William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1133. خضل14 1134. خضم13 1135. خط6 1136. خطأ14 1137. خطب19 1138. خطر161139. خطف17 1140. خطل13 1141. خطم11 1142. خطو11 1143. خظو5 1144. خظى2 1145. خف6 1146. خفت16 1147. خفر13 1148. خفش13 1149. خفض14 1150. خفق16 1151. خفو4 1152. خفى6 1153. خل7 1154. خلأ5 1155. خلب19 1156. خلج14 1157. خلد15 1158. خلس15 1159. خلص17 1160. خلط19 1161. خلع17 1162. خلف22 1163. خلق21 1164. خلنج3 1165. خلو9 1166. خلى7 1167. خم7 1168. خمد15 1169. خمر21 1170. خمس18 1171. خمش11 1172. خمص16 1173. خمط15 1174. خمع8 1175. خمل15 1176. خمن13 1177. خن5 1178. خنث15 1179. خنجر9 1180. خندرس3 1181. خندق4 1182. خنر6 1183. خنز14 1184. خنزر7 1185. خنس19 1186. خنسر4 1187. خنص6 1188. خنصر6 1189. خنع9 1190. خنفس9 1191. خنق14 1192. خنو4 1193. خنى3 1194. خو2 1195. خوأ2 1196. خوب9 1197. خوت12 1198. خوخ11 1199. خود10 1200. خور14 1201. خوص14 1202. خوض16 1203. خوف16 1204. خوق9 1205. خول15 1206. خوم10 1207. خون19 1208. خوى10 1209. خى1 1210. خيب11 1211. خيت5 1212. خير18 1213. خيش8 1214. خيط15 1215. خيف14 1216. خيل17 1217. خيم13 1218. خيو2 1219. د6 1220. دأ1 1221. دأب14 1222. دأل9 1223. دأو3 1224. دب5 1225. دبج13 1226. دبح12 1227. دبخ6 1228. دبر18 1229. دبس15 1230. دبغ14 1231. دبق15 1232. دبل14 Prev. 100
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خطر

1 خَطَرَ بِذَنَبِهِ, (S, A, Mgh, K, TA,) aor. خَطِرَ, [in the CK, erroneously, خَطُرَ,] inf. n. خَطْرٌ and خَطَرَانٌ (S, Mgh, K) and خَطِيرٌ, (JK, K,) He (a camel, S, Mgh, or a stallion [camel], A, K) raised his tail time after time, and struck his thighs with it: (S:) or lashed with it to the right and left: (K:) or moved about his tail: (A, * Mgh, TA:) the stallion does so in threatening, through pride; (T, TA;) or in fighting with others, as though threatening; (A;) or by reason of emaciation occasioned by severe drought; or by reason of sprightliness: but a she-camel, to inform the stallion that she has become pregnant. (TA.) You say also, غَطَرَ بذنبه, aor. خَطِرَ: the غ being a substitute for the خ: (TA:) or each form may be original; but the latter is the less used. (IJ, TA.) b2: [Hence,] خَطَرَ بِرْمْحِهِ, (A, * K,) and بِسَيْفِهِ, (K,) and بِقَضِيبِهِ, and بِسَوْطِهِ, (TA,) inf. n. خَطَرَانٌ, (K,) (tropical:) He moved his spear up and down, and his sword, (K, TA,) and his rod, and his whip. (TA.) A man does so with the spear when he walks between the two [opposing] ranks. (A.) b3: And خَطَرَ بِيَدِهِ فِى مَشْيِهِ (tropical:) [He moved his arm up and down in his walking]. (A.) And خَطَرَ فِى مِشْيَتِهِ, (K,) aor. خَطِرَ, (TA,) inf. n. خَطَرَانٌ (K) and خَطِيرٌ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He moved his arms up and down in his mode of walking, (K, TA,) inclining his body from side to side at the same time. (TA.) And خَطَرَ, aor. خَطِرَ, (TA,) inf. n. خَطَرَانٌ, (S,) (assumed tropical:) He (a man) shook himself in walking; (S;) and walked with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side. (S, TA.) الجُنْدُ يَخْطِرُونَ حَوْلَ قَائِدِهِمْ (assumed tropical:) [The troops strut around their leader] is said when they show their energy to their leader; and in like manner, when they assemble and equip themselves in war. (TA.) b4: And خَطَرَ, aor. خَطِرَ, inf. n. خَطْرٌ, (assumed tropical:) He (a man) raised his arm, or hand, with a stone which he lifted for the purpose of trying his strength, to cast, or throw, and shook the stone in lifting it. (TA.) b5: And خَطَرَ بِإِصْبَعِهِ إِلَى السَّمَآءِ (tropical:) He moved his finger, [or raised it towards the sky,] in supplication. (A.) [This one does in the ordinary prayers, in uttering the profession of belief in the unity of God; raising the first finger only (of the right hand, which is placed on the thigh, while sitting on the left foot), and not the hand itself.]

b6: And خَطَرَ, (S, K,) aor. خَطِرَ, inf. n. خَطَرَانٌ, (S,) (assumed tropical:) It (a spear) quivered, vibrated, or shook: (S, K:) or moved up and down previously to a thrusting with it. (S.) b7: خَطَرَ بِبَالِى, (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K,) and عَلَى بَالِى, (JK, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. خَطُرَ (S, ISd, IKtt, Mgh, K) and خَطِرَ, (ISd, IKtt, K,) inf. n. خُطُورٌ, (JK, S, Mgh, K,) or خَطَرٌ, (Msb,) and خَطَرَانٌ, (JK,) or this last is a mistranscription, (Mgh,) (tropical:) It bestirred itself in my mind: (A: [see خَاطِرٌ:]) or it moved my mind: (Msb:) or it occurred to my mind [absolutely, or] after I had forgotten it. (K.) b8: خَطَرَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ قَلْبِهِ (assumed tropical:) The devil put vain suggestions into his mind. (TA.) خَطَرَ الدَّهْرُ خَطَرَانَهُ, (S,) or مِنْ خَطَرَانِهِ, (TA,) (tropical:) [Fortune, or time, produced, or brought to pass, its events, or among its events such and such things]: a phrase like ضَربَ الدَّهْرُ ضَرَبَانَهُ, (S,) or مِنْ ضَرَبَانِهِ. (T, A. [See art. ضرب.]) A2: خَطُرَ, aor. خَطُرَ, (S, A, Msb, K,) inf. n. خُطُورَةٌ, (S, K,) or خَطَرٌ, (Msb,) (tropical:) He (a man, S &c.) was, or became, eminent, noble, or of high rank, (Msb, K,) or characterized by rank or station. (S, A.) And خَطَرَ, [or this is probably a mistranscription for خَطُرَ,] aor. خَطُرَ, inf. n. خَطَرٌ and خُطُورٌ, [or, more probably, خُطُورَةٌ,] (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, great in estimation, rank, or dignity, after having been little in respect thereof. (TA.) 2 خطّر, inf. n. تَخْطِيرٌ, (assumed tropical:) He took, got, or won, a bet, wager, or stake. (L in art. ندب, and TA.) 3 خاطر بِنَفْسِهِ, (S, A, Msb, K,) and بِقَوْمِهِ, (A,) inf. n. مُخَاطَرَةٌ; (TK;) and بقومه ↓ اخطر; (A;) He placed himself at the point of, or near to, destruction; perilled, imperilled, endangered, jeoparded, hazarded, or risked, himself; (S, A;) and his people or party: (A:) or خاطر بنفسه signifies he did that in which fear predominated: (Msb:) or he caused himself to be on the brink of destruction or of attaining dominion. (K.) And خاطر بِنَفْسِهِ وَمَالِهِ He threw himself and his property into destruction. (TA.) And ↓ اخطر لَهُ كَذَا He hazarded, or risked, to him such a thing. (L.) [See also 4, below.] b2: خاظرهُ عَلَى

كَذَا, (S, A,) or عَلَى مَالٍ, (Msb,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) (tropical:) He laid a bet, wager, or stake, with him, (S, * A, Msb,) for such a thing, (S, A,) or for property. (Msb.) [See, again, 4.]4 اخطرهُ اللّٰهُ بِبَالِى, (S, K,) [and عَلَى بَالِى, (see 1,)] (tropical:) God caused it [to bestir itself in my mind: or to move my mind: or] to occur to my mind after I had forgotten it. (K.) A2: See also 3, in two places. b2: اخطرالمَالَ, (S, K, &c.,) inf. n. إِخْطَارٌ, (Msb,) (tropical:) He made the property a stake (S, A, Msb, K) between the parties betting. (S, Msb, K.) And أَخْطَرَ لِى وَأَخْطَرْتُ لَهُ (tropical:) [He laid me a bet and I laid him a bet;] we laid bets, wagers, or stakes, one to another. (K. [See also 3.]) And اخطر المَوْتَ نَفْسَهُ (tropical:) He made his soul a stake to death [by exposing it to be taken by death, like as a stake is taken by one of two parties who have betted]. (TA.) And اخطر [alone] (tropical:) He made himself, or his soul, a stake to his adversary, and sallied forth against him. (K.) b3: أَخْطَرَهُمْ خَطَرًا and اخطر لَهُمْ خَطَرًا (assumed tropical:) He gave them liberally, or freely, a lot, portion, or share, or a compensation, such as contented them. (TA.) b4: اخطرهُ He (God) made him to be characterized by rank, or station. (A.) b5: اخطر فُلَانٌ فُلَانًا (assumed tropical:) Such a one became like in rank, or station, to such a one. (K.) And أُخْطِرْتُ لِفُلَانٍ (assumed tropical:) I was made like to such a one in rank, or station. (Lth, TA.) And أُخْطِرَ بِهِ He was made equal. (TA. [See أُنْظِرَ بِهِ.]) 6 تَخَاطَرَتِ الفُحُولُ بِأَذْنَابِهَا [The stallions of the camels lashed with their tails] previously to their attacking one another. (A.) A2: تخاطروا (tropical:) They laid bets, wagers, or stakes, one with another, (K, TA,) عَلَى أَمْرٍ for a thing. (TA.) and تخاطرا عَلَيْهِ (tropical:) They two laid bets, wagers, or stakes, for it. (A.) خَطْرٌ: see خِطْرٌ: A2: and خَطَرٌ, in two places: A3: and خَاطِرٌ.

خِطْرٌ A large number of camels: (S, K:) or forty: (K:) or two hundred; (AHát, K;) and the like of sheep or goats: (TA:) or a thousand thereof: (K:) and more: (TA:) and ↓ خَطْرٌ signifies the same: (K:) pl. أَخْطَارٌ. (S, K.) A2: A certain plant, with which one dyes or tinges, himself or his hair, (S, K,) its leaves being put into black dye: (TA:) it resembles the plant called كَتَم, with which it often grows; and old men dye their hair with it: (AHn:) or [the plant called] وَسْمَة: (K:) [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with ة. (AHn, K.) b2: Hence, (S,) (tropical:) Milk mixed with much water: (S, K, TA:) as though it were tinged [with the plant so called]. (TA.) b3: and A branch (K) of a tree: pl. خِطَرَةٌ, which is extr.; or as though the ة were imagined to be elided. (TA.) خَطَرٌ The being at the point of, or near to, destruction; (JK, S, A, Msb, K;) [imminent danger; peril; jeopardy; risk; hazard;] and fear of perishing: (Msb:) pl. أَخْطَارٌ. (A.) Yousay, هُوَ عَلَى خَطَرٍ عَظِيمٍ He is [in a state of great peril, or] on the brink of destruction. (A.) and رَكْبُوا الأَخْطَارَ [They embarked in perilous undertakings; or braved perils]. (A.) [And أَمْرُ لَهُ خَطَرٌ and ذُو خَطَرٍ A perilous affair or event or case: and hence, a momentous, or an important, affair or event or case; an affair, or event,. or a case, of moment or importance or magnitude: see also خَطِيرٌ.] And خَطَرٌ [alone] signifies A thing, or an affair, &c., of great magnitude: and a trial, or an affliction: pl. as above. (Har p. 264.) b2: (tropical:) A bet, wager, stake, or thing wagered; a thing staked at a shooting-match or a race, and taken by the winner: (T, S, * A, * Mgh, * Msb, * K, * TA:) [accord. to the TA, this is the primary signification; but accord. to the A, it is tropical:] pl. as above; (Msb;) or خِطَارٌ; and pl. pl. خُطُرٌ: (K: [but in some copies of the K, the last is written أَخْطَارٌ; and so in the TA, where it is added that some say it is pl. of خَطَرٌ, like as أَسْبَابٌ is of سَبَبٌ, and أَنْدَابٌ of نَدَبٌ:]) خَطَرٌ and سَبَقٌ and نَدَبٌ all signify the same. (TA.) You say, وَضَعُوا خَطَرًا (tropical:) [They laid a bet]. (A.) And أَحْرَزَ فُلَانٌ الخَطَرَ (tropical:) [Such a one won the bet]. (A.) b3: Hence, [app. as being likened to a stake won,] (TA,) (tropical:) Eminence; nobility; as also ↓ خَطْرٌ: (K, TA:) in which sense it has become so much used as to be, in this acceptation, conventionally regarded as proper: (TA:) also excellence: (TA:) and (as also ↓ خَطْرٌ, TA) rank; degree of dignity; station; of a man: (S, A, K, TA:) and highness of rank or account or estimation: and wealth: (TA:) pl. أَخْطَارٌ: (A:) accord. to some, it is only used to signify high rank: but accord. to others, you say, إِنَّهُ لَعَظِيمُ الخَطَرِ (tropical:) [Verily he is of great dignity] with respect to his good actions and his nobility, and صَغِيرُ الخَطَرِ (tropical:) [of little rank] with respect to his evil actions and his ignobleness. (TA.) Also (assumed tropical:) A lot, or portion, or share. (TA.) b4: And (assumed tropical:) A compensation. (TA.) A2: (assumed tropical:) A like, or fellow, (S, K,) in rank or station, (S,) or in eminence; (K;) as also ↓خَطِيرٌ. (S, K.) Yousay, هٰذَا خَطَرٌ لِهٰذَا, and ↓خَطِيرٌ, (assumed tropical:) This is like to that. (S.) And الجَنَّةُ لَا خَطَرَ لَهَا (assumed tropical:) Paradise has not its like. (TA.) And ↓فُلَانٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ خَطِيرٌ (assumed tropical:) Such a one has not his like or fellow. (TA.) A3: Also [an inf. n. of خَطَرَ in the phrase خَطَرَ بِبَالِى and عَلَى بَالِى, accord. to the Msb And hence,] (assumed tropical:) A vain suggestion of the devil. (JK.) [See خَاطِرٌ.]

خَطِرٌ: see خَاطِرٌ.

خَطْرَةٌ [inf. n. of un. of خَطَرَ: and hence,] (assumed tropical:) A going away; and walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side. (Har p. 35.) b2: See also خَاطِرٌ. b3: مَا لَقِيتُهُ إِلَا خَطْرَةً (tropical:) [I met him not save] sometime; (A;) or sometimes. (K.) And مَا ذَكَرْتُهُ إِلَّا خَطْرَةً بَعْدَ خَطْرَةٍ (tropical:) [I remembered not, or mentioned not, him, or it, save sometime after sometime; i. e., save] sometimes. (A.) b4: أَصَابَتْهُ خَطْرَةٌ مِنَ الجِنِّ (assumed tropical:) A touch, or stroke, from the jinn, or genii, befell him; or madness, or insanity, [proceeding] from the jinn; syn. مَسٌّ. (K, * TA.) b5: بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَهُ خَطْرَةُ رَحِمٍ (IAar, TA) app. means (assumed tropical:) Between me and him is a tie of relationship. (TA.) b6: رَعَيْنَا خَطَرَاتِ الوَسْمِىِّ (assumed tropical:) We pastured [our beasts] upon the patches of herbage produced by the [rain called] وسمىّ. (K, * TA.) b7: خَطْرَةٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) A small quantity [or shower] of rain: pl. خِطَارٌ (JK) [and probably خَطَرَاتٌ also]. b8: And one says, ↓لَا جَعَلَهَا اللّٰهُ خَطْرَتَهُ وَلَا جَعَلَهَا آخِرَ مَخْطَرٍ

مِنْهُ [app. referring to rain, and meaning (assumed tropical:) May God not make it to be the only shower, or fall, thereof, or the only time thereof; nor make it to be the last time thereof]; (TA;) آخِرَ مَخْطَرٍ meaning آخِرَ عَهْدٍ. (K, * TA.) خطار: see what next follows.

خَطِيرٌ The falling of a camel's tail between the parts above his thighs, when he moves it about; [see 1, first sentence;] as also ↓خطار. (TA: in which the latter is written without any syll. signs.) A2: A camel's nose-rein; (S, K;) a nose-rein by which a she-camel is led: (Kr:) a rope: (Sh, K:) these, says Meyd, are one and the same thing. (TA.) It is related in a trad. of 'Alee that he said to [ a mistake for “ respecting ”] 'Ammár, جُرُّوا لَهُ الخَطِيرَ مَا انْجَرَّ لَكُمْ [Pull ye his noserein as long as it will be pulled by you]: or, as some relate the saying, مَا جَرَّهُ لَكُمْ [as long as he pulls it to you]: meaning follow him as long as there is ground for doing so: or, accord. to some, as Sh says, act patiently towards 'Ammar as long as he acts patiently towards you: Meyd mentions it as a proverb. (TA.) A3: (tropical:) Eminent; noble; of high rank: (Msb, K, TA:) characterized by rank or station: (S, A:) pl. خُطْرٌ (K) and خَطِيرُونَ. (A.) And (assumed tropical:) Anything excellent. (TA.) You say أَمْرٌ خَطِيرٌ (assumed tropical:) A thing, or an affair, of high account or estimation. (TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) Ignoble; of low rank; (AZ, TA;) contemptible. (AZ, Msb.) b3: See also خَطَرٌ, in three places.

خَطَّارٌ [is probably applied to a he-camel in a sense like that of the fem., here following].

خَطَّارَةٌ, applied to a she-camel, That lashes with the tail to the right and left: (K:) or that moves about her tail, when going, in a brisk, or sprightly, manner: (A:) or that raises her tail, in going along, by reason of briskness, and exceeding sprightliness. (Har p. 557.) [See 1, first sentence.] b2: [Hence,] (tropical:) A spear that quivers, vibrates, or shakes: (S, A, K:) or that does so much: and in like manner, a man. (TA.) and خَطَّارٌ بِالرُّمْحِ (tropical:) A man who thrusts much with the spear. (S, K, TA.) b3: (assumed tropical:) A man who raises his arm, or hand, (K, TA,) with a stone which he lifts for the purpose of trying his strength, (TA,) to cast, or throw, (K, TA,) and who shakes the stone in lifting it. (TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) A sling. (K.) (assumed tropical:) The [engine of war called] مَنْجَنِيق; (K;) as also ↓ خَطَّارَةٌ: its casting being likened to the action termed خَطَرَانٌ [inf. n. of 1, q. v.], of the stallion-camel. (TA.) b5: الخَطَّارُ (assumed tropical:) The lion: (K:) because of his proud walk, and self-admiration: or because of his shaking himself in his walk. (TA.) b6: مِسْكٌ خَطَّارٌ (tropical:) Musk that diffuses much odour or fragrance. (A.) خَطَّارَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

خَاطِرٌ [part. n. of 1, q. v.:] (tropical:) Walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side; (K;) as also ↓ خَطِرٌ, (K, TA,) or ↓ خَطْرٌ. (So in the CK and in a MS. copy of the K.) A2: (tropical:) An opinion, or an idea, or object of thought, bestirring itself in the mind; (A and Kull p. 179;) i. q. هَاجِسُ, (M, K,) i. e. a thing coming at random into the mind: (S in art. هجس:) or a cogitation which bestirs itself, or occurs, (يَخْطُرُ,) in the mind, with a view to the end, issue, or result, of a thing: (Msb:) pl. خَوَاطِرُ: (A, K:) [and ↓ خَطْرَةٌ signifies the same; for] خَطَرَاتٌ [which is its pl.] is syn. with خَوَاطِرُ; (A;) [whence the phrase,] خَطَرَاتُ الشَّيَاطِينِ (assumed tropical:) The vain suggestions of the devils. (S and TA in art. همز, &c.) [See also خَطَرٌ, last sentence] b2: Hence it is applied to (assumed tropical:) The mind itself. (Kull p. 179.) مَخْطَرٌ: see خَطْرَةٌ.

بَادِيَةٌ مُخْطِرَةٌ (assumed tropical:) [A perilous, or dangerous, desert;] as though it made the traveller a stake between safety and perdition. (Msb.) مُخَاطِرٌ [act. part. n. of 3, q. v.:] (assumed tropical:) One who contends with another in shooting or casting [app. for a wager]. (JK, TA.)
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