William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1362. دود15 1363. دور19 1364. دوس18 1365. دوف14 1366. دوك12 1367. دول161368. دولاب2 1369. دوم20 1370. دون19 1371. دوى6 1372. ديبوذ1 1373. ديث13 1374. ديخ5 1375. ديد3 1376. دير13 1377. ديص10 1378. ديف8 1379. ديك12 1380. ديم14 1381. دين19 1382. ذ5 1383. ذأب14 1384. ذأر7 1385. ذأف7 1386. ذأل10 1387. ذأم13 1388. ذأن6 1389. ذا8 1390. ذات5 1391. ذاك1 1392. ذب4 1393. ذبح20 1394. ذبر13 1395. ذبل16 1396. ذحل14 1397. ذخر18 1398. ذر5 1399. ذرأ12 1400. ذرب15 1401. ذرح13 1402. ذرع18 1403. ذرف15 1404. ذرق17 1405. ذرو10 1406. ذعب5 1407. ذعر16 1408. ذعف13 1409. ذعن16 1410. ذف3 1411. ذفر17 1412. ذقن16 1413. ذكر20 1414. ذكو9 1415. ذل5 1416. ذلف16 1417. ذلق14 1418. ذلك2 1419. ذلى3 1420. ذم4 1421. ذمر14 1422. ذمل12 1423. ذمى3 1424. ذن4 1425. ذنب20 1426. ذه4 1427. ذهب17 1428. ذهل16 1429. ذهن14 1430. ذو8 1431. ذوب15 1432. ذوباج1 1433. ذود19 1434. ذوف9 1435. ذوق15 1436. ذول7 1437. ذون5 1438. ذوى6 1439. ذى3 1440. ذيأ7 1441. ذيا3 1442. ذيب6 1443. ذيت8 1444. ذير7 1445. ذيع14 1446. ذيف8 1447. ذيل15 1448. ذيم11 1449. ذين8 1450. ر8 1451. رأ1 1452. رأب8 1453. رأبل5 1454. رأد8 1455. رأس13 1456. رأف12 1457. رأل9 1458. رأم13 1459. رأو2 1460. رأى9 1461. را1 Prev. 100
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دول

1 دَالَ i. q. دَارَ. (TA.) You say, دالتِ الأَيَّامُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. تَدُولُ, (Msb,) inf. n. دَوْلٌ, (KL,) meaning دَارَت; (S, Msb, K;) [i. e.] The days came round [in their turns]. (KL.) b2: دَوْلٌ also signifies The changing of time, or fortune, from one state, or condition, to another; (K;) and so دَوْلَةٌ. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, دالت لَهُ الدَّوْلَةُ [The turn of fortune was, or became, in his favour; or] good fortune came to him: and دالت عَلَيْهِ الدَّوْلَةُ [The turn of fortune was, or became, against him; or] good fortune departed from him. (MA.) b3: [Golius assigns to دال, with دَوْلَةٌ for its inf. n., as on the authority of the S and KL, two significations app. from two meanings of دَوْلَةٌ, one of which he seems to have misunderstood, and to neither of which do I find any corresponding verb: they are “ Obivit alter alterum in bello: ” and “ superior evasit. ” There are many inf. ns. that have no corresponding verbs.] b4: دال, aor. يَدُوِلُ, (T, K,) inf. n. دَوْلٌ and دَالَةٌ, (K,) or دَوْلَةٌ, (T,) He became notorious [either in a bad or in a good sense]; expl. by صَارَ شُهْرَةً, (IAar, T, K,) i. e. مَشْهُورًا. (TK.) b5: دال الثَّوْبُ, aor. يَدُولُ, The garment, or piece of cloth, was, or became, old, and worn out. (AZ, S.) [Hence,] جَعَلَ وُدُّهُ يَدُولُ (tropical:) His love, or affection, was beginning to become, or at the point of becoming, worn out. (AZ, S, TA.) b6: See also 7.2 دوّل He wrote a د. (TA.) 3 داول, [inf. n. مُدَاوَلَةٌ,] He made to come round [by turns, or to be by turns]: hence the saying in the Kur [iii. 134], و تِلْكَ الْأَيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ And those days, we make them to come round [by turns] to men: (S, * K, * TA:) or this means, we dispense them by turns to men; (Bd, Jel;) to these one time, and to these another; (Bd;) or one day to one party, and one day to another. (Jel.) You say, دَاوَلْتُ الشَّىْءَ بَيْنَهُمْ

↓ فَتَدَاوَلُوهُ [I dispensed the thing among them by turns, and they had, or received, or took, it by turns]. (Bd on the passage of the Kur quoted above.) مُدَاوَلَةٌ also signifies The giving a turn of fortune, or good fortune. (KL. [See what next follows.]) 4 ادالهُ, (M, K,) inf. n. إِدَالَةٌ, (T, TA,) [signifying He gave him a turn of good fortune, or a turn to prevail over another in war, &c.,] is from الدَّوْلَةُ. (T, M, K, TA. [See what next precedes.]) Hence, [in the CK from الدُّولَة,] the saying, أَدَالَنَا اللّٰهُ مِنْ عَدُوِّنَا [God gave us, or may God give us, a turn to prevail over our enemy]. (S, K.) And أَدَالَكَ اللّٰهُ مِنْ عَدُوِّكَ and عَلَى عَدُوِّكَ, i. e. جَعَلَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِ دَوْلَةً [May God appoint thee, or give thee, a turn to prevail over thine enemy]. (Ham p. 547.) And ادال اللّٰهُ زَيْدًا مِنْ عَمْرٍو [God gave to Zeyd a turn to have the superiority over 'Amr;] i. e. God took away the turn of good fortune, or the good fortune, (الدولة,) from

'Amr, and gave it to Zeyd. (Har p. 118.) Hence, also, (TA,) El-Hajjáj said, إِنَّ الأَرْضَ سَتُدَالُ مِنَّا كَمَا أُدِلْنَا مِنْهَا [Verily the earth will be given (?) turn to prevail over us, like as we have been given a turn to prevail over it]; (Lth, T, TA;) meaning that it will consume us, like as we have consumed [of] it. (T, TA.) and [hence] إِدَالَةٌ signifies غَلَبَةٌ [or Victory]: (S, K:) or [rather], as some say, it signifies نُصْرَةٌ [i. e. aid against an enemy]: (Har ubi suprà:) you say, اَللّٰهُمَ أَدِلْنِى عَلَى فُلَانٌ O God, aid me against such a one. (S, and Har ubi suprà. [In the former, وَانْصُرْنِىعَلَيْهِ, as an explicative adjunct: in the latter, اى نصِّرنى عليه, for انْصُرْنِى.]) 6 تَدَاوَلُوهُ They took it, or had it, by turns. (S, Msb, K. See 3.) You say, تَدَاوَلْنَا الأَمْرَ We took [or did] the affair by turns. (M.) and تَدَاوَلْنَا العَمَلَ وَ الأَمْرَبَيْنَنَا We did the work, and the thing, or affair, by turns, among us. (T.) And تَدَاوَلُوا البَاطِلَ They took it by turns to say, or to do, that which was false, wrong, vain, futile, or the like; syn. تَبَطَّلُوا بَيْنَهُمْ. (Az and K in art. بطل.) And تَدَاوَلَتْهُ الأَيْدِى The hands took it by turns. (S.) And تَدَاوَلَتِ الرِّيَاحُ رَسْمَ الدَّارَ The winds blew by turns upon, or over, the remains that marked the site of the house [so as to efface them]; one time from the south, and another time from the north, and another time from the east, and another time from the west. (Az, TA in art. عور.) And, of a thing, you say, يُتَدَاوَلُ (T) or يُتَدَاوَلُ بِهِ (S) [meaning It is taken, or done, by turns]. And تُدُوْوِلَتِ الأَرْضُ بِالرَّعْىِ [The land was pastured on by turns]. (S and K in art. وظب.) [تَدَاوَلُوهُ also signifies They made frequent use of it; i. e., used it time after time, or turn after turn; namely, a word or phrase: but perhaps in this sense it is postclassical: see an ex. in De Sacy's “ Chrest. Arabe,” sec. ed., p. 141 of the Arabic text.] And تَدَاوَلَتِ الأَشْيَآءُ The things alternated; or succeeded one another by turns, one taking the place of another: (L in art. نسخ:) and [in like manner] الأَزْمَنَةُ [the times]. (Msb and K in that art.) [See also 6 in art دفو.]7 اندال القَوْمُ The people, or party, removed, or shifted, from one place to another. (S.) b2: اندال مَا فِىبَطْنِهِ What was in his belly, (M, K,) of intestines or peritonæum, (M,) came forth, (M, K,) in consequence of its being pierced. (M.) b3: And اندال It (the belly) became wide, and near, or approaching, to the ground. (M, K.) Also (K) It (the belly) was, or became, flaccid, flabby, or pendulous; (S, O, K;) and so ↓ دَالَ. (K.) b4: And It (a thing) dangled, or moved to and fro; and hung. (M, K.) دَالٌ One of the letters of the alphabet, (د,) the place of utterance of which is near to that of ت: masc. and fem.; so that you say دَالٌ حَسَنٌ and حَسَنَةٌ [a beautiful د]: the pl. is أَدْوَالٌ if masc., and دَالَاتٌ [if fem.; the latter the more common]. (TA.) A2: Also A fat woman. (Kh, TA.) A3: See also دَالَةٌ.

دَوْلٌ an inf. n. of دَالَ in senses explained above. (K, KL.) A2: Also i. q. دَلْوٌ [A bucket]: (K:) [an arabicized word from the Pers. دُولْ: or] formed from دَلْوٌ by transposition. (TA.) دَوَلٌ, as an epithet applied to نَبْلٌ [or arrows] i. q. ↓ مُتَدَاوَلٌ. (IAar, M, K. *) So in the saying, يُلُوذُ بِالجَوْدِ مِنَ النَّبْلِ الدَّوَلْ [app. relating to a wild animal, and meaning. He seeks, or takes, refuge in the copious rain from the arrows received in turns by one after another of the herd]. (IAar, M.) A2: See also دَوْلَةٌ.

دَالَةٌ i. q. شُهْرَةٌ [Notoriousness, &c.]: pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] ↓ دَالٌ. (IAar, T, K.) b2: [Accord. to the K, it is also an inf. n.: see 1.]

دَوْلَةٌ A turn, mutation, change, or vicissitude, of time, or fortune, (K, TA,) from an unfortunate and evil, to a good and happy, state or condition; (TA;) [i. e.,] relating to good; as دَبْرَةٌ, on the contrary, relates to evil: (As, T and M in art. دبر:) [therefore meaning a turn of good fortune; a favourable turn of fortune: or] good fortune [absolutely]: (KL:) a happy state or condition, that betides a man: (MF:) [also] a turn which comes to one or which one takes [in an absolute sense]; syn. نَوْبَةٌ: (K in art. نوب:) and [particularly] (K) a turn (عُقْبَةٌ) [to share] in wealth, and [to prevail] in war; as also ↓ دُولَةٌ: ('Eesà Ibn-'Omar, * T, * S, * M, K: *) or each is a subst. [in an absolute sense, app. as meaning a turn of taking, or having, a thing,] from تَدَاوَلُوا الشَّىْءَ signifying “ they took, or had, the thing by turns: ” (Msb:) or ↓ دُولَةٌ is in wealth; and دَوْلَةٌ is in war; (Aboo-'Amr Ibn-El-'Alà, T, S, M, Msb, K;) this latter being when one of two armies defeats the other and then is defeated; (Fr, T;) or when one party is given a turn to prevail (تُدَال) over the other: one says, كَانَتْ لَنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الدَّوْلَةُ فِى الحَرْبِ [The turn to prevail over them in war was ours]: (S:) and قَدْ رَجَعَتِ الدَّوْلَةُ عَلَى هٰؤُلَآءِ [The turn to prevail against these returned]; as though meaning المَرَّةُ: so says Fr: but ↓ دُولَةٌ, he says, is in religions and institutions that are altered and changed with time: (T:) accord. to Zj, (T,) or A'Obeyd, (so in two copies of the S,) ↓ دُولَةٌ signifies a thing that is taken by turns; and دَوْلَةٌ, the act [of taking by turns]; (T, S;) and a transition from one state, or condition, to another: (T: [in this last sense, app. an inf. n.: see 1, third sentence:]) you say, بَيْنَهُمْ ↓ صَارَ الفَىْءُ دُولَةً, meaning [The فىء (or spoil, &c.,) became] a thing taken by turns among them: (S:) and the saying, in the Kur [lix. 7], بَيْنَ الأَغْنِيَآءِ مِنْكُمْ ↓ كَىْ لَا يَكُونَ دُولَةً means That it may not be a thing taken by turns [among the rich of you]: (T:) or دَوْلَةٌ relates to the present life or world; and ↓ دُولَةٌ, to that which is to come: (M, K:) and it is said that the former of these two words signifies prevalence, predominance, mastery, or victory; and ↓ the latter, the transition of wealth, blessing, or good, from one people, or party, to another: (TA:) the pl. (of دَوْلَةٌ, S, Msb) is دَوِلٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) like as قِصَعٌ is pl. of قَصْعَةٌ, (Msb,) and (of ↓ دُولَةٌ, T, S, Msb), دُوَلٌ (T, S, M, Msb, K) and دُولَاتٌ, (S, TA,) and ↓ دَوَلٌ (M, K) is [a quasi-pl. n.] of both, because, as IJ says, دَوْلَةٌ is regarded as though it were originally دُولَةٌ. (M.) b2: [In post-classical works, it signifies also A dynasty: and a state, an empire, or a monarchy.]

A2: Also The حَوْصَلَة [or stomach of a bird; its triple stomach: or only its first stomach; the crop, or craw]: because of its اِنْدِيَال [or flaccidity]. (Ibn-'Abbaád, K.) And The قَانِصَة [which may here mean the same as the حوصلة, for this is one of the meanings assigned to it, and this explanation of دولة is not given by Ibn-'Abbád: or it may here mean the intestines, of a bird, into which the food passes from the stomach: or the gizzard]. (K.) b2: And The شِقْشِقَة [or faucial bag of the he-camel]. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) b3: And A thing like a مَزَادَة [or leathern water-bag] with a narrow mouth. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) b4: And The side of the belly. (K.) [But] accord. to Ibn-'Abbád, مَا أَعْظَمَ دَوْلَةَ بَطْنِهِ meansHow large is his navel! (TA.) دوُلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in nine places: b2: and see also what next follows, in two places.

دُوَلَةٌ (T, S, K) and ↓ دِوَلَةٌ (Ibn-'Abbád, TA) [and ↓ دُولَةٌ, as appears from what follows]; as also تُوَلَةٌ (T, S) [and تِوَلَةٌ and تُوَلةٌ]; A calamity, or misfortune: (T, Ibn-'Abbád, S, K:) pl. دُوَلَاتٌ (S) and دِوَلَاتٌ and دُوَلَاتٌ. (Ibn-'Abbád, TA.) You say, جَآءَ بِدُوَلَاتِهِ (S) [and ↓ بِدِوَلَاتِهِ] and ↓ بِدُولَاتِهِ (Ibn-'Abbad, TA) and ↓ بِدُولَاهُ, as also بِتُولَاهُ, (Aboo-Málik, K,) He, or it, came with, or brought, or brought to pass, his, or its, calamities, or misfortunes: (Ibn-'Abbád, S, K. *) دِوَلَةٌ: and جَآءَبِدَوَلَاتِهِ: see دُوَلَةٌ.

جَآءَ بِدُولَاهُ: see دُوَلَةٌ.

دَوِيلٌ A plant that is a year old, (S, M, K,) and dry: (M, K:) or two years old, (AZ, K,) and worthless: (AZ, TA:) or especially what is dry of the [plants called] نَصِىّ and سَبَط: (M, K, * TA:) or any plant broken and black. (TA.) دَوَالِىُّ A sort of grapes of Et-Táïf, (M, K,) black inclining to redness. (M.) [See also دَوَالٍ, in art. دلو.]

دَوَالَيْكَ i. q. مُدَاوَلَةً, [in the CK, erroneously, مُتَداوَلَةً,] used in an imperative sense [with its verb and the objective complement thereof understood before it, and thus meaning دَاوِلِ الفِعْلَ مُدَاوَلَةً Make thou the action to come round, or to be, by turns]: (M, K:) or it may be rendered as meaning that the thing happened in this manner [i. e. the action being made to come round, or to be, by turns]: (Sb, M:) or it means تَدَاوُلٌ بَعْدَ تَدَاوُل [i. e. a taking, or doing, (a thing) by turn after (another's) doing so, and may be rendered virtually in the same manner as above, i. e. let the action be done by turns: or the action being done by turns]: (S, O, K: [in the PS, تَدَاوُلًا بَعْدَ تَدَاوُلٍ, which better explains the two manners in which it is said to be used:]) IAar says that it is an invariable expression, like حَجَازَيْكَ and هَذَاذَيْكَ; and is from the phrase تَدَاوَلُوا الأَمْرَ بَيْنَهُمْ, said of persons when this takes a turn and this a turn. (T, TA.) 'Abd-Beni-l- Has-hás says, إِذَ شُقَّ بُرْدٌ شُقَّ بِالبُرْدِ مِثْلُهُ دَوَالَيْكَ حَتَّى لَيْسَ لِلْبُرْدِ لَابِسُ [When a burd (a kind of garment) is rent, the like thereof is rent with the burd, the action being done by turns, so that there is no wearer of the burd; it having been rent so as to fall off]: (S:) the poet is speaking of a man's rending the clothing of a woman to see her person, and her rending his also. (T, TA. [This verse is related with several variations: see another reading of it voce هَذَاذَيْكَ, in art. هذ; with another explanation of it.]) b2: Ibn-Buzurj says, (T,) sometimes the article ال is prefixed to it, so that one says الدَّوَالَيْكَ, (T,) meaning One's walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side, (T,) or one's urging, or pressing forward, and striving, (أَنْ يَتَحَفَّزَ, [in the CK, erroneously, ان يَتَحَفَّزَ,]) in his gait, or pace, (K,) when he moves about his shoulder-joints, and parts his legs widely, in walking. (T, K,* TA. In the copies of the K, جال [or جاءك] is erroneously put for حَاكَ, the reading in the T, TA. [The author of the TK follows the reading جال; and has fallen into several other evident mistakes in explaining this expression; which is itself, in my opinion, when with the article ال, a mistake for الدَّوَالِيْكُ, mentioned in art. دلك.]) A poet uses the phrase يَمْشِى الدَّوَالَيْكَ as meaning Walking, or going, in the manner explained above: (Ibn-Buzurj, T and TA in the present art.:) or يَمْشِى الدَّوَالِيكَ. (TA in art. دلك.) مُنْدَالٌ as meaning Dangling, or moving to and fro; and hanging; is said by Seer to be of the measure مُنْفَعِلٌ from التَّدَلَّى, and formed by transposition; and if so, it has no inf. n.; for the word that is formed by transposition has no inf. n. (M. [But for this assertion I see no satisfactory reason.]) مُتَدَوَالٌ: see دَوَلٌ. b2: [الكَلَامُ المُتَدَاوَلُ signifies, in modern Arabic, The language commonly used.]
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