William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
852. حرذن5 853. حرز17 854. حرس18 855. حرش15 856. حرص18 857. حرض18858. حرف23 859. حرق18 860. حرقد4 861. حرقص8 862. حرقف6 863. حرك16 864. حرم19 865. حرن13 866. حرو7 867. حرى6 868. حز5 869. حزب18 870. حزر16 871. حزق12 872. حزم18 873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19 879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب15 912. حطم18 913. حظ6 914. حظر20 915. حظل10 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 919. حفد17 920. حفر17 921. حفز11 922. حفش12 923. حفظ15 924. حفل15 925. حفن15 926. حفو9 927. حق10 928. حقب16 929. حقد15 930. حقر14 931. حقط8 932. حقف18 933. حقل15 934. حقن15 935. حقو11 936. حك7 937. حكأ9 938. حكر16 939. حكل10 940. حكم20 941. حكو4 942. حكى7 943. حل9 944. حلأ11 945. حلب18 946. حلت7 947. حلج14 948. حلز6 949. حلس15 950. حلف17 951. حلق20 Prev. 100
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حرض

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حرض

1 حَرِضَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. حَرَضَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. حَرَضٌ, (Msb,) His stomach became in a corrupt, or disordered, state: (K:) or he (a man) became in a corrupt, or disordered, state, and sick, or diseased, so as to defile himself in his clothes: [see حَرَضٌ, below:] or he became emaciated (lit. dissolved) by grief, or by excessive love: (S:) or he became at the point of death: (Msb:) and he suffered protracted disquietude of mind, and disease; as also حَرُضَ, aor. حَرُضَ: (K:) and حَرَضَ, aor. حَرُضَ and حَرِضَ, inf. n. حُرُوضٌ (K) and حَرْضٌ, (TA,) he became heavily oppressed by disease; or constantly affected thereby so as to be at the point of death: (K:) or this last form of the verb signifies he died, or perished. (TA.) b2: [Hence, app.,] حَرُضَ, and حَرَضَ, aor. حَرُضَ, inf. n. حُرُوضٌ, as in the L; not حَرِضَ, as in the K (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, low, base, mean, or sordid; unable to rise from, or quit, his place; a signification given in the K to حَرِضَ: or low, base, mean, or sordid; possessing no good: (TA:) [but of the correctness of one of the two forms here mentioned on the authority of the L, the author of the TA expresses a bout: app. with respect to the latter of them; for it is said,] حَرُضَ, inf. n. حَرَاضَةٌ and حُرُوضَةٌ and حُرُوضٌ, also signifies he (a man, TA) was, or became, low, base, mean, or sordid, and bad, corrupt, or vicious, and neglected, or forsaken; (K, TA;) as also حَرِضَ. (K: but only the former, حَرُضَ, is given in this sense in the TA.) A2: حَرَضَ as a trans. v.: see 4, in two places.

A3: حَرِضَ, aor. حَرَضَ, also signifies He picked up from the ground إِحْرِيض [or safflower]. (O, K.) 2 حرّضهُ: see 4.

A2: Also, inf. n. تَحْرِيضٌ, He rendered him free from, or rid him of, حَرَض [q. v.]; like as قَذَّيْتُهُ signifies “ I rid him of what is termed قَذًى. ” (TA.) [Thus it bears two contr. significations.] b2: And, [hence, perhaps,] (ISd, A, &c.,) inf. n. as above, (S, ISd, A, &c.,) He excited, incited, urged, or instigated, him, (Zj, S, ISd, K,) and roused him to ardour, (S,) عَلَى

القِتَالِ to fight, (Zj, S,) or عَلَى الشَّىْءِ to do the thing, (A, * Msb,) in order that he might be known to be such as is termed حَارِض if he held back from it: (Zj:) so in the Kur [iv. 86 and] viii. 66: (Zj:) or he excited, incited, urged, or instigated, him to apply himself constantly, or perseveringly, to fight: (TA:) [see 3:] and عَلَى الشَّىْءِ ↓ أَحْرَضَهُ, inf. n. إِحْرَاضٌ, signifies the same as حرّضهُ. (TS.) A3: حرّض, inf. n. as above, He had a حُرْضَة, i. e., a person entrusted with the office of turning about, or shuffling, the gamingarrows of the players. (TS.) A4: He employed the portion of his property set apart for traffic in حُرْض [q. v.], (IAar, K,) i. e. أُشْنَان. (TA.) A5: He dyed a garment, or piece of cloth, with إِحْرِيض [q. v.]. (IAar, K.) 3 حارض, (Ibn-'Abbád,) inf. n. مُحَارَضَةٌ, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) He contended with another in shuffling, or playing with, gaming-arrows. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) [See حُرْضَةٌ.]

A2: حارض عَلَى العَمَلِ, (Lh,) inf. n. as above, (Lh, K,) He applied himself constantly, or perseveringly, to work: (Lh, K:) and على القِتَالِ to fight. (Lh.) 4 احرضهُ It (disease, A, TA) pressed heavily upon him; or clave to him constantly: it caused him to be at the point of death; as also ↓ حَرَضَهُ: it corrupted, or disordered, his body, so that he became on the brink of death. (TA: [in which this last signification is said to be tropical: but accord. to the A, it is evidently not so.]) It (food) caused him to be sick, or diseased. (A.) It (love, AO, S) corrupted, or disordered, him. (AO, S, K.) b2: (tropical:) He corrupted, vitiated, marred, or destroyed, it; namely, a thing; as also ↓ حرّضهُ: (A:) and he annulled it; rendered it null, or void. (TA.) You say also, نَفَْسَهُ ↓ حَرَضَ, aor. حَرِضَ, (K,) inf. n. حَرْضٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) He corrupted, or vitiated, or destroyed, himself, or his own soul: (K, * TA:) and احرض نَفْسَهُ (assumed tropical:) he destroyed himself, or his own soul, by telling a lie. (TA.) And سُوْءُ حَمْلِ الفَاقَةِ يُحْرِضُ الحَسَبَ, occurring in a saying of Aktham Ibn-Seyfee, means (assumed tropical:) The ill-bearing of poverty annuls the grounds of pretension to respect. (TA.) A2: احرضهُ عَلَى الشَّىْءِ: see 2.

A3: احرض (assumed tropical:) He (a man) begat evil offspring. (S, K.) حَرْضٌ: see حَرَضٌ, last sentence: A2: and see also what here follows.

حُرْضٌ, (Mgh,) or ↓ حُرُضٌ, (Msb,) or both, (S, K,) the former mentioned by Sb, but in some of the copies of his book written with fet-h (↓ حَرْضٌ), i. q. شَجَرُ الأُشْنَانِ [The trees, or plants, from which potash is obtained; the kind of plants called kali, or glasswort, &c.]; which are of the kind called نَجِيل: (Az, TA:) Aboo-Ziyád says that what is termed حُرْض is slender in the extremities (دُقَاقُ الأَطْرَافِ), but its tree is large, being sometimes used for shade, and affords firewood, and it is that with which people wash clothes; and he adds, we have not seen any حُرْض purer or whiter than some which grows in ElYemámeh, in a valley thereof called جَوُّ الخَضَارِمِ: (TA:) i. q. أُشْنَانٌ [q. v.]; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) with which the hands are washed after food. (TA. [But see حَرَّاضٌ.]) So in the Kur [xii. 85], accord. to one reading, (K,) the reading of El-Hasan El-Basree, (Sgh,) ↓ حَتَّى تَكُونَ حُرُضًا, (Bd,) meaning Until thou be like اشنان in dryness; as explained in the K, except that نُحُولًا is there erroneously put for قُحُولًا: (TA:) but EsSuddee disapproved of this reading. (Sgh.) A2: Also حُرْضٌ, [and app. حُرُضٌ also,] i. q. جِصٌّ [or Gypsum]. (TA.) حَرَضٌ Corruptness in the body, and in the intellect, (Ibn-'Arafeh, A, K,) and (assumed tropical:) in one's course of conduct, or tenets. (Ibn-'Arafeh, K.) [See 1.]

A2: A man in a corrupt, or disordered, state, and sick, or diseased, (S, K,) so that he defiles himself (يُحْدِثُ [but in some copies of the S this word is omitted]) in his clothes; (S;) as also ↓ حَارِضَةٌ and ↓ حَارِضٌ and ↓ حَرِضٌ; (K;) ↓ which last also signifies a man having his stomach in a corrupt, or disordered, state; and suffering protracted disquietude of mind, and disease: (TA:) also the first, (حَرَضٌ,) weary, or fatigued: (K:) and at the point of death; (Msb, K;) as also ↓ حَاِرضٌ; (K;) which last also signifies one near to dying, or to perishing; and having his body corrupted, or disordered, by disease, so as to be at the point of death, and so ↓ حَرِضٌ; (TA;) and [in like manner] ↓ مُحْرَضٌ signifies dying, or perishing, from disease, being neither living so as to be an object of hope, nor dead so as to be an object of despair: (T, TA:) حَرَضٌ also signifies emaciated (lit. dissolved) by grief, or by excessive love; (AA accord. to the S, or AO accord. to the TA, and K;) as also ↓ مُحْرَضٌ, (S,) or ↓ مُحَرَّضٌ: (K:) and heavily oppressed by disease; or constantly affected thereby so as to be at the point of death: so in the Kur xii. 85: (K:) [in the CK, حَرَضًا is her erroneously put for مَرَضًا:] or it there signifies heavily pressed upon by disease; or affected by constant disease: (AZ:) or extremely aged; or old and weak: (Katádeh:) and anything withering: (TA:) [the following observation, which is inserted in the S after the first of the significations here given of حَرَضٌ used as an epithet, and in the K after a later signification which is said to be tropical, applies to it, when so used, in all its senses:] it is employed alike as sing. as pl. (Fr, S, K) and masc. (Fr) and fem.; (Fr, K;) being originally an inf. n.: (Fr, Msb:) or, like every inf. n. used as an epithet, it is for ذُو followed by the inf. n., and therefore has no dual nor pl. form: (Zj:) but some of the Arabs use ↓ حَارِضٌ as an epithet applied to a male, and ↓ حَارِضَةٌ as applied to a female; and these have duals and pls.: (Fr:) and sometimes حَرَضٌ has pls.; namely

أَحْرَاضٌ; (K;) which is also pl. of حَرِضٌ and of حَارِضٌ; or, accord. to the L, it is allowable as a pl. of حَرِضٌ, in the place of the more common pl. حَرِضُونَ; (TA;) and ↓ حُرْضَانِ; (K;) which is more approved; (TA;) and حَرِضَةٌ. (K: [this last being expressly said in the TA to be thus written, but in the CK it is written حَرَضَة.]) b2: Also, applied to a man, (A,) (tropical:) Possessing no good; (A, K;) like ↓ حَارِضَةٌ, (TA,) which latter is explained by As as signifying a man in whom is no good: (T, TA:) or the former, one whose good is not hoped for, nor his evil feared: (K:) and a bad man: (K:) and low, base, mean, or sordid; unable to rise from, or quit, his place; as also ↓ حَرِيضٌ and ↓ حَرِضٌ and ↓ مُحَرَّضٌ, (K, [this last, in the CK, written مُحَرِّض,]) or ↓ مُحْرَضٌ, (TA,) and ↓ إِحْرِيضٌ: (K:) or low, base, mean, or sordid; in whom is no good: (TA:) and [in like manner] ↓ حَارِضٌ signifies bad, corrupt, or vitious, and neglected, or forsaken; (K;) and so ↓ مَحْرُوضٌ, (TA,) and ↓ حِرْضَةٌ, of which the pl. is حِرَضٌ; (TA;) ↓ مَحْرُوضٌ also signifying made, or asserted, to be low, base, mean, or sordid; (K, TA;) and so ↓ حَارِضٌ, and ↓ حِرْضَةٌ; and this last signifying also having in him no good: (TA:) and حَرَضٌ likewise signifies one who does not take to himself arms, nor fight: (Lth, K:) its pl. is أَحْرَاضٌ (A, TA) and ↓ حُرْضَانٌ: (TA:) both these pls. signify weak men, who will not fight: (S:) and the former of them is explained as signifying the lowest, basest, or meanest, sort of mankind: and men corrupt in their course of conduct, or tenets: also the latter of them as signifying men who know not the place of their chief: and ↓ حَارِضٌ, of which the fem. is with ة, signifies a stupid man. (TA.) b3: Also, applied to a she-camel, Lean, or emaciated: (K, TA:) and ↓ حُرْضَانٌ, so applied, vile: and perishing, or dying; in which sense it is likewise applied to a male camel. (TA.) b4: Also, applied to language, or speech, (assumed tropical:) Bad; (K;) and so, by poetic license, ↓ حَرْضٌ; or this, accord. to Sgh, is a dial. var.: (L, TA:) and perishing: pl. أَحْرَاضٌ. (TA.) حَرِضٌ: see حَرَضٌ, in three places, near the beginning: b2: and again in the latter half of the paragraph.

حُرُضٌ: see حُرْضٌ, in two places.

حُرْضَةٌ The person called أَمِينُ مُقَامِرِينَ; (O, K;) [i. e.] the man who turns round about, or shuffles, the arrows [in the رِبَابَة], or who deals them forth, (الَّذِى يَضْرِبُ بِالقِدَاحِ, S, or يُفِيضُ القِدَاحَ, A,) for the players in the game called المَيْسِر, (S, A,) in order that he may eat of their meat [without having contributed to pay for the slaughtered camel]: (A:) like him who is termed بَرَمٌ, (S, A,) always a low, or mean, person, (S,) an object of dispraise: (A:) called thus because of his lowness, or meanness. (L.) b2: Also One who does not purchase flesh-meat, nor eat it unless he find it in the possession of another person. (A Heyth, Az.) حِرْضَةٌ: see حَرَضٌ, latter half, in two places.

حُرْضَانٌ: see حَرَضٌ, (of which it is a syn. and a pl.,) latter half, in three places.

حَرِيضٌ: see حَرَضٌ, in the latter half of the paragraph.

حَرَّاضٌ One who burns حُرْض [kali, or glasswort, &c.] for قِلْى [or potash]; (K; [in the CK, لِلْقَلْى is erroneously put for لِلْقِلْىِ;]) one who makes a fire upon حُرْض for the purpose of procuring from it قِلْى; (S;) i. e. for the dyers; and ↓ إِحْرِيضٌ also signifies one who makes a fire upon أُشْنَان [or حُرْض]: it is said that [plants of the kind called] حَمْض are burned, in their fresh state, and then water is sprinkled upon their ashes, which in consequence are compacted, and become قِلْى [q. v.]. (TA.) b2: Also One who makes a fire upon masses of hard stone for the purpose of preparing thence نُورَة [or quick lime], or جِصّ [which is gypsum]. (S, K.) حَرَّاضَةٌ A place in which أُشْنَان [or حُرْض] is burned [for making potash]. (TA.) b2: Also A place for the preparing, by fire, of [quick lime, (see حَرَّاضٌ,) or] gypsum. (TA.) حَارِضٌ and حَارِضَهٌ: see حَرَضٌ, from near the beginning to near the end.

إِحْرِيضٌ: see حَرَضٌ, latter half: A2: and see also حَرَّاضٌ.

A3: Also Safflower; syn. عُصْفُرٌ; (S, A, K;) a general name thereof: or عُصْفُر that is put into cooked flesh-meat: or the grain thereof. (TA.) مُحْرَضٌ: see حَرَضٌ, in three places.

مِحْرَضَةٌ, with kesr, A vessel for حُرْض; (S, K;) made of wood, or of brass, and the like; (TA;) i. q. أُشْنَانَةٌ: (A:) pl. مَحَارِضٌ. (A, TA.) مُحَرَّضٌ: see حَرَضٌ; for each in two places.

مَحْرُوضٌ: see حَرَضٌ; for each in two places.
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