William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1207. خون20 1208. خوى10 1209. خى1 1210. خيب11 1211. خيت5 1212. خير191213. خيش8 1214. خيط16 1215. خيف15 1216. خيل18 1217. خيم13 1218. خيو2 1219. د7 1220. دأ1 1221. دأب14 1222. دأل9 1223. دأو3 1224. دب5 1225. دبج14 1226. دبح13 1227. دبخ7 1228. دبر19 1229. دبس16 1230. دبغ15 1231. دبق16 1232. دبل15 1233. دبو1 1234. دث4 1235. دثر20 1236. دج3 1237. دجر14 1238. دجل18 1239. دجن17 1240. دجو7 1241. دجى1 1242. دحر14 1243. دحرج9 1244. دحض17 1245. دحق9 1246. دحل11 1247. دحو9 1248. دحى3 1249. دخدر4 1250. دخر14 1251. دخرص7 1252. دخل18 1253. دخن17 1254. دد5 1255. ددن7 1256. ددو2 1257. در5 1258. درأ14 1259. دراقن1 1260. درب19 1261. دربان1 1262. درج18 1263. درد13 1264. درز13 1265. درس21 1266. درع18 1267. درق14 1268. درك18 1269. درن16 1270. دره12 1271. درهره2 1272. درهم11 1273. درى10 1274. دس4 1275. دست7 1276. دستبند1 1277. دستور3 1278. دسر17 1279. دسع13 1280. دسكر8 1281. دسم19 1282. دشت7 1283. دع4 1284. دعب16 1285. دعج13 1286. دعر16 1287. دعك10 1288. دعم16 1289. دعمص9 1290. دعو9 1291. دعى2 1292. دغر15 1293. دغص11 1294. دغفل7 1295. دغل16 1296. دغم15 1297. دف3 1298. دفأ12 1299. دفتر9 1300. دفر14 1301. دفع17 1302. دفق17 1303. دفل11 1304. دفن14 1305. دفو5 1306. دق6 Prev. 100




1 خَارَ, aor. يَخِيرُ, (K,) inf. n. خَيْرٌ, (TA,) He (a man, TA) was, or became, possessed of خَيْر [or good, &c.]. (K, TA.) b2: [He was, or be came, good: and he did good: contr. of شَرَّ.] You say, خِرْتَ يَا رَجُلُ [Thou hast been good; or thou hast done good, or well; O man]. (S.) And خَارَاللّٰهُ لَكَ فِى هٰذَا الأَمْرِ [May God do good to thee, bless thee, prosper thee, or favour thee, in this affair: or] may God cause thee to have, or appoint to thee, good in this affair: (K:) or may God choose for thee the better thing [in this affair]. (A.) الّٰهُمَّ خِرْلِى occurs in a trad., meaning O God, choose for me the better of the two things. (TA.) b3: See also 8. b4: خَارَهُ عَلَى

صَاحِبِهِ, aor. as above, inf. n. خِيرَةٌ and خِيَرٌ (Msb, K *) and خِيَرَةٌ (K) and خَيْرٌ; (Msb, TA;) and ↓ خيّرهُ, (K,) inf. n. تَخْيِيرٌ; (TA;) He preferred him before his companion, (Msb, K. *) b5: خَايَرَهُ فَخَارَهُ: see 3.2 خيّرهُ He gave him the choice, or option, (S, A, * Mgh, * Msb, * K,) بَيْنَ الشَّيْئَيْنِ [between the two things], (S, Mgh, Msb,) or بين الأَمْرَيْنِ [between the two affairs]: ↓ فَتَخَيَّرَ [so he had the choice, or option, given him]. (A.) b2: See also 1. It is said in a trad., خَيَّرَ بَيْنَ دُورِ الأَنْصَارِ, meaning He preferred some among the houses of the Assistants before others of them. (TA.) And in another trad., خُيِّرَ, meaning He was preferred, and pronounced to have surpassed, or overcome, or won, in a contest, or dispute. (IAth.) 3 خَاْيَرَ ↓ خَايَرَهُ فَخَارَهُ, (A, K,) inf. n. مُخَايَرَةٌ, (A,) He vied with him, or strove to surpass him, or contended with him for superiority, in goodness, or excellence, (A, K,) in, or with respect to, (فِى,) a thing, (A,) and he surpassed him therein. (A, K.) 4 مَا أَخْيَرَ فُلَانًا, (A,) and ↓ مَا خَيْرَهُ, which latter is extr. [with respect to form, though more commonly used than the former], (TA,) [How good is such a one!] phrases similar to مَاأَشَّرَهُ and مَا شَّرَهُ [which have the contr. meaning]. (TA.) اللَّبَنَ لِلْمَرِيضِ ↓ مَا خَيْرَ [How good is milk for the diseased!], (K, * TA,) with nasb to the ر and ن, is an expression of wonder: (K:) it was said to Khalaf El-Ahmar, by an Arab of the desert, in the presence of Aboo-Zeyd; whereupon Khalaf said to him, “What a good word, if thou hadst not defiled it by mentioning it to the [common] people! ” and Aboo-Zeyd returned to his companions, and desired them, when Khalaf ElAhmar should come, to say, all together, these words (ما خير اللبن للمريض), [in order to vex him], and they did so. (TA.) 5 تخيّر, as an intrans. v.: see 2.

A2: As a trans. v.: see 8.6 تخايروا فِيهِ إِلَى حَكَمٍ They contended together for superior goodness, or for excellence, in it, or with respect to it, appealing to a judge, or an arbiter. (A.) 8 اختارهُ; and ↓ تخيّرهُ, (S, * A, Mgh, Msb, K,) inf. n. [or rather quasi-inf. n.] ↓ خِيَرَةٌ, said by IAth to be the only instance of the kind except طِيَرَةٌ; (TA voce تَطَيَّرَ;) and ↓ استخارهُ; (A;) and ↓ خَارَهُ; (K;) He chose, made choice of. selected, elected, or preferred, him, or it. (S, Msb, * K.) You say also, اِخْتَرْتُهُ الرِّجَالَ, and مِنَ الرِّجَالِ, [I chose him from the men,] and عَلَيْهِمْ, (K,) which last signifies in preference to them. (TA.) It is said in the Kur [vii. 154], وَاخْتَارَ مُوسَى قَوْمِهِ سَبْعِينَ رَجُلًا [And Moses chose from his people seventy men]. (TA.) وَلَقَدِ اخْتَرْنَاهُمْ عَلَى عِلْمٍ, in the Kur [xliv. 31, Verily we have chosen them with knowledge], may be indicative of God's producing good, or of his preferring them before others. (TA.) 10 استخار He sought, desired, or asked for, خِيرَة (S, Msb, K) or خِيَرَة (as in some copies of the K) [i. e. the blessing, prospering, or favour, of God; &c.]. [And it is trans.; for] one says, اِسْتَخِرِ اللّٰهَ يَخِرْ لَكَ [Desire thou, or ask thou for, the blessing, prospering, or favour, of God; &c.; and He will bless, prosper, or favour, thee; &c.]. (S.) And اِسْتَخَرْتُ اللّٰهَ فِيهِ فَخَارَ لِى I desired, or asked, of God, the better of the two things, [or rather the better in it, meaning a case, or an affair,] and He chose it for me. (A.) b2: See also 8.

خَيْرٌ [Good, moral or physical; anything that is good, real or ideal, and actual or potential; and, being originally an inf. n., used as sing and pl.;] a thing that all desire; such as intelligence, for instance, and equity; (Er-Rághib, and so in some copies of the K;) [or goodness;] and excellence; and what is profitable or useful; benefit; (Er-Rághib;) contr. of شَرٌّ: (S, A, Msb:) pl. خُيُورٌ, (Msb, K,) and also, accord. to the Msb, ↓ خِيَارٌ: (TA:) [but this latter seems to be properly pl. only of خَيْرٌ used as an epithet (see below) and as a noun denoting the comparative and superlative degrees: it may however be used as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant:] خير is of two kinds: namely, absolute خير, which is what is desired in all circumstances and by every person: and what is خير [or good] to one and شرّ [or evil] to another; as, for instance, (Er-Rághib,) wealth, or property: (Zj, L in art. شد, Er-Rághib, K:) it has this last signification, namely wealth, or property, in the Kur, ii. 176 (S, TA) and ii. 274 and xxiv. 33 and xli. 49: or in the first and second of these instances it is thus called to imply the meaning of wealth, or property, that has been collected in a praiseworthy manner, or it means much wealth or property; and this is its meaning in the first of the instances mentioned above, agreeably with a trad. of 'Alee; and also in the Kur, c. 8: (TA:) [being used as a pl. (as well as a sing.), it may be also rendered good things:] and it is also used by the Arabs to signify horses; (K, * TA;) and has this meaning in the Kur, xxxviii. 31: (TA:) [it is often best rendered good fortune; prosperity; welfare; wellbeing; weal; happiness; or a good state or condition: and sometimes bounty, or beneficence.] رَجُلٌ قَلِيلُ الخَيْرِ means [A man possessing little, or no, good; possessing few, or no, good things; or poor: and in whom is little, or no, good or goodness; or niggardly: and also] a man who does little good: (TA in art. عص:) or [who does no good;] who is not near to doing good; denoting the nonexistence of good in him. (Msb in art. قل.) [Thus it sometimes means the same as رَجُلٌ لَا خَيْرَ فِيهِ A man in whom is no good or goodness; devoid of goodness; worthless.] And قِلَّةُ خَيْرٍ means Poverty: and also niggardliness. (A and TA in art. جحد.) هُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الخَيْرِ وَالخِيرِ is explained voce خِيرٌ.

عَلَىيَدَىِ الخَيْرِ وَاليُمْنِ [May it be with the aid of good fortune and prosperity] is a prayer used with respect to a marriage. (A 'Obeyd, TA.) And إِنَّكَ مَا وَخَيْرًا means مَعَ خَيْرٍ, i. e., Mayest thou meet with, or attain, good. (K.) b2: خَيْرٌ in the phrase فُلَانٌ خَيْرٌ resembles an epithet [like ↓ خَيِّرٌ, and signifies Good; or possessing good]; (Akh, S;) therefore the fem. is خَيْرَةٌ, of which the pl. is خَيْرَاتٌ, (Akh, S, Msb, *) as occurring in the Kur, lv. 70; and they do not [there] mean by it [the comparative or superlative signification of the measure] أَفْعَلُ: (Akh, S:) you say ↓ رَجُلٌ خَيِّرٌ, (S, A, Msb,) meaning [A good man; or] a man possessing خَيْر [or good]; (Msb;) and رَجُلٌ خَيْرٌ: (S:) and in like manner, ↓ اِمْرَأَةٌ خَيِّرَةٌ and خَيْرَةٌ, (S, Msb,) meaning [A good woman; or] a woman excellent in beauty and disposition: (Msb:) or خَيْرٌ and ↓ خَيِّرٌ signify possessing much خَيْر [or good], (K,) applied to a man; (TA;) and in the same sense you say ↓ رَجُلٌ خَيْرَى, and ↓ خُورَى, and ↓ خِيَرى: and the fem. of the first is خَيْرَةٌ; and of the second, ↓ خَيِّرَةٌ: (K:) and the pl. [of pauc.] (of the first, TA) is أَخْيَارٌ, and [of mult.] خِيَارٌ: (A, Msb, K:) you say also خِيَارُ المَالِ, meaning The excellent of the camels or the like: (Msb, K:) and in like manner you say of men &c.: (TA:) [see also below:] and the fem. is خَيْرَةٌ, of which the pl. is خَيْرَاتٌ: (Msb:) خِيَارٌ is contr. of أَشْرَارٌ, (S, Mgh,) [thus] used as an epithet: (Mgh:) and ↓ خَيْرَةٌ [used as a subst.] signifies anything excellent; and the pl. thereof in this sense, خَيْرَاتٌ, occurs in the Kur, ix. 89: (S:) or خَيْرٌ, (K,) or the fem. خَيْرَةٌ, (Lth,) or each, (K.) signifies excellent in beauty: (Lth, K:) and ↓ خَيِّرٌ and خَيِّرَةٌ signify excellent in righteousness (Lth, K) and religion: (K:) or there is no difference in the opinion of the lexicologists [in general] between خَيْرَةٌ and ↓ خَيِّرَةٌ: (Az:) accord. to Zj, خَيْرَاتٌ and ↓ خَيِّرَاتٌ, both occurring in different readings of the Kur, lv. 70, signify good in dispositions: accord. to Khálid Ibn-Jembeh, خَيْرَةٌ, applied to a woman, signifies generous in race, exalted in rank or quality or reputation, goodly in face, good in disposition, possessing much wealth, who, if she bring forth, brings forth a generous child: (TA:) [↓ خِيَارٌ is also applied as an epithet to a sing. subst., either masc. or fem.:] you say جَمَلٌ خِيَارٌ and نَاقَةٌ خِيَارٌ, meaning A he-camel [that is excellent or] excellent and brisk and so a she-camel. (TA.) See also مُخْتَارٌ, in three places. In the saying لَعَمَرُ أَبِيكَ الخَيْرُ, the word خَيْر is in the nom. case as an epithet of عَمْر; [so that the phrase lit. means By the good life of thy father;] but properly it should be لَعَمْرُ أَبِيكَ الخَيْرِ [By the life of thy good father]: and the like is said with شَرّ. (TA.) [See also art. عمر.]

b3: خَيْرٌ is also used to denote superiority: one says, هٰذَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ هٰذَا This is better than this: and in the dial. of the Benoo-'Ámir, ↓ هٰذَا أَخْيَرُ مِنْ هٰذَا, with أ, and in like manner, أَشَّرُ; but the rest of the Arabs drop the أ in each case: (Msb:) you say, مِنْكَ ↓ هُوَ أَخْيَرُ [He is better than thou], and in like manner, أَشَّرُ مِنْكَ; and هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْكَ, and in like manner, شَرٌّ مِنْكَ; and, [using the dim. form of خَيْرٌ,] مِنْكَ ↓ خُيَيْرٌ, and in like manner, شُرَيْرٌ مِنْكَ. (Ibn-Buzurj, TA.) Youalso say, when you mean to express the signification of superiority, فُلَانَةٌ خَيْرُ النَّاسِ [Such a woman is the best of mankind]; but not خَيْرَةُ: [see, however, what will be found cited hereafter from the K,] and فُلَانٌ خَيْرُ النَّاسِ [Such a man is the best of mankind]; but not ↓ أَخْيَرُ [unless in the dial. of the Benoo-'Ámir]: and [it is said that] خَيْرُ when thus used does not assume the dual form nor the pl., because it has the signification of [the measure] أَفْعَلُ: for though a poet uses the dual form, he uses it as a contraction of the dual of خَيِّرٌ, like مَيْتٌ and مَيِّتٌ, and هَيْنٌ and هَيِّنٌ: (S:) [but. this remark in the S is incorrect: for both خَيْر and ↓ أَخْيَر, when used in such phrases as those to which J here refers, have pl. forms of frequent occurrence, and of which examples will be found below; and, as is said by I 'Ak (p. 239), and by many other grammarians, you may say, الزَّيْدَانِ أَفْضَلَا القَوْمِ, and الزَّيْدُونَ أَفْضَلُو القَوْمِ and أَفَاضِلُ القَوْمِ, and also هِنْدُ فُضْلَىالنِّسَآءِ, &c.; and such concordance is found in the Kur, vi. 123; and is even said by many to be more chaste than the mode prescribed by J:] it is said in the K, that you say, ↓ هُوَ أَخْيَرُ مِنْكَ, like خَيْرُ; and when you mean the signification of superiority, you say فُلَانٌ خَيْرَةٌ النَّاسِ, with ة, and فُلَانَةُ خَيْرُهُمْ, without ة: but [SM says,] I know not how this is; for in the S is said what is different from this, and in like manner by Z in several places in the Ksh; and what is most strange is, that the author of the K quotes in the B the passage of J [from the S], and adopts the opinion of the leading authorities [as given in the S]: (TA:) or you say, فُلَانَةُ الخَيْرَةُ مِنَ المَرْأَتَيْنِ [Such a woman is the better of the two women]: and هِىَ الخَيْرَةُ, and ↓ الخِيرَةُ, [so in the TA, but in the CK الخِيَرَةُ,] and ↓ الخِيرَى, and ↓ الخُورَى, [the last being fem. of أَخْيَرُ, originally خُيْرَى, and so, app., the last but one, She is the better, or best:] (K:) and [using the dim. form of خَيْرٌ] you say, أَهْلِهِ ↓ هُوَ خُيَيْرُ [He is the best of his family]: (Ibn-Buzurj, TA:) one says also, to one coming from a journey, خَيْرَ مَا رُدَّ فِى أَهْلٍ

وَمَالٍ, meaning May God make that with which thou comest [back] to be the best of what is brought back by the absent with family and property; (As, Meyd, TA;) or, as some relate it, خَيْرُ, i. e. رَدُّكَ خَيْرُ رَدٍّ [may thy bringing back be the best bringing back]; and فى is used in the sense of مَعَ: (Meyd:) [أَخْيَارٌ is pl. of pauc., and خِيَارٌ pl. of mult., and so app. is خِيرَانٌ, of خَيْرٌ thus used; and ↓ أَخَايِرُ is pl. of أَخْيَرُ, and so is أَخْيَرُونَ applied to rational beings: in the TA, أَخَايِرُ is said to be a pl. pl. of أَخْيَرُ, and so خِيرَانٌ; but this is app. a mistake, probably of transcription:] you say رَجُلٌ مِنْ خِيَارِ النَّاسِ and أَخْيَارِهِمْ and ↓ أَخَايِرِهِمْ [A man of the best of mankind]: (A, TA:) and لَكَ خِيَارُ هٰذِهِ الإِبِلِ, and ↓ خِيرَتُهَا, [Thine are, or is, or shall be, the best of these camels,] alike with respect to a sing. and a pl.: (TA:) and إِبِلِهِ ↓ نَحَرَ خِيرَةَ and إِبِلِهِ ↓ خُورَةَ [He slaughtered the best of his camels]: (IAar, TA:) and ↓ هُمُ الأَخْيَرُونَ [They (meaning men) are the better, or best]. (Ibn-Buzurj, TA.) A2: مَا خَيْرَ for مَا أَخْيَرَ: see 4, in two places.

A3: خَيْرُ بَوَّآءُ [from the Persian خِيرْبُوَا Lesser cardamom;] a kind of small grain, resembling the قَاقُلَّة [or common cardamom], (K,) of sweet odour. (TA.) خِيرٌ Generousness; generosity; (S, A, Msb, K;) liberality; munificence. (Msb.) You say, فُلَانٌ ذُو خِيرٍ Such a one is a possessor of generousness, or generosity, &c. (Msb.) And هُوَ مِنْ وَالخِيرِ ↓ أَهْلِ الخَيْرِ [He is of the people of good, or of wealth, &c., and of generosity]. (A.) b2: Eminence; elevated state or condition; nobility. (IAar, K.) b3: Origin. (Lh, K.) b4: Nature, or disposition. (A, K.) You say, هُوَ كَرِيمُ الخِيرِ He is generous in nature, or disposition. (A.) b5: Form, aspect, or appearance; figure, person, mien, feature, or lineaments; guise, or external state or condition; or the like; syn. هَيْئَةٌ. (Lh, K.) خُورَةٌ [app. originally خُيْرَةٌ]: see خَيْرٌ, near the end of the paragraph; and see also art. خور.

خَيْرَةٌ fem. of خَيْرٌ [q. v.] used as an epithet: pl. خَيْرَاتٌ. (Akh, S, Msb.) b2: [Also, used as a subst., or as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant, A good thing, of any kind: a good quality; an excellency: and a good act or action: &c.: pl. as above:] see خَيْرٌ, in the former half of the paragraph.

خِيرَةٌ: see خَيْرٌ, in three places, towards the end of the paragraph: b2: and see خِيَرَةٌ, in four places: b3: and خِيَارٌ. b4: It is also a subst. from خَارَاللّٰهُ لَكَ فِىهٰذَاالأَمْرِ, (S,) and so ↓ خِيَرَةٌ; both signifying [The blessing, prospering, or favour, of God; his causing one to have, or appointing to one, good in an affair: or his choosing for one the better thing in an affair: or] the state that results to him who begs God to cause him to have good, or to choose for him the better thing, in an affair. (TA.) You say, كَانَ ذٰلِكَ خِيرَةً مِنَ اللّٰهِ [That was through God's blessing, prospering, or favour; &c.: or through God's choosing the better thing in the affair]. (A.) خِيَرَةٌ and ↓ خِيرَةٌ (of which the former is the better known, TA) are substs. from اِخْتَارَهُ, (K,) or from اِخْتَارَهُ اللّٰهُ, (S,) both signifying A thing, man, or beast, and things, &c, that one chooses: (TA:) or [a thing, &c.,] chosen, selected, or elected: (Mgh:) as in the saying, مُحَمَّدُ خِيَرَةُ اللّٰهِ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ and ↓ خِيرَتُهُ [Mohammad is the chosen, or elect, of God, from his creatures]: (S, Mgh: *) or ↓ خِيرَةٌ is a subst. from الاِخْتِيَارٌ, like فِدْيَةٌ from الاِفْتِدَآءُ; and خِيَرَةٌ is syn. with خِيَارٌ and اِخْتِيَارٌ; or is from تَخَيَّرْتُ الشَّىْءَ: or, as some say, خِيرَةٌ and خِيَرَةٌ are syn.: (Msb:) see 8; and see also خِيَارٌ: and ↓ هٰذِهِ خِيرَتِى (Msb, TA) or خِيَرَتِى (TA) means This is what I choose; (Msb, (TA;) and so هٰذَا خيرتى: and هٰؤُلَآءِ خيرتى

These are what I choose. (TA.) [See مُخْتَارٌ.]

b2: See also خِيرَةٌ.

خُورَى: see خَيْرٌ, in two places.

خَيْرَى: see خَيْرٌ.

خِيرَى: see خَيْرٌ, in two places.

خَيْرِىٌّ Of, or relating to, خَيْر, or good, &c.]

خِيرِىٌّ Of, or relating to, or possessing, generousness, generosity, liberality, or munificence. (Msb.) A2: And hence, (Msb,) or [thus applied] it is an arabicized word, (S,) [from the Persian خِيرِىْ,] The مَنْثُور [or gilliflower:] but generally applied to the yellow species thereof; [so in the present day;] for it is this from which is extracted its oil, which is an ingredient in medicines. (Msb.) [Accord. to Golius, “Viola alba, ejusque genera: Diosc. iii. 138: ” and he adds, as on the authority of Ibn-Beytár, “spec. luteum. ”]

b2: And خِيرِىُّ البَرِّ The خُزَامَى [q. v.]; because it is the most pungent in odour of the plants of the desert. (Msb.) خَيْرِيَّةٌ The quality of خَيْرٌ; i. e. goodness.]

خِيَارٌ a subst. from الاِخْتِيَارُ; (S, Mgh, K;) meaning Choice, or option; (Msb;) and so ↓ خِيَرَةٌ in the Kur [xxviii. 68], مَاكَانَ لَهُمُ الخِيَرَةُ They have not choice, or option; (Mgh;) or the meaning of these words is, it is not for them to choose in preference to God; (Fr, Zj;) and so, accord. to Lth, ↓ خِيرَةٌ, as being an inf. n. [or rather a quasi-inf. n., though this seems doubtful,] of اختار. (TA.) You say, إِنَّ فِى الشَّرِّ خِيَارًا [Verily in evil there is a choice, or an option]; i. e. what may be chosen: a prov. (TA.) And أَنْتَ بِالخِيَارٍ and ↓ بِالْمُخْتَارِ [in some copies of the K بالمخيار, which, as is said in the TA, is a mistranscription, Thou hast the choice, or option]; i. e. choose thou what thou wilt. (K.) And البَيْعُ صَفْقَةٌ أَوْ خِيَارٌ Selling is decisive or with the option of returning. (Mgh in art. صفق.) Hence, خِيَارُ الرُّؤْيَةِ The choice of returning [on seeing it] a thing which one has purchased without seeing it. (Mgh, * Msb, * KT.) And خِيَارُ المَجْلِسِ [The choice of returning a thing purchased while sitting with the seller]. (TA.) And خِيَارُ العَيْبِ [and النَّقِيصَةِ] The choice of returning a thing to the seller when it has a fault, a defect, or an imperfection. (KT.) And خِيَارُ الشَّرْطِ The choice of returning a thing purchased when one of the two contracting parties has made it a condition that he may do so within three days or less. (KT.) And خِيَارُ التَّعْيِينِ The choice of specifying [ for instance] one of two garments, or pieces of cloth, which one has purchased for ten pieces [of money, or some other sum,] on the condition of so doing. (KT.) b2: See also مُخْتَارٌ, in three places. and see خَيْرٌ, in the middle of the paragraph, where it is explained as an epithet applied to a sing. subst., either masc. or fem. See also the first sentence of that paragraph. b3: It is also a pl. of خَيْرٌ [q. v.] as an epithet, (A, Msb, K,) [and as a noun denoting the comparative and superlative degrees.]

A2: Also [A species of cucumber; cucumis sativus Linn. a fructu minore: (Delile, Flor. Aeg. Illustr., no. 927 :)] i. q. قِثَّآءٌ: (S:) or resembling the قثّآء; (K, &c.;) which is the more suitable explanation: (TA:) or i. q. قَثَدٌ [q. v.]: an arabicized word: (Mgh:) [from the Persian خِيَارٌ:] not Arabic. (S.) b2: خِيَارُ شَنْبَرَ [The cassia fistula of Linn.;] a well-known kind of tree; (K;) a species of the خَرُّوب, resembling a large peach-tree; (TA;) abounding in Alexandria and Misr; (K;) and having an admirable yellow flower: (TA:) the latter division [or rather the whole] of the name is arabicized [from the Persian خِيَارْ چَنْبَرْ]. (TA.) خُيَيْرٌ: see خَيْرٌ, [of which it is the dim.,] in two places, in the latter half of the paragraph.

خَيِّرٌ, and its fem. خَيِّرَةٌ, and pl. fem. خَيِّرَاتٌ: see خَيْرٌ, (used as an epithet,) in eight places, in the former half of the paragraph.

خَائِرٌ [Doing good, or well: &c.:] act. part. n. of خَارَ. (S, TA.) أَخْيَرُ, and its pls. أَخَايِرُ and أَحْيَرُونَ: see خَيْرٌ, in eight places, in the latter half of the paragraph.

اِخْتِيَارِىٌّ [Of, or relating to, the will, or choice].

صِفَةٌ اخْتِيَارِيَّةٌ [meaning A quality which originates from, or depends upon, the will, or choice, i. e. an acquired quality,] is opposed to خِلْقِيَّةٌ. (Msb in art. مدح, &c.) مَخْيَرَةٌ [A cause of good: and hence,] excel-lence, and eminence, or nobility: so in the phrase, فُلَانٌ ذُو مَخْيَرَةٍ [Such a one is a possessor of eminence, &c.]. (A, TA.) مُخَيِّرٌ: see what follows.

مُخْتَارٌ act. part. n. [of 8, signifying Choosing, selecting, or electing]. (TA.) b2: And pass. part. n. [of the same, signifying Chosen, selected, elected, or preferred: and choice, select, or elect; as also ↓ خِيَارٌ, which signifies like wise the best of anything; often used in this sense, as a sing. and as a pl.; and excellent, or excellent and brisk, applied to a he-camel and to a she-camel; as mentioned above, voce خَيْرٌ]. (TA.) You say also ↓ جَمَلٌ خِيَارٌ in the sense of مُخْتَارٌ [A choice he-camel], and ↓نَاقَةٌ خِيَارٌ in the sense of مُخْتَارَةٌ [A choice she-camel]. (TA.) [See also خِيَرَةٌ.] The dim. of مُخْتَارٌ is ↓ مُخَيِّرٌ: the ت is thrown out because it is augmentative; and the ى is changed into ى because it was changed from ى in مختار: (S:) one should not say مُخَيْتِيرٌ. (El-Hareeree's Durrat el-Ghowwás, in De Sacy's Anthol. Gr. Ar. p. 49 of the Arabic text.) b3: See also خِيَارٌ.
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