William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
873. حزن18 874. حزو7 875. حس9 876. حسب20 877. حسد15 878. حسر19879. حسك13 880. حسل12 881. حسم18 882. حسن20 883. حسو9 884. حسى3 885. حش7 886. حشب7 887. حشد15 888. حشر17 889. حشرج8 890. حشف18 891. حشك10 892. حشم18 893. حشو10 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب21 897. حصد17 898. حصر20 899. حصرم10 900. حصف13 901. حصل15 902. حصن20 903. حصو3 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر19 907. حضن16 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب15 912. حطم18 913. حظ6 914. حظر20 915. حظل10 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 919. حفد17 920. حفر17 921. حفز11 922. حفش12 923. حفظ15 924. حفل15 925. حفن15 926. حفو9 927. حق10 928. حقب16 929. حقد15 930. حقر14 931. حقط8 932. حقف18 933. حقل15 934. حقن15 935. حقو11 936. حك7 937. حكأ9 938. حكر16 939. حكل10 940. حكم20 941. حكو4 942. حكى7 943. حل9 944. حلأ11 945. حلب18 946. حلت7 947. حلج14 948. حلز6 949. حلس15 950. حلف17 951. حلق20 952. حلقم12 953. حلقن5 954. حلك13 955. حلم18 956. حلو11 957. حلى6 958. حم6 959. حمأ12 960. حمد16 961. حمدل4 962. حمر23 963. حمز13 964. حمس17 965. حمش13 966. حمص13 967. حمض15 968. حمق16 969. حمل21 970. حملق8 971. حمن10 972. حمو7 Prev. 100
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حسر

1 حَسَرَهُ, aor. حَسُرَ (S, Msb, K) and حَسِرَ, (Mgh, Msb, K,) inf. n. حَسْرٌ (S, Msb, K) and حُسُورٌ, (TA,) He removed it, put it off, took it off, or stripped if off, (Mgh, K, TA,) عَنْ شَىْءٍ from a thing which it covered or concealed. (TA.) حُسِرَ is said of anything as meaning It was removed, put off, taken off, or stripped off, from a thing which it covered or concealed. (A.) You say, حَسَرَ كُمَّهُ عَنْ ذِرَاعِهِ He removed his sleeve from his fore arm. (S, A.) And simply حَسَرَ عَنْ ذِرَاعِهِ He uncovered his fore arm. (Msb.) And حَسَرَ عِمَامَتَهُ عَنْ رَأْسِهِ He removed, or took off, his turban from his head. (A.) And حَسَرَتْ دِرْعَهَا, (A, Msb,) aor. حَسِرَ, (Msb,) She (a woman) took off her shift (A, Msb) عَنْ جَسَدِهَا from her body: (A:) and خِمَارَهَا her head-covering. (Msb.) b2: [Hence,] حَسَرَتِ الرِّيحُ السَّحَابَ (tropical:) [The wind removed the clouds from the sky]. (A.) And حَسَرَ قِنَاعَ الهَمِّ عَنِّى (tropical:) [He, or it, removed the covering of anxiety from me]. (A.) b3: Also, (K,) inf. n. حَسْرٌ, (TA,) He peeled a branch of a tree. (K, TA.) b4: And He swept a house or chamber. (K, TA.) b5: And حَسَرُوهُ, aor. حَسُرَ, inf. n. حَسْرٌ and حُسْرٌ, (tropical:) They begged of him and he gave them until nothing remained in his possession. (TA.) A2: حَسَرَ, (S, A, K,) aor. حَسِرَ and حَسُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. حَسْرٌ (S, TA) and حُسُورٌ; (TA;) and ↓ احسر, (S, K,) inf. n. إِحْسَارٌ; and ↓ حسّر, inf. n. تَحْسِيرٌ; (TA;) He, (a man, S, A,) and it, (a journey, TA,) tired, fatigued, or jaded, (S, A, K,) a beast, (A, TA,) or a camel: (S:) and he drove a camel until he tired, fatigued, or jaded, him. (K.) And حُسِرَتِ الدَّابَّةُ The beast was fatigued so that it was left to remain where it was. (AHeyth.) b2: And حَسَرَ, aor. حَسُرَ, (assumed tropical:) It (the distance to which it looked, and the indistinctness of the object,) fatigued the eye. (TA.) and حُسِرَ البَصَرُ مِنْ طُولِ النَّظَرِ (tropical:) [The eye was fatigued by the length of looking: see a similar meaning of حَسَرَ and حَسِرَ, below]. (A.) A3: See 7, with which حَسَرَ is syn. b2: [Hence,] حَسَرَ, (ISk, A, Mgh, Msb,) aor. حَسُرَ, (TA,) (tropical:) It (water) sank and disappeared; or became low; or retired: (ISk, A, Mgh:) it sank and disappeared, or retired, from its place: (Msb:) properly, it became removed from the shore: (Mgh:) and it (the sea, or great river,) sank, or retired, from (عَنْ) El-'Irák, and from the shore, so that the ground which was beneath the water appeared: (TA:) you do not say, in this sense, ↓ انحسر. (Az. [But this latter is sometimes used, as, for instance, in the Msb art. جزر.]) Hence, in a trad., كُلْ مَا حَسَرَ عَنْهُ البَحْرُ وَدَعْ مَا طَفَا عَلَيْهِ [Eat thou that from which the sea retires, and leave what floats upon it]. (Mgh.) A4: حَسَرَ, aor. حَسِرَ, (S, A, K,) inf. n. حُسُورٌ (S, A) and حَسَرَ; (TA;) and حَسرَ, aor. حَسَرَ, (A, K,) inf. n. حَسَرٌ; (TA;) and ↓ استحسر, (S, K,) and ↓ تحسّر; (S;) He (a camel, S, or a beast, A) became tired, fatigued, or jaded, (S, K, TA,) by travel: (TA:) [or] the last signifies he (a camel) fell down from fatigue. (Ham p. 491.) [Hence,] it is said in a trad., ↓ اُدْعُوا اللّٰهَ وَ لَا تَسْتَحْسِرُوا (assumed tropical:) Supplicate ye God, and be not weary: and a similar instance occurs in the Kur xxi. 19. (TA.) b2: [Hence also,] حَسَرَ, aor. حَسِرَ, (S, K,) or حَسُرَ, (Msb,) inf. n. حُسُورٌ; (S, Msb, K;) and حَسِرَ, aor. حَسَرَ; (A;) (tropical:) It (the sight) was, or became, dim, dull, or hebetated; (S, Msb, K;) and it failed; (S, K;) [or became fatigued;] by reason of length of space [overlooked], (S, Msb, K,) and the like; (S, Msb;) or by long looking. (A.) A5: حَسِرَ عَلَيْهِ, aor. حَسَرَ, inf. n. حَسَرٌ (S Msb, K) and حَسْرَةٌ, (S, K,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Msb,) and حَسَرَانٌ, (TA,) He grieved for it, or at it; or regretted it; he felt, or expressed, grief, sorrow, or regret, on account of it; syn. تَلَهَّفَ; (Msb, K;) as also ↓ تحسّر: (S, K:) or the former, he grieved for it, or regretted it, (تَلَهَّفَ عَلَيْهِ, S, A, or نَدِمَ عَلَيْهِ, TA,) namely, a thing that had escaped him, most intensely. (S, A, * TA.) [See حَسْرَةٌ.]2 حسّر, inf. n. تَحْسِيرٌ: see 1. b2: Also He despised another: he annoyed, or vexed, him: (K:) he drove him away. (TA.) b3: He caused him to experience, or fall into, grief, or regret: (Mgh, Msb, K:) or to grieve for, or to regret, most intensely, a thing that had escaped him. (S.) A2: حسّرتِ الطَّيْرُ, (S,) inf. n. as above; (S, K) and ↓ تحسّرت, (A, TA,) and ↓ انحسرت; (TA;) The birds moulted; shed their feathers. (S, A, K, * TA.) 4 أَحْسَرَ see 1.

A2: Also احسر القَوْمُ The people, or party, experienced fatigue. (TA.) 5 تحسّر It (the plumage of a bird, A, and the fur, or soft hair, of a camel, S, K) fell off; (S, A, K;) when relating to the fur, or soft hair, of a camel, [said to be] by reason of fatigue; (K;) but this restriction is not necessary; for its falling off is sometimes occasioned by diseases; though it may be said that the former cause is the more common. (TA.) You say also, تحسّر الوَبَرُ عَنِ البَعِيرِ The fur, or soft hair, fell off from the camel: and in like manner one says of the plumage from the birds: (A:) and of the hair from the ass. (TA.) See also 2. b2: تحسّرت بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ [She uncovered herself, or her head and forehead, or her head, or her face, before him: (see حَاسِرٌ:) or] she sat before him with her face uncovered. (TA from a trad.) A2: See also 1, in two places.7 انحسر It became removed, put off, taken off, or stripped off, from a thing which it covered or concealed; (S, A, Mgh, Msb;) as also ↓ حَسَرَ, (K,) which occurs in poetry, (TA,) inf. n. حُسُورٌ. (K.) [See also 5.] b2: It (the darkness) became removed, or cleared away; (A, Msb;) عَنْهُ [from him, or it]. (A.) b3: See also 1: b4: and 2.10 إِسْتَحْسَرَ see 1, in two places.

حَسِرٌ: see حَسِيرٌ.

حَسْرَةٌ Grief, or regret; syn. تَلَهُّفٌ, (Msb, K,) and تَأَسُّفٌ, (Msb,) or نَدَامَةٌ, (Jel in ii. 162 and viii. 36 and xxxix. 57,) or نَدَمٌ and غَمٌّ: (Bd in viii. 36:) or intense lamentation or expression of pain or of grief or of sorrow; syn. شِدَّةُ التَّأَلُّمِ: (Jel in vi. 31 and xxxvi. 29:) or most intense grief or regret (أَشَدُّ التَّلَهُّفِ, S, or أَشَدُّ النَّدَمِ, Zj) for a thing that has escaped one, (S,) so that he who feels it is like a beast that is tired, or fatigued, or jaded, (حَسِير,) and of no use: (Zj in xxxvi. 29 of the Kur:) pl. حَسَرَاتٌ. (Msb.) You say, يَا حَسْرَتَا عَلَيْهِ [O my grief, or regret, &c., for it!] (A.) حَسْرَان: see what next follows.

حَسِيرٌ Tired, fatigued, or jaded, (S, K,) by much travel; (TA;) applied to a camel, (S, K,) alike to the male and the female; and so ↓ حَاسِرٌ and حَاسِرَةٌ, applied to a horse or the like: (TA:) and ↓ مُحَسَّرٌ a camel fatigued, or jaded; emaciated by fatigue, or made to exert himself beyond his strength in a journey: (Ham p. 208:) pl. of the first حَسْرَى. (S, K.) b2: (tropical:) Sight that is dim, dull, or hebetated, and failing, by reason of length of space [overlooked] (S, Msb, K, TA) and the like; (S, Msb;) as also ↓ مَحْسُورٌ; (S, K;) or [fatigued] by long looking. (A) b3: Also, (S, K,) and ↓ حَسِرٌ and ↓ حَسْرَان, (TA, [but whether the latter be with or without tenween is not shown,]) Grieving, or regretting: (K:) or grieving, or regretting, most intensely, on account of a thing that has escaped one. (S, TA.) حَاسِرٌ A man having no مِغْفَر [or covering for the head, made of mail, &c.,] (S, K,) upon him; (S;) nor a coat of mail; (S, K;) contr. of دَارِعٌ; (Mgh;) nor a helmet upon his head; (TA;) contr. of مُقَنَّعٌ: (Mgh:) or having no جُنَّة [or defensive covering, &c.]: (K:) a man having no turban on his head: (TA:) a man having his head uncovered: (A:) pl. حُسَّرٌ, and pl. pl. حُسَّرُونَ; the latter a form used by one of the poets; the former pl. applied to foot-soldiers in war, because they uncover their arms and legs, or because they have not upon them coats of mail nor helmets; occurring in this sense in a trad. (TA.) Also, without ة, A woman who has taken off her shift from her person: (ISd, Msb, TA:) who has taken off her clothes from her person: who has uncovered her head and her fore arms: who has taken off her head-covering: and, with ة, a woman having her face uncovered: pl. حُسَّرٌ and حَوَاسِرُ. (TA.) b2: اِبْنُوا المَسَاجِدَ حُسَّرًا in a trad. of 'Alee, means Build ye mosques, or oratories, with bare walls, with no شُرَف [or acroterial ornaments or crestings]. (TA.) A2: See also حَسِيرٌ.

مَحْسَرٌ (tropical:) The internal, or intrinsic, state or quality, (S, A, K,) of a person; (S, A;) as also ↓ مَحْسِرٌ: (K:) and the latter, [or both,] the nature, or natural disposition. (K, TA.) Yousay, فُلَانٌ كَرِيمُ المَحْسَرِ (tropical:) Such a one is generous, or noble, in respect of his internal, or intrinsic, state or quality: (S, A:) or ↓ المَحْسِرِ, meaning as above: or in respect of his nature, or natural disposition: or face, or countenance. (TA.) مَحْسِرٌ The face, or countenance: (K:) [or a part, of the person, that is uncovered:] the pl., مَحَاسِرُ, signifies the parts, of the person of a woman, that are exposed to view; namely, the face, arms, and legs. (Az.) You say اِمْرَأَةٌ حَسَنَةُ المَحَاسِرِ [A woman beautiful in respect of the parts, of the person, that are exposed to view]. (A.) b2: [Hence, (tropical:) An elevated, plain tract, bare of herbage or trees]. You say أَرْضٌ عَارِيَةُ المَحَاسِرِ (tropical:) Land bare of herbage: (A:) and in like manner, فَلَاةٌ عارية المحاسر a desert without any covering of trees; its محاسر meaning its elevated and plain tracts of ground that are uncovered by plants [or trees]. (T, TA.) b3: See also مَحْسَرٌ, in two places.

مِحْسَرَةٌ An instrument for sweeping; a broom, or besom. (S, K.) مُحَسَّرٌ: see حَسِيرٌ. b2: Also Annoyed; vexed: and despised: (S, K:) applied to a man. (S.) It is said in a trad. that the companions of a man who is to come forth in the end of time, to be called أَمِيرُ العُصَبِ, or, as some say, أَمِيرُ الغَضَبِ shall be مُحَسَّرُونَ, (TA,) meaning despised; (S, TA;) i. e. annoyed, or vexed, and caused to grieve or regret, or to grieve or regret most intensely: or driven away, or outcasts, and fatigued; from حَسَرَ signifying “ he fatigued ” a beast. (TA.) مَحْسُورٌ [pass. part. n. of حَسَرَهُ; Removed; put, taken, or stripped, off: &c. b2: And hence,] (tropical:) A man who has given all that he had, so that nothing remains in his possession: thus it is said to mean in the Kur xvii. 31. (TA.) b3: See also حَسِيرٌ.
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