William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1140. خطل13 1141. خطم11 1142. خطو11 1143. خظو5 1144. خظى2 1145. خف61146. خفت16 1147. خفر13 1148. خفش13 1149. خفض14 1150. خفق16 1151. خفو4 1152. خفى6 1153. خل7 1154. خلأ5 1155. خلب19 1156. خلج14 1157. خلد15 1158. خلس15 1159. خلص17 1160. خلط19 1161. خلع17 1162. خلف22 1163. خلق21 1164. خلنج3 1165. خلو9 1166. خلى7 1167. خم7 1168. خمد15 1169. خمر21 1170. خمس18 1171. خمش11 1172. خمص16 1173. خمط15 1174. خمع8 1175. خمل15 1176. خمن13 1177. خن5 1178. خنث15 1179. خنجر9 1180. خندرس3 1181. خندق4 1182. خنر6 1183. خنز14 1184. خنزر7 1185. خنس19 1186. خنسر4 1187. خنص6 1188. خنصر6 1189. خنع9 1190. خنفس9 1191. خنق14 1192. خنو4 1193. خنى3 1194. خو2 1195. خوأ2 1196. خوب9 1197. خوت12 1198. خوخ11 1199. خود10 1200. خور14 1201. خوص14 1202. خوض16 1203. خوف16 1204. خوق9 1205. خول15 1206. خوم10 1207. خون19 1208. خوى10 1209. خى1 1210. خيب11 1211. خيت5 1212. خير18 1213. خيش8 1214. خيط15 1215. خيف14 1216. خيل17 1217. خيم13 1218. خيو2 1219. د6 1220. دأ1 1221. دأب14 1222. دأل9 1223. دأو3 1224. دب5 1225. دبج13 1226. دبح12 1227. دبخ6 1228. دبر18 1229. دبس15 1230. دبغ14 1231. دبق15 1232. دبل14 1233. دبو1 1234. دث4 1235. دثر19 1236. دج3 1237. دجر13 1238. دجل17 1239. دجن16 Prev. 100
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خف

1 خَفَّ, aor. خَفِّ, inf. n. خِفَّةٌ (JK, S, Msb, K, &c.) and خَفٌّ (Msb, K) and خَفَّةٌ and تَخَوُّفٌ, but this last belongs to art. خوف, (K,) contr. of ثَقُلَ [both properly and tropically]; (Msb;) properly, (TA,) It (a thing, S, Msb) was, or became, خَفِيف [i. e. light] (JK, S, Msb, K, TA) of weight, (JK,) in body, or material substance. (TA.) Hence the saying of 'Atà, in a trad., خِفُّوا عَلَى الأَرْضِ, meaning [Be ye, or bear ye, lightly upon the ground] in prostration: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or, as some relate it, ↓ خَفِّفُوا: i. e. prostrate yourselves [lightly upon the ground;] not heavily, so as to make marks, or impressions, upon your foreheads: and in another trad. it is said, ↓ إِذَا سَجَدْتَ فَتَخَافَّ When thou prostratest thyself, put thy forehead upon the ground lightly: but A 'Obeyd says that some say فَتُجَافِ, [i. e.

فَتُجَافِ عَضُدَيْكَ عَنْ جَنْبَيْكَ,] with ج. (TA [See 3 in art. جفو.]) [Hence also,] خَفَّ المِيزَانُ The balance had one of its two scales light, so that it rose. (TA.) b2: [Used tropically, it means (assumed tropical:) It, or he, was, or became, light in estimation, lightly esteemed, or of little account.] b3: and (tropical:) He was, or became, خَفِيف [i. e. light as meaning active, agile, &c.,] in work: (TA:) he was, or became, brisk, lively, sprightly, active, agile, prompt, and quick; syn. نَشِطَ. (Msb and TA in art. نشط.) You say, خَفَّ فِى عَمَلِهِ وَخِدْمَتِهِ (tropical:) He was, or became, [brisk, &c., or] obedient and submissive, in his work and his service: (TA:) and خَفَّ لَهُ فِى الخِدْمَةِ (tropical:) [He was, or became, brisk, &c., to him in service], aor. يَخِفُّ, inf. n. خِفَّةٌ: (S:) and in like manner, خَفَّ لِفُلَانٍ (tropical:) He was, or became, [promptly] obedient and submissive, to such a one. (TA.) [Hence,] خَفَفْتُ إِلَى فُلَانٍ (assumed tropical:) [I was, or became, brisk, lively, or sprightly, in behaviour to such a one]. (S in art. هش.) and خَفَّتِ الأُنْثَى لِلْفَحْلِ (tropical:) The female was, or became, submissive to the male. (A, TA.) And خَفَّتِ الأُتُنُ لِعَيْرِهَا (tropical:) The she-asses obeyed their he-ass. (K, TA.) And خُفَّ إِلَى العَدُوِّ, inf. n. خُفُوفٌ, (assumed tropical:) He hastened to the enemy. (Msb.) And خَفَّ القَوْمُ عَنْ وَطَنِهِمْ, (K, * TA,) inf. n. خُفُوفٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) The people, or party, removed, or departed, or journeyed, quickly from their home: or, as some say, simply removed, or departed, or journeyed, from it. (TA.) b4: (tropical:) He was, or became, خَفِيف [or light] in intellect, or understanding: (TA:) [and in conduct, or behaviour: generally meaning] (assumed tropical:) he was, or became, light, inconstant, unsteady, irresolute, or fickle; or light of intellect; lightwitted; syn. طَاشَ: (Msb:) the inf. n. of the verb in this sense is خِفَّةٌ. (Msb and K &c. in art. طيش, and TA in the present art.) [But sometimes, when relating to the intellect, or understanding, it means, (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, quick, acute, or sharp; and clever, or ingenious: see خَفِيفٌ.] And you say of him whose hearing is good, فِى أُذُنِهِ خِفَّةٌ (tropical:) [In his ear is quickness, acuteness, or sharpness, of hearing]. (TA in art. ثقل.) b5: [(assumed tropical:) He was, or became, flurried, agitated, or excited, by reason of fear, and by anger, or the like: see 10. b6: (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, lighthearted, or cheerful; one whose company, or converse, was acceptable and cheering.] You say, خَفَّ فُلَانٌ عَلَى المَلِكِ (assumed tropical:) Such a one was, or became, acceptable and cheering to the king. (TA.) b7: [(assumed tropical:) It (an action, or an affair, and a case, or the like,) was, or became, light, or easy: and it become alleviated.] You say, خَفَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الحَرَكَةُ (assumed tropical:) [Motion, or moving, was, or became, easy to him]; opposed to ثَقُلَتْ. (TA.) And خَفَّتْ حَالُهُ: see 4. b8: [(assumed tropical:) It (a word) was light, or easy, of utterance: and in like manner said of a sound, (assumed tropical:) it was, or became, light to the ear; or slight. b9: (assumed tropical:) It (food) was, or became, light to the stomach; easy of digestion. b10: Said of the hair of the head, and of the beard, (assumed tropical:) It was, or became, light, thin, or scanty.] b11: Said of a people, or company of men, (قَوْمٌ,) inf. n. خُفُوفٌ, it means قَلُّوا وَقَدْ خَفَّتْ زَحْمَتُهُمْ [i. e. (assumed tropical:) They became few in number, their crowding having diminished]. (S.) b12: Said of rain, [&c.,] (assumed tropical:) It diminished; decreased; or was, or became, [light, or] deficient. (TA.) b13: [Said of a blow, a disease, an affection of the mind, &c., It was, or became, light, slight, or inconsiderable.] b14: خَفَّتْ مَنَازِلُهُمْ مِنْهُمْ وَمَضَوْا (assumed tropical:) [means Their abodes became clear of them, and they went away]. (K * and TA in art. شول.) 2 خفّفهُ He made it, or rendered it, خَفِيف [i. e. light, both properly and tropically: the tropical significations are shown by the preceding paragraph, and by explanations of خَفِيفٌ; and some by what here follows]: (Msb:) تَخْفِيفٌ is the contr. of تَثْقِيلٌ. (S, K.) b2: Hence, in the Kur [ii. 174], ذٰلِكَ تَخْفِيفٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ (assumed tropical:) [That is an alleviation from your Lord]. (TA.) Hence also, in a trad. [respecting the estimates to be made by the collectors of the poor-rate], خَفِّفُوا الخَرْصَ (assumed tropical:) [Make ye the conjectural computation of the quantity of the fruit upon palm-trees &c. light to the owners, or moderate;] go not to the utmost length in the خرص. (TA.) [And خفّف عَنْهُ (assumed tropical:) He made light, or alleviated, his burden, suffering, distress, uneasiness, or the like, by removing from him somewhat thereof; he alleviated him; he relieved him: see Kur iv. 32 and viii. 67 &c.] And خَفِّفُوا عَلَى الأَرْضِ: see 1; second sentence. [And خفّف فِى عَمَلِهِ (assumed tropical:) He relaxed, or remitted, in his work.] b3: [تَخْفِيفٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) The making a word light, or easy, of utterance, by the suppression of hemzeh, or by its conversion into ا or ى or تَثْقِيلٌ; opposed to تَحْقِيقٌ and تَحْقِيقٌ: and by making a double consonant single; opposed to تَثْقِيلٌ and تَشْدِيدٌ: and by making a movent consonant quiescent; opposed to تَثْقِيلٌ and تَحْرِيكٌ: each of these changes in a word is said to be لِلتَّخْفِيفِ for the purpose of alleviating the utterance. Also, in like manner, (assumed tropical:) The making a sound light to the ear, or slight; opposed to تَثْقِيلٌ. And (assumed tropical:) The suppressing of hemzeh; opposed to تَحْقِيقٌ.]4 احفّ He made an arrow light, by scraping or paring it. (L in art. حوذ.) b2: See also 10.

A2: He was, or became, unburdened, or unencumbered, or without anything that burdened him heavily: (Msb:) or he was, or became, little burdened or encumbered, in journeying, (JK, TA,) or in his residence at home. (TA.) b2: And i. q. حَالُهُ ↓ خَفَّتْ [i. e. (tropical:) His state, or condition, was, or became, light, little encumbered, easy, or alleviated: or it was, or became, that of one having a small family to maintain: or that of having little property: or that of having little property and a small family to maintain]: (JK, S, K, TA: [see حَالٌ:]) and, as some add, رَقَّتْ [i. e., (assumed tropical:) it was, or became, narrow in its circumstances, or evil: it is used in contr. senses: though رَقَّتْ seems to be here intended as explanatory of خَفَّتْ]. (TA.) b3: اخفّ القَوْمُ (assumed tropical:) The people's beasts were, or became, خِفَاف [i. e. light as meaning active, agile, or brisk]: (AZ, S:) or the people had such beasts. (K.) 5 تخفّف [He lightened his clothing; or clad himself lightly: but for this I know no other authority than modern usage]. b2: تخفّف مِنْهُ: see 10.

A2: Also He put on, or wore, a خُفّ [i. e. boot], or خِفَاف [i. e. boots]: (K, accord. to different copies:) or تخفّف بِالخُفِّ, (JK,) or تخفّف الخُفَّ, (TA,) he put on, or wore, the خُفّ (JK, TA) on the foot. (TA.) 6 تخافّ He pressed, or bore, lightly [upon a thing]; contr. of تثاقل. (K, * TA.) Hence the saying, in a trad., إِذَا سَجَدْتَ فَتَخَافَّ explained above: see 1, second sentence. (TA.) 10 استخفّهُ contr. of اِسْتَثْقَلَهُ; (S, K, TA;) He deemed it, or him, خَفِيف [i. e. light, properly and tropically]. (TA.) He found it light, or easy, to carry, (Bd in xvi. 82, and TA,) and to remove. (Bd ibid.) b2: استخفّ بِهِ (assumed tropical:) He held him, or it, (namely, a man's right, or due, or just claim, Msb, TA,) in light, or little, estimation or account, or in contempt; he contemned, or despised, him, or it. (S, Msb, TA.) b3: استخفّ الهَمْزَةَ (assumed tropical:) [He deemed the hemzeh light, or easy, of utterance]. (TA.) b4: استخفّهُ also signifies (assumed tropical:) He demanded, or desired, his خِفَّة [i. e. briskness, or promptness]; as also مِنْهُ ↓ تَخَفَّفَ: (TA:) and (assumed tropical:) it (a thing) incited him, or excited him, to briskness, liveliness, or sprightliness; syn. اِسْتَهَشَّهُ; (JK and K and TA in art. هش;) and أَطْرَبَهُ: (Har p. 139:) and (assumed tropical:) he incited him, or excited him, to lightness, levity, or unsteadiness, so as to induce him to follow him in his error: (TA:) [and simply] (tropical:) he excited him to lightness, levity, or unsteadiness; (Ksh and Bd and Jel in the Kur xxx. last verse;) flurried him, or disquieted him: (Ksh and Bd ibid.:) and (tropical:) it flurried him, so that he became unsteady; said of impatience; and of a lively emotion of the heart or mind; (TA;) and of fear; (MA;) and of anger: (T in art. حمل:) and ↓ اخفّهُ (assumed tropical:) he angered him, (TA,) and deprived him of his forbearance, moderation, patience, staidness, or calmness, and incited him, or excited him, to levity, or unsteadiness. (K, * TA.) فَاسْتَخَفَّ قَوْمَهُ, in the Kur xliii. 54, means (assumed tropical:) And he demanded, or desired, of his people, briskness, or promptness, in obeying him: or فاستخفّ أَحْلَامَهُمْ [and he held in light estimation their qualities of forbearance, moderation, patience, or staidness]: (Bd:) or he incited, or excited, his people to be promptly obedient and submissive (أَنْ يَخِفُّوا) to him and to that which he desired of them; like اِسْتَفَزَّ: (Ksh:) or he incited, or excited, his people to levity, or unsteadiness, (الخِفَّة,) and ignorance, foolishness, or wrong conduct. (Msb.) And you say, استخفّ فُلَانًا عَنْ رَأْيِهِ (assumed tropical:) He incited, or excited, such a one to ignorance, foolishness, or wrong conduct, and levity, or unsteadiness, so as to make him swerve from his right sentiment, opinion, or judgment; (Az, K, TA;) as also استفزّهُ عن رأيه. (Az, TA.) خُفٌّ A boot; (KL, PS, &c.;) a certain thing that is worn (JK, S, Msb, K, TA) upon the foot: (TA:) pl. خِفَافٌ (S, L, Msb, K) and أَخْفَافٌ [which is a pl. of pauc.]. (L, TA.) Hence, رَجَعَ بِخُفَّىْ حُنَيْنٍ [He returned with the two boots of Honeyn]; a saying which originated thus: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) an Arab of the desert bargained with Honeyn the إِسْكَاف [or maker of shoes and boots], (K,) who was of the people of El-Heereh, (TA,) for a pair of boots, until he angered him, (K,) and Honeyn desired to anger the Arab: (TA:) so when the Arab of the desert departed, Honeyn took one of his two boots and threw it down in the way, and then he threw down the other in another place; and when the Arab passed by one of them, he said, “How like is this to the boot of Honeyn ! and if the other were with it, I would take it: ” and he went on: and when he came to the other, he repented of having left the former: and Honeyn had lain in wait for him: therefore when the Arab went away in search of the former [boot], Honeyn betook himself to the camel that he rode, and what was upon it, and went away therewith; and the Arab came, having with him nothing but a pair of boots; and it was said, (K,) i. e. his people said to him, (TA,) “ What hast thou brought from thy journey? ” and he answered, جِئْتُكُمْ بِخُفَّىْ حُنَيْنٍ [“ I have brought you the two boots of Honeyn ”]: and this became a prov., applied on the occasion of one's despairing of an object of want, and returning disappointed: (K:) thus the case is related by A 'Obeyd, and by most others after him. (TA.) Accord. to ISk, Honeyn was a strong man, who asserted his relationship to Asad Ibn-Háshim Ibn-'Abd-Menáf, and came to 'Abd-El-Muttalib, wearing a pair of red boots, [formerly distinctive of kings and men of high rank,] and said, “O my paternal uncle, I am the son of Asad the son of Háshim the son of 'Abd-Menáf: ” but 'Abd-El-Muttalib said, “ No, by the garments of my father Háshim, I know not in thee the natural qualities of Háshim; therefore return thou: ” so he returned: and it was said, رَجَعَ حُنَيْنٌ بِخُفَّيْهِ [Honeyn returned with his pair of boots]. (O, K, &c.) As to the saying of the rájiz, يَحْمِلُ فِى سَحْقٍ مِنَ الخِفَافِ تَوَادِيًا سُوِّينَ مِنْ خِلَافِ he means thereby [He carries, in] a pastor's bag (كِنْف) made of the leg of a خُفّ [or boot, wooden implements to be tied upon the dugs of she-camels, made of different trees]. (S. See خِلَافٌ.) b2: The foot (KL, PS) of the camel; (S, Msb, KL, PS;) the whole (مَجْمَع) of the فِرْسِن of the camel; (JK, K, TA;) of the male and of the female; corresponding to the حَافِر [or hoof] of the horse: (TA:) and sometimes of the ostrich, (K,) because resembling that of the camel: (TA:) but of no other than these two: (K:) of the masc. gender; whereas فِرْسِنٌ [its syn.] is fem.: (TA:) pl. أَخْفَافٌ. (S, Msb, K.) b3: [and hence, by a synecdoche, for ذَوَاتُ خُفٍّ,] (tropical:) Camels; coupled with حَافِرٌ as meaning horses, [and sometimes asses or mules], (Mgh, TA, *) and ظِلْفٌ [as meaning sheep or goats or other cloven-hoofed beasts]. (TA.) You say, مَالَهُ خُفٌّ وَلَاحَافِرٌ وَلَا ظِلْفٌ (tropical:) [meaning He possesses not camels, nor horses or asses or mules, nor sheep or goats or other cloven-hoofed beasts]. (TA.) You say also, جَآءَتِ الإِبِلُ عَلَىخُفٍّ وَاحِدٍ, meaning (tropical:) The camels came following one another, the head of each [except the first] being at the tail of the next [before it], whether tied together in a file or not. (L.) b4: An aged camel: (K:) [and a weak camel:] or, as some say, a bulky camel: pl. أَخْفَافٌ. (TA.) It is said in a trad., يُحْمَى مِنَ الأَراَكِ مَا لَمْ تَنَلْهُ أَخْفَافُ الإِبِلِ [Of the trees called اراك, what the aged and weak of camels cannot reach may be prohibited]: i. e. what is near, thereof, to the place of pasturage is not to be prohibited, but is to be left for the aged and weak camels, that cannot go far in search of pasture: (As, O, Msb:) or what camels cannot reach (Msb, TA) by means of their اخفاف, (Msb,) by walking thereto, (TA,) may be prohibited: (Msb, TA:) or it means, what camels cannot reach with their heads may be prohibited [to be shaken or beaten off for them]. (Mgh.) b5: (tropical:) The sole, or part that touches the ground, of the foot of a man. (M, K, TA.) b6: (tropical:) A tract of ground (S, A, O, L) more rugged, (S, O, L,) or longer, (A,) than such as is termed نَعْلٌ: (S, A, O, L:) or a rugged piece of ground. (K.) خِفٌّ: see خَفِيفٌ, in four places.

A2: Also A company consisting of few persons. (S, K.) Yousay, خَرَجَ فُلَانٌ فِى خِفٍّ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ Such a one went forth among a company consisting of few persons of his companions. (S.) خِفَّةٌ an inf. n. of 1 [in almost all of its senses, proper and tropical; and much used as a simple subst., signifying Lightness: (assumed tropical:) levity: &c.]. (JK, S, Msb, K, &c.) خُفَافٌ: see what next follows, in four places.

خَفِيفٌ a part. n. of 1 [in all its senses, proper and tropical, signifying Light: &c.]: (JK, S, * Msb, K, * TA:) as also ↓ خِفٌّ [in the proper sense] (JK, * S, * Msb, K, * TA) and ↓ خُفَافٌ: (S, * K, * TA:) the first is applied to a thing; as also ↓ the second, (Msb,) which signifies anything light to carry, (TA,) [as also the first;] and light in weight but heavy in price, not incommoding the bearer: (Har p. 139:) and the first and ↓ third are also applied to a man: (S, TA:) but, as some say, the first means [light] in body [as well as in tropical senses]; and ↓ the third, (assumed tropical:) [light] in [the sense of possessing] quickness or acuteness or sharpness, and cleverness or ingeniousness: and [in like manner] خَفِيفُ القَلْبِ signifies (assumed tropical:) quick, acute, or sharp, in intellect; and خَفِيفُ الرُّوحِ, the same; or clever, or ingenious: the pl. of the first is خِفَافٌ and أَخْفَافٌ and أَخِفَّآءُ; the first of which three pls. is also pl. of ↓ خُفَافٌ: and hence, in the Kur [ix. 41], اِنْفِرُوا خِفَافًا وَثِقَالًا [explained in art. ثقل]. (TA.) ↓ خِفٌّ is also applied to a boy, (S, TA,) meaning Light to carry; (TA;) as in the saying of Imra-el-Keys, يَزِلُّ الغُلَامُ الخِفُّ عَنْ صَهَوَاتِهِ [The boy that is light to carry slips from the parts of his (the horse's) back whereon the rider sits]: (S: so in my copies:) or يُزِلُّ الغُلَامَ الخِفَّ [he makes the boy that is light to carry to slip]: and [it is said that] it means also (assumed tropical:) the hardy, strong, or sturdy, boy. (TA.) And خَفِيفٌ signifies also Little burdened or encumbered in journeying, or in residence at home; like ↓ خِفٌّ and ↓ مُخِفٌّ. (TA.) [Hence,] رَجُلٌ خَفِيفُ ذَاتِ اليَدِ (assumed tropical:) A poor man. (TA.) b2: [(assumed tropical:) Brisk, lively, sprightly, active, agile, prompt, and quick. Hence,] خَفِيفٌ إِلَى الخَيْرِ [(assumed tropical:) Prompt, or quick, to do good]. (TA in art. هش.) b3: [(assumed tropical:) Light, or easy, of utterance: and (assumed tropical:) light to the ear; light in sound. Hence,] النُّونُ الخَفِيفَةُ [(assumed tropical:) The lightsounding ن; as in يَفْعَلَنْ &c.]; contr. of الثَّقِيلَةُ: and also applied to the tenween. (TA.) b4: [(assumed tropical:) Light, thin, or scanty; applied to the hair of the head &c. Hence,] هُوَ خَفِيفُ العَارِضَيْنِ [(assumed tropical:) He is light, thin, or scanty,] in the hair of the two sides of the cheeks, (S and O and Msb in art. عرض,) and of the beard. (O in that art.) b5: الخَفِيفُ A certain kind of metre of verse; [namely, the eleventh;] the measure of which consists of فَاعِلَاتُنْ مُسْتَفْعِلُنْ فَاعِلَاتُنْ [in each hemistich]. (K [in which is added “ six times,” a mistake for “ six feet ”].) خَفَّافُ [A maker, or seller, of boots (خِفَافٌ, pl. of خُفٌّ).] (TA.) مُخِفٌّ: see خَفِيفٌُ.

العَوْرَةُ المُخَفَّفَةُ (assumed tropical:) The part, or parts, of the person which it is improper, but not grossly indecent, to expose: so in the law-books: see art. عور.]
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