William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1230. دبغ14 1231. دبق15 1232. دبل14 1233. دبو1 1234. دث4 1235. دثر191236. دج3 1237. دجر13 1238. دجل17 1239. دجن16 1240. دجو6 1241. دجى1 1242. دحر13 1243. دحرج8 1244. دحض16 1245. دحق8 1246. دحل10 1247. دحو8 1248. دحى3 1249. دخدر4 1250. دخر13 1251. دخرص7 1252. دخل17 1253. دخن16 1254. دد5 1255. ددن7 1256. ددو2 1257. در5 1258. درأ14 1259. دراقن1 1260. درب18 1261. دربان1 1262. درج17 1263. درد12 1264. درز12 1265. درس20 1266. درع17 1267. درق13 1268. درك17 1269. درن15 1270. دره11 1271. درهره2 1272. درهم10 1273. درى10 1274. دس4 1275. دست7 1276. دستبند1 1277. دستور3 1278. دسر16 1279. دسع12 1280. دسكر8 1281. دسم18 1282. دشت7 1283. دع4 1284. دعب15 1285. دعج12 1286. دعر15 1287. دعك9 1288. دعم15 1289. دعمص8 1290. دعو8 1291. دعى2 1292. دغر14 1293. دغص10 1294. دغفل7 1295. دغل15 1296. دغم14 1297. دف3 1298. دفأ12 1299. دفتر9 1300. دفر13 1301. دفع16 1302. دفق16 1303. دفل10 1304. دفن13 1305. دفو4 1306. دق6 1307. دقر11 1308. دقع13 1309. دقل15 1310. دك4 1311. دكن14 1312. دل4 1313. دلب12 1314. دلج15 1315. دلس13 1316. دلص8 1317. دلع11 1318. دلف14 1319. دلق16 1320. دلقم4 1321. دلك19 1322. دلم14 1323. دلمص4 1324. دله11 1325. دلهم7 1326. دلو12 1327. دلى3 1328. دم7 1329. دمث15 Prev. 100
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دثر

1 دَثَرَ, (T, S, M, K, &c.,) aor. دَثُرَ, (M, Msb,) inf. n. دُثُورٌ, (T, S, M, K, &c.,) said of a trace, or mark, of a house; or of what remains, cleaving to the ground, marking the place of a house; (S, Msb, K, TA;) or of a place of abode, (T, A,) &c.; (T;) or of a thing; (M;) It became covered with sand and dust blown over it by the wind: this is the primary signification: (TA:) or it became effaced, or obliterated, (T, S, M, A, K, TA,) by the blowing of the winds over it; (TA;) as also ↓ تداثر, (S,) or ↓ اندثر: (M, K:) and it became old; (M, K;) as also ↓ اندثر, (M,) or ↓ تداثر. (K.) By one of the poets it is metaphorically said of a man's reputation, meaning (tropical:) It became worn out of regard or notice; became effaced, or obliterated. (M, TA.) b2: And, said of a man, (assumed tropical:) He became overcome by old age and emaciation. (T, TA.) b3: Also, said of a garment, (T, K,) inf. n. as above, (T,) It became dirty. (T, K.) b4: And, said of a sword, (T, A, K,) inf. n. as above, (A,) (tropical:) It became sullied from remaining long unfurbished; (A;) it became rusty. (T, K.) Hence the trad. of El-Hasan, حَادِثُوا هٰذِهِ القُلُوبَ بِذِكْرِ اللّٰهُ فَإِنَّهَا سَرِيعَةُ الدُّثُورِ [explained in art. حدث]. (Sh, T, A, TA.) دُثُورٌ attributed to the heart is (assumed tropical:) The having the remembrance of God effaced from it: and attributed to the mind, (assumed tropical:) The being quick to forget. (Sh, T, K.) A2: دَثَرَ الشَّجَرُ, (K,) inf. n. as above; (TA; [in which, by a strange mistake, الرجل is put for الشجر;]) or ↓ دثّر; (so in the M, accord. to the TT;) The trees put forth their leaves (M, K, TA) and their branches. (M, TA.) 2 دثّرهُ, (A, TA,) inf. n. تَدْثِيرٌ, (TA,) He covered him (A, TA) with a دِثَار, (A,) or with something by which he should be rendered warm. (TA.) It is said that Mohammad, when a revelation came down to him, used to say, دَثِّرُونِى

دَثِّرُونِى Cover ye me with something whereby I may become warm. Cover ye me &c. (TA from a trad.) b2: دُثِّرَ عَلَى القَتِيلِ Large masses of stone were compactly put together, one upon another, over the slain person. (K.) b3: And دَثَّرَ, (S,) inf. n. as above, (S, K,) It (a bird) put to rights, or adjusted, its nest; put it into a right, or proper, state. (S, K.) b4: See also 1, last sentence.4 ادثر, (K, TA,) like أَكْرَمَ, (TA,) or ↓ ادّثر, (so in some copies of the K,) He acquired much wealth. (K, TA.) [See دَثْرٌ.]5 تدثّر, (T, S,) and تدثّر بِدِثَارٍ, (Msb, TA,) and اِدَثَّرَّ, inf. n. اِدَثُّرٌّ, (T,) He wrapped himself with a دثار: (T, S, Msb, TA:) and تدثّر بِالثَّوْبِ he enveloped himself entirely with the garment. (M, K.) b2: [Hence,] هُوَ يَتَدَثَّرُ بِالمَالِ (tropical:) He is abundant in wealth. (A, TA.) A2: تدثّر النَّاقَةَ (tropical:) He (a stallion) mounted, or leaped, the she-camel. (S, A, K.) b2: And تدثّر فَرَسَهُ (tropical:) He (a man) leaped upon, and rode, his horse: (T, S, M, A, L, B: in the K, for فَرَسَهُ, in some copies, is erroneously put قَرِينَهُ; and in others, قِرْنَهُ, which is also wrong: TA:) or rode, and wheeled about upon the back of, his horse: (M:) or mounted his horse from behind. (TA.) b3: Ibn-Mukbil uses the verb metaphorically in describing rain; saying, أَصَاخَتْ لَهُ فُدْرُ اليَمَامَةِ بَعْدَمَا تَدَثَّرَ هَا مِنْ وَبْلِهِ مَا تَدَثَّرَا (tropical:) [The large mountain-goats of El-Yemámeh listened to it, after there had fallen upon it, of its shower of big drops, what fell]. (M, TA.) 6 تَدَاْثَرَ see 1; each in two places.7 إِنْدَثَرَ see 1; each in two places.8 إِدْتَثَرَ see 4.

دَثْرٌ (tropical:) Much property or wealth; or many camels or the like: (T, S, M, K:) or much, or many, of any thing or things: (M:) [the sing. and dual and pl. are alike; as in the case of its syn. دِبْرٌ or دَبْرٌ:] you say, [using it as an epithet,] مَالٌ دَبْرٌ, (T, S, K,) and مَالَانِ دَثْرٌ, and أَمْوَالِ دَثْرٌ: (S, K:) [but sometimes دُثُورٌ is used as its pl.; for] you say أَهْلُ دَثْرٍ and أَهْلُ دُثُورٍ: (A 'Obeyd, T:) you also say ↓ مَالٌ دِثْرٌ: (T:) and the expression ↓ عَسْكَرٌ دَثَرٌ, meaning a numerous army, occurs thus written: (S:) an instance is found in a verse of Imra-el-Keys, where it is thus for the sake of the metre. (TA.) b2: Also Abundance of herbage, and the like; or abundant herbage, and the like. (TA.) b3: See also دَاثِرٌ.

دِثْرٌ: see دَثْرٌ.

A2: دِثْرٌ مَالٍ A good manager of property, or of camels or the like. (K.) دَثَرٌ Dirt, or filth. (K.) A2: See also دَثْرٌ.

دِثَارٌ Any garment, (S, M, * A, Mgh, Msb, K,) such as a كِسَآء &c., which a man throws upon himself (Mgh, Msb) over the شِعَار [or garment that is next the body]: (S, M, A, Msb, K:) or one with which a person envelopes himself entirely: (M:) or a garment which one wears for warmth above the شعار: (T, TA:) pl. دُثُرٌ. (Mgh.) b2: It is said in a trad. respecting the Assistants (الانصار) [of Mohammad], أَنْتُمُ الشِّعَارُ وَالنَّاسُ الدِّثَارُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Ye are the persons of distinction, and the [other] people are the vulgar. (TA.) [See also شِعَارٌ.] b3: أَبُو دِثَارٍ and بَيْتُ أَبِى دِثَارٍ The thin curtain (كِلَّة) by which one protects himself from gnats, or musquitoes; the musquito-curtain: [see an ex. in the first paragraph of art. بعض:], or ابو دثار is an appellation of the gnat, or musquito; because it is concealed in the daytime; or because a دثار is wanted to protect one from its annoyance. (TA.) دَثُورٌ: see مُتَدَثِّرٌ. b2: Applied to a man, (tropical:) Obscure; of no reputation: (S, A, K:) a great sleeper: (S, K:) slow: (K:) heavy; that scarcely moves from his place: (TA:) lazy: (Kr, M:) and in like manner ↓ دَثَارِىٌّ, lazy; quiet; that does not occupy himself with his affairs. (A.) دِثَارِىٌّ: see what next precedes.

دَاثِرٌ, applied to a trace, or mark, of a house; or to what remains, cleaving to the ground, marking the place of a house; Being covered with sand and dust blown over it by the wind; or being effaced, or obliterated, by the blowing of the winds over it. (A, * Msb, * TA.) You say فُلَانٌ جَدُّهُ عَاثِرٌ وَ رَسْمُهُ دَاثِرٌ (assumed tropical:) Such a one's good fortune is at an end, and his vestige is being effaced. (A.) b2: In a state of perdition. (M, K.) Hence the saying فُلَانٌ خَاسِرٌ دَاسِرٌ [Such a one is erring, in a state of perdition]: or it is here an imitative sequent [merely corroborative; for خاسر has also the same signification]: (M, TA:) and some say دَابِرٌ. (M.) b3: A sword (tropical:) sullied by remaining long unpolished; rusty. (AZ, T, M, * A, K.) b4: (tropical:) Negligent; inconsiderate; (L, K;) as also ↓ أَدْثَرُ (K) and ↓ دثر [written without the syll. signs]: (L:) (tropical:) one who does not care for, or esteem, finery. (A.) أَدْثَرُ: see the last sentence above.

متدثّر, (AA, T, K, [evidently, مُتَدَثَّرٌ, though written in the CK مُتَدَثِّر, see 5, third and fourth sentences,]) applied to a man, (AA, T,) (assumed tropical:) I. q.

مَأْبُونُ (AA, T, K) and مِثْفَرٌ &c. (AA, T.) مُتَدَثِّرٌ and مُدَّثِّرٌ Wrapped in a دِثَار; wearing a دثار; (T, M, * A, * Msb, TA;) as also ↓ دَثُورٌ: (IAar, M:) you say فُلَانٌ دَثُورُ الضُّحَى Such a one wraps himself with a دثار and sleeps in the morning after sunrise. (A.)
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