William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
893. حشو11 894. حشى3 895. حص7 896. حصب22 897. حصد18 898. حصر21899. حصرم11 900. حصف14 901. حصل16 902. حصن21 903. حصو4 904. حض8 905. حضأ6 906. حضر20 907. حضن17 908. حضو4 909. حط6 910. حطأ9 911. حطب16 912. حطم19 913. حظ6 914. حظر21 915. حظل11 916. حظو8 917. حف7 918. حفث9 919. حفد18 920. حفر18 921. حفز12 922. حفش13 923. حفظ16 924. حفل16 925. حفن16 926. حفو10 927. حق10 928. حقب17 929. حقد16 930. حقر15 931. حقط8 932. حقف19 933. حقل16 934. حقن16 935. حقو12 936. حك7 937. حكأ9 938. حكر17 939. حكل11 940. حكم21 941. حكو4 942. حكى7 943. حل9 944. حلأ11 945. حلب19 946. حلت8 947. حلج15 948. حلز7 949. حلس16 950. حلف18 951. حلق21 952. حلقم13 953. حلقن5 954. حلك14 955. حلم19 956. حلو12 957. حلى6 958. حم6 959. حمأ12 960. حمد17 961. حمدل5 962. حمر24 963. حمز14 964. حمس18 965. حمش14 966. حمص14 967. حمض16 968. حمق17 969. حمل22 970. حملق9 971. حمن10 972. حمو8 973. حمى7 974. حن6 975. حنأ10 976. حنب9 977. حنبل5 978. حنت11 979. حنتم11 980. حنث17 981. حنجر10 982. حندر4 983. حندس10 984. حندق4 985. حنذ15 986. حنزب4 987. حنش15 988. حنط16 989. حنظل6 990. حنف20 991. حنق13 992. حنك18 Prev. 100




1 حَصَرَهُ, (S, A,) aor. حَصُرَ (S, K) and حَصِرَ, (K,) inf. n. حَصْرٌ, (S, K,) He, or it, straitened him; (S, A, K;) so in the Kur ix. 5; (TA;) and encompassed, or surrounded, him. (S, A.) You say حَصَرَهُ, (S, Msb,) or حَصَرَ بِهِ, (K,) aor. حَصُرَ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. حَصْرٌ, (Msb,) It (a hostile party, ISk, S, Msb, or a people, K) encompassed him, or surrounded him, (Msb, K,) and prevented him from going to his business: (Msb:) or straitened him, and encompassed or surrounded him; as also ↓ حَاصَرَهُ, inf. n. مُحَاصَرَةٌ and حِصَارٌ. (ISK, S.) The ↓ محاصرة of an enemy is well known. (K.) You say العَدُوُّ ↓ حَاصَرَهُمُ, inf. ns. as above, [The enemy besieged, or beset, them;] and بَقِينَا فِى

الحِصَارِ أَيَّامًا We remained in the state of siege some days; or in the place of confinement; and حُوصِرُوا مُحَاصَرَةً شَدِيدَةً [They were besieged, or beset, vehemently]. (A.) b2: Also حَصَرَهُ, (S, A, K, &c.,) aor. حَصُرَ (Mgh, K) and حَصِرَ, (K,) inf. n. حَصْرٌ, (A, Mgh, K,) He, (Akh, S, A,) or it, (S,) confined, kept close, imprisoned, detained, retained, restrained, withheld, or prevented, him; (A O, Aboo-'Amr Esh-Sheybánee, Akh, S, A;) as also ↓ أَحْصَرَهُ: (Aboo-' Amr Esh-Sheybánee, S:) or a distinction should be made between these two forms, as will be seen in what follows. (TA.) And It (a hostile party, and a disease, ISK, Th, Msb) detained, restrained, withheld, or prevented, him (ISK, Th, Msb, K) from journeying &c.; (K;) as also ↓ احصرهُ: (AO, * ISk, Th, Msb, K:) or the latter signifies it (disease) prevented him from journeying, or from a thing that he desired: so in the Kur ii. 192: (ISk, S:) or [more properly] it (disease, or urine, [&c.,]) made him to restrain himself: (Akh, S, K:) or إِحْصَارٌ signifies the being prevented from attending the religious rites and ceremonies of the pilgrimage, by disease, or the like: (IAth:) or أُحْصِرَ is said when a man is turned back from a course which he desired: and حُصِرَ, when he is confined, or restrained, or the like: (Yoo:) or, accord. to Fr, the Arabs say, of him whom fear or disease prevents from accomplishing his pilgrimage or his عُمْرَة [q. v.], (Mgh, * TA,) and of any one that is not forcibly constrained, as by imprisonment, or by enchantment or the like, (TA,) ↓ أُحْصِرَ: and of him who is imprisoned or restrained by a Sultán, or by one who overpowers, حُصِرَ: this distinction is observed by them: (Mgh, * TA:) but if you mean that the constraining power of the Sultán is a preventing cause, and you do not refer to the act of the agent, it is allowable for you to say, الرَّجُلُ ↓ قَدْ أُحْصِرَ: and if you say of him whom pain or disease makes to restrain himself, that the disease, or fear, restrains him, it is allowable for you to say, حُصِرَ: or, as Aboo-Is- hák the Grammarian says, the correct rule, accord. to the lexicologists, is, that one says of him whom fear and disease prevent, ↓ أُحْصِرَ: and of him who is confined or restrained by another, حُصِرَ: and thus it is because he who refrains from conducting himself freely in an affair restrains himself: and they saying حَصَرْتُهُ means that thou hast restrained him; not that he has restrained himself: so that it is allowable to say in this case [when you do not mention the agent], ↓ أُحْصِرَ. (TA.) [Accord. to Z,] حُصِرَ عَنْهُ and دُونَهُ [lit. He was withheld from it] is said when a man is ashamed at a thing, and leaves it, or abstains from it, or when he is unable to effect a thing, or finds his wish difficult of attainment. (A. [See also حَصِرَ, in what follows, in this paragraph.]) حَصَرْتُ الغُرَمَآءَ فِى المَالِ means حَصَرْتُ قِسْمَةَ المَالِ فِى الغُرَمَآءِ [I restricted the division of the property among the creditors]: for the prevention is not against them, but against others, from their being shares with them in the property: the phrase is inverted, like أَدْخَلْتُ القَبْرَ المَيِّتَ. (Msb.) b3: Also حَصَرَهُ, (K,) aor. حَصُرَ, inf. n. حَصْرٌ, (TA,) He took the whole of it; (K;) [appropriated it to himself exclusively;] acquired it; took it to himself. (TA.) b4: And حُصِرَ, (S, A, Mgh, K,) and ↓ أُحْصِرَ, (S, A, K,) or حُصِرَ بِغَائِطِهِ, and ↓ أُحْصِرَ, (Ks,) or حُصِرَ عَلَيْهِ خَلَاؤُهُ, aor. يُحْصَرُ, inf. n. حَصْرٌ [and حُصْرٌ, or this latter is a simple subst.], (Ibn-Buzurj,) He (a man, S, A) suffered suppression of the feces, or constipation of the bowels: (Ks, Ibn-Buzurj, S, A, Mgh, K:) [distinguished from أُسِرَ: (see حُصْرٌ:) or] حُصِرَ عَلَيْهِ بَوْلُهُ signifies he suffered suppression of his urine.. (Ibn-Buzurj.) A2: حَصَرَتْ, [intrans.,] with fet-h [to the ص], and ↓ أَحْصَرَتْ, She (a camel) had a narrow orifice to the teat. (S.) And حَصُرَ, aor. حَصُرَ; and حَصِرَ, aor. حَصَرَ; and ↓ أَحْصَرَ, (K,) or أُحْصِرَ; (so in the TA;) It (the orifice of her teat) was, or became, narrow. (K, * TA.) b2: And حَصِرَ, aor. حَصَرَ, inf. n. حَصَرٌ, He was, or became, unable to express his mind, to say what he would, to find words to express what he would say; he faltered in speech; (S, Mgh, K, Expos. of the “ Mufassal ” of Z;) by reason of shame and confusion of mind, or other [accidental] cause; wherein, only, it differs from عَيِىَ. (Expos. of the “ Mufassal ” of Z.) And also, (Msb, K,) or حَصِرَ فِى القِرَآءَةِ, (S,) He faltered, or became impeded, and was unable to proceed, in reading, or recitation. (S, Msb, K.) And حَصِرَ. aor. حَصَرَ, He was ashamed, and cut short, as though the affair straitened him like as the prison straitens the prisoner. (TA.) And حَصِرَ عَنْهُ He became impeded, and was unable to do it. (S.) And حَصِرَ عَنِ المَرْأَةِ, aor. حَصَرَ, [inf. n. حَصَرٌ,] He abstained from sexual intercourse with the woman, (K, TA,) though able to enjoy it: (TA:) or حَصِرَ عَنْ

أَهْلِهِ, (S,) or عَنِ النِّسَآءِ, (Az,) he was prevented by impotence from having sexual intercourse (Az, S) with his wife, (S,) or with women. (Az. [See حَصُورٌ.]) b3: Also حَصِرَ, (Mgh, TA,) or حَصِرَ صَدْرُهُ, (S Msb, TA,) aor. حَصَرَ, (Msb,) inf. n. حَصَرٌ, (S Msb, K,) He became straitened in his bosom; his bosom became straitened. (S Mgh, Msb, K, * TA.) In the Kur [iv. 92], أَوْ جَاؤُوكُمْ حَصِرَتْ صُدُورُهُمْ أَنْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ means عَنْ قِتَالِكُمْ [Or who come to you, their bosoms being contracted so that they are incapable of fighting you; or their bosoms shrinking from fighting you]: (TA:) Akh and the Koofees allow that the pret. here may be a denotative of state; but Sb does not allow this use of the pret. unless with قَدْ; and he makes حصرت صدورهم to be an imprecation [meaning may their bosoms become contracted]: (S:) accord. to Fr, the Arabs say, أَتَانِى فُلَانٌ ذَهَبَ عَقْلُهُ, meaning قَدْ ذهب عقله: Zj says, Fr makes حصرت a denotative of state; but it is not so unless with قد: They says that if قد be understood, it approximates to a denotative of state, and becomes like a noun; and some read حَصِرَةً صُدُورُهُمْ: AZ does not allow this use of the pret. [as a denotative of state] unless preceded by وَ or قد. (TA.) b4: and حَصِرَ, alone, He vomited. (Mgh.) b5: And He became affected with a disease, or malady, by a thing. (TA.) b6: Also, (S, K,) aor. حَصَرَ, inf. n. حَصَرٌ, (K,) He was, or became, niggardly, tenacious, penurious, or avaricious. (S, K.) One says, شَرِبَ القَوْمُ فَحَصِرَ عَلَيْهِمْ فُلَانٌ The party drank, and such a one was niggardly to them, (AA, S, L,) not expending upon those who drank with him. (L.) b7: [Hence,] حَصِرَ بِالسِّرِّ He concealed the secret; (K;) refrained from divulging it. (TA.) A3: حَصَرَ البَعِيرَ, aor. حَصُرَ and حَصِرَ, (TA,) inf. n. حَصْرٌ, (K,) He bound a حِصَار, (K, TA,) or a مِحْصَرَة, (TA,) upon the camel; (K, TA;) as also ↓ احتصره: (S, K, TA:) and he made for, or put to, the camel a حِصَار: as also ↓ احصرهُ. (TA.) 3 حَاْصَرَ see 1, in three places.4 أَحْصَرَ see 1, in eleven places.7 انحصر He, or it, was, or became, restrained, withheld, or prevented. (KL.) 8 إِحْتَصَرَ see 1, last sentence.

حُصْرٌ (S, Mgh, K, &c.) and ↓ حُصُرٌ (A, and Expositions of the Fs) Suppression of the feces; or constipation of the bowels: (Yz, As, S, A, Mgh, K:) suppression of the urine is termed أُسْرٌ: (Yz, As, Mgh:) or حُصْرٌ signifies also suppression of the urine, like أُسْرٌ. (Ibn-Buzurj.) حَصَرٌ [inf. n. of حَصِرَ, q. v., passim. b2: Also] Suppression of the flow of milk of a camel, from a heaviness, or heaving, of the stomach, or a tendency to vomit; and unwillingness to yield a flow of milk. (TA.) حَصِرٌ A man unable to express his mind; to say what he would; to find words to express what he would say; (Mgh, TA;) by reason of shame and confusion of mind, or other [accidental] cause: (TA: [see حَصِرَ:]) and one who is impeded, and unable to proceed, in reading, or recitation: (Msb, TA:) and so ↓ حَصِيرٌ and ↓ مَحْصُورٌ, in both these senses. (TA.) b2: Contracted in the bosom; having the bosom contracted; (Mgh, TA;) as also ↓ حَصِيرٌ and ↓ حَصُورٌ. (K.) In the Kur iv. 92, some read حَصِرَةً صُدُورُهُمْ [Their bosoms being contracted]. (TA. [See 1, latter part.]) b3: Affected with vomiting. (Mgh.) b4: Niggardly, tenacious, penurious, or avaricious; (K;) as also ↓ حَصِيرٌ and ↓ حَصُورٌ: (S, K:) and ↓ حَصِيرٌ one who will not drink wine, by reason of niggardliness: (K:) and ↓ حَصُورٌ one who will not expend upon those who drink with him: (L:) and one who [by reason of niggardliness] does not take part in the game called المَيْسِر. (Suh.) b5: Also, (S,) or حَصِرٌ بِالأَسْرَارِ, (A,) and ↓ حَصُورٌ [alone], (K,) A strict concealer of secrets: (S:) or [simply] a concealer of secrets. (A, K.) b6: حَصِرَةُ الشَّخْبِ A she-camel whose flow of milk is suppressed. (TA.) حُصُرٌ: see حُصْرٌ.

حَصْرَآءُ Impervia coëunti mulier; syn. رَتْقَآءُ. (A, K.) حُصْرِىٌّ [and حُصُرِىٌّ, which latter is now the more common,] A maker, or seller, of حُصْر [or حُصُر, i. e. mats, pl. of حَصِيرٌ]. (Ibn-Khillikán, p. 19 of vol. i. of De Slane's ed.) حَصَارٌ: see the next paragraph.

حِصَارٌ: see حَصِيرٌ. b2: [A fortress; a fort; a castle.]

A2: Also, (S, K,) and ↓, حَصَارٌ, (K,) A kind of pillow, cushion, or pad, which is put upon a camel, and of which the kinder part is raised so that it is made like the آخِرَة of a camel's saddle, the fore part being stuffed so that it is made like the قَادِمَة [or rather وَاسِط or وَاسِطَة] of a camel's saddle, and which is ridden upon; and so ↓ مِحْصَرَةٌ: (K:) or a kind of saddle upon which those who break, or train, beasts ride: or a [piece of stuff of the kind called] كِسَآء, which is thrown upon the back of the camel, behind the rider: (TA:) or ↓ مِحْصَرَةٌ (K) and حِصَارٌ (TA) signify a small [saddle of the kind called] قَتَب, (K, TA,) which is bound upon a camel, and upon which is thrown the apparatus of the rider. (TA.) حَصُورٌ One who has no sexual intercourse with women, (S, Mgh, K,) though able to have it, (K,) abstaining from them from a motive of chastity, and for the sake of shunning worldly pleasures: (TA:) or who is prevented from having it, (K, TA,) by impotence: (TA:) or who does not desire them, (IAar, A, Msb, K,) nor approach them: (IAar, K:) applied also to a horse, i. q. عِنِّينٌ. (IAar, TA in art. عجز.) In the Kur [iii. 34], applied to John the Baptist. (TA.) b2: Castrated; (K;) having the penis and testicles amputated. (TA.) b3: Very fearful or cautious; who abstains, or refrains, from a thing through fear. (K.) b4: See also حَصِرٌ, in four places. b5: Also A she-camel having a narrow orifice to the teat. (S, K.) حَصِيرٌ: see مَحْصُورٌ, in two places: b2: and see حَصِرٌ, in four places. b3: Also A king: (S, A, K:) because he is secluded: (S, A:) or because he prevents those who have access to him. (TA.) A2: A prison; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ↓ حِصَارٌ. (TA.) So [accord. to some] in the Kur xvii. 8. (S, ISd.) A3: A mat woven of reeds [or of rushes] (Msb, K) or of palm-leaves; (IDrd and K voce تَذَرَّعَ, &c.;) syn. بَارِيَّةٌ; (Msb, K;) vulgarly ↓ حَصِيرَةٌ: (Msb:) or a thing woven, [سَفِيفَةٌ, in the L and TA erroneously written سقيفه,] made of بَرْدِىّ [or papyrus] and of أَسَل [or rushes], and then spread upon the ground like a carpet: (TA:) pl. حُصُرٌ (Msb, TA) and, by contraction, حُصْرٌ. (TA.) Hence the prov., أَسِيرٌ عَلَى حَصِيرٍ [A captive upon a mat]. (TA.) And بَنَاتُ الحَصِيرِ Bugs; syn. بَقٌّ. (TA in art. بق.) b2: Anything woven. (K.) b3: A garment, or piece of cloth, ornamented and variegated, which, when spread out, captivates hearts in a manner peculiar to it, by its beauty. (K.) So, accord. to some, in the trad. of Hodheyfeh, تُعْرَضُ الفِتَنُ عَلَى القُلُوبِ عَرْضَ الحَصِيرِ [expl. in art. عرض, conj. 1]. (B.) b4: A bed; or a thing spread to lie upon; as though it were a mat: so, accord. to El-Hasan, in the Kur xvii. 8, referred to above. (TA.) b5: A sitting-place; syn. مَجْلِسٌ: (K, and so in two copies of the A:) MF thinks it to be a mistake for مَحْبِسٌ [a prison, or place of confinement]. (TA.) b6: The surface of the ground: (Msb, K:) whence, accord. to some, it is applied to that which is spread upon the ground [i. e. a mat]: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَحْصِرَةٌ and [of mult.] حُصُرٌ. (K.) b7: Water. (K.) [Perhaps because its surface, when rippled by the wind, is likened to a thing woven: see نَسَجَ.]

b8: The diversified wavy marks, streaks, or grain, (فِرِنْد,) of a sword, (K, TA,) resembling the tracks of ants: (TA:) or its حَصِيرَانِ are its two sides. (K, * TA.) b9: A road, or way. (IAar, K.) b10: A row of men, and of other things. (K.) b11: A certain vein extending across upon the side of a beast, towards the belly: (K:) so, accord. to some, in the trad. of Hodheyfeh mentioned above: (TA:) or a portion of flesh so situate; (K;) i. e., from the shoulder-blade to the flank; as also ↓ حَصِيرَةٌ, explained in the K as a portion of flesh lying across in the side of a horse, which one sees when he is made lean by scanty food: (TA:) or the former signifies the sinew that is between the part called the صِفَاق and the part where the false ribs end; (K, TA;) which is the end of the side: (TA:) or the part that is between the vein that appears in the side of the camel and horse, lying across, and what is above it, to the part where the side terminates: (As, S:) or the حصير of the side is what appears of the upper parts of the ribs. (Ibn-Es-Seed.) b12: Also The side itself. (Az, S, K.) Hence the phrase, دَابَّةٌ عَرِيضُ الحَصِيرَيْنِ A beast having wide sides. (A, TA.) And أَوْجَعَ اللّٰهُ حَصِيرَيْهِ [May God make his sides to ache; meaning] may he be severely beaten. (A, TA.) A certain elegant scholar says, أَثَّرَ حَصِيرُ الحَصِيرِ فِى حَصِيرِ الحَصِيرِ The mat of the prison made marks upon the side of the king. (MF.) حَصِيرَةٌ: see حَصِيرٌ, in two places. b2: Also A place in which dates are dried: (S, K:) or, accord. to Az, it is with ض. (TA.) مُحْصَرٌ: see مَحْصُورٌ.

مِحْصَرَةٌ: see حِصَارٌ, in two places.

مَحْصُورٌ Straitened: [encompassed, or surrounded:] besieged, or beset, in a fortress. (TA.) Confined, kept close, imprisoned, detained, retained, restrained, withheld, or prevented; (Akh, S, TA;) as also ↓ حَصِيرٌ. (Ibn-Es-Seed.) Detained, restrained, withheld, or prevented, from journeying &c.; as also ↓ حَصِيرٌ and ↓ مُحْصَرٌ: (TA:) [or this last signifies made to restrain himself: see 1.] See also حَصِرٌ. b2: Suffering suppression of the feces, or constipation of the bowels: (Ibn-Buzurj, Mgh, K:) [distinguished from مَأْسُورٌ: (see حُصْرٌ:) or] it also signifies suffering suppression of the urine. (Ibn-Buzurj.) A2: A camel having upon him [or furnished with] a حِصَار. (K.)
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