William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1316. دلص8 1317. دلع11 1318. دلف14 1319. دلق16 1320. دلقم4 1321. دلك191322. دلم14 1323. دلمص4 1324. دله11 1325. دلهم7 1326. دلو12 1327. دلى3 1328. دم7 1329. دمث15 1330. دمج14 1331. دمر17 1332. دمع13 1333. دمغ18 1334. دمل16 1335. دملج12 1336. دملص3 1337. دملق6 1338. دملك7 1339. دمن14 1340. دن4 1341. دنأ9 1342. دنر12 1343. دنس13 1344. دنف13 1345. دنق15 1346. دنو9 1347. ده6 1348. دهدر4 1349. دهدى2 1350. دهر18 1351. دهش14 1352. دهقن13 1353. دهليز2 1354. دهم17 1355. دهن17 1356. دهو5 1357. دو2 1358. دوأ12 1359. دوج8 1360. دوح14 1361. دوخ12 1362. دود14 1363. دور18 1364. دوس17 1365. دوف13 1366. دوك11 1367. دول15 1368. دولاب2 1369. دوم19 1370. دون18 1371. دوى6 1372. ديبوذ1 1373. ديث12 1374. ديخ5 1375. ديد3 1376. دير13 1377. ديص9 1378. ديف8 1379. ديك12 1380. ديم13 1381. دين18 1382. ذ4 1383. ذأب14 1384. ذأر7 1385. ذأف7 1386. ذأل10 1387. ذأم13 1388. ذأن6 1389. ذا8 1390. ذات5 1391. ذاك1 1392. ذب4 1393. ذبح19 1394. ذبر12 1395. ذبل15 1396. ذحل13 1397. ذخر17 1398. ذر5 1399. ذرأ12 1400. ذرب14 1401. ذرح12 1402. ذرع17 1403. ذرف14 1404. ذرق16 1405. ذرو9 1406. ذعب4 1407. ذعر15 1408. ذعف12 1409. ذعن15 1410. ذف3 1411. ذفر16 1412. ذقن15 1413. ذكر19 1414. ذكو8 1415. ذل5 Prev. 100
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دلك

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دلك

1 دَلَكَهُ, (S Msb, K,) aor. دَلُكَ, inf. n. دَلْكٌ, (S, Msb,) He rubbed it, or rubbed it and pressed it, (M, Msb, K,) with his hand: (S, M, Msb, K:) [or he did so well: or he pressed it, or squeezed it, and rubbed it: for] دَلْكٌ signifies the act of rubbing, or rubbing and pressing, well: (KL:) or the act of pressing, or squeezing, and rubbing: (Ham p. 798:) [and in like manner, ↓ دلّكهُ, inf. n. تَدْلِيكٌ, signifies in the present day he rubbed it, or rubbed it and pressed it; and particularly, a person's body and limbs, in the bath: its proper meaning, however, is, he rubbed it, or rubbed it and pressed it, much or well: Golius explains it as signifying he rubbed it much or well on the anthority of the KL; but it is not in my copy of that work.] You say, دَلَكَ الثَّوْبَ He rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, the garment, or piece of cloth, to wash it. (TA.) And دَلَكْتُ السُّنْبُلَ حَتَّى انْفَرَكَ قِشْرُهُ عَنْ حَبِّهِ [I rubbed the ears of corn until their husks rubbed off from their grain]; (TA;) and ↓ اِدَّلَكَهُ [signifies the same]. (K in art. رهو, &c.) And دَلَكَ عَيْنَيْهِ [He rubbed his eyes]; i. e., a man looking at the setting sun. (Z, TA.) And دَلَكَتِ المَرْأَةُ العَجِينَ [The woman kneaded the dough]. (TA.) And دَلَكْتُ النَّعْلَ بِالأَرْضِ I wiped the sandal with [meaning upon] the ground. (Msb.) b2: [Hence,] دَلَكَهُ الدَّهْرُ (tropical:) Time, or fortune, disciplined him well, tried, or proved, him, rendered him expert, or experienced, or firm or sound in judgment, and taught him?? (K,* TA.) And دَلَكَتْهُ الأَسْفَارُ (tropical:) Journeyings inured him to them; namely, a camel. (TA.) and دُلِكَ بِالأَسْفَارِ, said of a camel, (A, O, L, K,) (tropical:) He was inured by journeyings, and habituated thereto: (A, L:) or he was fatigued, or jaded, by journeyings; like [دُكَّ and] كُدَّ. (O, TA.) b3: [Hence also,] دُلِكَتِ الأَرْضُ (assumed tropical:) [The produce, or herbage, of] the land was eaten, or consumed. (IAar, TA.) b4: See also 3.

A2: دَلَكَتِ الشَّمْسُ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.,) aor. دَلُكَ, (Msb,) inf. n. دُلُوكٌ, (S, Mgh, &c.,) (tropical:) The sun set; (S, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.;) accord. to Z, because he who looks at it rubs (يَدْلُكُ) his eyes, so that it is as though it were the rubber; (TA;) and i(??) like manner, النُّجُومُ the stars: (Msb:) or became yellow, (K, TA,) and inclined to setting: (TA:) or declined (K, * TA) so that the beholder almost required, when looking at it, to contract the rays from his eyes with the palm of his hand: (TA:) or declined after midday: (Ibn-'Omar, TA:) or it signifies (or signifies also, Msb) the sun declined from the meridian, or midheaven, (I'Ab, Fr, Zj, Az, S, * Mgh, * Msb, K, &c.,) at noon; (I'Ab, Fr, Zj, Az;) and in like manner, النُّجُومُ the stars. (Msb.) Az says that, in his opinion, the words of the Kur [xvii. 80] أَقِمَ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ (TA) mean Perform thou prayer from the declining of the sun at noon: so that the command expressed by these words with what follows them includes the five prayers: (Mgh, * TA:) for by the دلوك are included the first prayer [of noon] and that of the عَصْر; and by the غَسَق of night, the two prayers [of sunset and nightfall] of which each is called عِشَآء; and by the قُرْآن of the فَجْر, the prayer of daybreak: if you make the دلوك to be the setting, the command is restricted to three prayers: in the language of the Arabs, دُلُوكٌ is said to be syn. with زَوَالٌ; and therefore the sun is said to be دَالِكَةٌ when it is declining at noon and when it is setting. (TA.) [Respecting the phrase دَلَكَتْ بَرَاحِ or بِرَاحِ, accord. to different readings, occurring at the end of a verse, see بَرَاحِ, and see also رَاحَةٌ in art. روح.] It is said in [one of the works entitled] the “ Nawádir el-Aaráb,” that دَلَكَتِ الشَّمْسُ signifies The sun became high; like دَمَكَت and عَلَت and اِعْتَلَت. (TA.) 2 دَلَّكَ see 1, first sentence. b2: Accord. to AA, دَلَّكَهَا, inf. n. تَدْلِيكٌ, signifies غَذَّاهَا [He fed, nourished, or reared, her (if relating to a woman or female), or them (if relating to irrational creatures)]. (TA.) 3 دالكهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. مُدَالَكَةٌ, (TA,) He delayed, or deferred, with him, or put him off, (namely, his creditor, S, TA,) promising him payment time after time; (S, K, TA;) as also دَاعَكَهُ. (TA.) El-Hasan (El-Basree, TA) was asked, أَيُدَالِكُ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ [May the man delay, or defer, with his wife?], meaning, in the matter of the dowry; and he answered, “Yes, if he be in a state of bankruptcy,” or “ poor. ” (A 'Obeyd, S, TA.) And you say likewise, الرَّجُلَ حَقَّهُ ↓ دَلَكَ He deferred, or put off, by repeated promises, giving the man his right, or due. (TA.) b2: The inf. n. also signifies The vying in patience: or, as some say, the importuning, pressing hard, or urging, in demanding the giving, or payment, of a due or debt. (TA.) 5 تدلّك He rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, his body in washing himself: (S:) or he rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, himself well in the hot bath. (MA.) And تدلّك بِهِ He rubbed himself over (تَخَلَّقَ) with it; i. e., with دَلُوك [q. v.]. (K, TA.) 8 إِدْتَلَكَ see 1, third sentence.

دَلَكٌ The time of the setting of the sun: or of its declining from the meridian: one says, أَتَيْتُكَ عِنْدَالدَّلَكِ, meaning I came to thee in the evening, or afternoon. (TA.) A2: Also A looseness, or laxness, in-the knees of a camel. (Sgh, K.) دُلَكَةٌ A certain little beast or animal or creeping thing or an insect (دُوَيْبَّةٌ): (K:) mentioned by IDrd: but he says “ I am not certain of it. ” (TA.) دَلُوكٌ A thing with which one rubs himself over, (K, TA,) in washing himself; (TA;) meaning perfume, or some other thing, (S, TA,) of what are termed غَسُولَات, such as [meal of] lentils, and kali, or potash, (TA,) with which one is rubbed. (S, TA. *) Also applied to [The depilatory called] نُورَة [q. v.]; because the body is rubbed with it in the hot bath. (A, TA.) and The foot-stone [or foot-rasp] that is used for rubbing in the hot bath. (MA.) دَلِيكٌ Dust which the wind carries away [as though it were rubbed from the ground]. (S, K.) b2: A certain food, prepared of butter and dates, [app. kneaded, or mashed, together,] (S, K,) like ثَرِيد [q. v.]: I think [says J] that it is what is called in Persian چَنْكَال خُسْت [or چَنْگَال خِشْت?]: (S, TA:) accord. to Z, تَمْرٌ دَلِيكٌ signifies مَرِيس [i. e. dates macerated, and mashed with the hand, or moistened, and rubbed and pressed with the fingers till soft, in water or in milk]. (TA.) [See also دَلِيكَةٌ.]

A2: (tropical:) A man (K, TA) rendered firm, or sound, in judgment, by experience; (TA;) one who has exercised himself diligently in the management of affairs, (K, TA,) and known them: (TA:) pl. دُلُكٌ, (K,) which is explained by IAar as signifying intelligent men. (TA.) A3: A certain plant: (K:) n. un. with ة. (TA.) b2: and The [hip, or] fruit of the [wild] red rose, that comes after it, [i. e. after the flower,] (K, TA,) becoming red, like wheat, and ripening, (TA,) and becoming sweet, like the fresh ripe date; called in Syria صُرْمُ الدِّيْكِ: (K, TA:) n. un. with ة: (TA:) or [the fruit of] the mountainrose الوَرْد الجَبَلِىّ [a name now given to the wild rose, or sweet brier], like wheat بُرّ [in the CK بُسْر]) in size and redness, and like the fresh ripe date in sweetness: in El-Yemen it is sent from one to another as a present: (K, TA:) Az says, so I have heard from an Arab of the desert, of the people of El-Yemen; and it grows with us [app. meaning in El-'Irák] so as to form thickets. (TA.) دُلَاكَةٌ What is drawn from the udder before the first فِيقَة [or milk that collects in the udder between two milkings], (K,) and before the second فيقة collects. (TA.) دَلِيكَةٌ i. q. حَيْسٌ [which is generally described as Dates mixed with clarified butter and the preparation of dried curd called أَقِط, kneaded, or rubbed and pressed with the hand until they mingle together, whereupon their stones come forth]. (A, TA.) [See also دَلِيكٌ.]

دَلَّاكٌ One who rubs, or rubs and presses, the body in the hot bath. (TA.) دُؤْلُوكٌ A case, or an affair, of great magnitude, or gravity, or moment: pl. دَآلِيكُ. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) You say, تَرَكْتُهُمْ فِى دُؤْلُوكٍ [I left them in, or engaged in, a case, or an affair, of great magnitude, &c.]. (TA.) A2: See also what next follows.

الدَّوَالِيكُ The act of urging, or pressing forward, and striving, (تَحَفُّزٌ,) in gait, or pace, (Ibn-' Abbád, K,) and parting the legs widely (تَحَيُّكٌ) [therein]; (Ibn-' Abbád, TA;) as also ↓ الدَّآلِيكُ. (Ibn- ' Abbád, K.) A poet uses the phrase يَمْشِى

الدَّوَالِيكَ [Walking, or going, with urging, &c.]. (TA.) [See also دَوَالَيْكَ, in art. دول.]

مُدْلِكٌ [so in the TA, but probably it should be مِدْلَكٌ, agreeably with analogy,] Much given to delaying, or deferring, with a creditor, or putting him off, in the matter of a debt, by promising payment time after time. (Fr, TA.) مَدْلُوكٌ [Rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, with the hand: &c.: see its verb, 1: b2: and] polished. (TA.) b3: [Hence,] applied to a horse, i. q. مَدْكُوكٌ; (K, TA;) i. e. (tropical:) Having no prominence of his حَجَبَة: (TA:) or so مَدْلُوكُ الحَجَبَةِ: (S:) and [so] مَدْلُوكُ الحَرْقَفَةِ. (TA.) b4: Applied to a camel, it means دُلِكَ بِالأَسْفَارِ, (K,) i. e. (tropical:) Inured by journeyings, and habituated thereto: (A, L:) or fatigued, or jaded, by journeyings: (O, TA:) or having a looseness, or laxness, in his knees. (Sgh, K.) b5: أَرْضٌ مَدْلُوكَةٌ (assumed tropical:) Land [of which the produce, or herbage, is] eaten, or consumed. (IAar, TA.) مُدَالِكٌ Any one who delays, defers, or puts off, by repeated promises. (TA.) b2: One who does not hold himself above a low, or an ignoble, action. (Fr, TA.) IF says, in the “ Makáyees,” [but the remark does not universally hold good,] that every word commencing with د and ل denotes motion, coming and going, and removal from place to place. (TA.)
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