William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
843. حذو8 844. حذى2 845. حر7 846. حرب15 847. حرث19 848. حرج17849. حرح5 850. حرد20 851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18 857. حرض18 858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب15 912. حطم18 913. حظ6 914. حظر20 915. حظل10 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 919. حفد17 920. حفر17 921. حفز11 922. حفش12 923. حفظ15 924. حفل15 925. حفن15 926. حفو9 927. حق10 928. حقب16 929. حقد15 930. حقر14 931. حقط8 932. حقف18 933. حقل15 934. حقن15 935. حقو11 936. حك7 937. حكأ9 938. حكر16 939. حكل10 940. حكم20 941. حكو4 942. حكى7 Prev. 100
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حرج

1 حَرِجَ, aor. حَرَجَ, inf. n. حَرَجٌ, It (a number of things) became collected together: and, necessarily, became close, strait, or narrow: (so accord. to an explanation of the inf. n. by Er-Rághib, in the TA:) said of anything, it was, or became, close, strait, or narrow. (KL.) One says of dust, حَرِجَ إِلَى حَائِطٍ, or سَنَدٍ, It rose, (Lth, Az, TA,) in a narrow place, (TA,) and became collected [against a wall, or an acclivity or the like]. (Lth, Az, TA.) b2: حَرِجَ صَدْرُهُ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) His bosom became strait, or contracted; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, TA;) not expanded, or dilated, by reason of what was good. (TA.) And حَرِجَ alone, aor. and inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) He became disquieted, and contracted in bosom: and (assumed tropical:) he became in doubt; he doubted; because doubt disquiets the mind. (So accord. to explanations of the inf. n. by Er-Rághib, in the TA.) b3: Also حَرِجَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, [(assumed tropical:) He became straitened, or in difficulty: and particularly, by the commission of a sin, or crime: (see حَرَجٌ, below:) and hence, simply,] (assumed tropical:) he committed a sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience for which he deserved punishment. (Msb.) b4: Also He looked, and was unable to move from his place by reason of fear and rage. (T, TA.) And حَرِجَتِ العَيْنُ, (S, A, K,) aor. حَرَجَ, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) (tropical:) The eye became dazzled, (حَارَت, S, K, TA,) or sank in its socket, (غَارَت,) and its vision became straitened: (A, TA:) or it did not turn about, nor wink, by reason of intent gazing. (TA.) b5: Also, (S, A, K,) aor. as above, (K,) and so the inf. n., (S, K,) (tropical:) It was, or became, forbidden, or prohibited, (S, A, K,) and attended with straitness, or difficulty. (A.) So in the saying, حَرِجَ عَلَىَّ ظُلْمُكَ (tropical:) The wronging of thee is forbidden, or prohibited, to me. (S, TA.) And حَرِجَ عَلَيْهِ السَّحُورُ (tropical:) The meal termed سحور became forbidden, or prohibited, to him, (A, TA,) namely, a man fasting, and attended with difficulty, (A,) by reason of the straitness of the time thereof. (TA.) and حَرِجَتِ الصَّلَاةُ (tropical:) Prayer became forbidden, or prohibited, (A, and TA as from the K, [but not found by me in the copies of the K,]) عَلَيْهَا to her [by reason of legal impurity, as is shown in the A]. (A, TA.) b6: حَرِجَ إِلَيْهِ (tropical:) He betook himself, or had recourse, to him, or it, for protection from a strait, or difficulty. (TA.) And حَرِجَ

إِلَى كَذَا وَ كَذَا (assumed tropical:) He betook himself to such and such things. (TA.) 2 حرّجهُ, (TA,) inf. n. تَحْرِيجٌ, (S, K,) (assumed tropical:) He made it strait, or difficult; (S, K, TA;) and forbade it to be violated; namely, a right. (TA.) b2: حرّج عَلَى حَيَّةٍ (assumed tropical:) He said to a serpent, [by way of warning, lest it should be a Jinnee,] Thou wilt be in a strait if thou return to us; therefore blame us not if we reduce thee to a strait by pursuing and driving away and killing. (TA from a trad.) 4 احرجهُ He made him to betake himself to a narrow, or confined, place; and so أَحْجَرَهُ and أَحْرَدَهُ. (TA.) And He made him (a dog or a beast of prey) to betake himself to a narrow, or confined, place, and then attacked him. (TA.) [Hence,] احرجهُ إِلَيْهِ (assumed tropical:) He constrained him to betake himself, or have recourse, to him, or it. (S, A, K.) And احرجهُ إِلَى كَذَا وَ كَذَا (assumed tropical:) He made him to betake himself to such and such things: (TA:) or he, or it, caused him to want such and such things. (AA, TA in art. دمغ.) b2: (tropical:) He caused him to fall into a strait, or difficulty: (A, TA:) he straitened him; reduced him to a strait, or difficulty. (TA.) b3: (assumed tropical:) He made him, or caused him, to fall into a sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience for which he deserved punishment. (S, K, TA.) b4: أَحْرَجْتُ الصَّلَاةَ (assumed tropical:) I made, or pronounced, prayer to be forbidden, or prohibited. (K.) A2: احرج كَلْبَهُ, (A,) or احرجهُ مِنْ صَيْدِهِ, (As, TA,) He gave to his dog a portion of his prey. (A.) 5 تحرّجهُ (assumed tropical:) He made it strait, or difficult, to himself. (TA.) A2: And تجرّج (tropical:) He put away, or cast away, from himself, sin, or crime; (TA;) he shunned, avoided, or kept aloof from, sin, or crime; (Mgh;) he did a deed whereby he shunned, avoided, or kept aloof from, sin, or crime; (Msb TA;) syn. تَأَثَّمَ. (S, A, Mgh.) And تحرج مِنْهُ (tropical:) He shunned, avoided, or kept aloof from, it, as a sin, or crime. (A, * Mgh.) [See تَحَنَّثَ.]

حُرْجٌ: see حَرَجٌ, in two places.

حِرْجٌ: see حَرَجٌ.

A2: Also The dog's portion of the prey, or game; (S, A, K;) such as the head and the shanks and the belly: (TA:) what is thrown to the dog, of the prey, or game, that he has taken: (Az, TA:) or a piece of flesh: pl. أَحْرَاجٌ. (TA.) A3: And A cowry; syn. وَدَعَةٌ: (S, A, K:) pl. أَحْرَاجٌ (S, A) and أَحْرِجَةٌ (T, TA) and حِرَاجٌ; (TA;) the second, [as also the first,] a pl. of pauc.: (T, TA:) or cowries (وَدَعٌ) which are hung upon the necks of dogs. (As, TA.) b2: And A dog's collar [of cowries]: (TA:) or a collar [of cowries] for any animal. (T, TA.) حَرَجٌ [inf. n. of 1, q. v.:] (tropical:) Straitness; a strait, or difficulty. (A, * TA.) b2: (tropical:) A sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience for which one deserves punishment; syn. إِثْمٌ; (S, Msb, * K;) as also ↓ حِرْجٌ: (Yoo, S, K:) or the straitness [which is the consequence] of sin or crime. (A, Mgh.) b3: [Hence,] لَا حَرَجَ i. q. لَا بَأسَ [There is, or will be, no harm in thy doing this or that]; and لَا إِثْمَ [there is, or will be, no sin, or crime]. (IAth, TA.) A2: See also حَرِجٌ, in six places. b2: Also, applied to a she-camel, (tropical:) Lean, lank, light of flesh, slender, or lank in the belly; (S, K;) as also ↓ حُرْجُوجٌ, (S, A,) accord. to AZ, (S,) and ↓ حَرُوجٌ: (A:) or ↓ حُرْجُوجٌ signifies, so applied, lean, &c., as above, and sharp-spirited: (K:) or this last, (K,) and حَرَجٌ and ↓ حَرُوجٌ, (TA,) fat, (K, TA,) largebodied, (TA,) and long [lit. long upon the face of the ground, as distinguished from tall]: or strong: (K, TA:) and حَرَجٌ signifies also, (K,) or, as some say, and so do ↓ حُرْجُوجٌ and ↓ حُرْجُجٌ and ↓ جُرْحٌ, (S,) so applied, long [lit. long upon the face of the ground]: (S:) and some allow ↓ حِرْجِيجٌ in the sense of ↓ حُرْجُوجٌ; (TA;) which last is originally ↓ حُرْجُجٌ, which is originally ↓ جُرْحٌ: (S:) the pl. of ↓ حُرْجُوجٌ (S) and of ↓ حِرْجِيجٌ (L) is حَرَاجِيحٌ. (S, L.) A3: See also حَرَجَةٌ, in three places.

A4: Also A thing composed of pieces of wood, (As, S, K,) bound together, (As, S,) in which dead bodies are carried; (As, S, K;) sometimes put over the bier of a woman: (S:) accord. to the T, the حرج of a bier is a شِجَار, [i. e. the frame-work of a هَوْدَج,] which is constructed of wood, and put over the bier of a corpse: accord. to ISd, the حرج is a vehicle for women and men, which has no head. (TA.) See also نَعْشٌ, in two places.

حَرِجٌ and ↓ حَرَجٌ A strait, narrow, confined, or close, place: (TA:) or strait, narrow, confined, or close, in the utmost degree: (Zj, T:) or a strait, narrow, confined, or close, place, abounding with trees, (S, K,) and impenetrable to the pasturing animals: (S:) and ↓ حَرِيجٌ, also, applied to a place, signifies the same as حَرِجٌ. (TA.) b2: صَدْرٌ حَرِجٌ (S, Msb, TA) and ↓ حَرَجٌ, (S, A, TA,) like وَحِدٌ and وَحَدٌ, and فَرِدٌ and فَرَدٌ, and دَنِفٌ and دَنَفٌ, (S,) A bosom strait, or contracted; (A, Msb, TA;) not expanded, or dilated, by reason of what is good. (TA.) يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرِجًا or ↓ حَرَجًا, accord. to different readings, [in the Kur vi. 125,] (S,) is explained by I 'Ab as meaning He will make his bosom strait. (assumed tropical:) impenetrable to wisdom. (TA.) b3: Also حَرِجٌ and ↓ حَرَجٌ A man having a strait, or contracted, bosom, which does not expand, or dilate, by reason of what is good: the former has a dual and a pl.; but the latter has only the sing. form, because it is [properly, or originally,] an inf. n.: Zj says that the former is a part. n., and that by the latter is meant ذُو حَرَجٍ. (TA.) b4: And the former, (assumed tropical:) One who fears, or dreads, to venture upon an affair. (TA.) b5: And (assumed tropical:) That seldom, or never, withdraws from fight: (K:) that will not be put to flight; as though it were difficult for him to find an excuse for being put to flight. (TA.) b6: and Committing a sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience for which he deserves punishment; (Msb;) and so ↓ حَارِجٌ, which is thought by ISd to be after the manner of a rel. n., because it has no corresponding verb [of which it may be regarded as the part. n.; the regular part. n. being حَرِجٌ, as حَرِجَ is intrans.]. (TA.) b7: Also (assumed tropical:) Abstaining from sin, or crime; and so ↓ حَرَجٌ and ↓ مُتَحَرِّجٌ. (TA.) [Thus bearing two contr. significations. See 5.] b8: Also, and ↓ حَرَجٌ, (tropical:) Forbidden, or prohibited: so in the phrase, ظُلْمُكَ عَلَىَّ حَرِجٌ and حَرَجٌ (tropical:) [The wronging of thee is forbidden, or prohibited, to me]. (A.) حَرَجَةٌ (tropical:) A wood, or collection of trees; (S, K, TA;) so called because of their closeness: or dense and tangled trees: (TA:) or a thicket, or collection of dense and tangled trees, of the kind called سَلَم, into which no one can penetrate; (AHeyth, Az, TA;) or of the سَمُر and طَلْح and عَوْسَج and سَلَم and سِدْر; or of the سِدْر and olive and other trees: or a place in a wood where trees are dense and tangled, extending as far as a stone's throw: and also a tree which the pasturing animals cannot reach: (TA:) pl. ↓ حَرَجٌ (S, K) [or rather this is a coll. gen. n., of which حَرَجَةٌ is the n. un.,] and حَرَجَاتٌ (S, A) and حِرَاجٌ (S) and [of pauc.] أَحْرَاجٌ: (A, TA:) or ↓ حَرَجٌ signifies a place in which is a collection of trees, and where they are close together. (A.) b2: Also (tropical:) A collection of camels: (S, K, TA:) a hundred camels: (ISd, TA:) pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] ↓ حَرَجٌ. (K.) حُرْجُجٌ: see حَرَجٌ, in two places.

حُرْجُوجٌ: see حَرَجٌ, in five places.

حِرْجِيجٌ: see حَرَجٌ, in two places.

حِرَاجٌ الظَّلْمَآءِ, (K,) or مِنَ الظَّلَامِ, (A, TA,) and مِنَ الظَّلْمَآءِ, (TA,) (tropical:) Dense darkness. (A, * K, TA.) حَرُوجٌ: see حَرَجٌ, in two places.

حَرِيجٌ: see حَرِجٌ.

حَارِجٌ: see حَرِجٌ.

مُحَرَّجٌ A dog having a collar of cowries; (S, K;) from حِرْجٌ: (S:) having cowries upon his neck. (As, TA.) حَلَفَ فُلَانٌ بِالمُحَرَّجَاتِ (tropical:) Such a one swore by the three divorces [which render the wife absolutely forbidden to the husband]: (A:) or by the oaths that rendered his scope strait, or narrow. (Har p. 178.) مُتَحَرِّجٌ: see حَرِجٌ.
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