William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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خف

ى1 خَفِىَ, (Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. يَخْفَى, (Msb, K,) inf. n. خَفَآءٌ, (Mgh, Msb, K,) has two contr. significations: (Mgh, Msb:) It was, or became, unperceived or imperceptible, [or hardly perceived or perceptible, by any of the senses, or only by the eye or ear, or by the mind; mostly] unapparent, or not apparent; (K;) [latent; obscure;] hidden, concealed, or covered; (Mgh, Msb;) [or unconspicuous; but also faint, or dim, to the sight; suppressed, or stifled, said of the voice; or low, faint, gentle, or soft, to the ear; and obscure to the mind, abstruse, recondite, occult, or covert; and secret, private, or clandestine:] and the contr., i. e. it appeared; it was, or became, apparent, open, manifest, plain, or evident; (Mgh, Msb;) [as also ↓ استخفى: (see مُسْتَخْفٍ, below:)] or, accord. to some, the particle that connects it with its subject distinguishes one meaning from the other: (Msb:) you say, خَفِى

عَلَيْهِ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (S, Mgh, Msb, TA,) it (a thing, or an affair, Mgh) was, or became, unperceived or imperceptible, [&c., by him;] unapparent, or not apparent, [or obscure, &c., to him;] (TA;) or hidden, or concealed, from him: (Mgh, Msb:) and خَفِىَ لَهُ it appeared to him; it was, or became, perceptible, apparent, open, &c., to him: [but see what follows:] (Mgh, Msb:) whence the sayings of Mohammad, [app. the Hanafee Imám,] referring to spoils, فَخَفِى

لَهُمْ أَنْ يَذْهَبُوا بِهَا وَيَكْتُمُوهَا أَهْلَ الشِّرْكِ, i. e. It appeared [to them that they should go away with them, or take them away, and conceal them from the believers in a plurality of gods], and خَفِىَ لَهُمْ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوهَا إِلَى دَارِ الإِسْلَامِ [It appeared to them that they should take them forth to the territory of El-Islám]: but this is said only in relation to that which appears from a state of concealment or from a hidden quarter. (Mgh.) [Hence,] بَرِحَ الخَفَآءُ The affair, or case, became manifest: (S, K:) or the state of concealment departed, or ceased; but the former explanation is better: or, as some say, ↓ الخَفَآءُ here signifies the secret; and the meaning is, the secret became apparent: (TA:) or, lit., the low ground became high and apparent; meaning (assumed tropical:) what was concealed became revealed. (Har pp. 133-4. [See also art. برح.]) [And عَلَى خَفَآءٍ means Covertly, secretly, privately, stealthily, or clandestinely. (See also what follows.)] b2: خَفِيتُ لَهُ, aor. خَفَىَ, (K,) inf. n. خُفْيَةٌ and خِفْيَةٌ (Msb, K) and خِفْوَةٌ, (K,) the ى and و being interchangeable, (TA,) signifies ↓ اِخْتَفَيْتُ [i. e. I made myself unapparent to him, lurked, or lay hid or in ambush, for him; cloaked, or disguised, myself to him; hid, or concealed, myself from him]: (K:) [for] اختفى signifies he hid, or concealed, himself, (Fr, * El-Fárábee, JK, * Msb, K,) مِنْهُ from him; (TA;) as also ↓ استخفى, (Fr, * JK, * Msb, K,) and ↓ اخفى, (IAar, K,) and ↓ تخفّى also is syn. with اختفى [in this sense]: (Z, TA:) or you say, ↓ اِسْتَخْفَيْتُ مِنْكَ, meaning I hid, or concealed, myself from thee; but not ↓ اِخْتَفَيْتُ: (IKt, Th, S, Msb:) or ↓ اختفى in the sense of خَفِىَ is not of high authority, nor is it disallowed, (Az, Msb, TA,) but ↓ استخفى is more usual. (Az, TA.) Yousay, فَعَلْتُهُ خُفْيَةً and خِفْيَةً [I did it covertly, secretly, privately, stealthily, or clandestinely]. (Msb) And قُتِلَ خفْيَةً and خِفْوَةً [He was slain covertly, secretly, &c.]. (JK.) And يَأْكُلُهُ خِفْوَةً

[lit. He eats it covertly, &c.,] means he steals it. (K.) In the saying in the Kur [vii. 53], اُدْعُو رَبَّكُمْ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةً, the meaning [of the last word] is, Submissively, devoting yourselves to his service: or, accord. to Zj, adhering to his service in your minds: or, accord. to Th, celebrating Him in your minds: or, accord. to Lh, in quietness, and stillness: (TA:) or secretly; and so in the similar passage in the Kur vi. 63. (Jel, and so Bd on this latter passage.) خُفْيَةٌ is from أَخْفَيْتُ الصَّوْتَ [explained below in this paragraph]: (JK:) the intrans. v. whereof is ↓ اختفى [signifying It (the voice) was, or became, suppressed, or stifled; or low, faint, gentle, or soft; like خَفِىَ, which is more common]. (Lth, TA.) A2: خَفَاهُ, aor. يَخْفِيهِ, (JK, S, Msb, K,) inf. n. خَفْىٌ (JK, Msb, * K) and خُفِىٌّ, (K,) also has two contr. significations: (S, Msb, TA:) He made it perceptible, apparent, open, manifest, plain, or evident: (JK, S, Msb, K:) and he hid, or concealed, or covered, it; (S, Msb, K; [in this latter sense, erroneously written in the CK خَفّاهُ;]) as also ↓ اخفاهُ: (S, K:) or, accord. to some, this latter has the latter meaning; and the former verb has [only] the former meaning: but accord. to other, the reverse is the case: (Msb:) or, accord. to Aboo-' Alee El-Kálee, the former verb has the former meaning only; and ↓ the latter verb has both meanings: (IB, TA:) ↓ the latter is also explained as signifying he removed its خِفَآء, i. e. its covering: (TA:) and the former, as meaning he made it to come forth from a state of concealment: (JK:) and he drew it forth; (K;) as also ↓ اختفاهُ. (S, Msb, K.) One says, خَفَى المَطَرُ الفَأْرَ The rain made the rats, or mice, to come forth from their holes. (S.) It is said in the Kur [xx. 15], إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ آتِيَةٌ أَكَادُ

أَخْفِيهَا, (JK, TA,) or ↓ أُخْفِيهَا, (JK, S, TA,) accord. to different readers: (TA:) the former means [Verily the hour of the resurrection is coming:] I am almost making it to appear: (JK, TA:) and the latter, I am almost removing that which conceals it: (S, IJ, TA:) or I almost conceal it: (JK, TA:) or, as Ubeí reads it, أَكَادُ أُخْفِيهَا مِنْ نَفْسى [I almost conceal it from Myself]: and Fr says [that the meaning is], I almost conceal it from Myself, and how then should I acquaint you therewith? (TA.) and it is said in a trad. respecting the flight [from Mekkeh], اخفى عَنَّا خَبَرَكَ [written without the vowel-signs, so that it may be اِخْفِى or ↓ أَخْفِى,] i. e. Conceal thou thine information from such as may ask thee respecting us. (TA.) And in another trad., كَانَ يَخْفِى صَوْتَهُ بِأَنِينٍ, thus with fet-h to the ى, meaning He used to make his voice perceptible [or audible, with moaning]. (TA.) And you say, الصَّوْتَ ↓ أَخْفَيْتُ [meaning I suppressed, or stifled, the voice; or made it low, faint, gentle, or soft]. (Lth, JK, TA.) [and الكَلَامَ ↓ اخفى He uttered speech, or the speech, in a low, faint, gentle, or soft, tone; he spoke in a low, faint, gentle, or soft, manner; lit. he made speech, or the speech, to be low, &c.]

A3: خَفَى, aor. يَخْفِى; and خَفِىَ, aor. يَخْفِى; inf. n. of each خَفْىٌ; said of lightning: see خَفَا, in art. خفو.4 أَخْفَىَ as an intrans. v.: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, near the middle.

A2: As a trans. v.: see 1, in seven places, in the latter half of the paragraph.5 تَخَفَّىَ see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, near the middle.8 إِخْتَفَىَ as an intrans. v.: see 1, in four places. b2: اِخْتَفَى, said of a man, [if it be not a mistranscription for اُخْتُفِىَ, like اُخْتُفِىَ دَمُهُ,] signifies also He was slain covertly, secretly, or clandestinely. (JK.) A2: As a trans. v.: see 1. b2: Yousay also اختفى مَيِّتًا He drew forth a dead body from the grave, to steal the grave-clothes. (TA.) b3: And اختفى البِئْرَ He dug, or cleared out, the well. (Msb.) b4: And اختفى دَمَهُ He slew him without its being known. (K.) 10 إِسْتَخْفَىَ see 1, in four places, in the former half of the paragraph.

خَفًا [more properly written خَفًى] A thing that is unperceived or imperceptible, [or hardly perceived or perceptible,] unapparent, or not apparent; [latent; obscure; &c.; (see 1, first sentence;)] (JK, K;) as also ↓ خَافِيَةٌ and ↓ خَافٍ [for شَىْءٌ خَافٍ, the explanation in the JK]. (K.) [See also خَفَآءٌ.]

خَفَِى البَطْنِ A man lank in the belly. (IAar, TA.) خَفَآءٌ inf. n. of خَفِىَ. (Mgh, Msb, K.) b2: Also A thing that is unperceived or imperceptible [&c. (see خَفًا)] by one; unapparent, or not apparent. [latent, or obscure,,] to one; or hidden, or concealed, from one. (TA.) A secret: so, accord. to some, in the phrase بَرِحَ الخَفَآءُ mentioned above: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph. (TA.) And [in the same phrase, accord. to some,] Low, or depressed, ground. (TA.) خِفَآءٌ A [garment of the kind called] رِدَآء, which a woman wears over her other clothes: (Lth, JK:) or a [garment of the kind called] كِسَآء: (S, K:) and any covering of a thing, (Lth, JK, *) whatever it be with which one covers a thing, such as a كساء and the like: (Lth:) pl. أَخْفِيَةٌ. (Lth, JK, S, K.) b2: [Hence,] أَخْفِيَةُ النَّوْرِ The calyxes of flowers: (K:) sing. as above. (TA.) b3: and أَخْفِيَةُ الكَرَا [The coverings of drowsiness; meaning] the eyes. (K.) خَفِىٌّ i. q. ↓ خَافٍ; (S, K;) applied to a thing; (S;) i. e. Unperceived or imperceptible, [or hardly perceived or perceptible, by any of the senses, or only by the eye or ear, or by the mind; mostly] unapparent, or not apparent; (K;) [latent; obscure; hidden, or concealed; or unconspicuous; but also faint, or dim, to the sight; suppressed, or stifled, applied to the voice; or low, faint, gentle, or soft, to the ear; and obscure to the mind, abstruse, recondite, occult, or covert; and secret, private, or clandestine: see 1, first sentence:] pl. خَفَايَا. (S.) [You say نَجْمٌ خَفِىٌّ A dim star or asterism. And مَكَانٌ خَفِىٌّ An obscure, or a concealed, place. And صَوْتٌ خَفِىٌّ A low, faint, gentle, or soft, voice or sound.] and اِمْرَأَةٌ خَفِيَّةُ الصَّوْتِ A woman having a low, faint, gentle, or soft, voice. (TA in art. خفض.) and النُّونُ الخَفِيَّةُ i. q. الخَفِيفَةُ [q. v.]. (K.) and some of the Arabs say, (Yaakoob, S,) إِذَا حَسُنَ مِنَ المَرْأَةِ خَفِيَّاهَا حَسُنَ سَائِرُهَا, meaning [When] the voice and the foot-mark of the woman [are good, or pleasing, the rest, or the whole, of what pertains to her is good, or pleasing]: (Yaakoob, JK, S, K:) for when her voice is soft, or gentle, this indicates her being bashful, or shy; and when her foot-marks are near together, and firmly impressed, they indicate that she has [large] buttocks and haunches. (Yaakoob, S.) One says also, لَقِيتُهُ خَفِيًّا I met him covertly, secretly, privately, or clandestinely. (TA.) [And مَشَى مِشْيَةً

خَفِيَّةً He walked with a soft, or stealthy, gait.]

b2: Also One who secludes himself from [other] men; whose place is concealed from them. (TA.) خَفِيَّةٌ A well: (S, K:) or a deep well; because its water is not perceived, or not apparent: (TA:) or a well of ancient times, that has become filled up and then dug again: (JK, TA:) or any well that has been dug and then left until it has become filled up, then dug again, and cleared out: (ISk, S:) [opposed to بَدِىْءٌ:] accord. to A'Obeyd, it is so called because it is made to appear: (S:) pl. خَفَايَا and خَفِيَّاتٌ. (JK, TA) b2: And A tangled, or luxuriant, or dense, thicket, (JK, K, TA,) which the lion takes as his covert: (JK, TA:) or خَفِيَّة is the name of a certain place frequented by lions; (S, IB;) and is properly imperfectly decl., so that you say أُسُودُ خَفِيَّةَ; but it may be perfectly decl. in poetry. (IB.) A2: Also A slight taint, or infection, or a touch, or stroke, of insanity: so in the phrase بِهِ خَفِيَّةٌ In him is a slight taint, &c., of insanity. (Ibn-Menádhir, S, K. *) خَافٍ: see خَفِىٌّ: b2: and see also خَفًا. b3: الخَافِى The jinn, or genii; (As, Lh, JK, S, K;) because they conceal themselves from the eyes [of men]; (TA;) as also ↓ الخَافِيَآءُ (JK, K) and ↓ اخَافِيَةُ: (K:) or this last signifies what conceals itself in the body, of the jinn, or genii: (Ibn-Menádhir, S:) the pl. (of the first, Lh, JK, [and of the second and third also accord. to analogy,]) is خَوَافٍ; (Lh, JK, K;) [and of the first, خَافُونَ also, like قَاضُونَ; for] the bare piece of ground amid herbage is said, in a trad., to be مُصَلَّى

الخَافِينَ, i. e. [The praying-place] of the jinn, or genii. (TA.) The first (الخَافِى) also signifies Mankind; thus bearing two contr. [or rather opposite] meanings. (TA.) And one says, هُوَ ↓ مَا أَدْرِى أَىُّ خَافِيَةَ, (K and TA voce خَالِفَة, q. v.,) or ↓ خَافِيَةٍ, (CK ibid.,) I know not what one of mankind he is. (K ibid.) b4: أَرْضٌ خَافِيَةٌ [and ↓ أَرْضُ خَافِيَةٍ, the latter word in the former case being an epithet, fem. of خَافٍ, and in the latter case a subst., or an epithet in which the quality of a subst is predominant,] A land in which are jinn, or genii. (K.) b5: خَافِى الغُرَابِ: see the last sentence but one in the next paragraph.

خَافِيَةٌ contr. of عَلَانِيَةٌ [app. meaning that it signifies A state of being unapparent or not apparent, covert, secret, private, or clandestine: though explained in the TK (followed by Freytag) as an epithet applied to a man, meaning whose actions are always covert]. (K.) b2: See also خَفًا. b3: And see خَافٍ, in four places. b4: Also One, i. e. a single feather, of the feathers called الخَوَافِى: (TA:) الخَوَافِى signifies the feathers below the ten that are in the fore part of the wing: (As, S:) or certain feathers that are concealed when the bird contracts its wing: (K:) or the four feathers that are [next] after those called المَنَاكِب, (Lh, K, *) and next before those called الأَبَاهِر: (S in art. بهر, and L in art. نكب:) or seven feathers in the wing, after the seven foremost: (K, * TA:) but the people [generally] mention them as four: or they are the small feathers in the wing of a bird. (TA.) خَنْجَرٌ مِثْلُ خَافِيَةِ النَّسْرِ [A dagger like the خافية of the vulture], occurring in a trad., means a small خنجر. (TA.) One says also خَافِيَةُ الغُرَابِ [The خافية of the crow]: and the pl. is [sometimes expressed by using the coll. gen. n., saying]

الغُرَابِ ↓ خَافِى. (JK.) b5: الخَوَافِى also signifies The palm-branches [next] below the قِلَبَة [which latter are the branches that grow forth from the heart of the tree]: (S, TA:) thus called in the dial. of Nejd: (TA:) in the dial. of El-Hijáz called العَوَاهِنُ. (S, TA.) الخَافِيَآءُ: see خَافٍ.

مُخْتَفٍ A rifler of graves: (JK, S, Msb, K:) because he extracts the grave-clothes; (S, Msb, TA;) or because he steals covertly: a word of the dial. of the people of El-Medeeneh: fem. مُخْتَفِيَةٌ. (TA.) مُسْتَخْفٍ Hiding, or concealing, himself: and accord. to Akh, appearing: in both of which senses it is said to be used in the words of the Kur [xiii. 11], مُسْتَخْفٍ بِاللَّيْلِ وَسَارِبٌ بِالنَّهَارِ [Hiding himself by night, and appearing by day: or appearing by night, and hiding himself by day: see art. سرب]. (TA.) b2: اليَدُ المُسْتَخْفِيَةُ The hand of the thief, and of the rifler of graves: opposed to اليَدُ المُسْتَعْلِيَةُ, which is the hand of him who takes by force, and of the plunderer, and the like: the Sunneh ordains that the former shall be cut off [except in certain cases], but not the latter. (TA.)
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