William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
811. حثف4 812. حثل12 813. حثم9 814. حج9 815. حجأ7 816. حجب18817. حجر21 818. حجز18 819. حجف14 820. حجل18 821. حجم18 822. حجن17 823. حجو9 824. حد8 825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث21 828. حدج11 829. حدر17 830. حدس15 831. حدق20 832. حدلق3 833. حدم12 834. حدو10 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر18 838. حذف20 839. حذفر7 840. حذق14 841. حذلق5 842. حذم14 843. حذو8 844. حذى2 845. حر7 846. حرب15 847. حرث19 848. حرج17 849. حرح5 850. حرد20 851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18 857. حرض18 858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 Prev. 100
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حجب

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حجب

1 حَجَبَهُ, (S, A, Msb,) aor. حَجُبَ, (Msb,) inf. n. حَجْبٌ, (Mgh, Msb,) He, or it, prevented, hindered, debarred, or precluded, him, or it: (Mgh, Msb:) he, or it, precluded him, or it; i. e. prevented him, or it, from entering. (S, A.) [Hence,] الإِخْوَةُ يَحْجُبُونَ الأُمَّ عِنِ الثُّلُثِ [Brothers of a person deceased preclude the mother from receiving the third of the inheritance]. (S, A.) b2: Also, (A, K,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. حَجْبٌ and حَجَابٌ, (K,) He, or it, veiled, concealed, hid, covered, or protected, him, or it; (A, K;) as also ↓ حجّبهُ. (K.) b3: [And It intervened between two things. Thus the diaphragm is described as] جِلْدَةٌ تَحْجُبُ بَيْنَ الفُؤَادِ وَالبَطْنِ [A piece of skin that intervenes between the heart and the belly]. (A.) b4: [And He held the office of حَاجِب, i. e. door-keeper, or chamberlain. Yousay,] فُلَانٌ يَحْجُبُ لِلْأَمِيرِ Such a one holds the office of حاجب to the prince, governor, or commander. (A, TA.) 2 حَجَّبَ see 1.5 تَحَجَّبَ see 8.8 احتجب [He, or it, became prevented, hindered, debarred, or precluded: he became secluded; or he secluded himself:] he, or it, became veiled, concealed, hidden, covered, or protected; as also ↓ تحجّب. (K, TA.) You say, احتجب المَلِكُ عِنِ النَّاسِ [The King secluded, or concealed, himself, or became secluded or concealed, from the people]. (S, A.) And احتجبت الشَّمْسُ فِى السَّحَابِ (tropical:) [The sun became concealed, or concealed itself, in the clouds]. (A, TA.) b2: [Hence, app.,] احتجبت المَرْأَةُ بِيَومٍ, (K,) or بِيَوْمٍ مِنْ تَاسِعِهَا, and مِنْ يَوْمٍ مِنْ تَاسِعِهَا, (TA,) [as though meaning The woman secluded herself from the commencement of a day of her ninth month of pregnancy:] said of a pregnant woman, (TA,) when a day has passed of her ninth [month, during which it was probably a custom for a woman to seclude herself in the house or tent]. (K, TA.) 10 استحجِبهُ He appointed him to the office of حَاجِب [i. e. door-keeper, or chamberlain]. (S, K.) حَجَبٌ: see حَجَبَةٌ.

A2: Also [The windpipe;] the passage of the breath. (K.) حَجِبٌ A hill; syn. أَكَمَةٌ: (K:) or a lofty أَكَمَة. (TA.) حِجْبَةٌ: see حِجَابَةٌ.

حَجَبَةٌ The head [or crest] of the kip or haunch (S, A) [of a man, (see حَرْقَفَةٌ,) and] of a horse; (A;) i. e. each of the حَجَبَتَانِ, which project above, or beyond, the خَاصِرَتَانِ [or two flanks]: (S:) or the dual signifies the two edges of the hip or haunch, that project above, or beyond, the خَاصِرَة [or flank]: (K:) or the two bones above the pubes, that project above, or beyond, the soft parts of the belly, on the right and left: (Zj in his “ Khalk el-Insán, “* and K:) or the heads of the two hipbones or haunch-bones, next the حَرْقَفَتَانِ [q. v.]; pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] ↓ حَجَبٌ, and pl. of pauc. حَجَبَاتٌ: (TA:) and in a horse, the parts of the two hips, or haunches, that project above, or beyond, the [skin called] صِفَاق, of the belly. (K.) حِجَابٌ [A thing that prevents, hinders, debars,or precludes:] a thing that veils, conceals, hides, covers, or protects; (S, Msb, K TA;) because it prevents seeing, or beholding: (Msb:) a thing, (A, K,) or body. (Msb,) that intervenes (A, Msb, K) between two things, (A, K,) or between two bodies; which is [said to be] the primary signification; (Msb;) [a partition, a bar, a barrier, or an obstacle:] and sometimes applied to ideal things: (Msb:) pl. جُجُبٌ. (A, Msb, K.) Yousay, ضُرِبَ الحِجَابُ عَلَى النِّسَآءِ [The veil, or curtain, was put, or let down, over the women]. (A, TA.) And لَهُ دَعَوَاتٌ تَخْرِقُ الحُجُبَ [He has prayers that rend the veils]. (A, TA.) and مَا لِدَعْوَةِ المَظْلُومِ حِجَابٌ [There is no veil, or obstacle, to the prayer of the wronged]. (A, TA.) It is said in a trad., مَنِ اطَّلَعَ الحِجَابِ وَاقَعَ مَا وَرَآءَهُ [He who gets sight and knowledge of the veil falls into that which is behind it]: i. e., when a man dies, he falls into what is behind [one of] the two veils, that of Paradise and that of Hell: (ISh, TA:) or, accord. to some, اِطَلَاعُ الحِجَابِ signifies the stretching out the head [and looking over the veil]; for he who examines into a thing stretches out his head to see what is behind the veil, or covering. (TA.) And in another trad., a saying of Mohammad, (TA,) إِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَغْفِرُ لِلْعَبْدِ مَا لَمْ يَقَعِ الحِجَابُ [Verily God forgiveth the servant (his creature) as long as the precluding event shall not have happened]: الحجاب here meaning the dying in the belief in a plurality of gods: (K, * TA:) as though one were precluded from true belief by death. (TA.) One says also, العَجْزُ حَجَابٌ بَيْنَ الإِنْسَانِ وَمُرَادِهِ [Inability is a bar between man and his desire]. (Msb.) and المَعْصِيَةُ حِجَابٌ بَيْنَ العَبْدِ وَبَيْنَ رَبِّهِ [Disobedience is a bar between the servant and his Lord]. (Msb.) b2: [Hence, in the present day, (assumed tropical:) A written charm or amulet; generally worn in a case (called بَيْتُ حِجَابٍ) suspended, on the right side, by a string passing over the left shoulder, or on some other part of the person: pl. of mult. حُجُبٌ, and of pauc. أَحْجِبَةٌ and حِجَابَاتٌ.] b3: [Hence also,] A thin piece of flesh, (K,) resembling a piece of shin, (TA,) in the interior of the body, between the two sides, intervening between the lungs and the قصب [in the K القَصَب, but this is evidently a mistranscription for القُصْب the lower intestines; for the حجاب is the diaphragm, or midriff]: (K, TA:) and حِجَابُ القَلْبِ, (A,) or حَجَابُ الجَوْفِ, (S,) signifies [the same; as also حَجَابُ الكَبِدِ; (see خِلْبٌ;)] what intervenes between the heart and the rest of the جوف; (S;) the piece of skin that intervenes between the heart and the belly: (A, TA:) or حِجَابُ القَلْبِ signifies a certain fat that clothes the heart: (AHeyth, TA in art. شغف:) [or it signifies, or signifies also, the septum cordis: see قَلْبٌ:] pl. حُجُبٌ (A, TA.) Hence the saying, هَتَكَ الخَوْفُ حِجَابَ قَلْبِهِ (tropical:) [Fear rent open his midriff: or his septum cordis]. (A, TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) The horizon: [because it terminates the view:] so in the phrase, تَوَارَتْ بِالْحِجَابِ (assumed tropical:) It (the sun) became concealed by the horizon; occurring in the Kur [xxxviii. 31], and in a trad. (TA.) b5: (tropical:) A mountain: (A:) or an elevated part of a mountain. (K.) You say, قَعَدَ فِى ظِلِّ الحِجَابِ (tropical:) He sat in the shade of the mountain. (A.) b6: (assumed tropical:) The place where a [stony tract such as is called]

حَرَّة ends. (K.) b7: (assumed tropical:) A tract of sand uniformly continuous, and long. (K.) b8: (assumed tropical:) The light of the sun: or the tract, or side, of the sun: (K, TA:) or [like حَاجِبٌ] a side, or part, of the sun. (TA.) حَجَابَةٌ, (K,) or ↓ حِجْبَةٌ, (S,) The office of doorkeeper [or chamberlain]. (S, * K.) b2: And the former, The office of door-keeper and guardian of the Kaabeh. (TA.) حَاجِبٌ, an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates, (TA,) A door-keeper; (Msb, K;) so called because he prevents persons from entering: (Msb:) [a chamberlain:] pl. حُجَّابٌ (S, Msb, K) and حَجَبَةٌ. (Msb, K.) And حَجَبَةُ البَيْتِ [The door-keepers and guardians of the Kaabeh: see حِجَابَةٌ]. (TA.) b2: Each of the two bones over the eyes, with the hair and flesh upon them: (IF, Msb, K:) or the eyebrow; the hair growing on either of those bones: (AZ, K:) so called because it precludes the rays of the sun from the eye: (TA:) of the masc. gender: (Lh TA:) pl. حَوَاجِبُ. (S Msb, K.) One says, إِنَّهُ لَمُزَجَّجُ الحَاجِبِ [Verily he has the eyebrow made narrow and long, by the removal of redundant hairs; or made narrow and long and arched; or lengthened with antimony]. (Lh, TA.) b3: [Hence, as being likened thereto,] (assumed tropical:) The piece of wood that is over the lintel of a door-frame. (Az, TA.) [See عَتَبَةٌ.]

b4: (tropical:) The edge, (A,) or side, (K,) or upper limb of the disk, that appears when it begins to rise, (T, TA,) or the first part that appears, (Mgh,) of the sun, (T, A, Mgh, K,) and of the moon: (T, TA:) likened to the حاجب (A, Mgh) of the face (Mgh) of a man: (A:) and حَوَاجبُ الشَّمْس the sides of the sun. (S.) You say, بَدَا حَاجِبُ الشَّمْس, (T, A, TA,) and القَمَرِ, (T, TA,) (tropical:) The upper limb of the disk, (T, TA,) or the edge, (A,) of the sun appeared, (T, A, TA,) and of the moon. (T, TA.) b5: (assumed tropical:) The edge or anything. (K.) A woman said to a man who was eating of the middle of a round cake of bread, كُلْ مِنْ حَوَاجِبِهَا (tropical:) Eat of its edges, (As, TA,) or its sides. (A.) b6: (assumed tropical:) [The beginning of the dawn.] You say, لَاحَتْ حَوَاجِبُ الصُّبْحِ (tropical:) The beginnings of the dawn appeared. (A, TA.) مُحَجَّبٌ: see what next follows.

مَحْجُوبٌ [pass. part. n. of 1]. You say مَلِكٌ مَحْجُوبٌ (A) and ↓ مُحَجَّبٌ (S) and ↓ مُحْتَجبٌ (A) and ↓ مُحُوْجَبٌ (TA) [A king secluded, or concealed, from the people]. And اِمْرَأَةٌ مَحْجُوبَةٌ A woman veiled, or concealed by a curtain or the like. (TA.) And هُوَ مَحْجُوبٌ عِنِ الخَيْرِ [He is debarred from good.] (A, TA.) b2: (assumed tropical:) Blind; (S, K;) and so ↓ مُحَوْجَبٌ. (TA.) مُحْتَجِبٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُحَوْجَبٌ: see مَحْجُوبٌ, in two places.
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