William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
851. حردن3 852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18857. حرض18 858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب15 912. حطم18 913. حظ6 914. حظر20 915. حظل10 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 919. حفد17 920. حفر17 921. حفز11 922. حفش12 923. حفظ15 924. حفل15 925. حفن15 926. حفو9 927. حق10 928. حقب16 929. حقد15 930. حقر14 931. حقط8 932. حقف18 933. حقل15 934. حقن15 935. حقو11 936. حك7 937. حكأ9 938. حكر16 939. حكل10 940. حكم20 941. حكو4 942. حكى7 943. حل9 944. حلأ11 945. حلب18 946. حلت7 947. حلج14 948. حلز6 949. حلس15 950. حلف17 Prev. 100
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حرص

1 حَرَصَهُ, aor. حَرِصَ and]

حَرُصَ, (TK,) inf. n. حَرْصٌ, (T, S, K, &c.,) He rent it; or clave it: (T, S, K, &c.:) and he, or it, stripped off, scraped off, rubbed off, abraded, or otherwise removed, its superficial part, peel, rind, or the like: (T, K, &c.:) the former, (Az,) or the latter, (Az, Er-Rághib, B,) is the primary signification. (TA.) You say, حَرَصَ القَصَّارُ الثَّوْبَ, (S, A, Mgh, Msb,) aor. حَرِصَ (S, Msb, TA) and حَرُصَ, (Msb,) inf. n. حَرْصٌ, (Msb, TA,) The beater and washer and whitener rent the garment, or piece of cloth, (A, Mgh, Msb, TA,) in beating it: (Mgh:) or made holes in it by beating it: (S, TA: *) or made holes and rents in it thereby: or abraded its superficial part thereby. (TA.) And حُرِصَ المَرْعَى The pasture, or herbage, became entirely consumed, nothing of it being left; (IF, K;) as though it were stripped off from the surface of the land. (TA.) A2: حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ, (T, S, A, Msb, K, *) aor. حَرِصَ (T, S, Msb, K) and حَرُصَ, mentioned by IKtt and the author of the Iktitáf, (MF,) inf. n. حَرْصٌ; (Msb;) and حَرِصَ, aor. حَرَصَ, (T, Msb, K,) inf. n. حَرَصٌ; (Msb; [but it seems to be indicated in the K, by its being said that the pret. is like سَمِعَ, that it is حَرْصٌ;]) the latter form of the verb, however, is bad; (T, TA;) though El-Kurtubee is asserted by MF to have said that the former is of weak authority; which is clearly wrong, as the readers of the Kur are generally agreed in using it; (TA;) He desired it vehemently, eagerly, greedily, very greedily, or with avidity; he hankered after it; he coveted it; he desired it excessively, or inordinately: (S, * K, * TA:) or he desired it culpably; namely, worldly good: (Msb:) said by Az to be derived from the first of the significations mentioned in this art., or, as is also said by Er-Rághib, and in the B, from the second thereof; because, says Az, he who does so [may be said by a figure of speech to be one who] scratches off the outer skin of the faces of men by his so doing: but MF regards this as improbable; and says that most of the lexicologists hold the last to be the primary signification, and others to be taken from it: (TA:) حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ, aor. حَرِصَ, inf. n. حَرْصٌ, also signifies he strove, or laboured; exerted himself; took pains, or extraordinary pains; to acquire, obtain, or attain, it: (Msb, TA: *) and ↓ احترص signifies the same as حَرَصَ [he desired vehemently, &c.]: (K:) and he strove, or laboured; exerted himself; took pains, or extraordinary pains; to acquire, obtain, or attain, a thing. (AA, K, * TA.) You say, لَا حَرَسَ اللّٰهُ مَنْ حَرَصَ [May God not guard him who desires inordinately, or culpably]. (A.) Aboo-Dhu-eyb makes حَرَصْتُ trans. by means of بِ, in the following verse: وَلَقَدْ حَرَصْتُ بِأَنْ أُدَافِعَ عَنْهُمُ فَإِذَا المَنِيَّةُ أَقْبَلَتْ لَا تُدْفَعُ [And verily I had purposed to defend them by repelling aggression from them; but lo, the decree of death came: it was not to be repelled]: meaning, هَمَمْتُ. (TA.) b2: [Also He was excessively solicitous, or careful, and fearful, respecting him; and excessively pitiful, or compassionate, to him. See حِرْصٌ and حَرِيصٌ.]3 حارص عَلَى الأَمْرِ He kept, or applied himself, constantly, or perseveringly, to the thing, or affair. (TA in art. حفظ.) 4 مَا أَحْرَصَكَ عَلَى الدُّنْيَا [How vehemently or inordinately or culpably desirous art thou, or how greedy or covetous art thou, of worldly goods!] (A.) 5 إِنَّهُ لَيَتَحَرَّصُ غَدَآءَهُمْ وَعَشَآءَهُمْ Verily he watches for the time of (يَتَحَيَّنُ) their morningmeal and their evening-meal: (K:) from حِرْصٌ as meaning “ vehemence of desire,” &c. (TA.) 8 إِحْتَرَصَ see حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ.

حِرْصٌ a subst. from حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ, (Msb,) Vehemence of desire; eagerness; avidity; cupidity; hankering; greediness; vehement greediness, or avidity, for an object sought after; covetousness; excessive, or inordinate, desire; (TA;) or i. q. جَشَعٌ: (S, K:) or culpable desire for worldly good: (Msb:) [the different opinions respecting its derivation have been mentioned above, voce حَرَصَ:] also the act of striving, or labouring; exerting oneself; taking pains, or extraordinary pains; to acquire, obtain, or attain, a thing. (Msb, TA.) قُرِنَ الحِرْصُ بِالحِرْمَانِ [Greediness, &c., is coupled with prohibition of the object thereof] is a saying of the Arabs. (TA.) b2: Also Excessive solicitude, or care, and fear, respecting a person; and excessive pity or compassion. (TA.) [See حَرِيصٌ.]

حَرْصَةٌ A rent in a garment or piece of cloth. (TA.) b2: See also حَارِصَةٌ, in two places.

حَرِيصٌ A garment, or piece of cloth, rent [in being beaten and washed and whitened: see 1]. (K.) A2: Vehemently desirous; eager; greedy; hankering; vehemently greedy; covetous; excessively, or inordinately, desirous: (S, * A, * K, * TA:) [or culpably desirous: see حَرَصَ عَلَيْهِ:] fem. with ة: (TA:) pl. حِرَاصٌ, (A, L, K, [in the CK, erroneously, حُرَّاصٌ,]) which is masc. (A, L) and fem., (L, TA,) and حُرَصَآءُ, (K,) which is masc., (TA,) and حَرَائِصُ, fem. (TA.) b2: Also Excessively solicitous, or careful, and fearful, respecting a person; and excessively pitiful, or compassionate. (TA.) حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ, in the Kur [ix. 129], means [Vehemently desirous, &c.,] of profiting, or benefiting, you: or excessively soli-citous, or careful, and fearful, respecting you; and excessively pitiful, or compassionate, to you. (TA.) حَرِيصَةٌ: see the next paragraph, in three places.

حَارِصَةٌ A wound in the head (شَجَّةٌ) by which the skin is cleft (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K) a little; (S, K;) the first [in degree] of شِجَاج [pl. of شَجَّةٌ]; (TA;) as also ↓ حَرْصَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ حَرِيصَةٌ: (TA:) or, accord. to IAar, ↓ حَرْصَةٌ is syn. with شَجَّةٌ, q. v. (Az.) [See also دَامِغَةٌ.]

b2: Also, and ↓ حَرِيصَةٌ, A cloud (سَحَابَةٌ) the rain of which, (S, A, K,) falling vehemently, (A,) removes the surface of the ground. (S, A, K.) One says, ↓ رَأَيْتُ العَرَبَ حَرِيصَهْ عَلَى وَقْعِ الحَرِيصَهْ [I saw the Arabs vehemently desirous of the descent of the cloud of which the rain should fall vehemently so as to remove the surface of the ground]. (A, TA.) أَحْرَصُ [comparative and superlative of حَرِيصٌ; i. e., More, and most, vehemently desirous, &c.]. It is said in the Kur [ii., 90], وَلَتَجِدَنَّهُمْ أَحْرَصَ النَّاسُ عَلَى حَيَاةٍ, meaning, And thou wilt assuredly find them the most vehement of men in desire, or the most excessive of men in greediness, of life. (TA.) حِمَارٌ مُحَرَّصٌ An ass much lacerated by the bites of other asses. (A.) أَرْضٌ مَحْرُوصَةٌ Land depastured and trodden. (TA.)
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