opposed to أَدَآءٌ.]

A2: Also [an inf. n. used as an epithet, signifying] Necessary, requisite, or unavoidable; that must inevitably be done [or suffered]: (TA:) or indissoluble and irreversible: as in the phrase قَضَآءٌ حَتْمٌ [an indissoluble and irreversible decree or ordinance or sentence or judicial decision]. (Msb in art. جزم.) b2: And [hence,] Death. (MA.) A3: Pure; free from admixture; genuine: formed by transposition from مَحْتٌ. (K.) One says, هُوَ الأَخُ الحَتْمُ He is the pure, or genuine, true, brother. (TA.) حُتْمَةٌ Blackness; (K;) as also ↓ حَتَمَةٌ. (TA.) حَتَمَةٌ: see what next precedes.

A2: Also A flask (قَارُورَة) broken into small pieces. (K.) حُتَامَةٌ The food remaining upon the table: (S, K:) or what has fallen from it during eating, (K,) of the crumbs of bread, &c. (TA.) حُتُومَةٌ Acidity, sourness, or pungency; syn. حُمُوضَةٌ. (K.) حَاتِمٌ A judge; or one who decrees, ordains, or pronounces a judicial decision: (S, * K, * TA:) pl. حُتُومٌ, (K,) like as شُهُودٌ is pl. of شَاهِدٌ. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] because, as they [the Arabs] hold, or assert, it necessitates separation, or departure, (بِالفِرَاقِ ↓ يَحْتِمُ,) (S, Msb, TA,) i. e. يُوجِبُ, (Msb,) by its croaking, (Msb, TA,) الحَاتِمُ signifies The غُرَاب [a name applied to any species of crow; and here, app., particularly to the raven]: (Msb:) or the black غُرَاب: (S, K:) and [the bird called] غُرَابُ البَيْنِ, [see art. بين,] which is red in the beak and legs: (K:) said by Lh to be that which is fond of plucking out its feathers, and which is held to be of evil omen. (TA.) b3: And [hence,] حَاتِمٌ signifies also Unlucky, or inauspicious. (TA.) b4: See also أَحْتَمُ.

حَنْتَمْ, of the measure فَنْعَلٌ, signifies A green jar (خَزَفٌ أَخْضَرُ, meaning جِرَّةٌ): it is also applied to anything [of the colour termed] أَسْوَد: and الأَخْضَرُ is, with the Arabs, أَسْوَدُ [which may mean either that green is, with the Arabs, termed اسود, or that الاخضر is, with the Arabs, black; but the former appears to be the right meaning: see أَسْوَدُ]. (Msb.) [See أَخْضَرُ: and see also what here follows.]

أَحْتَمُ Anything (TA) black; (K, TA;) as also ↓ حَاتِمٌ. (TA.) [See also what next precedes.]
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