William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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خنق

1 خَنَقَهُ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. خَنُقَ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. خَنِقٌ (S Mgh, Msb, K) and خَنْقٌ, (Msb, TA,) the latter a contraction of the former, (Msb,) or, accord. to El-Fárábee, the latter is not allowable, (Mgh,) He throttled him, or strangled him, i. e. squeezed his throat (Mgh, Msb) that he might die; (Msb;) [but it does not always mean he squeezed his throat so that he died; often meaning, simply, he, or it, throttled him, strangled him, or choked him; and frequently said of a disease in the throat, and of food;] and ↓ خنّقهُ signifies the same, (S, K,) [or has an intensive meaning,] and its inf. n. is تَخْنِيقٌ. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] العَبْرَةُ ↓ خَنَّقَتْهُ [and خَنَقَتْهُ] (assumed tropical:) Weeping [or sobbing] choked him; as though the tears throttled him. (Mgh.) b3: And خُنِقَ He (a horse) was affected with the disease, or wind in the throat, termed خُنَاقِيَّة. (TA.) b4: And خَنَقَ الوَقْتَ, aor. as above, (assumed tropical:) He postponed, or deferred, and [so] straitened, the time: and خَنَقَ الصَّلَاةَ (assumed tropical:) He straitened the time of prayer by postponing it, or deferring it. (TA.) 2 خَنَّقَ see 1, in two places. b2: You say also, خنّق السَّرَابُ الجِبَالَ, inf. n. تَخْنِيقٌ, (tropical:) The mirage nearly covered the heads of the mountains. (K, TA.) b3: And خنّق الإِنَآءَ (tropical:) He filled the vessel: (K, TA:) or filled it up (سَدَّدَ مَلْأَهُ): and in like manner, الحَوْضَ [the watering-trough]. (Aboo-Sa'eed, TA.) b4: And خنّق الأَرْبَعِينَ (tropical:) He (a man) nearly attained to [the age of] forty [years]. (K, TA.) 7 إِنْخَنَقَ see what next follows, in three places.8 اختنق He was, or became, throttled, or strangled; i. e. he had his throat squeezed that he might die; (JK, * S, * Msb, K; *) [and simply he was, or became, throttled, strangled, or choked;] as also ↓ انخنق: (JK, * Msb:) or you say, ↓ انخنقت الشَّاةُ بِنَفْسِهَا [the sheep, or goat, became throttled, or strangled, or choked, by itself]: (S, K:) or ↓ الاِنْخِنَاقُ signifies the having the خِنَاق [q. v.] compressed upon one's throat: and الاِخْتِنَاقُ, the compressing it upon one's own throat. (TA.) خَنْقٌ: see مُخَنَّقٌ.

خَنِقٌ inf. n. of خَنَقَهُ: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) A2: and i. q. مَخْنُوقٌ q. v. (JK, K.) خُنُقٌ: see خِنَاقٌ.

خُنِاقٌ [Quinsy;] a certain disease which pre vents the passage of the breath to the lungs and heart; (K;) as also [↓ خُنَاقَةٌ thus in modern Arabic, and] ↓ خُنَّاقٌ: pl. خَوَانِيقُ (TA) [and خَنَّانِيقُ, thus in modern Arabic]. b2: See also مُخَنَّقٌ, in three places.

خِنَاقٌ A cord, (JK, S, Mgh, K,) or bow-string, or the like, (Mgh,) with which one is strangled; (JK, * S, * Mgh, K; *) also, metaphorically, termed خَنَّاقٍ ↓ مِخْنَقَةُ. (Mgh.) b2: See also مُخَنَّقٌ, in two places. b3: فَلْهَمٌ خِنَاقٌ (assumed tropical:) A narrow vulva of a woman: (Abu-l-'Abbás, TA:) and ↓ خُنُقٌ [or فُرُوجُ خُنُقٌ, for خُنُقٌ is app. pl. of خِنَاقٌ, like as كُنُزٌ is pl. of كِنَازٌ,] (assumed tropical:) narrow vulvas (IAar, K) of women. (IAar.) b4: هُمْ فِى خِنَاقٍ مِنَ المَوْتِ (assumed tropical:) They are in straitness by reason of death. (TA.) خَنِيقٌ: see مَخْنُوقٌ, in three places.

خُنَاقَةٌ: see خُنَاقٌ.

خُنَاقِيَّةٌ A certain disease in the throats of birds and horses: (K:) or a certain disease that attacks the bird in its head, and the horse in its throat, and chokes it: (JK:) or a certain disease, or wind, that attacks men and horses or similar beasts in the throat, and sometimes attacks birds in the head and throat, mostly appearing in pigeons. (TA.) خَنَّاقٌ: see خَانِقٌ. b2: Also One who sells fish [taken] with the خَنَّاقَة [q. v.]. (TA.) خُنَّاقٌ: see خُنَاقٌ.

خَنَّاقَةٌ A snare with which beasts of prey are taken (JK, TA) by the throat: and a snare with which fish are taken in El-Andalus. (TA.) خَانِقٌ One who strangles; (Msb, TA; *) as also ↓ خَنَّاقٌ: (Mgh, Msb:) or the latter signifies one whose office it is to strangle. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] خَانِقُ الذِّئْبِ and خَانِقُ النَّمِرِ and خَانِقُ الكَلْبِ and خَانِقُ الكِرْسَنَّةِ [in the CK الكَرْسَنَّةُ] Four herbs: (K:) [the first and second, in the present day, wolfsbane, or aconite: or, as Golius says, referring for the former and latter respectively to Diosc. iv. 78 and 77, the former is the aconitum lycoctonon; and the latter, the aconitum pardalianches: the third, dogsbane, or colchicum; or, as Golius says, referring to Diosc. iv. 81, apocynon: and the fourth, strangle-weed, (because it strangles the كِرْسَنَّة, or bitter vetch,) or broomrape, i. e., as Golius says, referring to Diosc. ii. 172 and Ibn-Beytár, orobanche:] the first is high (مشرف [but perhaps this should be مُشْرِق i. e. shining]) in the leaves, downy, and resembling the دلب [?]: the second is like the tail of the scorpion, glistening, about a span [in height], and has not more than five leaves: each of these is of the [season called] رَبِيع; and they are poisonous; they kill all animals; the ذِئْب and the نَمِر being particularized only because of the quickness of its acting in them: Ibn-Seenà says, in the “ Kánoon,” the leaves of خانق النمر, when mixed with fat, and kneaded and baked with bread, and given as food to wolves and dogs and foxes and leopards (نمر), kills them: whence it seems that this may be two herbs or one herb. (TA.) b3: خَانِقٌ signifies also (tropical:) A narrow road or ravine, in a mountain: (S, * K, * TA:) or a narrow place or pass, between two mountains, and between two tracts of sand. (JK.) [See also مُخْتَنَقٌ.] b4: And (tropical:) A narrow street; syn. زُقَاقٌ; (S, K, TA;) in the dial. of the people of ElYemen. (S, TA.) b5: See also مَخْنُوقٌ, in two places.

خَانَقَاهٌ A convent inhabited by righteous and good men, and Soofees; an arabicized word, from [the Persian] خَانَهْ گَاهْ; [and post-classical, for] El-Makreezee says that the خانقاه was instituted in the fifth century of the Flight, for Soofee recluses to employ themselves therein in the service of God: (TA:) [pl. خَوَانِقُ.]

خَاَنقَاهِىٌّ A man of, or belonging to, a خَانَقَاه. (TA.) مَخْنَقٌ: see مُخَنَّقٌ, in two places.

مِخْنَقَةٌ A necklace, syn. قِلَادَةٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) that surrounds the neck; (Mgh, Msb;) wherefore it is thus called; (Msb;) [i. e., because] it lies against the مُخَنَّق: pl. مَخَانِقُ. (TA.) b2: See also خِنَاقٌ. [And see زِرَادٌ.]

مُخَنَّقٌ: see مَخْنُوقٌ. b2: [Hence,] غُلَامٌ مُخَنَّقُ الخَصْرِ (assumed tropical:) A boy slender in the waist. (K.) A2: Also The part, of the neck, which is the place of the cord [or the like] called خِنَاق [wherewith one is strangled]; (S, K; *) i. e., (TA,) the throat; (K, accord. to the TA; in the CK and in my MS. copy of the K ↓ مَخْنَق;) and so ↓ خُنَاقٌ, (S, K, in the former said to be syn. with مُخَنَّقٌ,) and ↓ خِنَاقٌ (K) and ↓ خَنْقٌ. (TA; and so, accord. to the TA, in the K.) You say, أَخَذْتُ بِمُخَنَّقِهِ [I seized his throat]. (S.) And أَخَذَهُ بِمُخَنَّقِهِ (K, accord. to the TA, but accord. to the CK and my MS. copy of the K ↓ بِمَخْنَقِهِ,) and ↓ بِخُنَاقِهِ and ↓ بِخِنَاقِهِ, i. e. [He took him, or seized him,] by his throat. (K.) And أَخَذَ بِمُخَنَّقِهِ (A in art. زرد) and ↓ بِخُنَاقِهِ (S) [properly He, or it, seized his throat, or throttled him, or choked him; meaning] (tropical:) he, or it, straitened him; as also أَخَذَ بِمُزَرَّدِهِ. (A in art. زرد.) And أَخَذَ مِنْهُ بِالمُخَنَّقِ (tropical:) He, or it, constrained him, and straitened him. (TA.) And بَلَغَ مِنْهُ المُخَنَّقَ [properly It reached his throat; meaning (assumed tropical:) it straitened him, or distressed him]. (S.) بَلَغَ الأَمْرُ المُخَنَّقَ signifies the same as بَلَغَ المُذَمَّرَ, (A in art. ذمر,) which means (assumed tropical:) The affair, or case, or event, reached a distressing pitch. (K in art. ذمر.) مَخْنُوقٌ and ↓ خَنِقٌ and ↓ خَنِيقٌ (JK, K) and ↓ خَانِقٌ, applied to a man, [and to any animal, as also ↓ مُخَنَّقٌ, Throttled, or strangled, i. e. having his throat squeezed that he may die; but not always meaning, so as to be killed thereby; often meaning, simply, throttled, strangled, or choked;] (JK;) all signify the same; from خَنَقَهُ: (JK, K:) or ↓ خَانِقٌ, in the place of ↓ خَنِيقٌ, signifies ذو خناق [app. meaning having a خِنَاق, or cord, &c., by which he is throttled, or strangled, round his neck; or perhaps having a خُنَاق, or quinsy]: (TA:) and ↓ شَاةٌ خَنِيقَةٌ and ↓ مُنْخَنِقَةٌ signify a sheep, or goat, throttled, or strangled, i. e. having its throat squeezed that it may die: (Msb:) or the latter of these two means a sheep, or goat, throttled, or strangled, or choked, by itself (اِنْخَتَقَتْ بِنَفْسِهَا). (S, TA. [See 8.]) It is said in a prov., (Meyd,) اِفْتَدِ مَخْنُوقُ, (Meyd, K,) i. e. يَا مَخْنُوقُ [Ransom thyself, O thou who art throttled, or strangled, or choked]; applied to any one distressed and constrained; (Meyd;) meaning free thyself from difficulty (K, TA) and harm: (TA:) or, as some relate it, اِفْتَدَى مَخْنُوقٌ [One throttled, or strangled, or choked, ransomed himself]. (Meyd.) مُخْتَنَقٌ A narrow place or pass. (S, TA.) [See also خَانِقٌ, near the end of the paragraph.]

مُخْتَنِقٌ (tropical:) A horse whose blaze occupies his jaws, (K, TA,) extending to the roots of his ears. (TA.) شَاةٌ مُنْخَنِقَةٌ: see مَخْنُوقٌ.
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