William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1034. خا3 1035. خاتون3 1036. خانقاه2 1037. خب6 1038. خبأ12 1039. خبث171040. خبر18 1041. خبز13 1042. خبص10 1043. خبط16 1044. خبعثن6 1045. خبل15 1046. خبن12 1047. خبو8 1048. خبى2 1049. ختر13 1050. ختعر6 1051. ختل13 1052. ختم19 1053. ختن14 1054. خثر17 1055. خثى4 1056. خجل15 1057. خد7 1058. خدب11 1059. خدج16 1060. خدر17 1061. خدش16 1062. خدع18 1063. خدل11 1064. خدلج9 1065. خدم16 1066. خدن17 1067. خذرف5 1068. خذف12 1069. خذل14 1070. خذم12 1071. خر7 1072. خرأ9 1073. خرب19 1074. خرت12 1075. خرث9 1076. خرج19 1077. خرد9 1078. خردل8 1079. خرز12 1080. خرس13 1081. خرش10 1082. خرص16 1083. خرط14 1084. خرطم9 1085. خرع13 1086. خرعب5 1087. خرف18 1088. خرفج9 1089. خرق19 1090. خرم17 1091. خرنب5 1092. خرو3 1093. خز5 1094. خزر18 1095. خزعبل6 1096. خزف11 1097. خزق12 1098. خزل17 1099. خزم15 1100. خزن15 1101. خزو5 1102. خزى4 1103. خس6 1104. خسأ14 1105. خسر18 1106. خسف18 1107. خسق7 1108. خسو3 1109. خسى1 1110. خش6 1111. خشب18 1112. خشر14 1113. خشع15 1114. خشف15 1115. خشم17 1116. خشن16 1117. خشو4 1118. خشى5 1119. خص8 1120. خصب14 1121. خصر17 1122. خصف19 1123. خصل14 1124. خصم15 1125. خصو4 1126. خصى4 1127. خض5 1128. خضب15 1129. خضد16 1130. خضر20 1131. خضرم10 1132. خضع14 1133. خضل14 Prev. 100
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خبث

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خبث

1 خَبَتَ ذِكْرُهُ The mention of him, or it, was, or became, concealed: (L:) [app. meaning he, or it, was, or became, obscure; or of no reputation, or repute.]

A2: خَبُثَ, accord. to Z, i. q. خَبُثَ [q. v.]: occurring in a trad. (TA.) [See خَبِيتٌ.]4 اخبت He became in what is termed خَبْتٌ [q. v.]. (A, TA.) b2: And, (S, Msb, K, TA,) [hence, or] from خَبْتٌ, (Ksh and Bd in xi. 25, and TA,) or from خَبَتَ ذِكْرُهُ, (L,) inf. n. إِخْبَاتٌ, (S, Msb,) (tropical:) He (a man, Msb, TA) was, or became, lowly, humble, or submissive, (S, Msb, K, TA,) in heart, (Msb,) and obedient, (TA,) لِلّٰهِ to God. (S, TA.) And in like manner, in the Kur [xi. 25], (TA,) وَأَخْبَتُوا إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ means (tropical:) And who have become lowly, humble, or submissive, [and obedient,] to their Lord; or have lowered, humbled, or abased, themselves to their Lord; or have trusted to their Lord: (A, * TA:) for the Arabs put إِلَى in the place of لِ. (TA.) خَبْتٌ A low, or depressed, tract of ground: (TA:) or a low, or depressed, (S,) or concealed and low, (TA,) tract of ground, in which is sand: (S, TA:) or a wide, or spacious, low tract of ground: (IAar, A, K:) or a plain, or soft, tract of ground in a [stony tract such as is termed]

حَرَّة: (TA:) and a wide bottom, or bed, or interior, of a valley: (A:) or a deep valley, easy to be walked or ridden through, extended [to a great length], and in which grow varieties of the عِضَاه: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَخْبَاتٌ (K) and [of mult.] خُبُوتٌ: (A, K:) it is a genuine Arabic word. (TA.) فِيهِ خَبْتَةٌ (tropical:) In him is lowliness, humility, or submissiveness. (S, TA.) خَبِيتٌ A thing that is contemptible, or despicable; (K, TA;) bad, corrupt, abominable, vile, base, or disapproved; [&c.;] (TA;) and [thus] i. q. خَبِيثٌ. (As, K.) The Jew of Kheyber says, يَنْفَعُ الطَّيِّبُ القَلِيلُ مِنَ الرِّزْ قِ وَلَا يَنْفَعُ الكَثِيرُ الخَبِيتُ

[The lawful, but small, supply of the means of subsistence is beneficial, but the large and unlawful is not beneficial]. (TA.) Kh asked As respecting الخبيت in this verse; and the latter replied that the poet meant الخَبِيث; the former word being of the dial. of Kheyber: but Kh rejoined, “If so, the poet would have said الكتير: it behooves you only to say that the people of Kheyber change ث into ت in some words: ” AM thinks that الخبيت in this verse is a mistranscription for الخَتِيت, which means the thing that is “ contemptible and bad,” and is syn. with الخَسِيس. (TA.) b2: It is also applied to a man; meaning as above; or Bad, corrupt, vitious, or depraved. (TA.) مُخْبِتٌ (assumed tropical:) Still; motionless: as also مُخْبِطٌ. (TA in art. خمد.)
خبث1 خَبُثَ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.,) aor. خَبُثَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. خَبَاثَةٌ, (S,) or خُبْثٌ, the former being a simple subst., (Msb,) or both, (Mgh, K, [the latter word erroneously written in the CK خَبْث,]) and خَبَاثِيَةٌ, (K,) said of a thing, (S, Mgh, Msb,) It was, or became, خَبِيث [q. v., meaning bad, &c.]; contr. of طَابَ. (S, Mgh, Msb, K.) [Hence,] خَبُثَتْ رَائِحَتُهُ (tropical:) [Its, or his, odour was, or became, bad, foul, or abominable]. (A.) And خَبُثَ طَعْمُهُ (tropical:) [Its taste was, or became, bad, foul, abominable, or nauseous]. (A.) And خَبُثَتْ نَفْسُهُ (tropical:) His soul [or stomach] became heavy; (TA;) it heaved, or became agitated by a tendency to vomit; syn. غَثَتْ: (A and TA in the present art., and S and K in art. غثى: [see also مَذِرَتْ نَفْسُهُ, in art. مذر:]) a phrase forbidden by Mohammad to be used; as though he disliked the word خُبْثٌ. (TA.) One says of certain food, تَخْبُثُ عَنْهُ النَّفْسُ (tropical:) [The soul, or stomach, becomes heavy, or heaves, or becomes agitated by a tendency to vomit, in consequence of it]. (TA.) b2: خَبُثَ, (S, A, K,) inf. n. خُبْثٌ, (S, K,) said of a man, signifies [in like manner] He was, or became, خَبِيث, (S, A, K,) meaning bad, corrupt, base, or abominable; wicked, deceitful, guileful, artful, crafty, or cunning. (S, K, TA. [See also 4.]) [Hence,] خَبُثَ بِهَا (tropical:) He committed adultery, or fornication, with her. (A, Mgh, Msb, K.) b3: [It is also said of a venomous reptile and the like, meaning It was, or became, malignant, or noxious; impure, unclean, foul, or filthy.]2 هٰذَا مِمَّا يُخَبِّثُ النَّفْسَ, (TA,) or ↓ يُخْبِثُ, النفس, (so in a copy of the A, [but the former I believe to be the right,]) This is of the things that cause the soul [or stomach] to become heavy, or to heave, or become agitated by a tendency to vomit. (TA.) 4 اخبث He (a man) was, or became, characterized by خُبْث (Msb, TA) and شَرّ (Msb) [meaning badness, wickedness, deceit, &c.: see also خَبُثَ]. b2: He had bad, wicked, or deceitful, companions or friends, and a bad, wicked, or deceitful, family: (L:) or his companions, or friends, became bad, wicked, or deceitful: (S in art. فلس:) or he took to himself bad, wicked, or deceitful, companions or friends (S, L, K) or connexions or assistants. (TA.) A2: اخبثهُ He taught him to be bad, wicked, or deceitful: and rendered him bad, corrupt, vitious, or depraved. (S.) b2: See also 2.5 تَخَبَّثَ see what next follows.6 تحابث (A, TA) He made a show of being, or pretended to be, bad, wicked, or deceitful. (TA.) And you say also ↓ تخبّث [either in the same sense, or as meaning He affected, or endeavoured, to be bad, wicked, or deceitful; or to do that which was خَبِيث, or bad, &c.]. (A, TA.) 10 استخبث [He deemed, or esteemed, خَبِيث, i. e. bad, &c.]. كَانَتِ العَرَبُ تَسْتَخْبِثُ مِثْلَ الحَيَّةِ وَالعَقْرَبِ [The Arabs used to deem impure, unclean, foul, or filthy, such as the serpent and the scorpion]. (Msb.) b2: (tropical:) He deemed bad, or corrupt, a word, or a dialectic variant. (A, TA.) خُبْثٌ an inf. n. of خَبُثَ: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) [used as a simple subst., it means Any of the qualities denoted by the epithet خَبِيثٌ, q. v., i. e. badness, &c.:] and ↓ خِبِّيثَى signifies the same: (K:) or this is a subst. from أَخْبثَ meaning “ he had a bad, wicked, or deceitful, family; ” (TA;) and signifies the state of having bad, wicked, or deceitful, companions or friends or connexions: (L:) ↓ خَابِثَةٌ, also, is syn. with [خُبْثٌ, and so is] ↓ خَبَاثَةٌ, (K,) [for] this last is another inf. n. of خَبُثَ, like خُبْثٌ, (S, Mgh, K,) or it is a simple subst. (Msb.) [Hence,] the first particularly signifies (tropical:) Adultery, or fornication. (K, TA.) See also خَبِيثٌ, in three places.

خَبَثٌ The dross of iron, (S, TA,) and of silver, when they are molten. (TA.) [Hence the saying,] لَيْسَ الإِبْرِيزُ كَالخَبَثِ [lit. Pure gold is not like dross]; meaning (tropical:) the good is not like the bad. (A, TA.) b2: Adulterating alloy in gold and iron &c. (Har p. 135.) b3: A thing wherein is no good. (TA.) b4: (tropical:) Excrement, or ordure: impurity, or filth. (Mgh in art. قل, and TA.) Hence the saying in a trad., إِذَا بَلَغَ المَآءُ قُلَّتَيْنِ لَمْ يَحْمِلْ خَبَثًا [explained in art. احل]. (Mgh ubi suprà, and TA.) يَا خُبَثُ: see خَبِيثٌ.

يَا خِبْثَةُ: see خَبيثٌ.

A2: خِبْثَةٌ with respect to a slave signifies (assumed tropical:) Unlawful capture; capture from a people whom it is unlawful to make slaves, (Mgh, * K, TA,) by reason of a treaty, or league, made with them, (Mgh, TA,) or of some sacred, or inviolable, right, originally belonging to them. (TA.) You say of a slave, لَا خِبْثَةَ فِيهِ مِنْ إِبَاقٍ وَلَا سَرِقَةٍ (tropical:) [There is no unlawful capture in his case, from having run away, nor from having been stolen]. (A.) b2: فُلَانٌ لِخِبْثَة is like the saying لِزِنْيَةٍ (assumed tropical:) [Such a one is the offspring of adultery, or fornication]. (S.) And وُلِدَ فُلَانٌ لِخِبْثَةٍ means (tropical:) Such a one was born spuriously. (A, * L.) خَبَاثِ: see the next paragraph, in two places.

خَبِيثٌ contr. of طَيِّبٌ; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) applied to objects of the senses and to those of the intellect; (Kull p. 177;) to sustenance, or victuals, and to offspring, and men, and to other things: (TA:) Bad; corrupt: (Msb, TA:) disapproved, hated, or abominable; (Msb, TA;) this accord. to IAar, being its primary signification: (TA:) or so in respect of taste, and of odour: (Mgh:) [nasty, nauseous, loathsome, or disgusting:] impure, unclean, foul, or filthy: (Mgh, Msb, TA:) unlawful; (Mgh, Msb;) applied in this sense to certain food: and, applied to certain beverage, injurious: (TA:) applied to medicine such as is forbidden in a certain trad., it means either impure and unlawful, such as wine &c., or nauseous to the taste: (IAth, TA:) you say that a thing is خَبِيث in taste, [and in odour,] and in colour: and you apply this epithet to adultery, or fornication; and to property unlawfully acquired; and to blood, and to the like things which God has forbidden: (TA:) also to such things as garlic and onions (Msb, TA) and leeks, (TA,) which are disagreeable in taste and odour: (TA:) and to such things as the serpent and the scorpion: (Msb:) applied to language, it means (assumed tropical:) opprobrious, or of a reviling nature; (TA;) and (tropical:) bad or corrupt [in respect of authority; or of a bad dialect]: (A, TA:) applied to religion, (assumed tropical:) infidel, or of the nature of infidelity: (TA:) applied to a man, bad, corrupt, base, or abominable; wicked, deceitful, guileful, artful, crafty, or cunning; (S, K, TA;) as also ↓ خَابِثٌ: (K:) and an adulterer, or a fornicator: (Msb:) and a blamer, or censurer: or a slanderer, or calumniator: (Har p. 611:) [and, applied to a venomous reptile and the like, malignant, or noxious; as well as impure, unclean, foul, or filthy:] the fem. is خَبِيثَةٌ: (Msb:) the pl. masc. is خِبَاثٌ (A, TA) and خُبُثٌ, for which it is allowable to say ↓ خُبْثٌ, accord. to the dial. of Temeem, (Msb,) and خُبَثَآءُ, (S, A, Msb, TA,) like شُرَفَآءُ [pl. of شَرِيفٌ], (Msb,) and أَخْبَاثٌ, like أَشَرَافٌ [another pl. of شَرِيفٌ], (Msb, MF, TA,) and خَبَثَةٌ, (Kr, Msb, MF, TA,) like ضَعَفَةٌ pl. of ضَعِيفٌ, (Msb, MF, TA,) two instances of which the like can scarcely be found, (Msb,) or is not found among sound words, for سَرَاةٌ pl. of سَرِىٌّ is an unsound word, (MF, TA,) and خُبُوثٌ, (AZ, TA,) which is also extr., (TA,) [and خَبَاثَى, (like as حَزَانَى is a pl. of حَزِينٌ,) applied in the A, in art. خنث, to خَنَاثَى, pl. of خُنْثَى,] and خَبِيثُونَ [applied only to rational beings]: (Mgh:) and the pl. fem., i. e. of خَبِيثَةٌ, is خَبَائِثُ (Msb, TA) and خَبِيثَاتٌ. (Mgh.) الشَّجَرَةُ الخَبِيثَةُ, mentioned in the Kur [xiv. 31], (TA,) means The colocynth: or the كَشُوث, (K; TA,) which is a certain plant that clings to the branches of trees and has no root in the earth; (S and K in art. كشث;) [a species of cuscuta, or dodder;] or yellow عُرُوق that cling to trees: (TA in the present art.:) also occurring in a trad., as meaning the garlic-plant; and the onion; and the leek; because of their disagreeable taste and odour. (IAth, TA.) It is said in a trad. respecting the slain at Bedr, ↓ أُلْقُوا فِى قَلِيبٍ خَبِيثٍ مُخْبِثٍ

They were cast into a well corrupt, and corrupting what fell into it. (TA.) ↓ خَبِيثٌ مُخْبِثٌ, (S, L,) or خَبِيثٌ and ↓ مُخْبِثٌ, (K,) and ↓ خَابِثٌ (TA) and ↓ مَخْبَثَانٌ, (S, L, K,) applied to a man, signify One who takes to himself bad, wicked, or deceitful, companions or friends (S, L, K, TA) or connexions or assistants: (TA:) or ↓ مَخْبَثَانُ, as a determinate noun, [without the article ال] is only used in calling to, or addressing, a person: (K:) you say, يَا مَخْبَثَانُ; (S;) fem. ↓ مَخْبَثَانَةُ: and to a man and woman together, يا مَخْبَثَانُ: (L, TA:) and in the phrase ↓ خَبِيثٌ مُخْبِثٌ, the former word signifies bad, wicked, or deceitful, in himself; and the latter, having bad, wicked, or deceitful, companions or friends and assistants. (A 'Obeyd, TA.) One says also, ↓ يَاخُبَثُ, meaning يا خَبِيثُ [O bad or wicked or deceitful man!]; and to a woman, ↓ يَاخَبَاثِ, (S, K,) indecl., with kesr for its termination, (S,) and يا خَبِيثَةُ. (K [accord. to SM: so in all the copies in his hands; but not found by him in any other lexicon: not in the CK, nor in my MS. copy of the K.]) ↓ خَبَاثِ also occurs, in a saying of El-Hasan, addressed to the present world, الدُّنْيَا. (L.) and ↓ يَا خِبْثَةُ was said by El-Hajjáj to Anas, as meaning يا خَبِيثُ: and is also used as meaning O [thou of] bad, wicked, or deceitful, qualities or dispositions! [app. addressed to a woman, as the context seems to show; and agreeably with an assertion in Ham p. 810, that خِبْثةٌ is sometimes used in speaking of an old woman]. (L, TA.) خَبِيثُ النَّفْسِ means (tropical:) Having the soul [or stomach] heavy, [or heaving, or agitated by a tendency to vomit,] and in a disagreeable state. (TA.) And ↓ مَخْبَثَانٌ applied to a lie occurs in a trad, as meaning خَبِيثٌ app. in an intensive sense [i. e. Very abominable]. (TA.) In the saying, أَعُودُ بِاللّٰهِ, (Mgh,) or اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّى أَعُودُ بِكَ, (Msb, * K, * TA,) مِنَ الخُبُثِ وَالخبَائِثِ, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) or وَالخَبَائِثِ ↓ مِنَ الخُبْثِ, (Msb, K, TA,) a form of words which Mohammad directed his followers to pronounce on entering a privy, or place of retirement for the relief of nature, because devils are in such a place, (Mgh, TA,) الخُبُث is pl. of الخَبِيث, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) and so is الخُبْث accord. to the dial. of Temeem, (Msb, TA,) and الخَبَائِث is pl. of الخَبِيثَة; (Mgh, TA;;) and the meaning is, I seek protection by God, or O God, I seek protection by Thee, from the male devils and the female devils, (IAth, Mgh, Msb, K, TA,) of the genii and of mankind: (Mgh:) or, reading ↓ الخُبْث, [as a subst,] from infidelity and the devils: (Aboo-Bekr, TA:) or, [so reading, and regarding الخبائث as pl. of ↓ الخَبِيثَةُ used as a subst.,] from infidelity and acts of disobedience: (Msb, TA:) or, from wicked, or unrighteous, conduct, such as adultery and the like, and culpable actions and evil qualities or dispositions: El-Khattábee asserts that the reading الخُبْث, with the ب quiescent, is a mistake of the relaters of traditions; but En-Nawawee rejects this assertion. (TA.) خَبَاثَةٌ: see خُبْثٌ.

خَبِيثَةٌ fem. of the epithet خَبِيثٌ. (Msb.) b2: Also, [used as a subst.,] A bad, wicked, or deceitful, quality or disposition; and a culpable action: pl. خَبَائِثُ. (L, TA.) [Hence,] أُمُّ الخَبَائِثِ (assumed tropical:) [The mother of bad qualities &c.; meaning] wine. (T in art. ام.) See also خَبِيثٌ, last sentence. b3: الخَبَائِثُ also signifies Those things which the Arabs deemed foul, or filthy, or unclean, and which they did not eat; such as vipers, and scorpions, and the برص [i. e. either بَرْص or بُرْص], and the وَرَل, and beetles, and the rat, or mouse. (L.) خِبِّيثٌ, applied to a man, (TA,) signifies كَثِيرُ الخُبْثِ [i. e. Very bad or wicked or deceitful; or much addicted to adultery or fornication]: pl. خِبِّيثُونَ. (K.) خِبِّيثَى: see خُبْثٌ.

خَابِثٌ: see خَبِيثٌ, in two places.

خَابِثَةٌ: see خُبْثٌ.

أَخْبَثُ [compar. and superl. of خَبِيثٌ]: pl. أَخَابِثُ. (TA.) You say, هُمْ أَخَابِثُ النَّاسِ [They are the worst, or the most wicked or deceitful, of men]. (TA.) And هُوَ مِنَ الأَخَابِثِ [He is of the worst, &c., of men]. (A, TA.) And هِىَ

أَخْبَثُ الُّغَتَيْنِ (tropical:) It is the worse, or more corrupt, [in respect of authority,] of the two words, or dialectic variants. (A, TA.) b2: الأَخْبَثَانِ Urine and dung (S, A, Msb, K) of a human being: (S, Msb, K:) or vomit and human ordure or thin human ordure: (Fr, TA:) or fetor of the mouth, and sleeplessness: or sleeplessness, and disquietude of mind by reason of grief. (K.) It is said in a trad., لَا يُصَلِّى الرَّجُلُ وُهُوَ يُدَافِعُ الأَخْبَثَيْنِ [The man shall not pray while he is striving to suppress the urine and ordure]. (TA.) وَقَعَ فِى وَادِى تُخُبِّثَ, (K, * TA,) in which the last word, also pronounced تُخُبَّثَ, is imperfectly decl., (TA,) is similar to وقع فى وادى تُخُيِّبَ [and means He fell into a state of things that was bad, corrupt, disapproved, &c.]. (K, TA.) مُخْبِثْ One who teaches others to be bad, wicked, or deceitful: and some allow it to be applied to one who attributes, or imputes, to others what is bad, wicked, or the like. (TA.) b2: See also خَبِيثٌ, in four places.

مَخْبَثَةٌ A cause of evil or corruption: (S, K:) pl. مَخَابِثُ. (TA.) So in the saying of 'Antarah, نُبِّئْتُ عَمْرًا غَيْرَ شَاكِرِ نِعْمَتِى

وَالكُفْرُ مَخْبَثَةٌ لِنَفْسِ المُنْعِمِ [I have been told that 'Amr is not thankful for my beneficence: and ingratitude is a cause of evil to the soul of the benefactor]. (S.) One says also, فِيهِ مَخَابِثُ جَمَّةٌ [In him, or it, are many causes of evil or corruption]. (A.) And طَعَامٌ مَخْبَثَةٌ (tropical:) Food that is a cause of heaviness to the soul [or stomach]; or of heaving, or becoming agitated by a tendency to vomit: or that is unlawful. (TA.) مَخْبَثَانٌ and مَخْبَثَانُ and مَخْبَثَانَةُ: see خَبِيثٌ, in four places.
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