William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
819. حجف14 820. حجل18 821. حجم18 822. حجن17 823. حجو9 824. حد8825. حدأ12 826. حدب18 827. حدث21 828. حدج11 829. حدر17 830. حدس15 831. حدق20 832. حدلق3 833. حدم12 834. حدو10 835. حدى1 836. حذ6 837. حذر18 838. حذف20 839. حذفر7 840. حذق14 841. حذلق5 842. حذم14 843. حذو8 844. حذى2 845. حر7 846. حرب15 847. حرث19 848. حرج17 849. حرح5 850. حرد20 851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18 857. حرض18 858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب15 912. حطم18 913. حظ6 914. حظر20 915. حظل10 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 Prev. 100
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حد

1 جَحَدَ, aor. حَدَّ, inf. n. جَحْدٌ and جُحُودٌ, He denied a thing; disacknowledged it; (L, MF;) in an absolute sense, whether knowing it to be otherwise than as he represented it to be or not. (MF.) [It is used by grammarians, and often by others, as relating to something past, or supposed or asserted to be past; and thus, in a more restricted sense than نَفَى.] You say, جَحَدَهُ حَقَّهُ, and بِحَقِّهِ, inf. ns. as above; [and ↓ جاحدهُ; (see 3 in art. كبر, where جاحَدَهُ is used in explaining كَابَرَهُ; and see what follows;)] He denied, or disacknowledged, his right, or due, knowing it to be such, (S, A, * Msb, K, MF,) and also, not knowing it; (MF;) the doing of which is also termed مُكَابَرَةٌ: (TA:) but accord. to some, it is made trans. by means of ب only by its being made to imply the meaning of كَفَرَ. (MF.) A2: Also جَحَدَهُ, He found him to be niggardly, or avaricious: (K:) or he found him to possess little good; i. e., to be either niggardly or poor. (TA.) A3: جَحِدَ, (S, K,) aor. حَدِّ, (K,) inf. n. جَحْدٌ, (S,) He (a man) was, or became, niggardly, or avaricious; (S;) possessed little good; (S, K;) as also ↓ اجحد: (S:) or his property became dissipated or dispersed, and passed away; and so ↓ the latter verb. (AA, TA.) b2: It (anything, TA) was, or became, little in quantity, or scanty. (K, TA.) b3: It (a person's life, TA) was, or became, strait, and difficult. (K, * TA.) b4: It (a plant) was, or became, scanty; (S;) did not grow tall. (S, K.) b5: جَحِدَتِ الأَرْضُ The land became dry, and of no good. (L.) b6: جَحَدَ عَامُنَا [Our year was, or became, one of little rain: see جَحِدٌ]. (A.) 3 حَاْدَّ see 1.4 أَحْدَ3َ see 1, in two places.

جَحْدٌ and ↓ جُحْدٌ and ↓ جَحَدٌ Paucity, or scantiness, of good; (S, K;) which means both niggardliness and poverty: (A:) straitness of the means of subsistence; as also ↓ جُحُودٌ. (TA.) One says, ↓ نَكَدًا لَهُ وَجَحَدًا (S) and نُكْدًا لَهُ

↓ وَجُحْدًا (L in art. نكد) [May God decree straitness, or difficulty, to him, and poverty]: a form of imprecation. (TA.) A2: جَحْدٌ as an epithet, fem. with ة: see جَحْدٌ, in three places.

جُحْدٌ: see جَحْدٌ, in four places.

جَحَدٌ: see جَجْدٌ, in four places.

جَحِدٌ (S, K) and ↓ جَجْدٌ and ↓ أَجْحَدُ (K) A man niggardly, or avaricious; (S;) possessing little good. (S, K.) [Hence,] ↓ أَرْضٌ جَحْدَةٌ Dry land, in which is no good. (L.) And عَامٌ جَحِدٌ, (S,) or ↓ جَحْدٌ, (A,) A year in which is little rain. (S.) b2: Also جَحِدٌ, A thick and short horse: fem. with ة: pl. جِحَادٌ. (K.) جُحُودٌ: see جَحْدٌ.

جَحَّادٌ (applied to a man, TA) Slow in emitting his seminal fluid; syn. بَطىْءُ الإِنْزَالِ. (K.) أَجْحَدُ: see جَحِدٌ.

حد

1 حَدَّ, (A, Mgh, Msb,) aor. حَدُّ, (Mgh, TA,) inf. n. حَدّق, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) He, or it, prevented, hindered, impeded, withheld, restrained, debarred, inhibited, forbade, prohibited, or interdicted: (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K, TA:) this is the primary signification: (Mgh:) and he repelled, turned away, or averted, (L, K, TA,) evil [or the like], and also a person from a thing, good or evil. (L.) You say, حَدَّ الرَّجُلَ عَنِ الأَمْرِ He prevented, or hindered, and withheld, or restrained, the man from the thing, or affair. (L.) And حَدَدْتُ فُلانًا عَنِ الشَّرِّ I prevented, or hindered, such a one from [falling into], or preserved him from, evil. (L.) And قَدْ حَدَّ اللّٰهُ ذٰلِكَ عَنَّا [God hath forbidden us that]. (S.) and اَللّٰهُمَّ احْدُودْهُ (T, A, L) O God, prevent him from hitting the mark: said with reference to a man shooting, or casting a missile weapon, or the like. (T, L.) And حُدَّ He (a man) was prevented, or withheld, from obtaining good fortune, success, or what he desired or sought. (L.) And حَدَّ اللّٰهُ عَنَّا شَرَّ فُلَانٍ May God repel, or avert, from us, the evil, or mischief, of such a one. (L.) b2: [Hence,] حَدَّهُ, (S, L, Msb,) aor. حَدُّ, (L,) inf. n. حَدٌّ, (L, Msb, K,) He inflicted upon him the castigation, or punishment, termed حَدٌّ; (S, L;) he inflicted upon him (namely, a criminal or an offender [against the law],) a castigation, or punishment, that should prevent him from returning to his crime or offence, and that should prevent others from committing such a crime or such an offence: (K, * TA:) he inflicted upon him a flogging. (Msb.) b3: حَدَّ شَيْئًا مِنْ غَيْرِهِ, aor. حَدُّ, (L,) inf. n. حَدٌّ; (L, K;) and ↓ حدّدهُ; (L;) He distinguished, or separated by some mark or note, or marks or notes, a thing from another thing. (L, K. *) And حَدَّ الدَّارَ, aor. and inf. n. as above; (S, Msb;) and ↓ حّددها, inf. n. تَحْدِيدٌ; (S;) He distinguished the house from the parts adjoining it, by mentioning [or defining] its limits. Msb.) A2: [And hence, حَدَّ in logic, inf. n. حَدٌّ, (assumed tropical:) He defined a word; as also ↓ حدّد, inf. n. تَحْدِيدٌ.]

b2: حَدَّ, (L, Msb, K,) aor. حَدُّ, (L, Msb,) inf. n. حَدٌّ; (L;) and ↓ حدّد, (S, L, Msb, K,) [which is more common,] inf. n. تَحْدِيدٌ; (S;) and ↓ احدّ, (S, L, K,) which is the form preferred by Lh, (L,) inf. n. إِحْدَادٌ; (S;) and ↓ استحدّ; (As, S, L;) He edged, or sharpened, a knife, (L, K,) a blade, (S,) a sword, (L, Msb,) or anything blunt, (L,) [and pointed, or made sharp-pointed, an arrow-head or the like,] with a stone or file. (L, K.) b3: [And hence,] حَدَّ بَصَرَهُ إِلَيْهِ, aor. حَدُّ; (Lh, L;) and ↓ احدّهُ, (L,) or احدّ النَّظَرَ اليه; (S, Msb;) and ↓ حدّدهُ; (K in art. لتأ, &c.;) (tropical:) He looked sharply at him, or it; (L;) or intently, or attentively. (Msb.) A3: حَدَّتْ, (S, Mgh, L, K,) or حَدَّتْ عَلَى زَوْجِهَا, (Msb,) aor. حَدِّ and حَدُّ, inf. n. حِدَادٌ (S, Mgh, L, Msb, K) and حَدٌّ; (L, K;) and ↓ احدّت, (As, S, A, Mgh, L, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِحْدَادٌ; (Mgh, Msb;) the former the more common in the language of the Arabs, but the latter preferred by the early grammarians, (Fr, TA,) and the only form known to As, (S,) who rejected the former; (Msb;) She (a woman) abstained from the wearing of ornaments, (A 'Obeyd, S, A, Mgh, L, Msb, K,) and the use of perfumes, (L,) and dye for the hands &c., (S, Mgh,) because forbidden such things, or because she forbade herself, (Mgh,) and put on the garments of mourning, (A,) after the death of her husband, (S, Mgh,) or on account of the death of her husband, (A 'Obeyd, A, Msb,) for the period called العِدَّة: (K:) or she mourned for her husband, and put on the garments of mourning, and abstained from the wearing of ornaments, and the use dye for the hands &c. (L.) The epithets applied to a woman in this case are ↓ حَادٌّ (S, L, Msb, K) and ↓ مُحِدٌّ (S, A, Mgh, L, Msb, K) and ↓ مُحِدَّةٌ also, but the first [always] without ة, (Msb,) or both more chaste without ة. (TA.) A4: حَدَّ, aor. حَدِّ, inf. n. حِدَّةٌ; (S, L, Msb, K;) and ↓ احتدّ; (L, K;) [and app. ↓ انحدّ, q. v.;] It (a sword, S Msb, and a knife, L, K, [or the like,] and a canine tooth, L) was, or became, [edged, or] sharp, or pointed. (S, L, Msb, K.) b2: [and hence,] حَدَّ, aor. حَدِّ, inf. n. حِدَّةٌ, (tropical:) He was, or became, sharp [or effective] in respect of eloquence, and of intellect, or understanding, and of anger. (L.) And حَدَّ عَلَيْهِ, aor. حَدِّ, (S, L, K,) inf. n. حِدَّةٌ and حَدٌّ, (S, L,) (tropical:) He became excited against him by sharpness, or hastiness, of temper; by irascibility, passionateness, or angriness; (Ks, S, L, K;) as also عَلَيْهِ ↓ احتدّ: (TA:) and حَدَّ عَلَيْهِ, aor. as above, inf. n. حَدَدٌ; (L, K;) and ↓ حدّد, (accord. to some copies of the K,) and ↓ احتدّ, (S, [in which it is not followed by عليه,] A, L, K,) and ↓ استحدّ; (L, K;) (tropical:) he was angry with him; (S, * A, L, K;) but Az remarks upon the last of these verbs as not heard from the Arabs of classical times in this sense: (L:) and بِهِمْ ↓ تحدّد (tropical:) he became exasperated by them: syn. تحرّش. (AZ, L.) 2 حّدد as a trans. v.: see 1, in five places. b2: حدّد بَلَدًا He repaired, or betook himself, to the limits, or boundaries, of a country, or town. (L.) And حدّد إِلَيْهِ and لَهُ He repaired, or betook himself, to him, or it. (K.) A2: As an intrans. v., inf. n. تَحْدِيدٌ, It (seed-produce) was late in coming forth because of the lateness of rain, (K, TA,) and then came forth [pointed,] without forking, or shooting forth into separate stalks or stems. (TA.) b2: حدّد عَلَيْهِ: see 1.3 أَرْضُنَا تُحَادُّ أَرْضَكُمْ Our land borders upon, or is conterminous with, your land; syn. تَتَاخِمُهَا. (K in art. تخم.) b2: [And hence,] حادّهُ, (L, K,) inf. n. مُحَادَّةٌ, (S,) (tropical:) He acted towards him with reciprocal anger and enmity (L, K) and opposition or contrariety or repugnance, (S, K,) contending with him, (TA,) and refusing to do what was incumbent on him: (S:) like شَاقَّهُ: as though meaning he became in the حّدّ, i. e. the side, region, quarter, or tract, in which was (or opposite to that in which was, Zj) his enemy; like as شاقّهُ means he became in the شِقّ, i. e. the side, or quarter, in which was [or opposite to that in which was] his enemy: (L:) and ↓ تحادّهُ, (TA,) inf. n. تَحَادٌّ, (S,) signifies the same. (S, TA.) 4 أَحْدَ3َ see 1, in three places.5 تَحَدَّّ see 1, last sentence.6 تَحَاْدَّ see 3.7 انحدّ It was, or became, slender. (TA in art. ابر.) b2: See 1, latter part.8 إِحْتَدَ3َ see 1, latter part, in three places.10 استحدّ as a trans. v.: see 1.

A2: Also (tropical:) He shaved (S, Mgh, K) his pubes (S, Mgh) with [a razor of] iron: (Mgh, K:) derived from حَدِيدٌ. (Mgh.) b2: See also 1, last sentence.

حَدْ, for أَحَدٌ, in the phrase يَا حَدْ رَآهَا: see أَحَدٌ, in art. احد.

حَدٌّ Prevention, hinderance, an impediment, a withholding, restraint, a debarring, inhibition, forbiddance, prohibition, or interdiction; (S, Mgh, L, Msb, K, TA;) as also ↓ حَدَدٌ: (S, L, K:) and, both words, a repelling, or an averting. (K. [See 1.]) A poet says, (S,) namely, Zeyd Ibn-' Amr Ibn-Nufeyl, (TA,) لَا تَعْبُدَنَّ إِلٰهًا غَيْرَ خَالِقِكُمْ

↓ وَإِنْ دُعِيتُمْ فَقُولُوا دُونَهُ حَدَدُ [Ye shall by no means worship any deity except your Creator; and if ye be invited to do so, say ye, There is an impediment in the way of it, or a prohibition against it]. (S, TA.) And one says, ↓ دُونَ مَا سَأَلْتَ عَنْهُ حَدَدٌ (A, * L) There is an impediment, or a prohibition, in the way of that respecting which thou hast asked. (L.) and عَنْهُ ↓ لَاحَدَدَ There is nothing to prevent, or hinder, one from it. (L. [But this admits of another meaning, as will be seen, under the word حَدَدٌ, below.]) b2: [Hence,] A restrictive ordinance, or statute, of God, respecting things lawful and things unlawful: pl. حُدُودٌ. (L.) The حُدُود of God are of two kinds: first, those ordinances prescribed to men (T, Mgh, L) respecting eatables and drinkables and marriages &c.; what are lawful thereof and what are unlawful: (T, L:) the second kind, castigations, or punishments, prescribed, or appointed, to be inflicted upon him who does that which he has been forbidden to do; (T, Mgh, L;) as the حدّ of the thief, which is the cutting off of his right hand for stealing a thing of the value of a quarter of a deenár or more; and that of the fornicator or fornicatress, which is flogging with a hundred stripes and banishment for a year; and that of the adulterer or adulteress, which is stoning; and that of the person who [falsely] charges an honest or a married woman with adultery, which is flogging with eighty stripes [as is also that of the person who has committed the crime of drunkenness]: (T, L:) the first kind are called حدود because they denote limits which God has forbidden to transgress: the second, because they prevent one's committing again those acts for which they are appointed as punishments; (T, Mgh, L;) or because the limits thereof are determined: (Mgh:) the latter kind of حدّ is also explained as being that [castigation, or punishment,] which prevents the criminal from returning to his crime, and prevents others from committing his crime. (L, K. *) لَوْ رَأَيْتَهُ عَلَى حَدٍّ, in a saying of ' Omar, means Hadst thou seen him engaged in an affair requiring the infliction of the حدّ. (Mgh.) b3: A bar, an obstruction, a partition, or a separation, (S, A, Mgh, L, Msb, * K,) between two things, (S, A, L, K,) or between two places, (Mgh,) [or between two persons,] to prevent their commixture, or confusion, or the encroachment of one upon the other: (L:) an inf. n. used as a subst.: (Mgh:) pl. حُدُودٌ. (L.) b4: A limit, or boundary, of a land or territory: pl. as above. (L.) [Hence, جَاوَزَ الحَدَّ (assumed tropical:) He, or it, exceeded the proper, due, or common, limit; was excessive, immoderate, beyond measure, enormous, inordinate, or exorbitant.] b5: [And hence, in logic, (assumed tropical:) A definition.] It is applied by the learned to the حَقِيقَة of a thing, [or that by being which a thing is what it is,] because it is [a term] collective and restrictive. (Mgh.) b6: The end, extremity, or utmost point, of a thing: (S, L, K:) pl. as above. (L.) b7: [(assumed tropical:) The point, or verge, of an event.] The saying مُسْلِمَةٌ مَوْقُوفَةٌ عَلَى حَدِّ مَحْرَمٍ means (assumed tropical:) A Muslimeh brought to the point, or verge, of being subjected to an infidel's lying with her: and in like manner, مُسْلِمٌ مَوْقُوفٌ عَلَى حَدِّ كُفْرٍ (assumed tropical:) A Muslim brought, by beating or slaughter, to [the point, or verge, of] denying God. (Mgh.) b8: The edge, or extremity of the edge, (S, L,) and point, (L,) of anything, (S, L,) as of a sword, a knife, a spear-head, and an arrow: (L:) the part of a sword [&c.] with which one cuts: (MF:) pl. as above. (L.) b9: See also حِدَّةٌ, in four places. b10: [And hence, app.,] Arms, or weapons; as in the phrase ذَوُو حَدٍّ [Possessors of arms or weapons: or this may mean (tropical:) persons endowed with valour]. (Ham p. 143.) b11: A side, region, quarter, or tract. (L.) b12: (assumed tropical:) Station, standing, rank, condition, or the like; syn. مَرْتَبَةٌ. (KL.) b13: [(assumed tropical:) A case: as when a noun is said to be فِى حَدِّ الرَّفْعِ in the nominative case. b14: And (assumed tropical:) A class, or category: as when a verb is said to be مِنْ حَدِّ ضَرَبَ of the class, or category, of ضَرَبَ.] b15: [(tropical:) A quarter of the year.] Yousay, أَقَامَ حَدَّ الرَّبِيعِ (tropical:) He remained, stayed, or abode, during the quarter of the ربيع. (A.) A2: See also مَحْدُودٌ.

حُدٌّ: see مَحْدُودٌ.

حُدَّةٌ A small quantity of water or milk &c. remaining in a vessel or skin; syn. كُثْبَةٌ and صُبَّةٌ. (K.) حِدَّةٌ [Sharpness of a sword, a knife, or the like: see 1]. b2: [And hence,] (tropical:) Sharpness, or hastiness, of temper; irascibility, passionateness, or angriness; (Ks, S, A, L, K;) as also ↓ حَدٌّ: (Ks, S, L, K:) (tropical:) sharpness [or effectiveness] in respect of eloquence, and of intellect or understanding, and of anger: (L:) (tropical:) sharpness, penetrating energy, vigorousness, effectiveness, and briskness, in the performance of affairs; and also, in matters of religion, with ambition to attain what is good: from حَدٌّ as signifying the “ edge ” of a sword [&c.]: (L:) and ↓ the latter word, [or rather both,] (tropical:) a man's sharpness, penetrating energy, or vigour, in the exercise of courage; his mettle; (L;) his valour, or valiantness, in war. (S, A, L, K.) You say, ↓ إِنَّهُ لَبَيِّنُ الحَدِّ (tropical:) Verily he is one who displays sharpness like that of a knife. (L.) b3: حِدَّةٌ and ↓ حَدٌّ, as denoting a quality of anything, are syn. (K.) [Both signify (assumed tropical:) Sharpness; vehemence; force; and strength: and] both, (assumed tropical:) the force, or strength, of wine and the like; syn. سَوْرَةٌ; (Msb and K, in explanation of the former, [which is the more common,] in art. سور;) meaning شِدَّةٌ; (MF;) and صَلَابَةٌ. (S and L in explanation of the latter in the present art.) [Also, the former, (assumed tropical:) Pungency; acridness.]

حَدَدٌ: see حَدٌّ, first four sentences. b2: You say also, مَالِى عَنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ حَدَدٌ, (S, A, *) and ↓ مالى عَنْهُ مُحْتَدٌّ, (K,) and ↓ مُحَدٌّ, (K, TA,) with damm, of the same measure as مُكْرَمٌ, (TA,) or ↓ مَحَدٌّ, (so in the CK,) I have no way of avoiding, or escaping, this thing. (S, A, K.) And وَلَا مُلْتَدًّا ↓ مَا أَجِدُ مِنْهُ مُحْتَدًّا I find not any way of avoiding, nor any way of escaping, it. (S.) A2: Also, (L,) and ↓ مَحْدُودٌ, (Msb,) Prevented, hindered, impeded, withheld, restrained, debarred, inhibited, forbidden, prohibited, or interdicted. (L, Msb.) You say, هٰذَا أَمْرٌ حَدَدٌ This is a forbidden, or prohibited, thing; a thing unlawful to be done, or committed. (S. [See also what follows.]) And حَدَدًا أَنْ يَكُونَ كَذَا (S, * A, L) Forbidden be it that it should be so: like as you say, مَعَاذَ اللّٰهِ قَدْ حَدَّ اللّٰهُ ذٰلِكَ عَنَّا. (S, A, * L.) أَمْرٌ حَدَدٌ also signifies A disallowed, and vain, or false, thing or affair. (L.) And دَعْوَةٌ حَدَدٌ A vain, or false, pretension. (S, L, K.) حَدَادِ, like قَطَامِ, [indecl., a proper name, for الحَادَّةُ, fem. act. part. n. of حَدَّ; like فَجَارِ for الفَاجِرَةُ; and hence, for يَا حَادَّةُ;] occurring in the phrase, حَدَادِ حُدِّيهِ [O averter, avert him, or it]: said [with respect] to him whose aspect, or countenance, thou dislikest. (A, * K.) b2: [It is also a proper name for الحَدٌّ; like فَجَارِ for الفَجْرَةُ or الفُجُورُ; as in the following hemistich:] حَدَادِ دُونَ شَرِّهَا حَدَادِ [May there be an impediment in the way of her evil, or mischief: an impediment]. (L.) b3: حَدَادُكَ: see the next paragraph.

حُدَادٌ: see حَدِيدٌ.

A2: حُدَادُكَ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ كَذَا, (K, TA,) with damm, (TA,) or ↓ حَدَادُكَ, (so in a MS. copy of the K and in the CK,) The utmost of thy power, or of thine ability, [will be] thy doing such a thing; and the end of thy case; syn. قُصَارَاكَ, (K,) [or قُصَارُكَ,] and مُنْتَهَى أَمْرِكَ. (TA.) حِدَادٌ The black garments of mourning [worn by a widow]. (S, A, Mgh, L.) حَدِيدٌ i. q. ↓ مُحَادٌّ. (A.) You say, فُلَانٌ حَدِيدُ فُلَانٍ Such a one is the close, or next, neighbour of such a one; meaning that the house of the former is next by the side of that of the latter; (A, * L;) or that the land of the former is adjacent to that of the latter. (S, L.) And هُوَ حَديدِى

فِى الدَّارِ, i. e. ↓ مُحَادِّى [He is my next neighbour in respect of house]. (A.) And دَارِى حَدِيدَةُ دَارِهِ, and ↓ مُحَادَّتُهَا (L, K,) or لِدَارِهِ ↓ مُحادَّةٌ, (A,) My house is close, or next, or adjoining, to his house; meaning that the limit of the former is like that of the latter. (L, K. *) A2: Also, (S, L, Msb, K,) used as masc. and fem. without ة, and also as fem. with ة, (L,) and ↓ حَادٌّ, (S, L, Msb,) but this is disapproved by IKh, (TA,) though allowed by some as agreeable with analogy, (MF,) and ↓ حُدَادٌ, (As, L, K,) and ↓ حُدَّادٌ, (AA, S, L, K,) [Edged, or sharpened; or] sharp; applied to a sword, (S, Msb,) a knife, (L, Msb, K,) [and the like: and pointed, or sharp-pointed:] pl. [of the first] حِدَادٌ, (S, L, K,) masc. and fem.; (L;) and حَدِيدَاتٌ and حَدَائِدُ, (L, K,) fem. (L.) And نَابٌ حَدِيدٌ and حَدِيدَةٌ A sharp canine tooth: (L, K:) حُدَادٌ thus applied has not been heard. (L.) b2: [Hence,] رَجُلٌ حَدِيدٌ (tropical:) A man who is sharp [or effective] in respect of eloquence, and of intellect or understanding, and (as also ↓ مُحْتَدٌّ, S) of anger: pl. أَحِدَّآهُ and أَحِدَّةٌ and حِدَادٌ. (L, K.) And أَلْسِنَةٌ حِدَادٌ (assumed tropical:) Sharp tongues. (S.) And رَجُلٌ حَدِيدُ النَّاظِرِ (tropical:) [A man who looks sharply, or boldly;] a man not suspected of evil, so that he should cast down his eyes. (L.) فَبَصَرُكَ اليَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ [in the Kur 1. 21] means (assumed tropical:) And thy sight, or intellect, to-day, is] sharp, or piercing; so that thou perceivest therewith what thou didst not know, or what thou deemedst improbable, in thy life on earth: (Jel:) or thy judgment, to-day, is penetrating. (L.) [Hence also,] رَائِحَةٌ حَدِيدَةٌ (L) and ↓ حَادَّةٌ (L, K) (tropical:) A sharp, or pungent, odour. (L, K.) And نَاقَةٌ حَدِيدَةُ الجِرَّةِ (tropical:) A she-camel whose cud has a pungent odour; (K, TA;) which is a quality approved. (TA.) A3: حَدِيدٌ also signifies [Iron;] a certain substance, (L,) well known; (S, L, K;) so called because of its resistance: (S, L:) ↓ حَدِيدَةٌ is a more particular term, (S,) signifying a piece thereof; (L;) [and an instrument, or implement, thereof:] pl. حَدَائِدُ (S, L, K) and حَدَائِدَاتٌ; (S L;) the latter (which is erroneously written in the K حَدِيدَاتٌ, TA) is a pl. pl., (L,) sometimes occurring in poetry. (S.) It is said in a prov., إِنَّ الحَدِيدَ بِالحَدِيدِ يُفْلَحُ Verily iron with iron is cloven, or cut. (S and K in art. فلح.) And in another, تَضْرِبُ فِى حَدِيدٍ

بَارِدٍ [Thou beatest upon cold iron]: applied in relation to him who hopes for that of which the attainment is remote, or improbable; and to him in whom is nothing to be hoped for. (Har p. 633.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) Like iron in hardness: applied in this sense to solid hoofs. (Mgh.) حَدَادَةٌ One's wife. (Sh, K.) حَدَادَةٌ The office of a door-keeper. (Msb.) b2: The art of a blacksmith, or worker in iron. (Mgh.) [The art of a maker of coats of mail.]

حَدِيدَةٌ: see حَدِيدٌ.

حُدَّى: see حِدَأَةٌ, in art. حدأ.

حَدَّادٌ A door-keeper: (S, A, Mgh, L, Msb, K:) so called because he prevents men from entering. (Mgh, L.) b2: A keeper of a prison: (S, Mgh, K:) because he prevents persons from going out, or because he works the iron of the shackles. (S. [See what follows.]) b3: The person who inflicts the punishment termed حَدٌّ: so in the saying, أُجْرَةٌ الحَدَّادِ عَلَى السَّارِقِ [The pay of the inflicter of the حدّ is to be imposed upon the thief]; or, as some say, the meaning here is, the keeper of the prison, because, in general, he has the charge of the amputation; but the former meaning is the more probable, and more obvious. (Mgh.) b4: A seller of wine; a vintner: because he withholds his wine until he obtains for it a price that contents him: so in the following verse of ElAashà: فَقُمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَصِحْ دِيكُنَا

إِلَى جَوْنَةٍ عِنْدَ حَدَّادِهَا [And we arose, when our cock had not yet crowed, to a wine-jar smeared with pitch, in the possession of its seller]. (S, L.) b5: A blacksmith; a worker in iron. (Mgh, L, K.) A maker of coats of mail. (TA.) حُدَّادٌ: see حَدِيدٌ.

حَدْحَدٌ Short (L, K) and thick: an epithet applied to a man. (L.) حَادٌّ; fem. with ة: see حَدِيدٌ, in two places.

A2: See also 1, voce حَدَّتْ.

أَحَدُّ [More, and most, sharp: &c.] b2: You say, هُوَ مِنْ أَحَدِّ الرِّجَالِ (tropical:) He is of the most sharp, or hasty, in temper, or of the most irascible, passionate, or angry, of men. (A, TA.) مَحَدٌّ, or مُحَدٌّ: see حَدَدٌ.

مُحِدٌّ and مُحِدَّةٌ: see 1, voce حَدَّتْ.

مَحْدُودٌ: see حَدَدٌ. b2: Also A man (L) denied, or refused, good, or prosperity; prevented, or withheld, from obtaining good; (T, L, K;) and so ↓ حُدٌّ, with damm, (K,) or ↓ حَدٌّ; (as in the L;) the latter heard only from Lth: (T, TA:) withheld from good fortune &c.; (S, L;) withheld from sustenance; contr. of مَجْدُودٌ: (Mgh:) and withheld from evil. (L, K.) مُحَادٌّ and مُحَادَّةٌ: see حَدِيدٌ, in four places.

مُحْتَدٌّ: see حَدِيدٌ: A2: and see also حَدَدٌ, in two places.
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