William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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1299. دفتر9 1300. دفر14 1301. دفع17 1302. دفق17 1303. دفل11 1304. دفن141305. دفو5 1306. دق6 1307. دقر12 1308. دقع14 1309. دقل16 1310. دك4 1311. دكن15 1312. دل4 1313. دلب13 1314. دلج16 1315. دلس14 1316. دلص9 1317. دلع12 1318. دلف15 1319. دلق17 1320. دلقم4 1321. دلك20 1322. دلم15 1323. دلمص4 1324. دله12 1325. دلهم8 1326. دلو13 1327. دلى3 1328. دم7 1329. دمث16 1330. دمج15 1331. دمر18 1332. دمع14 1333. دمغ19 1334. دمل17 1335. دملج13 1336. دملص3 1337. دملق7 1338. دملك8 1339. دمن15 1340. دن4 1341. دنأ9 1342. دنر13 1343. دنس14 1344. دنف14 1345. دنق16 1346. دنو10 1347. ده6 1348. دهدر4 1349. دهدى2 1350. دهر19 1351. دهش15 1352. دهقن14 1353. دهليز2 1354. دهم18 1355. دهن18 1356. دهو6 1357. دو2 1358. دوأ12 1359. دوج9 1360. دوح15 1361. دوخ13 1362. دود15 1363. دور19 1364. دوس18 1365. دوف14 1366. دوك12 1367. دول16 1368. دولاب2 1369. دوم20 1370. دون19 1371. دوى6 1372. ديبوذ1 1373. ديث13 1374. ديخ5 1375. ديد3 1376. دير13 1377. ديص10 1378. ديف8 1379. ديك12 1380. ديم14 1381. دين19 1382. ذ5 1383. ذأب14 1384. ذأر7 1385. ذأف7 1386. ذأل10 1387. ذأم13 1388. ذأن6 1389. ذا8 1390. ذات5 1391. ذاك1 1392. ذب4 1393. ذبح20 1394. ذبر13 1395. ذبل16 1396. ذحل14 1397. ذخر18 1398. ذر5 Prev. 100




1 دَفَنَهُ, (S, M, Msb, K,) aor. دَفِنَ, (M, Msb, K,) inf. n. دَفْنٌ, (M, Msb, TA,) He buried it; interred it; i. e. hid it, concealed it, or covered it, (M, Msb, K, TA,) in the earth, or dust, (TA,) or beneath layers, or strata, of earth, or dust; (Msb;) namely, a thing; (S, Msb;) primarily having for its object a dead body: (M:) and ↓ دفّنهُ signifies the same; [but app. in an intensive sense or applying to a number of objects;] (M, TT;) or ↓ اِدَّفَنَهُ, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَهُ. (K. [So too, accord. to the TA, in the M; but in the text of the M as given in the TT, دفّنهُ.]) One says to a man who is obscure, unnoted, or of no reputation, دَفَنْتَ نَفْسَكَ فِىحَيَاتِكَ (tropical:) [Thou hast buried thyself in thy lifetime]. (TA.) b2: Hence, (M,) دَفَنَ سِرَّهُ (tropical:) He hid, or concealed, his secret. (M, TA.) And دَفَنْتُ الحَدِيثَ (assumed tropical:) I hid or concealed, the information, or news, &c. (Msb.) b3: [Hence also, دَفَنَ الرَّكِيَّةَ He filled up, stopped up, or choked up, with earth or dust, the well.] And دَفَنْتُ عُيُونَ المِيَاهِ I stopped up the sources of the waters; syn. عَوَّرْتُهَا, and سَدَدْتُهَا. (Sh, TA in in art. عور.) A2: دَفَنَتْ, aor. دَفِنَ, inf. n. دَفْنٌ, said of a she-camel, She went her own way, or at random, or heedlessly, (M, K,) without need: (M:) or it signifies, (M,) or signifies also, (K,) she was, or became, (M, K,) usually, (K,) in the midst of the other camels when they came to water: (M, K:) and ↓ اِدَّفَنَتْ, (En-Nadr, T, TA,) of the measure اِفْتَعَلَتْ, (TA,) said of a she-camel, she was, or became, such as is termed ↓ دَفُونٌ; (En-Nadr, T, TA;) i. e. she absented, or hid, herself from the other camels: or went her own way, at random, or heedlessly, alone. (En-Nadr, T.) 2 دَفَّنَ see 1, first sentence.3 مُدَافَنَةُ المَوْتَى: see 6.5 تَدَفَّنَ see 7.6 التَّدَافُنُ signifies المَوْتَى ↓ مُدَافَنَةُ [i. e. The cooperating in the burying of the dead]. (TA.) لَا يَكَادُ النَّاسُ يَتَدَافَنُونَ [The people can hardly, or cannot nearly, bury one another] is said in the case of a quick and spreading death. (TA voce ذَرِيغٌ.) b2: [Hence,] تَدَافَنُوا (tropical:) They practised concealment, one with another; syn. تَكَاتَمُوا. (S, K, TA.) It is said in a trad., لَوْ تَكَاشَفْتُمْ لَمَا تَدَافَنْتُمْ (tropical:) [If ye revealed, one to another his faults, or his secrets, ye would not practise concealment, one with another, in any case]; meaning, if the fault, (عَيْب, as in my copies of the S and in the TA in the present art.,) or secret or secrets, (غَيْب, as in one of my copies of the S in art. كشف,) of each one of you were open, or revealed, to each other of you: (S, TA:) or, accord. to IAth, [if ye revealed, one to another his secrets, ye would not bury one another; for he says that] the meaning is, if each one of you knew what is concealed in the mind of each other of you, the conducting of his funeral, and his burial, would be deemed onerous. (TA in art. كشف.) 7 اندفن It was, or became, buried, or interred; i. e., hidden, concealed, or covered, (S, * M, Msb, K, TA,) in the earth, or dust, (TA,) or beneath layers, or strata of earth, or dust: (Msb:) and ↓ اِدَّفَنَ, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, signifies the same; (S;) or ↓ تدفّن. (M, K.) b2: Also, said of a portion of a well, (S,) or of a well [absolutely], and of a watering-trough or tank, and of a water-ing-place, or spring to which camels came to water, (M, K, TA,) [and] so ↓ ادّفن, (T,) [It was, or became, filled up, stopped up, or choked up, with earth or dust; (see 1, of which each of these verbs is a quasi-pass.;) or] it had the dust swept into it by the wind [so that it became filled up, stopped up, or choked up]. (T, TA.) 8 اِدَّفَنَ, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ: see 7, in two places. b2: Also, said of a slave, He ran away [given without any addition as one of the explanations in the S] before arriving at the city [or place] in which he was to be sold: (T, M, K:) this is not a running away (إِبَاق) for which he is to be returned [to the seller]: so says Yezeed Ibn-Hároon: but he adds that if he arrive there and run away, he is to be returned for it, though he do not absent himself from that city [or place]: (T:) or he absented himself, (T,) or stole away, (S, M, Mgh,) from his owners [or owner] for a day or two days, (T, S, M, Mgh,) as AZ says, (T, S,) or, (T, M,) as AO says, (T, S,) without absenting himself from the city [or place in which he was sold]; (T, S, M, Mgh;) as though he buried himself in the houses of that city [or place] in fear of punishment for an offence that he had committed: (Mgh:) thus, agreeably with the explanations of AZ and AO, the verb is used by the Arabs: (A'Obeyd, T:) and the epithet ↓ دَفُونٌ, applied to a slave, means one who does as is described above; (K;) or who is wont to do so: (T, S, M, Mgh:) or the verb signifies he fled from his owner, or from hard, or severe, work, but did not go forth from the town, or the like; and the doing so is not a fault [for which he may be returned to the seller], for it is not termed إِبَاق. (Msb.) b3: See also 1, last sentence.

A2: اِدَّفَنَهُ: see 1, first sentence.

دَفْنٌ [originally an inf. n.]: see دَفِينٌ, in four places. b2: Also, applied to a man, (tropical:) Obscure, unnoted, or of no reputation; (K, TA;) [and] so ↓ دَفُونٌ. (AZ, T.) دِفْنٌ: see دَفِينٌ, in four places.

دَفِنٌ: see دَفِينٌ, in two places.

دَفَنِىٌّ A kind of striped cloths or garments. (S, K.) دِفَانٌ: see دَفِينٌ, in two places.

دَفُونٌ applied to a slave: see 8. b2: Applied to a she-camel, That is in the midst of the other camels: (S:) or that is usually in the midst of the other camels when they come to water. (M, K.) b3: See also 1, last sentence. b4: Also, (M, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, مَدْفُون,]) applied to a camel and to a human being, That goes his own way, at random, or heedlessly, without need; and so ↓ مِدْفَانٌ. (M, K.) b5: See also دَفْنٌ. In like manner one says حَسَبٌ دَفُونٌ (assumed tropical:) Obscure grounds of pretension to respect or honour. (AZ, T.) دَفِينٌ i. q. ↓ مَدْفُونٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) Buried, or interred; i. e. hidden, concealed, or covered, (M, Msb, K, TA,) in the earth, or dust, (TA,) or beneath layers, or strata, of earth, or dust; (Msb;) as also ↓ دِفْنٌ (M, K) and ↓ دَفْنٌ: (TA:) pl. [of the first] دُفَنَآءُ (M, K) and of the same also دُفُنٌ; (TA;) and [of the second] أَدْفَانٌ, (M, K,) which is also pl. of the third: (TA:) دَفِينٌ is also applied to a woman, and so is دَفِينَةٌ; (Lh, M, K;) and the pl. is دَفْنَى, (Lh, M,) or دُفَنَآءُ, (K,) and دَفَائِنُ: (Lh, M, K:) and the pl. دُفُنٌ is also used as a sing., applied to land (أَرْضٌ). (TA. [But in the M it is said that ↓ دَفْنٌ is thus applied as an epithet to land (ارض), and that its pl. is دُفُنٌ.]) b2: See also دَفِينَةٌ. b3: Also, applied to a well (رَكِيَّةٌ), Partly filled up with earth or dust (اِنْدَفَنَ بَعْضُهَا); as also ↓ دِفَانٌ; pl. دُفُنٌ: (S:) or i. q. ↓ مُنْدَفِنَةٌ, (M, K,) i. e. [filled up with earth or dust; or] having the dust swept into it by the wind [so that it is filled up, stopped up, or choked up]; (T, TA;) as also ↓ مِدْفَانٌ (M, K) and ↓ دِفَانٌ: (K:) and so ↓ دَفْنٌ, (M, TA,) or ↓ دِفْنٌ, (K,) thus applied, (K, TA,) and applied likewise to a watering-place, or spring to which camels have come to water, (M, K, TA,) and to a watering-trough or tank; (M, K;) as also دَفِينٌ. (TA.) b4: Also Flesh-meat buried in rice: but this is a vulgar application. (TA.) b5: دَآءٌ دَفِينٌ (T, S, M, K) and ↓ دَفِنٌ, (IAar, M, TA,) which is anomalous, app. a possessive epithet, like نَهْرٌ as applied to a man, (M,) in the K, erroneously, ↓ دِفْنٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) A latent disease, which the constitution has overpowered [so as to prevent its becoming apparent]; it is said in a trad. that the sun causes it to appear: (IAth, TA:) or a disease that is unknown (T, S) until evil and mischief appear from it: (T:) or a disease that appears after being latent, and from which evil and mischief (شَرٌّ وَ عَرَّ [in the CK, erroneously, وَعُرٌّ]) then appear and spread: (M, K:) [it is said that] it is seldom, or never, cured. (M.) b6: رَجُلٌ دَفِينُ المُرُوَّةِ, and المروّة ↓ دِفْنٌ, (TA,) or ↓ دَفِنُ المروّة and المروّة ↓ دَفْنُ, (T,) (assumed tropical:) A man without manliness, or manly virtue: so says As. (T, TA.) دَفِينَةٌ A thing buried: (Th, K:) and hence, (TA,) a treasure, or a buried treasure: pl. دَفَائِنُ: (M, K, TA:) and ↓ دَفِينٌ also signifies buried treasure. (TA in art. ركز.) دُفَّانٌ [irregularly] sing. of دَفَائِنُ signifying The خَشَب [or pieces of wood, by which may be meant planks, or spars, or ribs, &c.,] of a ship. (AA, TA.) دَافِنُ أَمْرٍ, in the K, erroneously, دَافِنَآء, (TA,) (tropical:) The inward, or intrinsic, state or circumstances of a case or an affair. (K, TA.) b2: بَقَرَةٌ دَافِنَةُ الجَذْمِ A cow, or an animal of the ox-kind, whose أَضْرَاس [i. e. teeth, or molar teeth,] are ground, or worn, by reason of extreme age. (S, K.) مدفن [by rule مَدْفِنٌ, but commonly pronounced مَدْفَنٌ,] A place of burial: [a tomb:] pl. مَدَافِنُ. (TA.) مِدْفَانٌ: see دَفِينٌ: b2: and دَفُونٌ.

A2: Also An old, worn-out, skin for water or milk. (S, K.) مَدْفُونٌ: see دَفِينٌ.

مُنْدَفِنَةٌ, applied to a well (رَكِيَّةٌ): see دَفِينٌ.
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